References of "Jidovtseff, Boris"
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See detailPictorial scale of perceived water competences The building of a new tool adapted to the children
Jidovtseff, Boris ULiege; De Sousa Morgado, Liliane ULiege; Sääkslahti, Arja et al

Conference (2017, November 07)

Introduction Researches have demonstrated the interest to develop pictorial instrument for assessing fundamental movement skill perceived competence in young children (1). Perceived competence appears ... [more ▼]

Introduction Researches have demonstrated the interest to develop pictorial instrument for assessing fundamental movement skill perceived competence in young children (1). Perceived competence appears appear at least as important as actual competence as it may more directly affect motivation towards an active behavior (2). For different reasons, it is worth developing such a pictorial instrument for assessing children’s perceived water competencies. With that aim, a collective of researchers have decided to work on the development of such a new tool. Methods The collective of researcher started in 2016 during AIESEP congress in Laramie (USA) and grew up by including additional experts specialized in aquatic skill and/or pictorial scale tools. Videos skype conference and email exchanges were used for communication. Important discussions and decisions concerned the list of aquatic competence skills, the scoring system, the selection of an illustrator and the characteristics of the pictures. In order to build the tool within a reasonable delay, timing with the different actions has been suggested. Results A first list of water competencies has been dressed based on scientific references (3-5). According to these skills, different practical situation have been selected to be included in the pictorial scale. The collective of researcher decided to start with a three level score system including ‘not able’, ‘in progression’ and ‘able’ pictures for each situation. All pictures must be digital in such a way they could be used on paper and/or on computer and android/apple applications. Pictures have to be neutral and to be representative of different cultures and contexts in order to be adapted to all countries and situations. The possibility of having the same image in different cultural contexts is investigated. The different steps in the scale development have been scheduled and will include: content validity, face validity, construct validity, reliability, data collection. Conclusion The development of a pictorial instrument for assessing children perceived water competencies is progressing well and a usable version of the tool should be available by the end of 2017 References 1. Barnett, L. M., Ridgers, N. D., Zask, A., & Salmon, J. (2015). Face validity and reliability of a pictorial instrument for assessing fundamental movement skill perceived competence in young children. Journal of science and medicine in sport, 18(1), 98-102. 2. Barnett, L. M., Morgan, P. J., van Beurden, E., & Beard, J. R. (2008). Perceived sports competence mediates the relationship between childhood motor skill proficiency and adolescent physical activity and fitness: a longitudinal assessment. International journal of behavioral nutrition and physical activity, 5(1), 40. 3. Langendorfer, S. J., & Bruya, L. D. (1995). Aquatic readiness: Developing water competence in young children. Human Kinetics 1. 4. Langendorfer (2015). Changing Learn-to-Swim and Drowning Prevention Using Aquatic Readiness and Water Competence, International Journal of Aquatic Research and Education, 2015, 9, 4-11 5. Quan et al. (2015). Toward Defining Water Competency: An American Red Cross Definition, International Journal of Aquatic Research and Education, 2015, 9, 12-23 [less ▲]

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See detailLa lecture partagée pour améliorer l’entrée dans l’écrit chez des enfants issus de population défavorisée
Maillart, Christelle ULiege; Binamé, Florence ULiege; Vossius, Line ULiege et al

Conference (2017, May 19)

Les enfants issus de populations défavorisées sont à risque de présenter des difficultés d’apprentissage en lecture. Sans intervention appropriée, le décalage entre les performances de ces enfants et leur ... [more ▼]

