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See detailMultisite spectroscopic seismic study of the β Cep star V2052 Ophiuchi: inhibition of mixing by its magnetic field
Briquet, Maryline ULg; Neiner, C.; Aerts, C. et al

in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society (2012), 427

We used extensive ground-based multisite and archival spectroscopy to derive observational constraints for a seismic modelling of the magnetic β Cep star V2052 Ophiuchi. The line-profile variability is ... [more ▼]

We used extensive ground-based multisite and archival spectroscopy to derive observational constraints for a seismic modelling of the magnetic β Cep star V2052 Ophiuchi. The line-profile variability is dominated by a radial mode (f1 = 7.148 46 d-1) and by rotational modulation (P_rot = 3.638 833 d). Two non-radial low-amplitude modes (f2 = 7.756 03 d-1 and f3 = 6.823 08 d-1) are also detected. The four periodicities that we found are the same as the ones discovered from a companion multisite photometric campaign and known in the literature. Using the photometric constraints on the degrees ℓ of the pulsation modes, we show that both f_2 and f_3 are prograde modes with (ℓ, m) = (4, 2) or (4, 3). These results allowed us to deduce ranges for the mass (M ∈ [8.2, 9.6] M_sun) and central hydrogen abundance (X_c ∈ [0.25, 0.32]) of V2052 Oph, to identify the radial orders n1 = 1, n2 = -3 and n3 = -2, and to derive an equatorial rotation velocity v_eq ∈ [71, 75] km s-1. The model parameters are in full agreement with the effective temperature and surface gravity deduced from spectroscopy. Only models with no or mild core overshooting (α_ov ∈ [0, 0.15] local pressure scale heights) can account for the observed properties. Such a low overshooting is opposite to our previous modelling results for the non-magnetic β Cep star θ Oph having very similar parameters, except for a slower surface rotation rate. We discuss whether this result can be explained by the presence of a magnetic field in V2052 Oph that inhibits mixing in its interior. [less ▲]

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See detailTowards ensemble asteroseismology of the young open clusters χ Persei and NGC 6910
Saesen, S.; Pigulski, A.; Carrier, F. et al

in Astronomische Nachrichten (2010), 331

As a result of the variability survey in χ Persei and NGC 6910, the number of β Cep stars that are members of these two open clusters is increased to twenty stars, nine in NGC 6910 and eleven in χ Persei ... [more ▼]

As a result of the variability survey in χ Persei and NGC 6910, the number of β Cep stars that are members of these two open clusters is increased to twenty stars, nine in NGC 6910 and eleven in χ Persei. We compare pulsational properties, in particular the frequency spectra, of β Cep stars in both clusters and explain the differences in terms of the global parameters of the clusters. We also indicate that the more complicated pattern of the variability among B-type stars in χ Persei is very likely caused by higher rotational velocities of stars in this cluster. We conclude that the sample of pulsating stars in the two open clusters constitutes a very good starting point for the ensemble asteroseismology of β Cep-type stars and maybe also for other B-type pulsators. [less ▲]

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See detailPeriodic mass-loss episodes due to an oscillation mode with variable amplitude in the hot supergiant HD 50064
Aerts, C.; Lefever, K.; Baglin, A. et al

in Astronomy and Astrophysics (2010), 513

<BR /> Aims: We aim to interpret the photometric and spectroscopic variability of the luminous blue variable supergiant HD 50064 (V = 8.21). <BR /> Methods: CoRoT space photometry and follow-up high ... [more ▼]

