References of "Lebailly, Philippe"
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See detailThe Economic Development Pole (EDP) approach in Niger: the case of the Niger-IFAD Program
Andres, Ludovic ULiege; Populin, Martha; Bodé, Sambo et al

Poster (2017, August 29)

Since 2012, the Niger-IFAD Programme uses a new non-administrative geographical intervention unit, the Economic Development Pole (EDP). The EDP is described as a space concentrating economic activities ... [more ▼]

Since 2012, the Niger-IFAD Programme uses a new non-administrative geographical intervention unit, the Economic Development Pole (EDP). The EDP is described as a space concentrating economic activities linked to the production and commercialization of the main agro-pastoral products of the neighbouring production basins. This poster aims to describe and analyze the concept of EDP, to show its first results when put into practice and to analyze its risks. [less ▲]

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See detailLe rôle des petites entreprises du métier artisanal traditionnel dans le développement local: case d'étude dans le périphérie de Hanoi
Nguyen, Thi Thu Hien ULiege; Lebailly, Philippe ULiege; Nguyen, Van Nghien

in Science and Technology Journal of Agriculture & Rural Development (2017), 15

Rural industrial development and new rural development programmes are the main target of Vietnam in the process of industrialization – modernization of the country. To expedite this process, it is ... [more ▼]

Rural industrial development and new rural development programmes are the main target of Vietnam in the process of industrialization – modernization of the country. To expedite this process, it is necessary to promote the development and encourage the contributions of small enterprise in general and small enterprise rural in particular because practices in many countries show the important role of small and micro enterprises in local development. This paper presents the initial results of research to understand the economic–social contributions of rural enterprises to local development through the mobilization of local resources as well as establishment of the economic-social relations in local of rattan’s enterprises in the suburb of Hanoi, and then propose some measures to facilitate the operation of enterprises and promote the contribution of rattan’s enterprises for local development. [less ▲]

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See detailSocial sustainability assessments in the biobased economy: Towards a systemic approach
Rafiaani, Parisa ULiege; Kuppens, Tom; Van Dael, Miet et al

in Renewable & Sustainable Energy Reviews (2017)

The majority of impact assessments for the biobased economy are primarily focused on the environmental and (techno-)economic aspects, while social aspects are rarely considered. This study proposes a ... [more ▼]

The majority of impact assessments for the biobased economy are primarily focused on the environmental and (techno-)economic aspects, while social aspects are rarely considered. This study proposes a modified systemic approach for a social sustainability impact assessment of the biobased economy, based on a review on the common methodologies for assessing social impacts. Accordingly, the proposed approach follows the four general iterative steps of social life cycle analysis (SLCA) as it considers all life cycle phases of the biobased economy. The systemic approach considers the potential social impacts on local communities, workers, and consumers as the main three groups of the stakeholders. The review showed that the most common social indicators for inventory analysis within the biobased economy include health and safety, food security, income, employment, land- and worker-related concerns, energy security, profitability, and gender issues. Multi-criteria decision analysis (MCDA) was also highlighted as the broadly utilized methodology for aggregating the results of impact assessments within the biobased economy. Taking a life cycle perspective, this study provides a holistic view of the full sustainability of research, design, and innovation in the biobased economy by suggesting the integration of the social aspects with techno-economic and an environmental life cycle assessment. Our proposed systemic approach makes possible to integrate the social impacts that are highly valued by the affected stakeholders into the existing sustainability models that focus only on environmental and techno-economic aspects. We discuss the steps of the proposed systemic approach in order to identify the challenges of applying them within the biobased economy. These challenges refer mainly to the definition of the functional unit and system boundaries, the selection and the analysis of social indicators (inventory analysis), the aggregation of the inventory to impact categories, and the uncertainties associated with the social sustainability evaluation. The result of this review and the proposed systemic approach serve as a foundation for industry and policy makers to gain a better insight into the importance of social sustainability impacts assessment within the biobased economy. [less ▲]

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See detailRemittances: a Loan Funds for Rural Economy? Illustration from the Kayes Area (Western Mali)
Yao Namé, Juste Michel ULiege; Lebailly, Philippe ULiege

Conference (2017, June 12)

In addition to have a direct and positive impact on reducing of food insecurity and poverty gaps in more vulnerable countries to shocks on the rainfall, the remittances received by the migrants families ... [more ▼]

