References of "Lebailly, Philippe"
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See detailLe Grap 3a au Niger
Andres, Ludovic ULg; Lebailly, Philippe ULg

Scientific conference (2015, June 03)

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See detailRural development through the introduction of improved goats: case of Attapeu, Lao PDR
Andres, Ludovic ULg; Nguyen Cong, Oanh; Dinh Van, Tong et al

Conference (2015, April 29)

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See detailAnalyse des contraintes de développement du fruit de la passion au Burundi. Cas de la commune Matongo province Kayanza
Bashangwa Mpozi, Bosco ULg; Ndimanya, Patrice; Lebailly, Philippe ULg

in Brot, Jean (Ed.) Les Cahiers de l'Association Tiers-Monde n° 30-2015 : XXXes Journées sur le Développement "Ethique, entrepreneuriat et développement" (2015)

Face à une situation de manque de terre et de pression démographique sans aucune amélioration des techniques de production, le choix des cultures à pratiquer permettant de rentabiliser la petite surface ... [more ▼]

Face à une situation de manque de terre et de pression démographique sans aucune amélioration des techniques de production, le choix des cultures à pratiquer permettant de rentabiliser la petite surface agricole disponible devient donc crucial pour les producteurs de Matongo en particulier et du Burundi en général. C'est dans ce contexte que le fruit de la passion est intégré dans les systèmes de production de certains ménages de Matongo dans le but d'améliorer leurs conditions de vie grâce à un supplément de revenu. Vu l'état actuel de la vulnérabilité de l'agriculture et de l'économie dans cette commune, il s'avère important de connaître les contraintes rencontrées par les adoptants du fruit de la passion en tenant compte de l'environnement dans lequel se pratique sa culture. [less ▲]

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See detailAgricultural Land Conversion Drivers in Northeast Iran: Application of Structural Equation Model
Azadi, Hossein ULg; Barati, Ali Akbar; Rafiaani, Parisa et al

in Applied Spatial Analysis and Policy (2015)

Identifying driving forces behind agricultural land conversion (ALC) remains one of the most difficult challenges that agricultural and environmental scientists must continually deal with. The difficulty ... [more ▼]

Identifying driving forces behind agricultural land conversion (ALC) remains one of the most difficult challenges that agricultural and environmental scientists must continually deal with. The difficulty emerges from the fact that in ALC, multiple actions and interactions between different factors (i.e., economic, political, environmental, biophysical, institutional, and cultural) exist and make it difficult to understand the function of the processes behind the changes. The phenomenon of ALC in different countries is varied in terms of intensity, trends and drivers. The main goal of this study was to understand these drivers in Northeast Iran through applying structural equation model (SEM). Using multi-stage stratified random sampling, 101 executive officers participated in the study. Data were collected through a structured questionnaire. A multi-stakeholder analysis and a mixed-method (qualitative and quantitative) approach were applied. Results revealed that not only from the policy makers’ perspective but also based on the SEM, "economic", "political", "technological", "social" and "environmental" factors should respectively be the five major drivers of ALC. The results also showed that among other drivers, "more profitability of non-agriculture sectors", "excessive rising of land prices", "farmers’ income instability", "land fragmentation", "urban sprawl" and "inheritance laws" are the main six causes of ALC. Hence, it can be concluded that policy-makers and planners need to take these drivers and subsidiaries more into consideration in order to properly respond to ALC. [less ▲]

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See detailQuel développement agricole pour la RDC ?
Lebailly, Philippe ULg; Michel, Baudouin ULg; Ntoto M'Vubu, Alphonse Roger

in Omasombo Tshonda, Jean; Marysse, Stefaan (Eds.) Conjonctures congolaises 2014 : politiques, territoires et ressources naturelles : changements et continuités (2015)

Cette partie d'ouvrage s'intéresse au secteur agricole de la République démocratique du Congo en tant que perspective de développement intéressante susceptible de contribuer au décollage économique et à ... [more ▼]

