References of "Leclipteux, Thierry"
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See detailIn vitro tests for evaluation of the hatchability of the eggs of Psoroptes mites following exposure to acaricidal compounds.
Lekimme, Mireille ULg; Mignon, Bernard ULg; Leclipteux, Thierry ULg et al

in Medical and Veterinary Entomology (2006), 20(1), 102-105

Three in vitro assays for the evaluation of the hatchability of the eggs of the mite Psoroptes ovis (Hering) (Acari: Psoroptidae) are described. Preliminary trials showed that hatching occurs at very high ... [more ▼]

Three in vitro assays for the evaluation of the hatchability of the eggs of the mite Psoroptes ovis (Hering) (Acari: Psoroptidae) are described. Preliminary trials showed that hatching occurs at very high rates when eggs are incubated under conditions of high humidity, on a liquid medium and in agarose dishes. These three protocols were compared, taking into account the ease of preparation, follow-up and accuracy of counting. The best protocol was found to be the use of agarose dishes. It was accurate, easy to carry out and reproducible for further evaluation of existing or potentially new compounds against both adults and eggs of Psoroptes spp. The acaricidal properties of phoxim and amitraz were then evaluated against eggs and adults using the three protocols. Results showed that for both drugs, in vitro adulticidal activity was complete, whereas the in vitro ovicidal activity was only partial. Nevertheless, efficacy of amitraz against both adults and eggs was shown to be higher than that of phoxim. [less ▲]

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See detailUltrastructural morphology of the male and female genital tracts of Psoroptes spp. (Acari : Astigmata : Psoroptidae)
Lekimme, Mireille ULg; Leclercq-Smekens, M.; Devignon, C. et al

in Experimental & Applied Acarology (2005), 36(4), 305-324

The structure of the male and female genital systems of the astigmatid mite Psoroptes ovis (Hering) is described. The male genital system is composed of a paired testis, fused at its proximal part, two ... [more ▼]

The structure of the male and female genital systems of the astigmatid mite Psoroptes ovis (Hering) is described. The male genital system is composed of a paired testis, fused at its proximal part, two vasa deferentia, an ejaculatory duct, into which a single accessory gland opens, and a copulatory organ. The testis is characterized by a peripheric syncytial cell surrounding spermatogonia, spermatocytes, spermatids and spermatozoa which are distributed regularly in the gonad according to the sequence of spermatogenesis. The female genital system consists of a copulatory pore (the bursa copulatrix), a seminal receptacle, paired ovaries and oviducts, a glandular uterus and an ovipositor which leads to the oviporus. Ovaries are composed of somatic cells, germ cells and a central cell, with a multilobular nucleus, connected to oocytes by a stalk. Similarities with other astigmatic mites belonging to Psoroptidia and Acaridia are also discussed. [less ▲]

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See detailSurvival, immune responses and tissue cyst production in outbred (Swiss white) and inbred (CBA/Ca) strains of mice experimentally infected with Neospora caninum tachyzoites
Rettigner, C.; Leclipteux, Thierry ULg; De Meerschman, F. et al

in Veterinary Research (2004), 35(2, Mar-Apr), 225-232

The present work compared inbred (CBA/Ca) and outbred (Swiss white) strains of mice for their capacity to cope with a Neospora caninum infection and to consistently produce tissue cysts. In each ... [more ▼]

The present work compared inbred (CBA/Ca) and outbred (Swiss white) strains of mice for their capacity to cope with a Neospora caninum infection and to consistently produce tissue cysts. In each experiment Swiss white and CBA/Ca mice were given three different doses of NC-1 tachyzoites. Lymphoproliferative and Immoral responses as well as cytokine production were evaluated eight weeks after infection (PI) whereas tissue cyst production and histopathology were assessed 4, 6 and 10 weeks PI in immunosuppressed mice. Tissue cysts were observed 10 weeks after infection only in CBA/Ca mice receiving the two highest inoculum doses. Furthermore this strain showed the highest specific lymphoproliferative response. A mixed cytokine response with elevated IFN-gamma and fairly low IL-4 and IL-10 secretion was recorded. In both strains, no lesions were observed in the tissues of infected mice. This study indicates that CBA/Ca female mice infected with 5 x 10(6) NC-1 tachyzoites represent a useful model for the study of specific maternal immune responses in pregnant animals. [less ▲]

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See detailFetal infection with Neospora caninum in dairy and beef cattle in Belgium
De Meerschman, F.; Speybroeck, N.; Berkvens, D. et al

in Theriogenology (2002), 58(5), 933-945

Neospora caninum is a protozoan parasite, which causes fetal and neonatal mortality in livestock and companion animals. In 224 abortions in Belgian cattle, different diagnostic methods were used to ... [more ▼]

Neospora caninum is a protozoan parasite, which causes fetal and neonatal mortality in livestock and companion animals. In 224 abortions in Belgian cattle, different diagnostic methods were used to demonstrate infection, and the presence of N. caninum. An indirect fluorescent antibody test (IFAT) was used to analyze fetal and maternal sera and immunohistochemistry (IHC) was performed when lesions consistent with neosporosis were observed in the brain, heart or liver. Twenty dairy cattle sera out of 70 (29%) and 13 beef cattle sera out of 93 (14%) were positive by IFAT. A positive titer to N. caninum was found in seven and three fetuses born to beef and dairy cows, respectively. Lesions consistent with N. caninum infection were observed in 17 fetuses. Of nine positive beef fetuses, five were confirmed by IHC while, all but one dairy fetus were confirmed using the same technique. Age had no influence on the serological status of the mother (P = 0.486) whereas husbandry system had a borderline influence (P = 0.082). However, a strong association (P = 0.004) between the level of antibodies in the darn and the occurrence of lesions in the fetus was observed and lesions were more prominent in dairy than in beef fetuses. Additionally, the distribution of intra-cerebral lesions was more extensive in dairy than in beef fetuses (P < 0.0001). Age and serological status of the fetus were found to influence the occurrence of lesions in beef fetuses (both P < 0.001) but no such significant relationships could be demonstrated in dairy fetuses. The study indicated that N. caninum must be considered as an important cause of bovine abortion in Belgium. (C) 2002 Elsevier Science Inc. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailUse of a serum-free medium to produce in vitro Neospora caninum and Toxoplasma gondii tachyzoites on Vero cells
De Meerschman, F.; Rettigner, C.; Focant, Charles ULg et al