<BR /> Aims: We aim to interpret the photometric and spectroscopic variability of the luminous blue variable supergiant HD 50064 (V = 8.21). <BR /> Methods: CoRoT space photometry and follow-up high-resolution spectroscopy with a time base of 137 d and 169 d, respectively, was gathered, analysed, and interpreted using standard time series analysis and light curve modelling methods, as well as spectral line diagnostics. <BR /> Results: The space photometry reveals one period of 37 d, which undergoes a sudden amplitude change with a factor 1.6. The pulsation period is confirmed in the spectroscopy, which additionally reveals metal line radial velocity values differing by 30 km s[SUP]-1[/SUP] depending on the spectral line and on the epoch. We estimate T[SUB]eff[/SUB] 13 500 K, log g 1.5 from the equivalent width of Si lines. The Balmer lines reveal that the star undergoes episodes of changing mass loss on a time scale similar to the changes in the photometric and spectroscopic variability, with an average value of log dot{M} â -5 (in M_ȯ yr[SUP]-1[/SUP]). We tentatively interpret the 37 d period as the result of a strange mode oscillation. Based on high-resolution spectroscopy assembled with the CORALIE spectrograph attached to the 1.2 m Euler telescope at La Silla, Chile and on CoRoT space-based photometry. The CoRoT space mission was developed and is operated by the French space agency CNES, with the participation of ESA's RSSD and Science Programmes, Austria, Belgium, Brazil, Germany, and Spain.Postdoctoral Fellow of the Fund for Scientific Research of Flanders (FWO), Belgium. [less ▲]

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See detailGround-based observations of the beta Cephei CoRoT main target HD 180 642: abundance analysis and mode identification
Briquet, Maryline ULg; Uytterhoeven, K.; Morel, Thierry ULg et al

in Astronomy and Astrophysics (2009), 506

The known β Cephei star HD 180 642 was observed by the CoRoT satellite in 2007. From the very high-precision light curve, its pulsation frequency spectrum could be derived for the first time (Degroote ... [more ▼]

The known β Cephei star HD 180 642 was observed by the CoRoT satellite in 2007. From the very high-precision light curve, its pulsation frequency spectrum could be derived for the first time (Degroote and collaborators). In this paper, we obtain additional constraints for forthcoming asteroseismic modeling of the target. Our results are based on both extensive ground-based multicolour photometry and high-resolution spectroscopy. We determine T_eff = 24 500± 1000 K and log g = 3.45± 0.15 dex from spectroscopy. The derived chemical abundances are consistent with those for B stars in the solar neighbourhood, except for a mild nitrogen excess. A metallicity Z = 0.0099± 0.0016 is obtained. Three modes are detected in photometry. The degree â is unambiguously identified for two of them: â = 0 and â = 3 for the frequencies 5.48694 d[SUP]-1[/SUP] and 0.30818 d[SUP]-1[/SUP], respectively. The radial mode is non-linear and highly dominant with an amplitude in the U-filter about 15 times larger than the strongest of the other modes. For the third frequency of 7.36673 d[SUP]-1[/SUP] found in photometry, two possibilities remain: â = 0 or 3. In the radial velocities, the dominant radial mode presents a so-called stillstand but no clear evidence of the existence of shocks is observed. Four low-amplitude modes are found in spectroscopy and one of them, with frequency 8.4079 d[SUP]-1[/SUP], is identified as (â ,m)=(3,2). Based on this mode identification, we finally deduce an equatorial rotational velocity of 38± 15 km s[SUP]-1[/SUP]. Based on data gathered with the 1.2m Mercator telescope Roque de los Muchachos, La Palma, the 90cm telescope at Sierra Nevada Observatory, Spain, the 1.5 m telescope at San Pedro Mártir Observatory, Mexico, the 1m RCC and 50 cm telescope at the PiszkéstetÅ Mountain Station of Konkoly Observatory, Hungary, the 2.2 m ESO telescope (ESO Programme 077.D-0311; ESO Large Programme 178.D-0361) at La Silla, Chile, the 1.93 m and 1.52 m telescopes at the Haute-Provence Observatory, France. Current address: Laboratoire AIM, CEA/DSM-CNRS-Université Paris Diderot; CEA, IRFU, SAp, centre de Saclay, 91191 Gif-sur-Yvette, France. [less ▲]