In addition to have a direct and positive impact on reducing of food insecurity and poverty gaps in more vulnerable countries to shocks on the rainfall, the remittances received by the migrants families also allow them to have saving. This is what reveals the self-managed village banks of Kayes’ region, the most important emigration basin of Mali and located in strong climate variations area. However, this saving contributes less at agricultural sector finance. [less ▲]

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See detailAnalyse de la main d’œuvre dans la riziculture de la plaine de la Ruzizi des pays de la CEPGL.
Furaha Mirindi, Germaine ULiege; Mastaki Namegabe, Jean-Luc; Lebailly, Philippe ULiege

in Revue Cahiers de l'Association Tiers Monde (2017)

Le salariat agricole se développe et les exploitations agricoles y ont de plus en plus recours, notamment dans la riziculture traditionnellement familiale. Jusque-là peu de travaux s’y sont intéressés ... [more ▼]

Le salariat agricole se développe et les exploitations agricoles y ont de plus en plus recours, notamment dans la riziculture traditionnellement familiale. Jusque-là peu de travaux s’y sont intéressés alors qu’il permet de repenser le fonctionnement des exploitations et d’assurer dans certains cas leur reproduction. Dans la plaine de la Ruzizi, partagée entre trois pays (le Burundi, La RDC et le Rwanda), on observe des flux de main d’œuvre agricole vers la partie congolaise. Ainsi, la présente étude s’intéresse à analyser les facteurs explicatifs du recours à la main d’œuvre salariée extérieure à l’exploitation et au pays pour les riziculteurs congolais. L’étude se base sur les données des enquêtes menées auprès de 120 exploitants rizicoles de la plaine de la Ruzizi choisis de manière aléatoire mais sur base de la méthode des quotas, la zone représentative de chaque pays étant considérée comme une strate. Les résultats révèlent que les hommes et les jeunes prédominent dans la riziculture de ces trois pays et que la main d’ouvre familiale y est insuffisante pour réaliser tous les travaux rizicoles. Les différents tests statistiques réalisés ont montré que les facteurs qui influencent le recours à la main d’œuvre étrangère sont liés aux caractéristiques des riziculteurs et aux facteurs économiques. Par rapport aux caractéristiques des riziculteurs, les facteurs comme le nombre d’actifs dans le ménage, l’âge, la superficie cultivée influence le recours à la main d’œuvre extérieure. Pour les facteurs économiques qui semblent être les plus importants, les riziculteurs font appel à la main d’œuvre étrangère car elle est bon marché, a un savoir-faire et relativement des qualifications techniques dont peuvent bénéficier les rizières congolaises et joue le rôle d’intermédiaire dans l’approvisionnement en intrants à moindre coûts. Dans un contexte post conflits, la mobilité de cette main d’œuvre à travers la zone est une preuve de cohésion et renforce les liens sociaux entre les sociétés de ces trois pays [less ▲]

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See detailInternal return migration in rural of Vietnam: reasons and consequences
Ngo Trung Thanh, ULiege; Lebailly, Philippe ULiege; Nguyen Thi, Dien

Conference (2017)

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See detailImpacts of the Hara Biosphere Reserve on Livelihood and Welfare in Persian Gulf
Dehghani Pour, Milad; Motiee, Naser; Akbar Barati, Ali et al

in Ecological Economics (2017), 141(November 2017), 7686

Despite the importance of biosphere reserves in Iran's livelihood and welfare, the economic significance of Hara Biosphere Reserve has never been comprehensively studied. This study examines the current ... [more ▼]

Despite the importance of biosphere reserves in Iran's livelihood and welfare, the economic significance of Hara Biosphere Reserve has never been comprehensively studied. This study examines the current importance of Hara Biosphere Reserve (HBR) in local livelihood and welfare. Using a household survey, data were collected through a questionnaire, key informant interviews and direct observations. Two hundred and forty-four households were randomly selected from 10 villages through proportional sampling. Results showed that non-environmental income was the first driver of the total income, poverty alleviation and narrowing income inequality gap. Park income was the second. The results also showed that excluding park income from total income would significantly increase headcount poverty, widen the poverty gap, and raise the Gini coefficient. Wealthier households had the greatest absolute income from the environment, including forest, fishing and fodder. However, the poorest group had smallest absolute income from these sources. Thus, the study demonstrated that wealthier households are responsible for the overharvesting of environmental resources. Interestingly, the study showed that wealthier households are more dependent on profitable environmental incomes sources while the poorest are more dependent on non-profitable ones. [less ▲]