in Veterinary Research (2002), 33(2, Mar-Apr), 159-168

Neospora caninum and Toxoplasma gondii are cyst-forming coccidian parasites of human and veterinary clinical relevance. In vitro cultivation of the protozoans using Vero cells is usually performed in ... [more ▼]

Neospora caninum and Toxoplasma gondii are cyst-forming coccidian parasites of human and veterinary clinical relevance. In vitro cultivation of the protozoans using Vero cells is usually performed in order to produce antigenic materials. Quantitative and qualitative comparisons of Vero cells grown in RPMI medium supplemented either with foetal calf serum (FCS), horse serum (HS) or a specific serum-free additive (DefCell) were performed. A serum-free cell culture system used to propagate N. caninum (NC-1 isolate) and T. gondii tachyzoites (Rh stain) were compared with the other two cell culture systems. FCS supplemented media was found to be more effective than the others in promoting Vero cells and N. caninum tachyzoites. However, it was found unable to support adequate T. gondii tachyzoite proliferation. Vero cells, T. gondii and N. caninum tachyzoite production gave similar growth patterns with either HS or DefCell supplemented media. Defcell was considered as a good alternative to supplement culture medium. [less ▲]

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See detailHumoral Immune Response in Calves to Single-Dose, Trickle and Challenge Infections with Fasciola Hepatica
Bossaert, K.; Farnir, Frédéric ULg; Leclipteux, Thierry ULg et al

in Veterinary Parasitology (2000), 87(2-3), 103-23

In cattle experimentally infected with Fasciola hepatica, parasite specific IgG1 and IgG2 responses were studied. Additionally parasite specific IgE production was assessed by the Passive Cutaneous ... [more ▼]

In cattle experimentally infected with Fasciola hepatica, parasite specific IgG1 and IgG2 responses were studied. Additionally parasite specific IgE production was assessed by the Passive Cutaneous Anaphylaxis reaction. The primary infection was administered either as a single-dose or as a trickle infection over a 4-week period. Animals were challenged 4 months later. Titres of IgG1 and IgG2 against excretory-secretory parasite products (FhESAg), and against a whole-worm extract (FhSomAg) were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) in relation to weight gain, serum hepatic enzyme levels, and fluke infection rate. At necropsy, the mean number of flukes recovered was similar in both infected groups. The two ELISAs specific for bovine IgG1 showed analogous sensitivity and specificity (92% and 94%). Cross-reactivity was observed towards Echinococcus granulosus, Cysticercus tenuicollis, and C. ovis but not towards C. bovis, Cooperia spp., and Ostertagia spp. FhESAg gave rise to apparently more stable specific IgG1 titres as compared to FhSomAg. Mean IgG1 titres were significantly higher in the single-dose-infected group than in the trickle-infected group during the early migratory phase of the infection (week 2 to week 4 (FhSomAg) or week 6 (FhESAg)). IgG2 values were consistently lower than IgG1 levels. The kinetic response of both isotypes yielded a similar pattern. Specific IgE antibodies were detected in cattle of both infected groups from week 2 post-primary infection (PPI) onwards. The mean serum glutamate dehydrogenase (GLDH) and gamma-glutamyl transferase (gammaGT) activities were significantly higher in the single-dose-infected group for 3 weeks around peak levels (12-14 weeks PPI and 14-16 weeks PPI for GLDH and gammaGT respectively). Western blotting revealed a major antigenic fraction in FhESAg (26-30 kDa) recognized specifically by sera from F. hepatica infected calves as early as 6-8 weeks PPI. Experimental challenge caused no statistically significant modification of any parameter (IgG1 and IgG2 titres, enzymatic activities, immunoblotting) used to monitor the course of the infection. No correlation was found between fluke size and number, and antibody titres, suggesting that IgG1 production has little protective effect against F. hepatica infection. [less ▲]

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See detailUse of Excretory/Secretory Antigens in a Competition Test to Follow the Kinetics of Infection by Fasciola Hepatica in Cattle
Leclipteux, Thierry ULg; Torgerson, P. R.; Doherty, M. L. et al

in Veterinary Parasitology (1998), 77(2-3), 103-14

Eight 16-18-month-old Charolais heifers were experimentally infected with Fasciola hepatica. An antigen competition assay was used to follow the kinetics of the infection and was compared to antibody ... [more ▼]

Eight 16-18-month-old Charolais heifers were experimentally infected with Fasciola hepatica. An antigen competition assay was used to follow the kinetics of the infection and was compared to antibody tires and serum liver enzymes. The antigen competition assay was able to detect the presence of infection as soon as 6 days after the start of the experimental infection which is considerably sooner than other methods. Consequently, this assay would be useful in diagnosing fasciolosis early in the prepatent period. The animals were slaughtered at the end of the experiment, the livers recovered and post-mortem fluke burdens determined. However, only serum liver enzyme levels gave any indication of the intensity of infection in the different animals. [less ▲]

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