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See detailEvidence for nonlinear resonant mode coupling in the beta Cephei star HD 180642 (V1449 Aquilae) from CoRoT photometry
Degroote, P.; Briquet, Maryline ULg; Catala, C. et al

in Astronomy and Astrophysics (2009), 506

Context: We present the CoRoT light curve of the β Cep star HD 180642, assembled during the first long run of the space mission, as well as archival single-band photometry. <BR />Aims: Our goal is to ... [more ▼]

Context: We present the CoRoT light curve of the β Cep star HD 180642, assembled during the first long run of the space mission, as well as archival single-band photometry. <BR />Aims: Our goal is to analyse the detailed behaviour present in the light curve and interpret it in terms of excited-mode frequencies. <BR />Methods: After describing the noise properties in detail, we use various time series analyses and fitting techniques to model the CoRoT light curve, for various physical assumptions. We apply statistical goodness-of-fit criteria that allow us to select the most appropriate physical model fit to the data. <BR />Results: We conclude that the light-curve model based on nonlinear resonant frequency and phase locking provides the best representation of the data. Interpretation of the residuals is dependent on the chosen physical model used to prewhiten the data. <BR />Conclusions: Our observational results constitute a fruitful starting point for detailed seismic stellar modelling of this large-amplitude and evolved β Cep star. The CoRoT space mission was developed and is operated by the French space agency CNES, with participation of ESA's RSSD and Science Programmes, Austria, Belgium, Brazil, Germany, and Spain. Appendix A is only available in electronic form at the CDS via anonymous ftp to cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr (130.79.128.5) or via http://cdsweb.u-strasbg.fr/cgi-bin/qcat?J/A+A/506/111 Postdoctoral Fellow of the Fund for Scientific Research, Flanders. [less ▲]

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See detailPost-AGB stars with hot circumstellar dust: binarity of the low-amplitude pulsators
van Winckel, H.; Lloyd Evans, T.; Briquet, Maryline ULg et al

in Astronomy and Astrophysics (2009), 505

Context: The influence of binarity on the late stages of stellar evolution remains an open issue. <BR />Aims: While the first binary post-AGB stars were serendipitously discovered, the distinct ... [more ▼]

Context: The influence of binarity on the late stages of stellar evolution remains an open issue. <BR />Aims: While the first binary post-AGB stars were serendipitously discovered, the distinct characteristics of their spectral energy distribution (SED) allowed us to launch a more systematic search for binaries. We selected post-AGB objects, which exhibit a broad dust excess starting either at H or K, pointing to the presence of a gravitationally bound dusty disc in the system. We initiated an extensive multiwavelength study of those systems and here report on our radial velocity and photometric monitoring results for six stars of early F type, which are pulsators of small amplitude. <BR />Methods: To determine the radial velocity of low signal-to-noise ratio time-series data, we constructed dedicated autocorrelation masks based on high signal-to-noise ratio spectra, used in our published chemical studies. The radial velocity variations were analysed in detail to differentiate between pulsational variability and variability caused by orbital motion. When available, the photometric monitoring data were used to complement the time series of radial velocity data and to establish the nature of the pulsation. Finally, orbital minimalisation was performed to constrain the orbital elements. <BR />Results: All of the six objects are binaries with orbital periods ranging from 120 to 1800 days. Five systems have non-circular orbits. The mass functions range from 0.004 to 0.57 M[SUB]&sun;[/SUB] and the companions are probably unevolved objects of (very) low initial mass. We argue that these binaries must have evolved through a phase of strong binary interaction when the primary was a cool supergiant. Although the origin of the circumstellar disc is not well understood, the disc is generally believed to have formed during this strong interaction phase. The eccentric orbits of these highly evolved objects remain poorly understood. In one object, the line-of-sight grazes the edge of the puffed-up inner rim of the disc. <BR />Conclusions: These results corroborate our earlier statement that evolved objects in binary stars create a Keplerian dusty circumbinary disc. With the measured orbits and mass functions, we conclude that the circumbinary discs seem to have a major impact on the evolution of a significant fraction of binary systems. based on observations collected with the Flemish 1.2 m Mercator telescope at Roque de los Muchachos (Spain), the Swiss 1.2 m Euler telescope at La Silla (Chile) and the 0.5 m and 0.75 m telescopes at SAAO (South-Africa). Tables [see full textsee full text]-[see full textsee full text] are only available in electronic form at http://www.aanda.org Postdoctoral fellow of the Fund for Scientific Research, Flanders. Ph.D. student of the Fund for Scientific Research, Flanders. [less ▲]

