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See detailMethodological approaches to 3D pore structure exploration
Stroeven, Piet; Le, L.B. Nghi; He, Huan ULg

in Key Engineering Materials [=KEM] (2012), 517

About 6% of global CO2 emissions are due to cement production. Blending of Portland cement with a significant fraction of mineral admixture could therefore be instrumental in reducing such emissions. Use ... [more ▼]

About 6% of global CO2 emissions are due to cement production. Blending of Portland cement with a significant fraction of mineral admixture could therefore be instrumental in reducing such emissions. Use of an admixture of vegetable origin such as rice husk as will additionally contribute to waste management and its incineration produces energy. This paper will stress the importance of properly designing such blends. Preferably gap-graded concepts should be employed, since blending efficiency in terms of strength development is promoted as shown in earlier publications. The paper therefore only briefly covers these aspects. Assessment of this blending concept on durability of cementitious materials constitutes a far more complicated problem. This requires careful porosimetry. Mostly, this problem is approached by MIP or by quantitative image analysis. Both can provide 3D information, although that of MIP is generally significantly biased. Quantitative image analysis is however time-consuming and laborious, and thus expensive. Moreover, it does not provide information on continuity of pores. Present day computer facilities offer therefore a better alternative. When using a proper DEM system, the concrete can be simulated in a realistic way. The paper describes new methods for investigating the pore structure in virtual concrete and presents some data on pure cement and blended cement. Differences will have impact on durability risks. [less ▲]

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