References of "Jouan, Caroline"
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See detailImpact of follicular G-CSF quantification on subsequent embryo transfer decisions: a proof of concept study.
Ledee, N.; Gridelet, Virginie ULg; RAVET, Stéphanie ULg et al

in Human Reproduction (2013), 28(2), 406-13

BACKGROUND: Previous experiments have shown that granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF), quantified in the follicular fluid (FF) of individual oocytes, correlates with the potential for an ongoing ... [more ▼]

BACKGROUND: Previous experiments have shown that granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF), quantified in the follicular fluid (FF) of individual oocytes, correlates with the potential for an ongoing pregnancy of the corresponding fertilized oocytes among selected transferred embryos. Here we present a proof of concept study aimed at evaluating the impact of including FF G-CSF quantification in the embryo transfer decisions. METHODS: FF G-CSF was quantified with the Luminex XMap technology in 523 individual FF samples corresponding to 116 fresh transferred embryos, 275 frozen embryos and 131 destroyed embryos from 78 patients undergoing ICSI. RESULTS: Follicular G-CSF was highly predictive of subsequent implantation. The receiving operator characteristics curve methodology showed its higher discriminatory power to predict ongoing pregnancy in multivariate logistic regression analysis for FF G-CSF compared with embryo morphology [0.77 (0.69-0.83), P < 0.001 versus 0.66 (0.58-0.73), P = 0.01)]. Embryos were classified by their FF G-CSF concentration: Class I over 30 pg/ml (a highest positive predictive value for implantation), Class II from 30 to 18.4 pg/ml and Class III <18.4 pg/ml (a highest negative predictive value). Embryos derived from Class I follicles had a significantly higher implantation rate (IR) than those from Class II and III follicles (36 versus 16.6 and 6%, P < 0.001). Embryos derived from Class I follicles with an optimal morphology reached an IR of 54%. Frozen-thawed embryos transfer derived from Class I follicles had an IR of 37% significantly higher than those from Class II and III follicles, respectively, of 8 and 5% (P < 0.001). Thirty-five per cent of the frozen embryos but also 10% of the destroyed embryos were derived from G-CSF Class I follicles. Non-optimal embryos appear to have been transferred in 28% (22/78) of the women, and their pregnancy rate was significantly lower than that of women who received at least one optimal embryo (18 versus 36%, P = 0.04). CONCLUSIONS: Monitoring FF G-CSF for the selection of embryos with a better potential for pregnancy might improve the effectiveness of IVF by reducing the time and cost required for obtaining a pregnancy. [less ▲]

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See detailIsoform 111 of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF111) improves angiogenesis of ovarian tissue xenotransplantation
Labied, Soraya ULg; Delforge, Yves ULg; Munaut, Carine ULg et al

in Transplantation (2013), 95(3), 426-433

Background: Cryopreservation of cortex ovarian tissue before anti-cancer therapy is a promising technique for fertility preservation mainly in children and young women. Ischemia in the early stage after ... [more ▼]

Background: Cryopreservation of cortex ovarian tissue before anti-cancer therapy is a promising technique for fertility preservation mainly in children and young women. Ischemia in the early stage after ovarian graft causes massive follicle loss by apoptosis. VEGF111 is a recently described VEGF isoform that does not bind to the extracellular matrix, diffuse extensively and is resistant to proteolysis. These properties confer a significantly higher angiogenic potential to VEGF111 in comparison to the other VEGF isoforms. Methods: We evaluated the morphology of cryopreserved sheep ovarian cortex, grafted in the presence or absence of VEGF111. Ovarian cortex biopsies were embedded in type I collagen with or without VEGF111 addition before transplantation to SCID mice ovaries. Transplants were retrieved 3 days or 3 weeks later. Follicular density, vasculature network, haemoglobin content and cell proliferation were analysed. Results: Addition of VEGF111 increased density of functional capillaries (p=0.01) 3 days after grafting. By double immunostaining of Ki-67 and von Willebrand Factor (vWF) we demonstrated that proliferating endothelial cells were found in 83% of the VEGF111 group when compared to 33% in the control group (p=0.001). This angio-stimulation was associated with a significant enhancement of haemoglobin content (p=0.03). Three weeks after transplantation, the number of primary follicles was significantly higher in VEGF111 grafts (p=0.02). Conclusion: VEGF111 accelerates blood vessels recruitment, functional angiogenesis and improves the viability of ovarian cortex by limiting ischemia and ovarian cortex damage. [less ▲]

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See detailIsoform 111 of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF111) improves angiogenesis of ovarian tissue xenotransplantation
Labied, Soraya ULg; Delforge, Yves ULg; Blacher, Silvia ULg et al

in Journal of Assisted Reproduction & Genetics (2012), 28(11), 1009

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See detailThiamine Status in Humans and Content of Phosphorylated Thiamine Derivatives in Biopsies and Cultured Cells
Gangolf, Marjorie ULg; Czerniecki, Jan; Radermecker, Marc ULg et al

in PLoS ONE (2010), 5(10), 13616

Background Thiamine (vitamin B1) is an essential molecule for all life forms because thiamine diphosphate (ThDP) is an indispensable cofactor for oxidative energy metabolism. The less abundant thiamine ... [more ▼]

