Impact of co-transplantation of mesenchymal stem cells on lung function after unrelated allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation following non-myeloablative conditioning
MOERMANS, Catherine ; LECHANTEUR, Chantal ; BAUDOUX, Etienne et al
in Transplantation (2014), 98(3), 348-353
Background: In the context of hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT), mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) have been used to promote engraftment and prevent graft- versus-host-disease. However, in animal ... [more ▼]
Background: In the context of hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT), mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) have been used to promote engraftment and prevent graft- versus-host-disease. However, in animal models, MSC were shown to cause pulmonary alterations after systemic administration. The impact of MSC infusion on lung function has not been studied in humans. The objective of the study was to investigate the impact of MSC co-infusion on lung function and airway inflammation as well as on the incidence of pulmonary infections and cytomegalovirus (CMV) reactivation after HSCT. Methods: We have prospectively followed 30 patients who underwent unrelated HSCT with MSC co-infusion after non-myeloablative conditioning (NMA). Each patient underwent detailed lung function testing (FEV1, FVC, FEV1/FVC, RV, TLC, DLCO and KCO) and measurement of exhaled nitric oxide before HSCT and 3, 6 and 12 months posttransplant. The incidence of pulmonary infections and CMV reactivation were also monitored. This group was compared with another group of 28 patients who underwent the same type of transplantation but without MSC co-infusion. Results: Lung function tests did not show important modifications over time and did not differ between the MSC and control groups. There was a higher 1-year incidence of infection, particularly of fungal infections, in patients having received a MSC co-infusion. There was no difference between groups regarding the 1-year incidence of CMV reactivation. Conclusions: MSC co-infusion does not induce pulmonary deterioration 1 year after HSCT with NMA conditioning. MSC appear to be safe for the lung but close monitoring of pulmonary infections remains essential. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 32 (20 ULg)
Prise en charge du lymphome B diffus à grandes cellules en 2012
Bonnet, Christophe ; DE PRIJCK, Bernard ; LEJEUNE, Marie et al
in Revue Médicale Suisse (2012), 8
Diffuse Large B Cells Lymphoma (DLBCLI is the mast comman non-Hodgkin Iymphoma and comprises a large numberof different entities with different clinico-pathological characteristics. The role of positron ... [more ▼]
Diffuse Large B Cells Lymphoma (DLBCLI is the mast comman non-Hodgkin Iymphoma and comprises a large numberof different entities with different clinico-pathological characteristics. The role of positron emission tomography is essential dudog the Ini tial staging and post treatment assessment, and potentially at early or mid-treatmentevaluation of response. First-line therapy comprises immuno-chemotherapy with rituximab and different cytotox ic agents that differforcomponents, dosages and frequency of administration taking worldwlderecognized pre-treatment prognostic variables into account. After relapse, peripheral blood stem cells transplantation remains the only chance of cu re. This review attempts to summarize the current state of our knowledge by highlighting the leads pursued to further improve current therapeutic results. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 41 (7 ULg)
Cotransplantation of mesenchymal stem cells might prevent death from graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) without abrogating graft-versus-tumor effects after HLA-mismatched allogeneic transplantation following nonmyeloablative conditioning.
Baron, Frédéric ; Lechanteur, Chantal ; Willems, Evelyne et al
in Biology of Blood & Marrow Transplantation (2010), 16(6), 838-47
Recent studies have suggested that coinfusion of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) the day of hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) might promote engraftment and prevent graft-versus-host disease (GVHD ... [more ▼]
Recent studies have suggested that coinfusion of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) the day of hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) might promote engraftment and prevent graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) after myeloablative allogeneic HCT. This prompted us to investigate in a pilot study whether MSC infusion before HCT could allow nonmyeloablative (NMA) HCT (a transplant strategy based nearly exclusively on graft-versus-tumor effects for tumor eradication) from HLA-mismatched donors to be performed safely. Twenty patients with hematologic malignancies were given MSCs from third party unrelated donors 30-120 minutes before peripheral blood stem cells (PBSCs) from HLA-mismatched unrelated donors, after conditioning with 2 Gy total body irradiation (TBI) and fludarabine. The primary endpoint was safety, defined as a 100-day incidence of nonrelapse mortality (NRM) <35%. One patient had primary graft rejection, whereas the remaining 19 patients had sustained engraftment. The 100-day cumulative incidence of grade II-IV acute GVHD (aGVHD) was 35%, whereas 65% of the patients experienced moderate/severe chronic GVHD (cGVHD). One-year NRM (10%), relapse (30%), overall survival (OS) (80%) and progression-free survival (PFS) (60%), and 1-year incidence of death from GVHD or infection with GVHD (10%) were encouraging. These figures compare favorably with those observed in a historic group of 16 patients given HLA-mismatched PBSCs (but no MSCs) after NMA conditioning, which had a 1-year incidence of NRM of 37% (P = .02), a 1-year incidence of relapse of 25% (NS), a 1-year OS and PFS of 44% (P = .02), and 38% (P = .1), respectively, and a 1-year rate of death from GVHD or infection with GVHD of 31% (P = .04). In conclusion, our data suggest that HLA-mismatched NMA HCT with MSC coinfusion appeared to be safe. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 61 (30 ULg)
A prospective randomized multicenter trial of darbepoetin-alfa and I.V. iron administration after autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation.
Beguin, Yves ; ; DE PRIJCK, Bernard et al
We conducted a multicenter prospective randomized study analyzing the impact of darbepoetin alfa (DA) with or mithout i.v. iron on erythroid recovery after autologous HCT.Detailed reference viewed: 24 (6 ULg)
Comment je traite...La leucémie myéloblastique aiguë (LMA) du sujet age en bon état général.
Lejeune, Marie ; Beguin, Yves ; De Prijck, Bernard et al
in Revue Médicale de Liège (2008), 63(2), 59-63
This article describes the treatment of acute myeloid leukemia in older patients with good performance status, and then discusses briefly some future therapeutic perspectives.Detailed reference viewed: 180 (12 ULg)