Cette partie d'ouvrage s'intéresse au secteur agricole de la République démocratique du Congo en tant que perspective de développement intéressante susceptible de contribuer au décollage économique et à la réduction de la pauvreté du pays. [less ▲]

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See detailÉvaluation technico-économique de la production de plants de teck (Tectona grandis L.f.) dans les pépinières villageoises au Sud-Bénin
Séhouéto, Caroline K. P.; Aoudji, Augustin K. N.; Avocèvou-Ayisso, Carolle et al

in Biotechnologie, Agronomie, Société et Environnement = Biotechnology, Agronomy, Society and Environment [=BASE] (2015), 19(1), 32-41

The present study deals with the production of the seedlings of teak (Tectona grandis L.f.), a species used in forest plantations in southern Benin. The aim of the study was to evaluate the techniques and ... [more ▼]

The present study deals with the production of the seedlings of teak (Tectona grandis L.f.), a species used in forest plantations in southern Benin. The aim of the study was to evaluate the techniques and the profitability of teak seedling production in the community nurseries of southern Benin. [less ▲]

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See detailEconomic efficiency of milk production farms in Hanoi Suburbs, Vietnam
Le Dinh, Khan; Phan Dang, Thang ULg; Lebailly, Philippe ULg et al

Poster (2014, November 14)

Dairy production has presented in Vietnam since 50 years, but these dairy farms really developed from 2001. In the period 2001 – 2010, the average growth rate of dairy herds was up to 30% per year ... [more ▼]

Dairy production has presented in Vietnam since 50 years, but these dairy farms really developed from 2001. In the period 2001 – 2010, the average growth rate of dairy herds was up to 30% per year. However, fresh milk production satisfies about 20-25% of milk consumption. The rural areas of Hanoi Province are large for dairy production. This province builds the 7 agro-ecological sub-regions for the development of dairy farming, in which Ba Vi District is a most of sub-regions for dairy production development. But the average size is about 2.5 cows per farm. This research aims to better understand how the factors in milk sector adapt to current economic conditions in Hanoi suburbs through analyzing farming systems. These studies were conducted from January to August 2012 on 43 dairy farms with different production scales at Ba Vi District to characteristic of dairy farming systems. The data were collected by interviewing and keeping records at the farms that have milk production. The results showed that three dairy production systems in these zones: (1) Dairy small farming system has from 1 to 3 cows per farm; (2) The medium farming system has from 4 to 5 cows per farm; and (3) The dairy intensive farming system has more 5 cows per farm. The economic activities were really diversified with landless per household farm such as rice production, gardens, grass production and sylviculture. Land resources per farm of intensive farming system were largest including 9,239 m² for garden around the household; 2,574 m² for rice land; 563 m² of grass area and 3,325 m² for sylviculture. While the small farming system has the lowest potential land, each household has only 2,815 m² of garden; 1,795 m² of rice land; 2,095 m² of grazing land. The medium farming system has about 3,150 m² of garden; 2,220 m² of rice land and 3,891 m² of grazing land. Milk production cycle was quite long with intensive farming system, up to 324 days comparing with 299 days per cycle with medium farming system and to 306 days per cycle with small-scale farmers. This difference was not statistically signification (P> 0.05). Average milk production yield per cow was high with medium farming system (16 kg per cow per day) in comparison with 15 kg per day at intensive and small farming systems (P> 0.05). Milk production yield has been improved in the past years with crossbreed cows such as Holstein-Friesian 50% and 75%. But this productivity was still considered to be lower than the milk production yield with dairy cows raised in Moc Chau District under Son La Province with 20.5 kg per cow per day and 6,250 kg of milk per cow per cycle). In addition, in the period from 2006 to 2012, fresh milk prices at farm gate have continued to rise for the farmers, while feed prices increased in the period from 2006 to 2010 and these feed prices were stable between 2011 and 2012. In the period of 2006 to 2012, fresh milk prices at farm gate increased from 0.17 USD per kg in 2006 to 0.60 USD per kg in 2012 and feed prices were from 0.15 USD per kg in 2006 increasing to 0.39 USD per kg in 2012. The net incomes were calculated per a cow per year reached 1,274 USD with the small-scale farming households to 1,476 USD with medium farming system. The net income per kg of fresh milk at farm gate obtained from 0.28 USD with small farming system to 0.31 USD with medium farming system. The net household income was high from dairy production, from 2,437 USD per farm per year with small farming system to 5,487 USD per farm per year with intensive farming system. The net labor family income gained from 997 USD per active per year with small farming system to 2,757 USD per active per year with intensive farming system. Thus, dairy production farms in recent years in Hanoi Suburbs provide very high economic efficiency for farmers in comparison with other agricultural activities at the farms. This explains why the rate of dairy family farming has grown very fast in the studied zones in the period from 2009 to 2012. This trend will continue to grow in the future. This research was also showed that the price of fresh milk plays a crucial role for profitable at farm level. But medium farming system with the size from 4 to 5 dairy cows per farm is more profitable with current economic conditions at farms. [less ▲]

