References of "Lekane Tsobgou, Dieudonné"
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See detailMise en réseau des acteurs, des activités et des produits touristiques dans les chefferies de l’Ouest -Cameroun
Lekane Tsobgou, Dieudonné ULg; Schmitz, Serge ULg

in Bokwa, Anita (Ed.) Changes, Challenges, Responsability. IGU 2014 Book of Abstracts (2014, August)

Cette recherche propose comme défis a relever, d’élaborer des dispositifs, des outils et la méthodologie de mise en réseau dans le secteur du tourisme dans les Chefferies de l'Ouest du Cameroun. La ... [more ▼]

Cette recherche propose comme défis a relever, d’élaborer des dispositifs, des outils et la méthodologie de mise en réseau dans le secteur du tourisme dans les Chefferies de l'Ouest du Cameroun. La communication discute des logiques (construit processuel) de la mise en réseau d’acteurs, d’activités et de ressources territoriales dans un circuit touristique [less ▲]

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See detailTourisme rural : le parent pauvre du financement des activités en milieu rural camerounais
Lekane Tsobgou, Dieudonné ULg; MEDIEBOU CHINDJI, Rose

Conference (2013, October 04)

Le tourisme en général et le tourisme rural est une activité économique en plein essor dans le monde. Au Cameroun par exemple, les espaces ruraux regorgent de nombreuses destinations touristiques, ainsi ... [more ▼]

Le tourisme en général et le tourisme rural est une activité économique en plein essor dans le monde. Au Cameroun par exemple, les espaces ruraux regorgent de nombreuses destinations touristiques, ainsi que de fortes potentialités naturelles et culturelles à promouvoir. 2/3 des citadins retournent fréquemment dans leur terroir pour diverses raisons et dépensent d’énormes sommes d’argent d’où l’intérêt pour les promoteurs d’activités touristiques de capter cette masse et ce flux monétaire. L’abandon des plans quinquennaux, la disparition de la Société Camerounaise du Tourisme (Socatour), du Fond National pour le Développement Rural (Fonader) et du Fonds de Garantie et d’Assistance aux Petites et Moyennes Entreprises (Fogape) depuis la décennie 1990 ont créé dans le secteur du tourisme rural, une grave crise de financement et d’encadrement des acteurs et de leurs activités. La forte mobilisation des ressources financières venant des institutions étatiques, de la coopération internationale, des comités de développement locaux (Kengne Fodouop et Dejon 2003), les élites (Elong 2012) et des acteurs micro financiers privés oriente 90% des lignes de crédit ou du financement rural en direction des projets agricoles et commerciaux (Lekané 2011., Tchékoté 2012) et non vers les activités du tourisme. Pourtant, Le tourisme rural au Cameroun serait une opportunité intéressante dans le processus du développement local (Onomo 2009, Kimbu 2012). A ce titre, il constitue un gisement intarissable d’emplois dans l’hébergement, la restauration, le transport, le marketing et la commercialisation des destinations, etc… La segmentation de cette activité en milieu rural devrait favoriser la création de richesse (DSCE, 2010). Qu’est ce qui explique le fait qu’après une quarantaine d’années de financement du monde rural, le secteur du tourisme continue de chercher en vain « l’argent chaud » susceptible de promouvoir durablement ses activités ? Comment comprendre l’abandon d’un secteur pourtant intégrateur de l’économie rurale au Cameroun? Est-il possible d’assurer la durabilité du financement des espaces ruraux afin de mieux commercialiser et rentabiliser les ressources naturelles et culturelles qui s’y trouvent [less ▲]

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See detailPerception du pouvoir entre visiteurs et visités dans la pratique du tourisme dit « ethnique »: Au-delà des oppositions, authentique / simulacre
Lekane Tsobgou, Dieudonné ULg; Schmitz, Serge ULg

Poster (2013, September 20)

La pratique du tourisme est prise sous l'angle d'une confrontation entre les peuples « visiteurs » et les peuples « visités » (Demanget, 2007). L’exotisme culturel des populations autochtones est la ... [more ▼]

