References of "Kalonji, Muasa Patoka"
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See detailQuality of life perception by inmates in the Central Prison of Mbuji-Mayi, Democratic Republique of Congo
Kalonji, Muasa Patoka ULiege; Okenge Ngongo, Leon; Ilunga Ilunga, Félicien et al

in International Journal of Medecal Research & Health Sciences (in press)

Summary Introduction: In developing countries, quality of prison life remains a challenge in public health. The present study aimed at determining the quality of life as perceived by inmates during their ... [more ▼]

Summary Introduction: In developing countries, quality of prison life remains a challenge in public health. The present study aimed at determining the quality of life as perceived by inmates during their imprisonment at the Central Prison of Mbuji-Mayi, Democratic Republic of Congo. Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study was carried out over a 3-month period (between December 2015 and February 2016) at the Central Prison of Mbuji-Mayi. Three hundred inmates participated to the survey. The World Health Organisation Quality of Life Scale (WHOQOL-BREF) was used to estimate health and problems affecting inmates’ everyday life. Results: Mean age of inmates was 33 ± 10 years (range: 18-70 years) and most of them were male (88.7%). The quality of life score they estimated was below 50, on the WHOQOL-BREF scale weighted over 100 points (average overall score: 26±7). When considering each WHOQOL-BREF domain, the lowest scores (0-100 normalised scale) were registered for: perception of physical health (24±11), psychological health (18±8), social relationship (39±15) and environmental relationships (24±8). Overall, inmates aged over 30 years old presented an average score slightly lower than younger inmates (25±6 vs. 27±7; p=0.005). Depending on the length of incarceration, the average score was lower for inmates imprisoned for more than 6 months compared to others (26±6 vs. 28 ± 8; p= 0.015). Correlations between domain scores were low but statistically significant; no correlation was highlighted between environment and mental health domains. Conclusion: Most inmates considered their quality of life as negative, regardless of the WHOQOL-BREF domain. Efforts to improve quality of life should remain a priority for political authorities. [less ▲]

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See detailPrevalence of tuberculosis and associated riskfactorsin the central prison of Mbuji-Mayi, Democratic Republic of Congo
Kalonji, Muasa Patoka ULiege; De Coninck, Gérard ULiege; Okenge Ngongo, Leon et al

in Tropical Medecine and Health (2016)

Abstract Background: Tuberculosis still remains a major public health concern in several provinces of the Democratic Republic of Congo, especially in prison settings. The present study aimed at ... [more ▼]

Abstract Background: Tuberculosis still remains a major public health concern in several provinces of the Democratic Republic of Congo, especially in prison settings. The present study aimed at determining tuberculosis (TB) prevalence and associated risk factors in inmates of the Mbuji-Mayi Central Prison. Methods: This cross-sectional study was performed over a 6 -month period (January to June 2015) in Mbuji-Mayi Central Prison. A total of 733 inmates were screened syste matically for TB. The diagnosis was based on clinical examination and bacteriological tests. Results: Tuberculosis was diagnosed in 130 inmates, what amounts to a 17.7 % prevalence (95 % confidence interval [CI] 15.1 – 20.6 %). The mean age ± SD of infected inmates was 31 ± 9.5 years old, and 94.8 % of them were male. Inmates were detained for a median period of 24 months (range: 3 months to 12 years). A cough lasting more than 2 weeks, body temperature higher than 39 °C, and weight loss were the predominating clinical signs. Factors independently associated with TB infection were overcrowding; highest population attributable fraction ([PAF] 88.2 %; adjusted odds ratio [OR] 9.8 [95 % CI 3.1 – 31.6]); malnutrition (body mass index of less than 18.5 kg/m 2 ) (PAF 35.6 %; adjusted OR 2.1 [1.3 – 3.0]); and a detention period equal to or greater than 12 months (PAF 38.7 %; adjusted OR 2.1 [1.4 – 3.1]). Conclusions: Improving detention and sanitary conditions , as well as providing an adequate and early healthcare, are urgently needed to reduce TB prevalence in the prison environment. [less ▲]

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