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See detailSocio-economic characteristics of Fulani's households in Northeastern Benin
Chabi Toko, Roukayath ULg; Adegbidi, Anselme; Lebailly, Philippe ULg

in Kovacevic, Dusan (Ed.) Book of proceeding Fourth International Scientific Agricultural Symposium "Agrosym 2014" (2014, November)

Fulani belong to a socio-cultural group predominantly met in western Africa and usually raises cattle. Known as a nomadic group, Fulani have become increasingly more settled and combine crop farming with ... [more ▼]

Fulani belong to a socio-cultural group predominantly met in western Africa and usually raises cattle. Known as a nomadic group, Fulani have become increasingly more settled and combine crop farming with livestock husbandry. In Benin Fulani are predominant in the two eastern departments of the north. This community plays a key role in meat and milk supply in the country. But deep information on their household characteristics is scarce so that specific development actions concerning their activities are scarce. This study was carried out to characterize their household and highlight their livelihood strategies in the three agroecological conditions of the study area. 150 Fulani livestock keepers randomly selected were interviewed in 2013. The results show that the average household size is 18 people of which 22% are directly involved in cattle farming. The land is mostly inherited and the average size for a household is about 10.5 ha. Half of the land size is devoted to crops farming mainly 80% for home consumption and 17% to cotton production. Their livestock includes cattle, sheep, goats and poultry (chickens and Guinea fowl). Cattle represent 50% of the household livestock size. Cattle provide daily milk consumed at 51%; the rest is sold. Fulani also sell in average one cattle per month. In less favorable ecological conditions, they derive their income mainly from livestock. While in the regions where it rains more, they diversify their incomes by investing in food crops and cash crop (cotton mainly) farming. [less ▲]

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See detailCost monitoring to promote the value added for clam raising farmers in the Northern area of Vietnam
Bui Thi, Nga; Tran Thu, Hoai; Tran Huu, Cuong et al

Conference (2014, September 02)

Clam farming in coastal provinces of Vietnam has notably developed since the last decade. It generated high income, improve socio-economic development for many local communities. However, many clam ... [more ▼]

