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See detailLinear amphiphilic diblock copolymers of lactide and 2-dimethylaminoethyl methacrylate using bifunctional-initiator and one-pot approaches
Kryuchkov, Maksym A.; Detrembleur, Christophe ULg; Bazuin, Géraldine

in Polymer (2014), 55(10), 2316-2324

Linear amphiphilic diblock copolymers of polylactide (PLA) and poly(2-dimethylaminoethyl methacrylate) (PDMAEMA) were synthesized by atom transfer radical polymerization (ATRP) of DMAEMA followed by ring ... [more ▼]

Linear amphiphilic diblock copolymers of polylactide (PLA) and poly(2-dimethylaminoethyl methacrylate) (PDMAEMA) were synthesized by atom transfer radical polymerization (ATRP) of DMAEMA followed by ring-opening polymerization (ROP) of LLA using the bifunctional initiator, 2′-hydroxyethyl 2-bromoisobutyrate. NMR showed that the resulting PLA block was racemic and a quaternization/precipitation technique showed that there were significant amounts of racemic PLA homopolymer. In addition, simultaneous ATRP of DMAEMA and ROP of l-lactide by tin octoate were conducted at varied temperatures, indicating 90 °C as a suitable compromise temperature; this one-pot process also led to racemization and P(L)LA homopolymer. The racemization was attributed to reversible deprotonation of LLA by the N(CH3)2 moiety of (P)DMAEMA and the PLA homopolymer impurity was related to in situ formation of lactoyl lactate (LA–LA) due to nucleophilic ring opening of lactide by the amino moieties of (P)DMAEMA. The methods presented can be useful for the preparation of PDMAEMA–b–PLA/PLA composites in a two-step process or in a single step, one-pot process. [less ▲]

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See detailSynthesis and thermal properties of linear amphiphilic diblock copolymers of L-lactide and 2-dimethylaminoethyl methacrylate
Kryuchkov, Maksym A.; Detrembleur, Christophe ULg; Jérôme, Robert ULg et al

in Macromolecules (2011), 44(13), 5209-5217

A well-defined series of nine poly(l-lactide)-b-(2-dimethylaminoethyl methacrylate) (PLLA-b-PDMAEMA) linear diblock copolymers with low polydispersity were prepared by ring-opening polymerization of LLA ... [more ▼]

A well-defined series of nine poly(l-lactide)-b-(2-dimethylaminoethyl methacrylate) (PLLA-b-PDMAEMA) linear diblock copolymers with low polydispersity were prepared by ring-opening polymerization of LLA using 4-isopropylbenzyl alcohol and tin octoate as the initiating system, conversion of the OH-terminated PLLA into Br-terminated macroinitiators (5, 13, and 19 kg/mol), followed by atom transfer radical polymerization of DMAEMA (to obtain one-half, equal, and twice the molecular weight of each PLLA block). Compositional analysis and molecular weight characterization were done using NMR, SEC–LS, TGA, polarimetry, and PDMAEMA quaternization/precipitation to test for residual PLLA homopolymer. DSC investigations indicate that low molecular weight amorphous PLLA or PDMAEMA blocks (less than or equal to ca. 5000 g/mol) are miscible in the second block. Compared to the parent PLLA homopolymers, PLLA crystallization in the block copolymers is significantly retarded, whereas the degree of crystallinity is only mildly affected and melting points are reduced only for the low molecular weight miscible blocks. [less ▲]

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