Les enfants issus de populations défavorisées sont à risque de présenter des difficultés d’apprentissage en lecture. Sans intervention appropriée, le décalage entre les performances de ces enfants et leur pairs persiste voire se creuse avec le temps (Lonigan et al., 2015). Cette communication présente les résultats d’une étude en intervention ciblant la littératie émergente chez de jeunes enfants scolarisés en fin de maternelle. Elle fait partie d’un projet plus large comparant les effets de différentes interventions ciblées 1) sur les précurseurs du calcul, 2) sur des activités psychomotrices ou 3) sur la littératie émergente chez trois groupes d’enfants prése. Pour cette dernière intervention, un groupe de 10 enfants d’âge préscolaire âgés de 51 mois à 70 mois, tous issus d’une école accueillant des enfants issus de milieux socio-économiques faibles, ont participé à une intervention en lecture partagée pendant dix semaines, trente minutes par jour, cinq fois par semaine. La lecture partagée est considérée comme une « bonne pratique » pour le développement de la littératie émergente (National Early Literacy Panel, 2008). Elle cible à la fois des aptitudes concernant le code (conscience phonologique ou connaissance de l’alphabet) et le sens (vocabulaire, syntaxe, grammaire narrative) (Piasta, 2016). Les performances des enfants dans les différentes mesures langagières ou de lecture, évaluées avant et après l’intervention, ont été comparées aux performances obtenues par des enfants ayant participé aux deux autres interventions. Les effets à court terme (pré, post intervention) mais aussi à long terme sur le développement du langage écrit seront présentés, permettant de distinguer des effets d’entrainement spécifique ou plus de stimulation plus globale. [less ▲]

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See detailLes épreuves multiples chez les jeunes. Réflexion sur un programme développemental à long terme.
Jidovtseff, Boris ULiege

Learning material (2017)

Réflexion personnelle sur une proposition de modèle développemental à long terme spécifique aux épreuves multiples en athlétisme.

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See detailInterest of creatine supplementation insoccer
Miny, Kevin ULiege; Burrowes, J; Jidovtseff, Boris ULiege

in Science & Sports (2017), 32(2), 61-72

Objectives This review article aimed to summarize the current state of understanding on creatine supplementation for soccer players. In other words, it investigated the beneficial (and potentially ... [more ▼]

Objectives This review article aimed to summarize the current state of understanding on creatine supplementation for soccer players. In other words, it investigated the beneficial (and potentially negative) effects of this supplementation on sport-specific skills and performance in soccer players. Furthermore, this article accordingly discussed the safest and most recommended protocols for the consumption of creatine by these athletes. News Studies have shown that creatine supplementation can have positive effects on sprint and vertical jump performances in soccer players. This supplementation may also enhance soccer players’ muscle strength and adaptation to a high-intensity training regimen. Besides, creatine may be able to enhance muscle glycogen (as well as phosphocreatine) storage, reduce oxidative stress, and improve muscular repair and hypertrophy. Interestingly, creatine supplementation does not seem to affect aerobic performance. Prospects and projects Soccer players could take creatine during pre-season training (3 to 5g/day) in order to help them endure a high-intensity training regimen and enhance their muscular strength and adaptation resulting from strength and/or resistance training. A lower dosage (less than 3g/day) might also be sufficient and beneficial during the season in case of fatigue, in order to sustain adequate levels of phosphocreatine and glycogen in the muscles. Occasional intakes (about 3g) before games and/or extenuating practices could also give a physical and mental boost to the players. Conclusion Most of the studies measured the effects of creatine on skills or physical performances in isolation from the true athletic demands of soccer match play. In conclusion, there is still a need for more research in order to determine whether creatine supplementation is ergogenic regarding the (aerobic) capacity to repeat (very) high-intensity actions, more particularly during competitive soccer. [less ▲]

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See detailInvolvement of PE teachers in motor testing. A pilot study with the MOBAK-1
Cloes, Marc ULiege; Mouton, Alexandre ULiege; Jidovtseff, Boris ULiege et al

Conference (2017, January 28)

Fundamental motor patterns are prerequisites to specific motor/sports skills and a determinant of the involvement in physical activity. Several tools have been developed in order to measure motor ... [more ▼]