Clam farming in coastal provinces of Vietnam has notably developed since the last decade. It generated high income, improve socio-economic development for many local communities. However, many clam raising farms are facing difficulties of farm management, disease control, markets and systems of quality control. This research aims to study about the real situation of cost monitoring in the clam raising farms in the Northern area of Vietnam and suggest some recommendation for apply a suitable model for cost monitoring to promote the value added for farmers. The paper based on the semi-structure, standard questionnaires and PRA method to collect data from 89 clam raising farms in two coastal provinces (Nam Dinh and Thai Binh) in the Northern area of Vietnam in 2014. The findings show that clam raising provides farmers a chance of getting high income parallel with high risk. There were 32.15% surveyed farms got profit, 32.14% of them met the breakeven and 35.71% was lost. The study finds out four key factors affecting farms’ economic performance and efficiency. The first is capacity of farm cost control as the cost for clam raising was very high at 8,142 to 9,190 USD per ha. The second is the farmers’ experience, skill, technique and ability of risk control. The third is low, unstable market price and unsuitable market channel with the dominant of the traders. Final factors is the area and location of clam raising. Despite of these difficulties, 55.14% surveyed farms still want to expand their production, 25% of them will continue, and only 17.86% will stop or change to other activities. In order to promote the value added for clam raising farmers, cost control should be paid more attention, improvement of the farmers’ capacity is necessary, and market should be regarded. [less ▲]

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See detailProblématique foncière chez les exploitants agricoles de la Province de Kirundo au nord du Burundi
Minani, Bonaventure; Rurema, Déo-Guide; Burny, Philippe ULg et al

Conference (2014, August 30)

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See detailAmélioration des moyens d'existence durables. Une voie pour la durabilité des exploitations agricoles familiales de coton au Bénin
Assogba, Claude Gervais; Tossou, C. R.; Lebailly, Philippe ULg et al

Conference (2014, August 30)

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See detailAspects économiques de la filière du vermicelle de tolomane au Vietnam
Le Thi Long, Vy; Vu Dinh, Ton; Lebailly, Philippe ULg et al

Conference (2014, August 30)

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See detailTurning land to livelihood : what are the socio-economic and institutional determinations of local land use in Red River Delta region ?
Nguyen Thi, Dien; Lebailly, Philippe ULg; Vu Dinh, Ton

Conference (2014, June 24)

This research analyzes the determinations of household land use strategy in the context of the rapid rural changes due to the industrialization and urbanization in Vietnam. The mechanism that turns land ... [more ▼]

This research analyzes the determinations of household land use strategy in the context of the rapid rural changes due to the industrialization and urbanization in Vietnam. The mechanism that turns land to livelihood from both productive and non-productive processes is investigated to understand the different land use strategies of smallholders in Red River Delta region. Based on the presence of migrating members, the total selected 191 households in Hai Duong province were divided into 3 different groups to do the surveys. The research results show that local land use strategies are various in which 79.06% of surveyed households maintain the allocated land for agricultural production while 65.97% of households leave land idly at least once a year. The factors from productive process such as small landholding, high production cost and overall downward income from agricultural production meantime the greater opportunities from non-farm jobs are the main socio-economical determinations of agricultural land abandonment or less effective use. The security questions of shifting livelihood between farming and non – farming sectors, the inter-household arrangements, the social supports and the institutional constraints are non-productive elements that make the exchange and other forms of commercializing agricultural land are less prominent. The complexity of household land use strategy and its determinations not only reflects the dynamism and flexibility of peasant’s livelihood adaptation but also explain why the land concentration does not proceed faster in Red River Delta region of Vietnam. [less ▲]

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See detailSécurité alimentaire à Kinshasa. Analyse comparative des modes de consommation alimentaire des ménages selon les saisons
Muteba Kalala, Damien; Ntoto, Roger; Lebailly, Philippe ULg

Conference (2014, May)

Les résultats de l’étude montre qu’en général, les quantités consommées dans les ménages de Kinshasa ainsi que les apports énergétiques et protéiques sont déficitaires et en baisse. Ces quantités et ... [more ▼]