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See detailLabor Use and Management in Vietnamese Craft Villages: A Case Study in Tu Son Town, Bac Ninh Province
Nguyen Thi Hai Ninh, ULiege; Lebailly, Philippe ULiege

in Asian Research Journal of Business Management (2017), 4(4), 54-63

The findings of the research on 150 laborers in three craft villages show that 41.33 percent of labor are concentrated in the age group of 30-45, of these laborers men is accounted for over 57 percent ... [more ▼]

The findings of the research on 150 laborers in three craft villages show that 41.33 percent of labor are concentrated in the age group of 30-45, of these laborers men is accounted for over 57 percent, and only 26 percent are skilled labor. Most of the laborers are working in noisy and unsafe conditions, and less than 30% of them are equipped with labor protection equipment. Moreover, the prevailing salaries of laborers are from 3 to 5 million VND per month whereas the rate of labor contracted is very low (the highest is about 23% at Da Hoi), that makes labourers are less satisfied with work. In order to determine factors effecting laborer’s satisfaction with work, the authors use Exploratory Factor Analysis and the results show that Cronbach Alfa coefficient of each group is more than 0.6. That indicates the use of 30 observation variations belonging to 5 factors in the study is suitable. Additionally, logistic model reports that working conditions, income, welfare policies and gender have a statistically significant effect on job satisfaction of labourers. When the score of the importance of working condition increases 1 point, the probability of workers satisfy with their works increases 1.307 time. When the score of importance of income increases 1 point, the probability of satisfaction increases 1.494 time. When the score of importance of treatment policy increases 1 point, the probability of satisfaction increases 1.329 time. Therefore craft villages need to improve these factors in order to improve the efficiency of labour. [less ▲]

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See detailUn Professeur belge donne son expertise sur l'agriculture high-tech du Vietnam
Kim Chung; Lebailly, Philippe ULiege

Article for general public (2017)

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See detailAnalyse de la rentabilité financière de la production de semence du riz au Bénin
Dossouhoui, François Vihôdé ULiege; Agossou S.M., Désiré; Adégbidi, Anselme et al

in Journal of Applied Biosciences (2017), (May 2017), 11267-11275

Objectif : Cette étude vise, à travers une analyse de la rentabilité financière, à mettre en exergue l’intérêt que peut susciter la production de semences de qualité dans les divers systèmes de production ... [more ▼]

Objectif : Cette étude vise, à travers une analyse de la rentabilité financière, à mettre en exergue l’intérêt que peut susciter la production de semences de qualité dans les divers systèmes de production et la place du secteur privé dans la gestion du système semencier. Méthodologie et résultats : L’étude a été conduite auprès d’un échantillon de 57 producteurs de semences certifiées et de riz de consommation choisis de façon aléatoire dans trois départements : Mono, Zou et Collines où trois systèmes de production se côtoient. Il a été fait recours à la méthode d’analyse de marges et les résultats ont été comparés chaque fois à la production de riz de consommation par système de production : riz pluvial, riz de bas-fonds et riz irrigué. Il en résulte que la production de semences est plus rentable et l’est davantage dans le système d’irrigation. Conclusion et application des résultats : La présente étude a été conduite dans un contexte où l’État est intervenu pour promouvoir l’accès aux semences améliorées suite à la crise alimentaire de 2008. L’État, à travers son dispositif de vulgarisation organise, la collecte de semences auprès des producteurs multiplicateurs accrédités et subventionne la redistribution aux producteurs de riz de consommation. L’intérêt que porte cette étude sur la rentabilité financière de l’activité de production de semences certifiées réside dans la nécessité de disposer de données fiables pour susciter l’implication des entreprises privées dans le système semencier et faciliter l’accès aux crédits pour les multiplicateurs de semences. Pour un système compétitif et adéquat aux besoins des producteurs, il est impérieux de réfléchir sur un partenariat compagnies privées de distribution et producteurs multiplicateurs de semences certifiées. Ce dispositif facilitera la disponibilité et l’accès à un prix abordable aux semences de qualité pour les producteurs du riz. [less ▲]

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See detailLes Partenariats Public-Privé : fondement théorique et analyse économique
Maatala, Nassreddine ULiege; Benabdellah, Majid; Lebailly, Philippe ULiege

in Revue Marocaine des Sciences Agronomiques et Vétérinaires (2017), 5(2 (Mai 2017)),