Fundamental motor patterns are prerequisites to specific motor/sports skills and a determinant of the involvement in physical activity. Several tools have been developed in order to measure motor development in children. Each test battery presents its own characteristics. MOBAK-1 focuses on two categories of basic motor competencies in order to record the effects of physical education (PE) at the elementary school level. That tool proposed 8 tests. For each of them, pupils receive point scores (0–2 points) according to the quality of their performance. MOBAK-1 is supposed to be used by PE teachers but there is still a lack of data about this, justifying the present study. We trained 7 PE teachers (4 males) and analysed the way they implemented the tests in their classes (1st and 2d grades – 6-8 year-old pupils). The training comprised a description of the tests with video examples of the expected movements and common errors, and an analysis of the reliability of the teachers evaluating pupils’ performances showed on video (at least 10 trials). A participating observation and a short interview were planned to analyse the evaluation process of each PE teacher. Catching and Rolling reached the reliability requirements within the first 10 trials while 15 to 16 videos were necessary for the six other tests. Two teachers seemed to have more difficulties that could be related to their lack of experience (P1) or a potential lower interest (P7). Before implementing the test with their classes, all teachers read again the guidelines. The majority was really satisfied by the information provided by the researchers (3.86/4) and confident about how to manage the evaluation (3.57/4). Five teachers worked alone and 4 were able to evaluate one class/lesson. All teachers developed specific strategies in order to save time. Several practical recommendations have been proposed. [less ▲]

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See detailElaboration of a water familiarization testing battery adapted for young children
Vandermeulen, Mary ULiege; Schiettecatte, Delphine; Delvaux, Anne ULiege et al

Poster (2017, January 27)

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See detailChildren’s engagement in physical education could be improved by stories and imagination.
De Sousa Morgado, Liliane ULiege; Jidovtseff, Boris ULiege

Poster (2017, January 27)

Introduction: The development of fundamental motor skills is essential during childhood and should be a learning outcome in the physical education (PE). With the children between 3 to 6 years old it could ... [more ▼]

Introduction: The development of fundamental motor skills is essential during childhood and should be a learning outcome in the physical education (PE). With the children between 3 to 6 years old it could be sometime difficult to get their attention and motivation during PE lessons. Teachers have to use a very adapted pedagogical approach in order to get all children’s engagement. Experience: The CEReKi is a research center of the University of Liège (Belgium) that has developed adapted activities where preschools children are playing and at the same time developing perceptuals and fundamental motor skills. From our field experience one of the more efficient ways to get children attention and participation is to introduce the activities with stories and imagination. Teachers from CEReKi are using fantasy in order to invite children into a funny world where everything could become possible like the "the never-never land of Peter Pan". The way of telling the story as well as the used characters (like the wolf) must be adapted to the age of the children. Critical analysis: From our experience, using stories and imagination is effective in increasing children‘s engagement during PE as it makes activities more fun and more enjoyable. Even if we don’t have any measurement on its effect, we are convinced that such approach improve children’s motor learning. However using stories and imagination with the children is neither a natural nor an easy thing for inexperienced teachers. The use of fantasy with the children should be introduces in the vocational training. Conclusions: With more than twenty years of experience, we believe that stories and imagination are powerful factors that makes physical activities funny and enjoyable for the children. Such strategy may positively enchase young people’s attitudes towards physical education and ultimately, physical activity participation. [less ▲]

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See detailMeasuring children motor skills with MOBACK-1: descriptive data and critical analysis
Jidovtseff, Boris ULiege; Vandeloise, Vérane; Cloes, Marc ULiege et al

in Sääkslahti, Arja (Ed.) The book of abstracts (2017, January)

Introduction The development of motor skills competencies is critical during childhood should be considered as the central learning outcome in physical education. Assessing motor competencies of the ... [more ▼]