Les résultats de l’étude montre qu’en général, les quantités consommées dans les ménages de Kinshasa ainsi que les apports énergétiques et protéiques sont déficitaires et en baisse. Ces quantités et apports sont plus faibles en saison pluvieuse qu’en saison sèche. La situation est alarmante pour les ménages pauvres dont les quantités d’aliments consommées/individu/jour en saison pluvieuse sont inférieures à 500g avec les apports énergétiques estimés à 1.130 calories et 50 g de protéines. Il apparait donc que, c’est pendant la saison pluvieuse que les ménages surtout les plus pauvres déjà en insécurité alimentaire, y tombent davantage. C’est une sorte de période des « vaches maigres » pour ces Kinois. C’est la saison pluvieuse qui est donc la période indiquée et pouvant rendre plus pertinentes les interventions à caractère social ou humanitaire tant du Gouvernement Congolais que des autres partenaires. L’analyse qui découle des quantités consommées, des apports énergétiques et protéiques permet de confirmer qu’à Kinshasa, comme dans la quasi-totalité des pays du Tiers-Monde, les modes de consommation sont caractérisés par une forte consommation relative de céréales et/ou de racines et tubercules, complétées parfois par des produits riches en protéines, essentiellement les légumineuses. Il apparait aussi clairement que les modes de consommation des Kinois s’inspirent des modèles traditionnels ruraux. [less ▲]

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See detailAnalyse économique de la filière sucrière Au Maroc
Redani, Latifa ULg; Doukkali, Rachid; Lebailly, Philippe ULg

in Revue Marocaine des Sciences Agronomiques et Vétérinaires (2014), 2(3),

Le présent article traite de l’analyse économique de la filière sucrière au Maroc et ce à travers le calcul de la matrice des analyses des politiques, des Coefficients de Protection Nominale (CPN) et ... [more ▼]

Le présent article traite de l’analyse économique de la filière sucrière au Maroc et ce à travers le calcul de la matrice des analyses des politiques, des Coefficients de Protection Nominale (CPN) et Effective (CPE) et du Coût des Ressources Intérieures (CRI). L'évolution des deux premiers coefficients montre que les différents segments de la filière ne bénéficient pas du même niveau de protection. Si le segment de production de la betterave sucrière ne bénéficie plus d’aucune protection, le sucre brut reste globalement protégé. Ce qui signifie que l’essentiel de la protection du sucre au Maroc se situe au niveau du segment de la transformation. Cependant, le niveau de celle-ci a globalement baissé pendant la période post ajustement structurel. Sur le plan compétitivité, alors que la culture de la betterave sucrière s’avère devenue compétitive, la compétitivité effective du segment industriel, et compte tenu des distorsions importantes sur le marché mondial, est difficile d’évaluer. [less ▲]

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See detailLand rights as an engine of growth ? An analysis of Cambodian land grabs in the context of development theory
Rudi, Lisa-Marie; Azadi, Hossein; Witlox, Frank et al

in Land Use Policy (2014), (38), 564-572

Forceful evictions have become a serious problem in Cambodia with an increasing number of fami-lies being deprived of their land, homes and livelihoods without compensation. This article analysesCambodian ... [more ▼]

Forceful evictions have become a serious problem in Cambodia with an increasing number of fami-lies being deprived of their land, homes and livelihoods without compensation. This article analysesCambodian land rights in the context of economic development theory. It assesses whether increas-ing economic inequalities, stemming from forceful evictions, can be categorized as an impediment toCambodian economic growth. The Cambodian case illustrates that a lack of good governance due tocorruption leads to the unequal distribution of land which, in turn, causes inequitable economic devel-opment. The paper concludes that Cambodia is trapped in a vicious cycle of inequality, which is upheld byelites who benefit from evictions and land concessions while evictees become trapped in poverty. Giventhat the population is growing angrier, the article warns of potential for a violent revolution that couldhave disastrous consequences for the Cambodian kingdom, a country that recently emerged from yearsof civil conflicts and is still in the process of rebuilding its social fabric. [less ▲]

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See detailCost monitoring in clam farms in Coastal Nam Dinh Province of Vietnam
Bui Thi, Nga; Tran Huu, Cuong; Lebailly, Philippe ULg

in Scholars Journal of Agriculture and Veterinary Sciences (2014), Nov. 2014-Jan 2015, 2(1),

