References of "Joossens, S"
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See detailNew serological markers in inflammatory bowel disease are associated with complicated disease behavior
Ferrante, M.; Henckaerts, L.; Joossens, M. et al

in Gut (2007), 56(10), 1394-1403

OBJECTIVE: The human androgen receptor (AR) contains a polyglutamine and a polyglycine stretch which are highly polymorphic and are coded respectively by a CAG and GGN repeat in exon 1 of the AR gene ... [more ▼]

OBJECTIVE: The human androgen receptor (AR) contains a polyglutamine and a polyglycine stretch which are highly polymorphic and are coded respectively by a CAG and GGN repeat in exon 1 of the AR gene. Although the in vitro studies indicated a possible effect of the GGN repeat polymorphism on the AR gene transcription and clinical observations suggest that it might modulate the androgen action, its functional significance remains unclear. We wanted to assess whether the GGN repeat affects the serum testosterone levels in healthy men, which is the expected outcome through feedback regulation if it influences androgen action as has been shown to be the case for the CAG repeat. DESIGN AND PATIENTS: A population based cross-sectional cohort study including 1476 healthy young, middle-aged, and elderly men. MEASUREMENT: Testosterone and LH levels were determined by immunoassay; free testosterone (FT) levels were calculated. Genotyping of the GGN repeat was performed using the sequencing technique. RESULTS: The GGN repeat number was significantly associated with circulating testosterone and FT levels (P=0.017 and P=0.013 respectively). However, taking into account that age, body mass index, and CAG are already in the regression model, the GGN repeat could explain only a small part of the variation of both testosterone and FT. CONCLUSION: To our knowledge, this study is the first to demonstrate a significant positive association between the GGN repeat and androgen levels in a large cohort of healthy men. Although the present study thus adds credence to the view that the polyglycine tract in the AR can modulate AR action, this effect appears to be only small so that its clinical relevance remains questionable. [less ▲]

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See detailToll-like receptor-1,-2, and-6 polymorphisms influence disease extension in inflammatory bowel diseases
Pierik, M.; Joossens, S.; Van Steen, Kristel ULg et al

in Inflammatory Bowel Diseases (2006), 12(1), 1-8

Background: Evidence that a deficient innate immune response toward the bacterial flora of the gut plays a role in the pathogenesis of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is growing. This is underscored by ... [more ▼]

Background: Evidence that a deficient innate immune response toward the bacterial flora of the gut plays a role in the pathogenesis of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is growing. This is underscored by the finding of the association between CARD15 variants and Crohn's disease (CD) and D299G in Toll-like receptor (TLR) 4 and IBD. Our aims were to study nonsynonymous polymorphisms in other TLR genes in IBD. Methods: Thirty-five single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) in TLR1-10 were identified from public databases. 284 IBD parent child trios and a second independent cohort of 285 IBD patients and 191 healthy controls were genotyped with polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphisms. Patients were pooled for genotype-phenotype analyses. Results: Although none of the SNPs was involved in disease susceptibility, a number of variants influenced the disease phenotype. A positive association between TLR1 R80T and pancolitis in UC (P = .045, OR [95% CI] 2.844 [1.026-7.844]) was found. The TLR2 R753G SNP was also associated with pancolitis (P = .027, OR [95% CI] 4.741 [1.197-18.7731). The relative risks for heterozygous patients to develop pancolitis were 5.8 and 3.3 for R80T and R753G, respectively. There was a negative association between TLR6 S249P and ulcerative colitis with proctitis only (P = .026, OR [95% CI] 0.223 [0.096-0.705]). In CD, we found a negative association between ileal disease involvement and TLR1 S6021 (P = .03, OR [95% CI] 0.522 [0.286-0.950]). Conclusion: TLR2 and its cofactors TLR1 and TLR6 are involved in the initial immune response to bacteria by recognizing peptidoglycan. An association between nonsynonymous variants in the TLR1, -2, and -6 genes and extensive colonic disease in UC and CD was found. Our findings further highlight the role of an abnormal innate immune response in the pathogenesis of IBD. [less ▲]

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See detailPancreatic autoantibodies in inflammatory bowel disease
Joossens, S.; Vermeire, S.; Van Steen, Kristel ULg et al

in Inflammatory Bowel Diseases (2004), 10(6), 771-777

Background: Autoantibodies against exocrine pancreas (PABs) have been reported to be specific for Crohn's disease (CD), albeit at a low prevalence (30%). We studied PABs in patients with inflammatory ... [more ▼]