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See detailAn asteroseismic study of the beta Cephei CoRoT main target HD 180642: results from the ground-based campaign
Briquet, Maryline ULg; Uytterhoeven, K.; Morel, Thierry ULg et al

in American Institute of Physics Conference Series (2009, September 01)

The β Cephei star HD 180642 was observed by the CoRoT satellite during a run of 156 days in 2007. The space white light photometry revealed the rich frequency spectrum of the star (Degroote et al. 2009 ... [more ▼]

The β Cephei star HD 180642 was observed by the CoRoT satellite during a run of 156 days in 2007. The space white light photometry revealed the rich frequency spectrum of the star (Degroote et al. 2009). In the present study, we provide additional information on the target, based on both ground-based multi-colour photometry and high-resolution spectroscopy. We place our object in the (T[SUB]eff[/SUB], log g) diagram. In addition, we derive the chemical abundances of several elements as well as the metallicity of HD 180642. Finally, we put constraints on the identification of some modes. All these observational constraints will be used to compute stellar models of the target. [less ▲]

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See detailGround-based observations of the beta Cephei CoRoT main target HD 180642
Briquet, Maryline ULg; Uytterhoeven, K.; Aerts, C. et al

in Communications in Asteroseismology (2009), 158

We present the preliminary results of a detailed study of ground-based photometric and spectroscopic observations dedicated to the β Cephei CoRoT main target HD~180642. Besides the non-linear dominant ... [more ▼]

We present the preliminary results of a detailed study of ground-based photometric and spectroscopic observations dedicated to the β Cephei CoRoT main target HD~180642. Besides the non-linear dominant radial mode several low-amplitude modes are detected in both kinds of datasets. Our aim is to derive the wavenumbers (â ,m) of these modes, as additional constraints to the CoRoT pulsation frequencies, for forthcoming asteroseismic modelling of the star. [less ▲]

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See detailClose-up of primary and secondary asteroseismic CoRoT targets and the ground-based follow-up observations
Uytterhoeven, K.; Poretti, E.; Rainer, M. et al

in Journal of Physics Conference Series (2008), 118

To optimise the science results of the asteroseismic part of the CoRoT satellite mission a complementary simultaneous ground-based observational campaign is organised for selected CoRoT targets. The ... [more ▼]

To optimise the science results of the asteroseismic part of the CoRoT satellite mission a complementary simultaneous ground-based observational campaign is organised for selected CoRoT targets. The observations include both high-resolution spectroscopic and multicolour photometric data. We present the preliminary results of the analysis of the ground-based observations of three targets. A line-profile analysis of 216 high-resolution FEROS spectra of the δ Sct star HD 50844 reveals more than ten pulsation frequencies in the frequency range 5-18 d[SUP]-1[/SUP], including possibly one radial fundamental mode (6.92 d[SUP]-1[/SUP]). Based on more than 600 multi-colour photometric datapoints of the β Cep star HD 180642, spanning about three years and obtained with different telescopes and different instruments, we confirm the presence of a dominant radial mode ν[SUB]1[/SUB] = 5.48695 d[SUP]-1[/SUP], and detect also its first two harmonics. We find evidence for a second mode ν[SUB]2[/SUB] = 0.3017 d[SUP]-1[/SUP], possibly a g-mode, and indications for two more frequencies in the 7-8 d[SUP]-1[/SUP] domain. From Stromgren photometry we find evidence for the hybrid 5 Sct/γ Dor character of the F0 star HD 44195, as frequencies near 3 d[SUP]-1[/SUP] and 21 d[SUP]-1[/SUP] are detected simultaneously in the different filters. [less ▲]