Clam farming is a strength in the agricultural development of the coastal communes in Nam Dinh province, which has developed rapidly in recent years. It has many advantages of no investment on food, low ... [more ▼]

Clam farming is a strength in the agricultural development of the coastal communes in Nam Dinh province, which has developed rapidly in recent years. It has many advantages of no investment on food, low capital in technique management, simple care, short cultured time. It could bring high profits for the farmers, create employment for labor in rural area and contribute significantly to local economy. In addition, the model of clam farming can be easily replicated so clam farming attracts a lot of attention from the coastal fishermen, policy makers and participation of scientists. However, the development of clam farming in this province is still spontaneous, without obvious planning and sustainable development strategies. In addition, market becomes more competitive. Farmers manage their farms base on experiences and depend too much on natural conditions, thus they are facing many risks. This lead to the situation of inefficiency, and affects negatively to the clam farming and environment. This research aims to study about cost monitoring in clam farms and analyze the factors affecting the cost monitoring in clam farms in Nam Dinh province. From which, suggestions to develop effectively clam farming and contribute to raise incomes for farmers were given in the next years in Nam Dinh province. [less ▲]

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See detailA proposal of a vulnerability index in the pastoral food system in the Republic of Niger : case of the Department of Abalak
Andres, Ludovic ULg; Bodé, Sambo; Du Faux, Judith ULg et al

in Agriculture and Forestry (2014), 60(4), 35-42

In the Republic of Niger, livestock is an important economic activity for a large number of Nigerian households. Indeed, the livestock products are the main export products with the agriculture, the ... [more ▼]

In the Republic of Niger, livestock is an important economic activity for a large number of Nigerian households. Indeed, the livestock products are the main export products with the agriculture, the uranium and the oil. In 2013, the primary sector represented 49% of the Gross Domestic Product (GDP). However, the livestock activities are disrupted because of many droughts, especially the droughts of 1970 and 1980. Besides that, the pastoral vulnerability keeps very important in Niger and the characterization of this vulnerability is not adapted to the pastoral context (Andres L. and Lebailly Ph., 2013c; Yamba B. et al., 2013). This paper attempts to describe the specific factors related to the pastoral vulnerability. This assessment of the pastoral vulnerability has been based upon two livestock systems: sedentary and mobile herds. This evaluation has certain limitations. These limitations can be ascribed to the difficulties in accessing the pastoral areas and in identifying many factors of each pastoral food system. [less ▲]

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See detailInfluence des représentations sociales de l’environnement sur l’adoption des pratiques durables de production. Une contribution à partir du système de production de coton biologique au Bénin
Assogba, Sonagnon Claude-Gervais ULg; Tossou, Cocou Rigobert; Lebailly, Philippe ULg

in Journal of Oriental and African Studies (2014), 23

This article is a contribution to the understanding of the factors which ditermine farmers behaviors in the odoption of sustainable practices of organic cotton production in Benin. It is based on a survey ... [more ▼]

This article is a contribution to the understanding of the factors which ditermine farmers behaviors in the odoption of sustainable practices of organic cotton production in Benin. It is based on a survey carried out among organic cotton farmers in Kandi, one of the largest cotton area in North of Benin. The article aims at characterizing farmers’ socials representations of environment for deeper understanding of their influence in the adoption of organic cotton system by farmers. Data were collected among 188 farmers selected from an actors statement typology based on the criteria of endogenous prosperity. Structural approach of socials representations and Chi square statistic were used in data analysis. The results and analyses showed that organic cotton farmers have an anthropocentric and utilitarian vision of their environment which they perceive as a reserve, purvoyer of resources needed for their survival. The adhesion of farmers to organic cotton programme was mainly motivated by economic (40%), environmental (18%) and social (11%) considerations. In addition, il has been demonstrated that the type of behavior adopted by the farmer depended on motivations which underlie his adhesion to the programme of cotton production. Farmers whose adhesion is mainly motivated by environmental considerations respect better the requirements of organic cotton production. [less ▲]

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