Introduction The development of motor skills competencies is critical during childhood should be considered as the central learning outcome in physical education. Assessing motor competencies of the children make sense for teachers, trainers and researchers. The MOBAK-1 testing battery has been recently developed with the aim of assessing a wide panel of motor skills in relationship with locomotion and object-control abilities (1). This battery is complete and easy to use but present a scoring system that is only based on the success or the failure of the task. The aim of the study was to collect descriptive data from Belgian children with MOBAK-1, and to do a critical analysis of the scoring system through the analysis of the failure reasons in the tests. Methods The MOBAK-1 testing battery (1) was addressed to 166 primary school pupils (7.2±0.6 YO) coming from the French speaking part of Belgium. For each test, children received a score from 0 to 2, according to the number of success and fails in the task. Additionally, the evaluator took notes of the failure reasons when it occurs. Results Results from our subjects were in accordance with a previous study (1) for all tests except rolling and jumping tasks. The analysis of the failure reasons revealed that some criteria were too severe as some children failed while they were almost able to do the test correctly. This appeared especially in the rolling and jumping tests where the score did not really reflect the level of the children. Conclusion MOBACK-1 testing battery was successful to assess children motor skills for 6 out of 8 tests. Critical analysis of children failures in the tests revealed that some criteria seemed to be severe. Scoring system should be improved in order to inform about the children level in each test. References 1. Herrmann, C., Gerlach, E., & Seelig, H. (2015). Development and validation of a test instrument for the assessment of basic motor competencies in primary school. Measurement in Physical Education and Exercise Science, 19(2), 80-90. [less ▲]

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See detailAnalysis of Kids’ Athletics implementation in Wallonia
Jidovtseff, Boris ULiege; Wuillaume, Sandrine; Cloes, Marc ULiege

in Sakslahti, Arja (Ed.) Book of abstracts (2017, January)

Introduction Since decades in Wallonia (French speaking part of Belgium), athletics competitions for children are miniaturized versions of adults’ competitions. Despite the fact that it has been pointed ... [more ▼]

Introduction Since decades in Wallonia (French speaking part of Belgium), athletics competitions for children are miniaturized versions of adults’ competitions. Despite the fact that it has been pointed out that such kind of approach, based on performance, is not appropriated for motor learning and could result in an increased rate of dropout (1), no change has occurred since years. The International Association of Athletic Federation has developed and promoted a more appropriate model of competition for children under 10 years old: ‘Kids’Athletics’ (KA)(2). While this model is well known, it has not been selected by the Wallonian federation as the gold standard yet . This study aimed to analyze the perceived interest of a group of experts about KA, and to identify the strategies that could be considered for KA implementation in Wallonia. Methods Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 14 athletics or marketing experts (demographic presentation; knowledge about KA and personal experience with KA ; opinion about KA model in comparison with the traditional one, and ; strategies that could be helpful to implement KA in Wallonia). Results Findings showed that 12 experts knew the KA concept while 9 have experimented it in their own club. None mentioned an official competition between clubs. A list of KA’s advantages and disadvantages has been identified (organization, children needs, and development). All experts considered that KA was more adapted to children than traditional competition. Based on subjects’ proposals, a progressive strategy for KA implementation is suggested. It includes the support of the federation and recommends to start with the more convinced clubs. Conclusion This study confirms that KA should be implemented in Wallonia. In order to optimize the chances of success, it would be appropriate to multiply actions, taking into account the potential barriers identified by the experts. Keywords : Children, track and field, competition, Kids Athletics, Wallonia. References Gozzoli C., Locatelli, E., Massin, D., & Wangemann, B.. (2002). IAAF Kids’ Athletics : A team event for children. Monaco: IAAF Shields, D. L. & Bredemeier, B. L. (2009). True competition: A guide to pursuing excellence in sport and society. Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics. [less ▲]

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See detailEffects of twelve weeks of aerobic or strength training in addition to standard care in Parkinson’s disease: a controlled study
Demonceau, Marie ULiege; MAQUET, Didier ULiege; Jidovtseff, Boris ULiege et al

in European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine (2017), 52

BACKGROUND: Physical exercises in addition to standard care (SC) in patients with Parkinson’s disease (PD) are now common practice in many care units. However, exercises can cover a wide range of ... [more ▼]