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See detailGround-based observations of the beta Cephei CoRoT main target HD 180642
Briquet, Maryline ULg; Uytterhoeven, K.; Aerts, C. et al

Conference (2008, July)

We present the preliminary results of a detailed study of ground-based photometric and spectroscopic observations dedicated to the β Cephei CoRoT main target HD 180642. Besides the non-linear dominant ... [more ▼]

We present the preliminary results of a detailed study of ground-based photometric and spectroscopic observations dedicated to the β Cephei CoRoT main target HD 180642. Besides the non-linear dominant radial mode several low-amplitude modes are detected in both kinds of datasets. Our aim is to derive the wavenumbers (ℓ,m) of these modes, as additional constraints to the CoRoT pulsation frequencies, for forthcoming asteroseismic modelling of the star. [less ▲]

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See detailThe spectra of massive stars with GAIA
Bouret, J C; Lanz, T; Frémat, Y et al

in Revista Mexicana de Astronomía y Astrofísica (2008), 33

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See detailOscillating blue stragglers, gamma Doradus stars and eclipsing binaries in the open cluster NGC 2506
Arentoft, T.; De Ridder, J.; Grundahl, F. et al

in Astronomy and Astrophysics (2007), 465

Context: This is the first step in a project to combine studies of eclipsing binaries and oscillating stars to probe the interior of Blue Stragglers (BS). This may imply a way to discriminate ... [more ▼]

Context: This is the first step in a project to combine studies of eclipsing binaries and oscillating stars to probe the interior of Blue Stragglers (BS). This may imply a way to discriminate observationally between different birth mechanisms of BS stars. Aims: We study the open cluster NGC 2506 which contains oscillating BS stars and detached eclipsing binaries for which accurate parameters can be derived. This will tightly constrain the cluster isochrone and provide an absolute mass, radius and luminosity-scale for the cluster stars along with the cluster age, metallicity and distance. The present work focuses on obtaining the light curves of the binaries and determine their orbital periods, on obtaining power spectra of the oscillating BS stars to select targets for follow-up studies, and on searching for gamma Doradus type variables which are also expected to be present in the cluster. Methods: With a two-colour, dual-site photometric campaign we obtained 3120 CCD-images of NGC 2506 spread over four months. We analysed the BI time-series of the oscillating stars and used simulations to derive statistical uncertainties of the resulting frequencies, amplitudes and phases. A preliminary mode-identification was performed using frequency ratios for the oscillating BS stars, and amplitude ratios and phase differences for a population of newly detected gamma Doradus stars. Results: We quadrupled the number of known variables in NGC 2506 by discovering 3 new oscillating BS stars, 15 gamma Doradus stars and four new eclipsing binaries. The orbital periods of 2 known, detached eclipsing binaries were derived. We discovered a BS star with both p-mode and g-mode variability and we confronted our gamma Doradus observations with state-of-the-art seismic models, but found significant discrepancy between theory and observations. Conclusions: . NGC 2506 is an excellent target for asteroseismic tests of stellar models, as strong external constraints can be imposed on the models of a population of more than 20 oscillating stars of different types. Based on observations obtained at the Flemish Mercator telescope on La Palma, Spain, the Danish 1.5-m telescope at ESO, La Silla, Chile, and on observations collected at the European Southern Observatory, Paranal, Chile (ESO Programme 075.D-0206(B)). Catalog of individual photometry measurements for all variables is only available in electronic form at the CDS via anonymous ftp to cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr (130.79.128.5) or via http://cdsweb.u-strasbg.fr/cgi-bin/qcat?J/A+A/465/965 [less ▲]

