Dynamique de la végétation d'altitude en Afrique centrale atlantique depuis 17 000 ans BP. Analyses préliminaires de la carotte de Bambili (Nord-Ouest du Cameroun).
Assi Kaudjhis, Chimène Cloche M ; ; Roche, Emile
in Geo-Eco-Trop : Revue Internationale de Géologie, de Géographie et d'Ecologie Tropicales (2008), 32
This article presents the preliminary results of pollen analyses carried out on a 13.5m long core taken from the shore of the crater lake of Bambili, Cameroon (05°56'11.9N; 10°14' 31.6E; 2273m alt.). This ... [more ▼]
This article presents the preliminary results of pollen analyses carried out on a 13.5m long core taken from the shore of the crater lake of Bambili, Cameroon (05°56'11.9N; 10°14' 31.6E; 2273m alt.). This allows us to reconstruct the history of montane forest ecosystems from Atlantic Central Africa since 17 000 years BP. Well diversified microflora, show several changes. At the base of the pollen sequence, the vegetation is dominated by herbaceous plant populations such as Poaceae, associated with “dry” plant types from Amaranthaceae/ Chenopodiaceae families and tree and shrub plant types from savannas and open forest formations types such as Gnidia, Lannea, Combretaceae, Cussonia… The montane forest expansion started from 14 080cal BP with the appearance of the pioneer taxon Myrica. This taxon is followed by Schefflera, Podocarpus, Olea, Syzygium… which widely expanded in the immediate surroundings of the lake from 12 310 to 4 590 cal BP. After this date, the montane forest was strongly reduced. However a short phase of forest regrowth is recorded around 2000 BP during which Schefflera dominated the forest assemblage. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 51 (15 ULg)