The Public-Private Partnership (PPP) is globally recognized as a common style of management, especially in the following sectors: transportation, public services and community facilities. The interests of ... [more ▼]

The Public-Private Partnership (PPP) is globally recognized as a common style of management, especially in the following sectors: transportation, public services and community facilities. The interests of this partnership approach reside in the off-budget financing for the public partner, in the private partners’ high rate of return, in the reduced completion deadlines of the projects, and finally in the availability and quality of the public service provided. The economic theory sees in PPPs many advantages and disadvantages related not only to the partnership, but also to the nature of the public-private relationship that is considered as a particular relationship. In this article, we analyze in the first part the main theoretical foundations in which the Public Private Partnership (PPP) is inserted, then, we present the assumptions and the principles of each theory. In the second part, we present an economic analysis of this partnership approach while going through its advantages, disadvantages, and potential paths to address its limitations. [less ▲]

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See detailVulnerability evaluation of millet and sorghum cropping system to climate change and adoption of new technologies in Mali
Sissoko, Penda ULiege; Aune, Jens B.; Senneväg, Gry et al

in Asian Journal of Science and Technology (2017), 8(1), 4176-4182

This study analyzes the vulnerability of agricultural cropping systems based on millet and sorghum and the adoption of new technologies in Sahelian and Sudano - Sahelian areas in Mali (West Africa). Semi ... [more ▼]

This study analyzes the vulnerability of agricultural cropping systems based on millet and sorghum and the adoption of new technologies in Sahelian and Sudano - Sahelian areas in Mali (West Africa). Semi-structured interviews (ISS) using questionnaires addressed to the chiefs of family farm (FAE) were used for the collection of data. The descriptive statistics and matrices were realized for the data analysis using the following softwares: EXCEL and SPSS20.The results of the surveys conducted in 2014 among 360 farms in Sahelian and Sudano-Sahelian areas, shows that agricultural producers are aware of the main factors affecting the productivity of their cropping system and food security of agricultural holdings. Rainfall variability, characterized by failure and irregularity of rains is the main constraint of cropping systems based on millet and sorghum as stated by 97% of surveyed producers, followed by soil poverty 81%, and the lack of agricultural equipment 47%. The impacts of these factors at the farms level are translated by a decrease in the crops yields and on the frequency of the shortages in foodstuffs which are observed by 98% of the farms every year and more than 50% every 3 years. To reduce vulnerabilities, practices and innovations were adopted by farms as strategies. The main concern fertilizer micro dosing technics, seed soaking, improved varieties, organic and mineral fertilization, soils and water management technics, mechanical sowing, and agro forestry were adopted as strategies. [less ▲]

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See detailOn Sustainable Aquaculture
Tran Thi Nang, Thu; Lebailly, Philippe ULiege

in Oceanography & Fisheries (2017), 1(3), 001-002

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See detailOrganic Farming and Small-Scale Farmers: Main Opportunities and Challenges
Jouzi, Zeynab; Azadi, Hossein ULiege; Taheri, Fatemeh et al

in Ecological Economics (2017), 132(February 2017), 144-154

Producing enough food to meet the needs of a growing population has always been the greatest concern of food policy-makers around the world. Given the increasing attention to organic farming (OF), we ... [more ▼]

Producing enough food to meet the needs of a growing population has always been the greatest concern of food policy-makers around the world. Given the increasing attention to organic farming (OF), we conducted this study to investigate the main opportunities and challenges of the food production system of small-scale farmers in developing countries with an emphasis on their livelihoods. The study showed that the most significant advantages of OF are environmental protection and a higher resilience to environmental changes, increasing farmers' income and reducing external input cost, enhancing social capacity and increasing employment opportunities. A s well as enhancing food security primarily by increasing the food purchasing power of local people. However, the main challenges of this food production system include lower yields in comparison to conventional systems, difficulties with soil nutrient management, certification and market barriers, and the educational and research needs of small-holders. The paper concludes that even though OF might present some significant challenges to small-scale farmers, it could/should still be considered as a part of the solution and means of improving their livelihoods. [less ▲]

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See detailAgricultural economics and development with implications to the Central Highlands
Lebailly, Philippe ULiege

Scientific conference (2016, December 23)