La pratique du tourisme est prise sous l'angle d'une confrontation entre les peuples « visiteurs » et les peuples « visités » (Demanget, 2007). L’exotisme culturel des populations autochtones est la principale attraction (Harron et al. 1992). Ainsi, une modification de l’équilibre et une rencontre bilatérale semblent plus opaques. Dès lors, les produits authentiques ou les productions instrumentalisées déterminent la position de pouvoir détenus par les visiteurs ou par les visités. Les promoteurs touristiques cherchent avant tout leur gain d’où l’offre parfois des produits issus de simulacre aux visiteurs en mal d’exotisme. Comment illustrer les jeux de pouvoir et de marchandage qui organisent les rencontres plus ou moins authentiques entre visités et touristes ? Les pratiques du tourisme ethnique en Afrique (Cameroun, Madagascar) et en Asie ( Birmanie, Thailande) nous ont servi d'outils d'analyse et d'expérimentation du jeu de pouvoirs entre visités et visiteurs. [less ▲]

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See detailLe tourisme dit « ethnique » : multiples usages d’un concept flou
Lekane Tsobgou, Dieudonné ULg; Schmitz, Serge ULg

in Bulletin de la Société Géographique de Liège (2012), 59

Ethnic tourism is a form of tourism consisting of visiting places to discover communities who live differently. First, the paper defines ethnic tourism, including its relations to cultural tourism ... [more ▼]

Ethnic tourism is a form of tourism consisting of visiting places to discover communities who live differently. First, the paper defines ethnic tourism, including its relations to cultural tourism. Secondly, it analyses the multiple uses of the expression “Ethnic tourism” on the World Wide Web. More than eighties tourism destinations are listed. These destinations are localised in all continents. Four types of tourism products according to the involvement of the guest in the local life are pointed. This typology is enriched by a tool analysing the position of the stakeholders in the instrumentalization of authenticity. [less ▲]

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See detailMicro finance et dévéloppement communautaire au Cameroun: Le cas du réseau des mutuelles communautaires de croissance (MC²)
Lekane Tsobgou, Dieudonné ULg

in these (2011), 1(473),

ABSTRACT Financing the rural economy has always been one of the main preoccupations of the Cameroonian economy which is 80% agricultural. The 1980-1990 decade has been marked in Cameroon by the drastic ... [more ▼]