Background Thiamine (vitamin B1) is an essential molecule for all life forms because thiamine diphosphate (ThDP) is an indispensable cofactor for oxidative energy metabolism. The less abundant thiamine monophosphate (ThMP), thiamine triphosphate (ThTP) and adenosine thiamine triphosphate (AThTP), present in many organisms, may have still unidentified physiological functions. Diseases linked to thiamine deficiency (polyneuritis, Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome) remain frequent among alcohol abusers and other risk populations. This is the first comprehensive study on the distribution of thiamine derivatives in human biopsies, body fluids and cell lines. Methodology and Principal Findings Thiamine derivatives were determined by HPLC. In human tissues, the total thiamine content is lower than in other animal species. ThDP is the major thiamine compound and tissue levels decrease at high age. In semen, ThDP content correlates with the concentration of spermatozoa but not with their motility. The proportion of ThTP is higher in humans than in rodents, probably because of a lower 25-kDa ThTPase activity. The expression and activity of this enzyme seems to correlate with the degree of cell differentiation. ThTP was present in nearly all brain and muscle samples and in ~60% of other tissue samples, in particular fetal tissue and cultured cells. A low ([ThTP]+[ThMP])/([Thiamine]+[ThMP]) ratio was found in cardiovascular tissues of patients with cardiac insufficiency. AThTP was detected only sporadically in adult tissues but was found more consistently in fetal tissues and cell lines. Conclusions and Significance The high sensitivity of humans to thiamine deficiency is probably linked to low circulating thiamine concentrations and low ThDP tissue contents. ThTP levels are relatively high in many human tissues, as a result of low expression of the 25-kDa ThTPase. Another novel finding is the presence of ThTP and AThTP in poorly differentiated fast-growing cells, suggesting a hitherto unsuspected link between these compounds and cell division or differentiation. [less ▲]

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See detailImpact of laser-assisted hatching on pregnancy rate in fresh and frozen-thawed cycles
Thonon, Fabienne ULg; Gaspard, Olivier ULg; Jouan, Caroline ULg et al

in Human Reproduction (2006, June), 21(Suppl. 1), 124

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See detailTwin pregnancy obtained with frozen-thawed embryos after in vitro maturation in a patient with polycystic ovarian syndrome
Godin, P. A.; Gaspard, Olivier ULg; Thonon, Fabienne ULg et al

in Journal of Assisted Reproduction & Genetics (2003), 20(8), 347-350

Purpose: A twin pregnancy was obtained in a patient with polycystic ovary syndrome after the transfer of three in vitro maturation-derived day 3 embryos that has been frozen and thawed. Methods: The ... [more ▼]

Purpose: A twin pregnancy was obtained in a patient with polycystic ovary syndrome after the transfer of three in vitro maturation-derived day 3 embryos that has been frozen and thawed. Methods: The patient had received mild hMG stimulation followed by hCG injection. After culture for 24 - 48 h, mature oocytes were fertilized by ICSI. Embryos were cultured until day 3; supernumerary embryos were cryopreserved using a slow protocol. Results: Among 15 nonatretic oocytes, 9 matured, 8 were fertilized. Four embryos were transferred but they did not implant. The subsequent transfer of three frozen - thawed embryos resulted in the delivery of two healthy girls. Conclusions: These results indicate that a pregnancy could be obtained with in vitro maturation-derived day-3 frozen - thawed embryos. [less ▲]

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See detailLa PMA qui reussit Bilan d'activite du Centre de Procreation Medicalement assistee de l'ULg, 1985-1997
Dubois, Michel ULg; Jouan, Caroline ULg; Thonon, Fabienne ULg et al

in Revue Médicale de Liège (1999), 54(5), 387-92

Assisted reproductive treatments (ART) hold an increasing place in the field of female infertility but also of male infertility with the development of new micromanipulative technologies. From January ... [more ▼]

Assisted reproductive treatments (ART) hold an increasing place in the field of female infertility but also of male infertility with the development of new micromanipulative technologies. From January 1985 to December 1997, more than 3,000 ovarian punctures were achieved at the CPMA of the University of Liege and more than 40,000 oocytes were recovered. Global results show a take home baby rate of 23% per ovum pick-up and 27% per embryo transfer. Embryo cryopreservation offers an efficient solution to the problem of supernumerary embryos and opens the way for IVF-derived procedures such as oocyte or embryo donation, surrogate mother. The transfer of frozen-thawed embryos increases the total ongoing pregnancy rate per cycle of 31%. One of the aims of our Centre in the near future is the development of new technologies such as control of chromosomal abnormalities or genetic defect in preimplantation embryos and clinical applications of oocyte or ovarian tissue freezing. [less ▲]

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See detailDetermination of Thiamin and Its Phosphate Esters in Cultured Neurons and Astrocytes Using an Ion-Pair Reversed-Phase High-Performance Liquid Chromatographic Method
Bettendorff, Lucien ULg; Peeters, Maryline; Jouan, Caroline ULg et al

in Analytical Biochemistry (1991), 198(1), 52-59

A sensitive method, based on fluorescence detection, for the determination of thiamin derivatives after precolumn derivatization is described. The separation is achieved on a PRP-1 column using ion-pair ... [more ▼]

A sensitive method, based on fluorescence detection, for the determination of thiamin derivatives after precolumn derivatization is described. The separation is achieved on a PRP-1 column using ion-pair reversed-phase HPLC. This method is especially well adapted to the detection of thiamin triphosphate in complex mixtures such as tissue extracts. The detection limit for TTP is 50 fmol. The contents of thiamin derivatives were determined in primary cultures of rat cerebellar granule neurons and cerebral astrocytes. The amount of TTP is about five times higher in neurons than in astrocytes. Thus in rat brain TTP seems to be essentially associated with neurons and the intracellular concentration is estimated to be about 0.2 microM. Our results suggest the existence, in nerve cells, of specific regulatory mechanisms not related to the blood-brain barrier and responsible for the maintenance of thiamin homeostasis in brain. [less ▲]

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