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See detailImpacts socioéconomiques de la migration des chefs de ménage dans la région de Tahoua
Moussa Dit Kalamou, Mahamadou; Andres, Ludovic ULiege; Yamba, Boubacar et al

Conference (2016, December)

Du fait de sa position stratégique entre l’Afrique du Nord et l’Afrique subsaharienne, le Niger est une terre d’intense mobilité par le départ et le transit de nombreux migrants dont le flux venait de ... [more ▼]

Du fait de sa position stratégique entre l’Afrique du Nord et l’Afrique subsaharienne, le Niger est une terre d’intense mobilité par le départ et le transit de nombreux migrants dont le flux venait de tous les pays de l’Afrique de l’Ouest. Le contexte géopolitique actuellement dominé par l’insécurité dans la partie Est du pays et le nord du Nigeria voisin (guerre imposée par la nébuleuse Boko Haram) ; et l’instabilité des pays frontaliers à l’Ouest (Mali) et au Nord (Libye) poussent les populations à chercher refuge en migrant massivement (plus de 60% des migrants en direction du Maghreb et l’Europe passent par le Niger selon l’Organisation Internationale pour les Migrations) et irrégulièrement vers les grandes villes minières du nord du Niger (Agadez, Arlit, Djado et Dirkou) qui sont les portes d’accès au pays de l’Afrique du Nord et ensuite à la méditerranée afin d’atteindre les pays européens. A tous ces problèmes sécuritaires, s’ajoute le problème d’insécurité alimentaire et foncière qui oblige les populations rurales comme celles de la région de Tahoua à migrer pour un exode temporaire ou saisonnier qui finira par une migration de longue durée à force de prendre goût à l’aventure. Les ruraux qui font face aux déficits cycliques imposés par le changement climatique vont à la recherche du mieux-être et du complément alimentaire des ménages. Cet article traite de l’exode qui sera considéré comme une migration locale et en même temps une initiation à la migration régionale et intercontinentale. Il ressortira les impacts socio-économiques de l’exode agissant sur les ménages dans la région de Tahoua au Niger. [less ▲]

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See detailIrrigated food systems in Maradi Republic of Niger: A comparison between operating accounts
Andres, Ludovic ULiege; Dambo, Lawali; Bode, Sambo et al

Conference (2016, October 07)

In Niger, most food systems are based on pluvial crops (millet, sorghum and cowpea). However, during the last decade, agricultural policy and technical and financial partners focused on increasing the ... [more ▼]

In Niger, most food systems are based on pluvial crops (millet, sorghum and cowpea). However, during the last decade, agricultural policy and technical and financial partners focused on increasing the productivity of irrigated food products. The region of Maradi, located in the Central-South of Niger, is an area traditionally dedicated to agriculture. Some parts of this region are particularly adapted for irrigation, especially the Goulbi of Kaba and the Goulbi of Maradi valleys. The goal of this study is to establish the socio-economic situation of the main irrigated food productions, based on the following indicators: (i) the crop management technics used; (ii) the results of the operating account; and (iii) the comparison between the village and the adoption of new technic (farmer field school). This paper is based on direct surveys conducted in three areas of the Maradi’s region: Soumarana (commune of Safo, department of Madarounfa); N’Yelwa (commune of Madarounfa, department of Madarounfa); Madarounfa (commune of Madarounfa, department of Guidan Roumdji). The software used is Minitab and Excel. The results highlight a good perspective for the irrigation system but this food system is conditioned by the petroleum price and some other input (fertilizer and seed). The operating accounts show that irrigation is a non-negligible income source, which increases the resilience of the farmers. [less ▲]

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See detailThe smallholder development by remittances of migrants
Yao Namé, Juste Michel ULiege; Lebailly, Philippe ULiege

E-print/Working paper (2016)

The following pages report the results of our survey conducted among (Malian, Senegalese and Mauritanian) Soninké migrants during the period of 14th to 4 December 2015, living in the social residences of ... [more ▼]

The following pages report the results of our survey conducted among (Malian, Senegalese and Mauritanian) Soninké migrants during the period of 14th to 4 December 2015, living in the social residences of the former home Pinel (first home of migrant workers in France). This survey had to aim to discuss the implementation and use of a new tool to transfer the money in order to reduce use of informal channels, to promote financial inclusion, to finance smallholding and to develop entrepreneurship in rural by granting of credits medium or long term via Microfinance Institutions (IMF). [less ▲]

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