Background: Autoantibodies against exocrine pancreas (PABs) have been reported to be specific for Crohn's disease (CD), albeit at a low prevalence (30%). We studied PABs in patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), unaffected family members, and control subjects. Methods: A Belgian study cohort of 575 subjects, including 289 IBD patients (CD, 169 patients; ulcerative colitis [UC], 120 patients), 108 unaffected first-degree relatives, 78 subjects with non-IBD gastrointestinal disorders (gastrointestinal control subjects [GIcos]), and 100 healthy control subjects (Hcos), were tested for PAB by a standardized indirect immunofluorescence method. Results: The prevalence of PABs in this study cohort was 32% for CD, 23.3% for UC, and 22.2% for their unaffected family members (all P < 0.001), compared with 1.3% for GIcos and 0% for Hcos. Two staining patterns could be observed: an intracellular pattern (IC); and an extracellular pattern (EC). The EC was significantly more prevalent in CD patients compared with UC patients (P = 0.014), and higher titers of this pattern were found in CD patients (P = 0.01). Both PAB patterns were negatively associated with stricturing disease behavior of CD (P = 0.021). The IC was associated with familial CD (P = 0.0009) and familial UC (P = 0.0003). Conclusions: The prevalence of PAB found in CD patients in this study was similar to that cited in previous reports. In contrast to these reports, we also found an increased prevalence of PABs in patients with UC and in unaffected first-degree relatives of IBD patients. We observed two main staining patterns, both of which were present in IBD and were associated with specific phenotypes of the disease. [less ▲]

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See detailTumour necrosis factor- receptor 1 and 2 polymorhpisms in inflammatory bowel disease and their association with response to infliximab
Pierik, M.; Vermeire, S.; Van Steen, Kristel ULg et al

in Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics (2004), 20

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See detailGenome wide scan in a Flemish inflammatory bowel disease population: support for the IBD4 locus, population heterogeneity, and epistasis
Vermeire, S.; Rutgeerts, P.; Van Steen, Kristel ULg et al

in Gut (2004), 53(7), 980-986

Background and aims: Genome wide scans in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) have indicated various susceptibility regions with replication of 16cen (IBD1), 12q (IBD2), 6p (IBD3), 14q11 (IBD4), and 3p21. As ... [more ▼]

Background and aims: Genome wide scans in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) have indicated various susceptibility regions with replication of 16cen (IBD1), 12q (IBD2), 6p (IBD3), 14q11 (IBD4), and 3p21. As no linkage was previously found on IBD regions 3, 7, 12, and 16 in Flemish IBD families, a genome wide scan was performed to detect other susceptibility regions in this population. Methods: A cohort of 149 IBD affected relative pairs, all recruited from the Northern Flemish part of Belgium, were genotyped using microsatellite markers at 12 cM intervals, and analysed by Genehunter non-parametric linkage software. All families were further genotyped for the three main Crohn's disease associated variants in the NOD2/CARD15 gene. Results: Nominal evidence for linkage was observed on chromosomes 1 (D1S197: multipoint nonparametric linkage (NPL) score 2.57, p = 0.004; and at D1S305-D1S252: NPL 2.97, p = 0.001), 4q (D4S406: NPL 1.95, p = 0.03), 6q16 (D6S314: NPL 2.44, p = 0.007), 10p12 (D10S197: NPL 2.05, p = 0.02), 11q22 (D11S35-D11S927: NPL 1.95, p = 0.02) 14q11-12 (D14S80: NPL 2.41, p = 0.008), 20p12 (D20S192: NPL 2.7, p = 0.003), and Xq (DXS990: NPL 1.70, p = 0.04). A total of 51.4% of patients carried at least one NOD2/CARD15 variant. Furthermore, epistasis was observed between susceptibility regions 6q/10p and 20p/10p. Conclusion: Genome scanning in a Flemish IBD population found nominal evidence for linkage on 1p, 4q, 10p12, and 14q11, overlapping with other genome scan results, with linkage on 14q11-12 supporting the IBD4 locus. The results further show that epistasis is contributing to the complex model of IBD and indicate that population heterogeneity is not to be underestimated. Finally, NOD2/CARD15 is clearly implicated in the Flemish IBD population. [less ▲]

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See detailAutoimmunity associated with anti-tumor necrosis factor alpha treatment in Crohn's disease: A prospective cohort study
Vermeire, S.; Noman, M.; Van Assche, G. et al

in Gastroenterology (2003), 125(1), 32-39

Background & Aims: Infliximab therapy is an effective approach to treating Crohn's disease. Development of antinuclear antibodies has been described in patients treated, but the size of the problem and ... [more ▼]