BACKGROUND: Physical exercises in addition to standard care (SC) in patients with Parkinson’s disease (PD) are now common practice in many care units. However, exercises can cover a wide range of interventions, and the specific effects of different interventions still deserve to be further investigated. AIM: To compare the effects of 12 weeks of two different types of physical exercises with SC in patients suffering from PD. DESIGN: Pseudo-randomized controlled trial. SETTING: University laboratory for outcomes, University Hospital Centre for interventions. POPULATION: Fifty-two outpatients suffering from mild to moderate PD at baseline. METHODS: Participants were allocated to 3 groups: the strength training (ST) group performed individualized upper and lower limbs strength training, the aerobic training (AE) group performed tailored gradual aerobic cycling, and the third group received SC. The effects of the interventions on body function were assessed by measuring isokinetic concentric peak torque for knee extension and flexion, peak oxygen consumption (VO2peak) and peak work load (PWL) during an incremental maximal cycling test. Changes in mobility were evaluated from spatial-temporal gait features measured by mean of an accelerometer system and the six-minute walk distance (6mwd) test. We used questionnaires to estimate health-related quality of life and habitual physical activity. RESULTS: No significant changes in any outcome measures occurred in the SC group. More than 80% of the participants adequately completed the AE and the ST interventions. The ST group significantly improved all peak torque measures (p≤0.01), except knee extension in the least affected side (p=0.13). This group also improved the PWL (p=0.009) and 6mwd (p=0.03). The AE group improved the VO2peak (p=0.02) and PWL (p<0.001). CONCLUSION: Physical fitness in patients with PD rapidly improved in compliance with training specificities, but better fitness hardly translated into better mobility and health-related quality of life. CLINICAL REHABILITATION IMPACT: Physiotherapists can efficiently propose physical conditioning to patients with mild to moderate PD, but these interventions are insufficient to improve gait and participation. Notwithstanding, ST is an efficient intervention for improving walking capacity. [less ▲]

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See detailQuels sont les risques d’une spécialisation sportive précoce sur la santé des enfants ?
Jidovtseff, Boris ULiege

in Percentile (2016), 21(6), 6-10

Dans les années nonante, des études scientifiques ont démontré que pour espérer atteindre le niveau d’excellence dans certains domaines comme le sport, il fallait se spécialiser tôt et avec un engagement ... [more ▼]

Dans les années nonante, des études scientifiques ont démontré que pour espérer atteindre le niveau d’excellence dans certains domaines comme le sport, il fallait se spécialiser tôt et avec un engagement intense. Ceux qui commençaient trop tard avaient très peu de chance d’atteindre l’élite sportive. La médiatisation des sportifs précoces, l’apparition de compétitions importantes pour les jeunes, la recherche de performance dès l’enfance ont contribués au développement des approches sportives favorisant une spécialisation précoce. Pourtant les chercheur montrent que cette approche n’est pas très efficace, et surtout, peu affecter développement de l’enfant et de sa santé. Une pratique trop spécifique peut à long terme constituer une barrière motrice limitant l’enfant dans son développement. Les surcharges d’entraînement spécifique ainsi que certains comportements alimentaires affecteraient la fonction endocrine. La répétition intense de gestes stéréotypés favoriserait l’apparition des blessures. D’autres éléments comme la pression, le manque d’amusement ou le manque de temps pour d’autres activités peuvent conduire l’enfant au dégoût et à l’abandon précoce. Ces dernières années, des solutions alternatives et adaptées aux enfants émergent comme les modèles de développement à long terme préconisant la pratique polysportive et une spécialisation progressive. Les modèles de compétitions doivent être revus afin de favoriser prioritairement les apprentissages et non pas la performance. Finalement les modèles de pratique devraient idéalement prendre en compte tous les enfants, aussi bien ceux qui souhaitent faire du sport de compétition que ceux qui souhaitent faire du sport pour leur bien-être. [less ▲]

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See detailForce-Velocity-Power Profiles in Elite Young Soccer Players
Miny, Kevin ULiege; Jidovtseff, Boris ULiege

Poster (2016, November 30)

The main purpose of this research was to assess the isoinertial Force-Velocity-Power (F-V-P) profile in young elite soccer players. Furthermore, this research aims to compare force, velocity and power ... [more ▼]

The main purpose of this research was to assess the isoinertial Force-Velocity-Power (F-V-P) profile in young elite soccer players. Furthermore, this research aims to compare force, velocity and power qualities among different age categories (under (U) 17, U19 & U21). The ultimate objective is to better understand the relationships between neuromuscular system and functional performance. [less ▲]

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See detailThe influence of specific training on the plyometric profile
Jidovtseff, Boris ULiege; Harris, Nigel; Carpent, Nicolas et al