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See detailLong term photometric monitoring with the Mercator telescope. Frequencies and mode identification of variable O-B stars
De Cat, P.; Briquet, Maryline ULg; Aerts, C. et al

in Astronomy and Astrophysics (2007), 463

Aims. We selected a large sample of O-B stars that were considered as (candidate) slowly pulsating B, beta Cep, and Maia stars after the analysis of their hipparcos data. We analysed our new seven ... [more ▼]

Aims. We selected a large sample of O-B stars that were considered as (candidate) slowly pulsating B, beta Cep, and Maia stars after the analysis of their hipparcos data. We analysed our new seven passband geneva data collected for these stars during the first three years of scientific operations of the mercator telescope. We performed a frequency analysis for 28 targets with more than 50 high-quality measurements to improve their variability classification. For the pulsating stars, we tried both to identify the modes and to search for rotationally split modes. Methods: We searched for frequencies in all the geneva passbands and colours by using two independent frequency analysis methods and we applied a 3.6 S/N-level criterion to locate the significant peaks in the periodograms. The modes were identified by applying the method of photometric amplitudes for which we calculated a large, homogeneous grid of equilibrium models to perform a pulsational stability analysis. When both the radius and the projected rotational velocity of an object are known, we determined a lower limit for the rotation frequency to estimate the expected frequency spacings in rotationally split pulsation modes. Results: We detected 61 frequencies, among which 33 are new. We classified 21 objects as pulsating variables (7 new confirmed pulsating stars, including 2 hybrid beta Cep/SPB stars), 6 as non-pulsating variables (binaries or spotted stars), and 1 as photometrically constant. All the Maia candidates were reclassified into other variability classes. We performed mode identification for the pulsating variables for the first time. The most probable l value is 0, 1, 2, and 4 for 1, 31, 9, and 5 modes, respectively, including only 4 unambiguous identifications. For 7 stars we cannot rule out that some of the observed frequencies belong to the same rotationally split mode. For 4 targets we may begin to resolve close frequency multiplets. Based on observations collected with the p7 photometer attached to the Flemish 1.2-m mercator telescope situated at the Roque de los Muchachos observatory on La Palma (Spain). Section [see full textsee full text], including Figs. is only available in electronic form at http://www.aanda.org, and Tables 2 and 3 are only available in electronic form at the CDS via anonymous ftp to cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr (130.79.128.5) or via http://cdsweb.u-strasbg.fr/cgi-bin/qcat?J/A+A/463/243 [less ▲]

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See detailAn asteroseismic study of the β Cephei star θ Ophiuchi: spectroscopic results
Briquet, Maryline ULg; Lefever, K.; Uytterhoeven, K. et al

in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society (2005), 362

We present the results of a detailed analysis of 121 ground-based high-resolution, high signal-to-noise ratio spectroscopic measurements spread over 3 yr for the β Cephei star θ Ophiuchi. We discovered θ ... [more ▼]

We present the results of a detailed analysis of 121 ground-based high-resolution, high signal-to-noise ratio spectroscopic measurements spread over 3 yr for the β Cephei star θ Ophiuchi. We discovered θ Oph to be a triple system. In addition to the already known speckle B5 companion of the B2 primary, we showed the presence of a low-mass spectroscopic companion and we derived an orbital period of 56.71 d with an eccentricity of 0.1670. After removing the orbit we determined two frequencies for the primary in the residual radial velocities: f[SUB]1[/SUB]= 7.1160 cd[SUP]-1[/SUP] and f[SUB]2[/SUB]= 7.4676 cd[SUP]-1[/SUP]. We also found the presence of f[SUB]3[/SUB]= 7.3696 cd[SUP]-1[/SUP] by means of a two-dimensional frequency search across the SiIII 4567-Åprofiles. We identified the m-value of the main mode with frequency f[SUB]1[/SUB] by taking into account the photometric identifications of the degrees l. By means of the moment method and the amplitude and phase variations across the line profile, we derived (l[SUB]1[/SUB], m[SUB]1[/SUB]) = (2, -1). This result allows us to fix the mode identifications of the whole quintuplet for which three components were detected in photometry. This is of particular use for our forthcoming seismic modelling of the primary. We also determined stellar parameters of the primary by non-local thermodynamic equilibrium hydrogen, helium and silicon line profile fitting and we obtained T[SUB]eff[/SUB]= 24000 K and logg= 4.1, which is consistent with photometrically determined values. [less ▲]