Background & Aims: Infliximab therapy is an effective approach to treating Crohn's disease. Development of antinuclear antibodies has been described in patients treated, but the size of the problem and the relationship with autoimmunity have not been investigated. We investigated the occurrence of antinuclear antibodies in 125 consecutive Crohn's disease patients and studied the relationship with symptoms of autoimmunity. Methods: Autoantibodies and clinical data were investigated before and 1, 2, and 3 months after infliximab infusion. If antinuclear antibodies were greater than or equal to1:80, further study of double-stranded DNA, single-stranded DNA, histones, and ENA was performed. Results: Cumulative antinuclear antibody incidence at 24 months was 71 of 125 (56.8%). Almost half of these patients developed antinuclear antibodies after the first infusion, and >75% became antinuclear antibody positive after fewer than 3 infusions. So far, only :15 of 71 patients have become seronegative, after a median of 12 months. Of 43 antinuclear antibody-positive patients who were further subtyped, 14 of 43 (32.6%) had double-stranded DNA, 17 (39.5%) had single-stranded DNA, 9 (20.9%) had antihistone, and 0% were ENA positive. Two patients (both antihistone and double-stranded DNA positive) developed drug-induced lupus without major organ damage, and I developed autoimmune hemolytic anemia. Antinuclear antibodies were associated with the female sex (odds ratio, 3.166; 95% confidence interval, 1.167-8.585; P = 0.024) and with papulosquamous or butterfly rash (odds ratio, 10.016; 95% confidence interval, 1.708-58.725; P = 0.011). Conclusions: The cumulative incidence of antinuclear antibodies was 56.8% after 24 months in this cohort of infliximab-treated Crohn's disease patients. Antinuclear antibodies persisted up to I year after the last infusion, and only a few patients became seronegative. Two patients developed drug-induced lupus erythematosus. Antinuclear antibodies were associated with the female sex and skin manifestations. [less ▲]

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See detailThe value of serologic markers in indeterminate colitis: A prospective follow-up study - Reply
Joossens, S.; Van Steen, Kristel ULg; Vermeire, S. V. et al

in Gastroenterology (2003), 125(3), 999-1000

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See detailTransmission of CARD15 (NOD2) variants in families with Crohns disease
Vermeire, S.; Esters, N.; Pierik, M. et al

in Gastroenterology (2003), 124(4 (Suppl I)), 368

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See detailSerological markers for prediction of response to anti-tumor necrosis factor treatment in Crohn's disease
Esters, N.; Vermeire, S.; Joossens, S. et al

in American Journal of Gastroenterology (2002), 97(6), 1458-1462

OBJECTIVES: The use of monoclonal anti-tumor necrosis factor (TNF) antibodies (infliximab, Remicade) is a new therapeutic approach for severe refractory luminal or fistulizing, Crohn's disease (CD ... [more ▼]

OBJECTIVES: The use of monoclonal anti-tumor necrosis factor (TNF) antibodies (infliximab, Remicade) is a new therapeutic approach for severe refractory luminal or fistulizing, Crohn's disease (CD). However, up to 30% of patients do not respond to this treatment. So far, no parameters predictive of response to anti-TNT have been identified. Our aim was to determine whether serological markers ASCA (anti-Saccharomyces cerevisiae antibodies) or pANCA (perinuclear antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies) could identify Crohn's patients likely to benefit from anti-TNF therapy. METHODS: Serum samples of 279 CID patients were analyzed for ASCA and pANCA before anti-TNF therapy. A blinded physician determined clinical response at week 4 (refractory luminal CD) or week 10 (fistulizing CD) after the first infusion of infliximab (5 mg/kg). RESULTS: Overall, there was no relationship between ASCA or pANCA and response to therapy. However, lower response rates were observed for patients with refractory intestinal disease carrying the pANCA+/ASCA- combination, although this lacked significance (p = 0.067). CONCLUSIONS: In this cohort of infliximab-treated patients, neither ASCA nor pANCA could predict response to treatment. However, the combination pANCA+/ASCA- might warrant further investigation for its value in predicting nonresponse in patients with refractory luminal disease. [less ▲]

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See detailThe value of serologic markers in indeterminate colitis: A prospective follow-up study
Joossens, S.; Van Steen, Kristel ULg; Vermeire, S. V. et al

in Gastroenterology (2002), 122(5), 1242-1247

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