Poster (2016, November 30)

Sprinting, jumping and change of direction involve the stretch-shorten cycle (SSC) and therefore plyometric training is used to improve these factors. It has been demonstrated that the jumping strategy ... [more ▼]

Sprinting, jumping and change of direction involve the stretch-shorten cycle (SSC) and therefore plyometric training is used to improve these factors. It has been demonstrated that the jumping strategy utilized can influence the biomechanical profile of the exercise and subsequent adaptation. For example, in some cases, it is important to jump as high as possible while in other cases it is important to reduce the ground contact time. Our hypothesis is that the choice of plyometric exercise has to be matched to the desired biomechanical adaptation. Hence we investigated the influence of 8 weeks of different programs on the plyometric profile of recreational athletes. In each of five groups, very specific exercises were selected according to the training objective: ground contact time group (CT, n=9); vertical jump height group (JH, n=9); CT and JH combination group (CT-JH, n=11); JH + strength training group (JH-S, n=9); and control group (CO, n=8). The plyometric profile performed prior to and post training included measures of jump height, contact time, stiffness and reactivity at different bounding intensities. The results demonstrated that JH and JH-S programs were more effective for improving jump height performance (+7-9%; p<0.005) compared to insignificant jump height changes in the CT and CO groups. CT-JH was the most effective on the reactivity index (+14%, p<0.005) although significant increases (+8%, p<0.05) were also observed in CT, JH and JH-S groups. CT was the only group to significantly decrease short contact time (-5%, p<0.05). ANOVA analysis revealed significant groups*session effect for jump height (p<0.01) and reactivity (p<0.005) but not for short contact time. The present study confirms that the principle of specificity is fundamental in plyometric training so the exercise selection should be developed cognizant of intended adaptations. Jump height and reactivity appear to be differentially affected by specific training practices. [less ▲]

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See detailThe influence of isoinertial-pneumatic ratio on force-velocity-power relationships
Jidovtseff, Boris ULiege; Avrillon, Simon; Hug, François et al

Conference (2016, November 29)

Introduction: Isoinertial contractions are effective to generate maximal force during the initiation of the movement whereas they do not provide an appropriate training stimulus to generate force once ... [more ▼]

Introduction: Isoinertial contractions are effective to generate maximal force during the initiation of the movement whereas they do not provide an appropriate training stimulus to generate force once accelerative phase has been developed (1). Pneumatic resistance is one alternative that has been developed to overcome the aforementioned limitations associated with isoinertial contractions. This technique allow higher initial velocity and reduce the decrease of force towards the end of the concentric phase (1). There is some training interest by combining isoinertial and pneumatic loading. The aim of this study was to determine how different isoinertial-pneumatic ratio influence the force-velocity-power relationships during bench-press. Methods: Fifteen participants performed bench press at 30%, 45%, 60%, 75%, and 90% of their 1RM, with five isoinertial(I)-pneumatic(P) resistance ratio : 100%I/0%P, 75%I/25%P, 50%I/50%P, 25%I/75%P, and 0%I/100%P. Velocity, force and power were assessed using a linear transducer and mechanical parameters measured by the pneumatic ergometer. Force-, velocity- and power-time patterns were averaged over the push-off phase to build the corresponding force-velocity and power-velocity relationships for each resistance ratio. Results: The increase in pneumatic part in resistance ratio elicited higher movement velocity and lower force level from 0% to 80% of the concentric phase. The increase in isoinertial part in resistance balance resulted in higher velocity towards the end of the movement. As a consequence, the use of isoinertial resistance oriented the force-velocity relationship towards force, whereas pneumatic resistance elicited a more velocity-oriented profile. Conclusion: Pneumatic-oriented resistance could be used to develop initial velocity and force towards the end of the push-off. Isoinertial-oriented resistance should be used to develop maximal force and maximal power. Resistance modality could be modulated according to training objectives. Références : 1. Frost et al. A comparison of the kinematics, kinetics and muscle activity between pneumatic and free weight resistance. Eur J Appl Physiol. 2008;104:937-56. [less ▲]