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See detailDisentangling component spectra of κ Scorpii, a spectroscopic binary with a pulsating primary. II. Interpretation of the line-profile variability
Uytterhoeven, K.; Briquet, Maryline ULg; Aerts, C. et al

in Astronomy and Astrophysics (2005), 432

We analyse the complex short-term SiIII line-profile variability of the spectroscopic binary β Cep star κ Scorpii after orbit subtraction, before and after spectral disentangling. We refine the known ... [more ▼]

We analyse the complex short-term SiIII line-profile variability of the spectroscopic binary β Cep star κ Scorpii after orbit subtraction, before and after spectral disentangling. We refine the known oscillation frequency of the star: f[SUB]1[/SUB]=4.99922 c d[SUP]-1[/SUP] and detect 2f[SUB]1[/SUB]. Variability is also found at frequencies near f[SUB]2[/SUB]≃ 4.85 c d[SUP]-1[/SUP] and f[SUB]3[/SUB]≃ 5.69 c d[SUP]-1[/SUP] or their aliases. These frequencies are not significant if we consider the spectra alone, but they survive our selection after the consideration that they were derived previously from independent ground-based and space photometry by different teams. Moreover, we find dominant variability in the equivalent width with a frequency in the interval [0.22,0.30] c d[SUP]-1[/SUP] which we interpret as the rotational frequency f[SUB]rot[/SUB] of the star. The complex window function does not allow us to determine definite values for f[SUB]2[/SUB], f[SUB]3[/SUB], f[SUB]rot[/SUB]. The variability with f[SUB]1[/SUB] is interpreted as a prograde non-radial oscillation mode with spherical wavenumbers (ℓ,m)=(2,-1) or (1,-1). The additional frequencies are explained in terms of rotational modulation superposed to the main oscillation. We also point out that we cannot disprove the variability in κ Scorpii to originate from co-rotating structures. KOREL disentangling preserves the large-amplitude line-profile variability but its performance for complex low-amplitude variability remains to be studied in detail. Based on observations obtained with the Coudé Échelle Spectrograph on the ESO CAT telescope and with the CORALIE échelle spectrograph on the 1.2-m Euler Swiss telescope, both situated at La Silla, Chile. [less ▲]

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See detailAsteroseismology of the β Cephei star ν Eridani - III. Extended frequency analysis and mode identification
De Ridder, J.; Telting, J. H.; Balona, L. A. et al

in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society (2004), 351

Using the large photometric and spectroscopic data sets of the ν Eridani multisite campaign given in our two recent papers (Aerts et al. and Handler et al.), we present an extended frequency analysis and ... [more ▼]

Using the large photometric and spectroscopic data sets of the ν Eridani multisite campaign given in our two recent papers (Aerts et al. and Handler et al.), we present an extended frequency analysis and a photometric mode identification. For the extended frequency analysis, we used an improved radial velocity time series, the second-moment time series and the line profiles themselves. In the radial velocity time series, we can now detect an additional pulsation frequency that was previously only found in photometric time series. We also report several new candidate pulsation frequencies. For seven frequencies, the photometric mode identification indicates that they belong to a radial mode and six dipole modes, and for three frequencies the degree l could not be unambiguously determined. We also placed ν Eri in the Hertzsprung-Russell diagram by determining T[SUB]eff[/SUB] using Geneva plus Strömgren photometric calibrations, spectral energy distribution fitting, by non-local thermodynamic equilibrium hydrogen, helium and silicon line profile fitting, and by determining log(L/L[SUB]solar[/SUB]) using the Hipparcos parallax and an Hβ calibration. [less ▲]

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