ABSTRACT Financing the rural economy has always been one of the main preoccupations of the Cameroonian economy which is 80% agricultural. The 1980-1990 decade has been marked in Cameroon by the drastic fall in the kilogram price of coffee and cocoa; state disengagement from the sector of activities in the rural world and the implementation of the structural adjustment policies. In the context of economic and financial crisis, promoters of microfinance establishments invented new development strategies from the base. These new strategies were based on inclusive co-production, to tackle the financial exclusion and the social security of low income rural populations. Among the microfinance establishments intervening in financing in rural areas, figures the network of MC² (Community Growth Assistance or Village Community Bank), which is a group of agencies whose principal objective is to restore hope to the poor. The research question that has guided this work to progress: are MC² agencies proposing a different approach to financing economic and social projects in the rural world of Cameroon? To answer this question, we set as objective to analyse changes in the social-economic status of promoters of projects in Village Community Bank (MC²). The general hypothesis to be verified is as follows: MC² agencies propose a different approach to financing economic and social projects in the rural world Cameroon. This Doctorate/Ph.D work is organised in three parts: the first part presents the network of MC² agencies in Cameroon. The second one treats the initiatives of MC² in Cameroon. The third part is interested at the outcomes of the initiatives of MC² in Cameroon. The methodology adopted for the realisation of these three parts is based on the exploitation of data from documented sources from libraries, from the MC² network and from seminar and colloquium reports. To complete these data, direct field observations and field, surveys using questionnaires and semi-guided interviews were conducted with resource persons of MC² agencies, the Camccul, Adeac, Nowefor network and administrative sources. According to surveys results carried out from 1992 to 2008, all the 79 agencies and rural development funds MC² distributed in the 10 administrative regions of Cameroon have mobilised funds of about 20 billions CFA francs of savings, representing 18.18% of the total funds collected by EMF in Cameroon. During the same period, they collected and distributed 30 billions CFA francs of loans, representing 22.5% in total loans of the EMF of the country. This sum represented 22.53% of EMF credit of the country. The credits thus collected were directed towards the financing of 29 920 economic and social projects (individual and community). More than 600 000 customers of MC², representing 11.53% of the total EMF customers with 93 410 individual members (82 280 men and women) and 11 130 groups of 50 people on average as against 5 200 000 customers of all the EMF of Cameroon were directly affected and 1000 000 persons indirectly, by a varied gamme of financial and non financial products and services. These banking products comprise of: loans, savings, transfer of funds, training and taking care of the members, advice on householding. This research work has demonstrated that from of the 420 customers surveyed, whose economic projects benefited from MC² financing, 300 of them representing 71.41% witnessed an annual increase in their incomes of at least 150 000 CFA francs. In like manner, 35.71% of agricultural and commercial project promoters, 11% of cattle, pigs, sheep, goats and poultry rearing projects, 9.52% promoters of fish rearing projects and 7.14% of promoters of crafts projects became autonomous after reimbursing at 100% the loans to their MC² agencies. The distribution of economic and social projects has been unequal across all the regions of Cameroon. This unequal distribution concerned the different types of projects financed as well as the accumulated amount given out. For example, the MC² agencies of West Cameroon financed in 2008, some 5 300 individual economic projects to the tune of 3 500 000 000 CFA francs against 250 individual economic projects financed by the MC² of South Cameroon to the tune of 20 000 000 CFA francs. The immediate gains of these projects permitted promoters to ameliorate their well being as concerns: access to basic necessities, basic education; access to health care; the construction and the amelioration of dwellings. The different approaches of MC² in the sustainable financing of economic project in the villages of Cameroon, therefore, concern: the availability of credit, provision of consumption loans, availability of investment loans. It also concerns support to the organisation of mini agricultural shows in MC² villages, support to projects and programs of women independence, the democratisation of access to credit using authentic collateral security and the follow up - evaluation of conception, implementation and profit stages of customers projects, by the managers and qualified agronomists. The diversity of non financial services and the financing strategies of social projects have permitted: to creat four solidarity health centres, five multi-media centres, four stores, one school farm training centre, support to the training of householding councellors and the vulgarisation of agricultural innovation. Changes that have resulted from these different approach and strategies put in place by these agencies in MC² villages of Cameroon are: increase in purchasing power has given opportunity to average, big customers and promoters of economic projects to change their social status and to build new social identities. In like manner, increase in the revenue of small customers, promoters of small economic projects has permitted the later to ameliorate their well being. This Doctorate/Ph.D thesis brings out the possibility to reduce the negative effects of poverty on the rural population, on the condition that the microfinance structure associate to their traditional services of micro credit and savings, innovating and complementary micro insurance and solidarity health association. Defeating poverty in rural areas rests on integrating the 3M model to the process of community development, where the formula VP= 3M. The main objective of this study has been achieved. Its general hypothesis confirmed since the MC² agencies have succeeded in proposing in 79 villages a new approach of rural financing based on the solidarity chain in intergrating the rich cultural heritage to financial innovation. Key words: microfinance, financial exclusion, MC² network, inclusive co- production, 3M model. [less ▲]

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See detailMutuelle communautaire de croissance (MC²) et développement rural à Baham (Cameroun)
Lekane Tsobgou, Dieudonné ULg

in Cahiers d'Outre-Mer (Les) (2003), 221(janvier-Maars), 67-86

A micro-bank for rural development in Baham (Cameroon). The creation of microfinancing institutions for rural activities has enabled rural development to take off in poor countries. In Baham, amicro-bank ... [more ▼]

A micro-bank for rural development in Baham (Cameroon). The creation of microfinancing institutions for rural activities has enabled rural development to take off in poor countries. In Baham, amicro-bank was created with the technical and financial support of such partners as the ADAF and the afriland first-Bank. It aims at combining modern techniques of management and sociocultural values, in order to make as many members as possible benefit by its services. This study focuses on the nature and the functioning of the bank, its means of action and financing, its role in the agro-pastoral development and the socio-economical evolution of the district and of the village. [less ▲]

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