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See detailLes risques de la spécialisation sportive précoce
Jidovtseff, Boris ULiege

Scientific conference (2016, November 26)

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See detailAre fatigue-related EMG parameters correlated to trunk extensor muscles fatigue induced by the Sorensen test?
Demoulin, Christophe ULiege; George, F.; Matheve, T. et al

in Vleeming, Andry (Ed.) 9th Interdisciplinary World Congress on Low Back and Pelvic Girdle Pain - Progress in Evidence based diagnosis and treatment (2016, November)

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See detailAssessing Basic Motor Competencies in Primary School – an International Comparative Study in Europe
Scheuer, Claude; Cloes, Marc ULiege; Colella, Dario et al

Conference (2016, September 03)

A central aim of primary physical education (PE) is the promotion of physical competencies as a necessary condition of developing a physically active lifestyle and to be able to participate in the Olympic ... [more ▼]

A central aim of primary physical education (PE) is the promotion of physical competencies as a necessary condition of developing a physically active lifestyle and to be able to participate in the Olympic community. We defined basic motor competencies as physical performance dispositions, which evolved from task-specific requirements in the culture of sports and exercise. They are supposed to be learnable, based on previous experiences and can be improved through practice. Potential evaluations of effects in PE need to consider situation-specific and context-dependent characteristics of PE as well as prior experiences of pupils. Therefore, a design for test items, which are closely related to PE and vary in difficulty depending on the age of the pupils, is necessary. For this purpose, we developed the MOBAK-1 test instrument for the assessment of basic motor competencies in first graders. It allows teachers to identify groups in need of special support, and initiate these support measures to reduce inequalities. The first study took place in Zurich (Switzerland) and focused on construct validity (e.g., the factorial validity of the instrument). Between spring 2015 and spring 2016, the MOBAK-1 test instrument was and will be implemented in further countries in Europe. At this time, we have four samples of four different countries: (1) Switzerland (Zurich) (N = 317; girls = 55%; age: M = 7.04 years [SD = .37]; BMI = 16.08 [SD = 2.25]) assessed by University of Basel (Dr. Christian Herrmann); (2) Germany (Frankfurt) (N = 1061; girls = 45%; age: M = 6.80 years [SD = .89]; BMI = 16.30 [SD = 2.37]) assed by University of Frankfurt (Prof. Dr. Christopher Heim); (3) Lithuania (Kaunas) (N = 120; girls = 48%; age: M = 7.76 years [SD = .33]; BMI = 16.14 [SD = 2.30]) assessed by Lithuanian Sports University (Assoc. Prof. Dr. Arunas Emeljanovas); (4) Italy (Foggia) (N = 85; girls = 45%; age: M = 7.24 years [SD = .30]; BMI = 17.53 [SD = 3.04]) assessed by University of Foggia (Prof. Dr. Dario Colella). Further samples are currently on the way to be completed in four other countries: (1) Luxembourg (N = 280) assessed by University of Luxembourg (Claude Scheuer); (2) Slovakia (Trnava) (N = 240) assessed by University of Trnava (Dr. Dana Masarykova); (3) Czech Republic (Brno) (N = 600) assessed by University of Brno (Dr. Petr Vlcek); (4) Belgium (Liège) (N = 450) assessed by University of Liège (Prof. Dr. Marc Cloes and Dr. Boris Jidovtseff). In the initial validation study in Switzerland, two factors consisting of four items each were found. The related EFA (Study 1: CFI=.98; RMSEA=.024) and CFA (Study 2: CFI =.95; RMSEA=.044) revealed good model fit indices. The first factor “Locomotion” represents body movements (e.g., balancing), the second factor “Object-control” represents ball control (e.g., catching). Conclusions: The developed MOBAK test instrument meets psychometric validity demands based on the Swiss data. The presentation will show the results of the validation studies in further European countries and the results of the comparative study. [less ▲]

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See detailWater familiarization testing battery adapted for young children
Vandermeulen, Mary ULiege; Schietecatte, Delphine; Delvaux, Anne ULiege et al

Poster (2016, June 11)

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