References of "Jansen, Olivia"
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See detailMedicinal plants, malaria and biotechnology
Frederich, Michel ULg; Jansen, Olivia ULg; Muganga, Raymond et al

Conference (2015, September 24)

The first part of the talk will be dedicated to the investigation of medicinal plants with the objective to identify new antimalarial treatments. According to the last World Malaria Report [1], there were ... [more ▼]

The first part of the talk will be dedicated to the investigation of medicinal plants with the objective to identify new antimalarial treatments. According to the last World Malaria Report [1], there were 584 000 deaths for 198 millions malaria cases worldwide in 2013. Particularly, the disease caused an estimated 437 000 African children died before their fifth birthday, still in 2013. Malaria is caused by a parasite, Plasmodium sp. and transmitted by Anopheles mosquitoes. The problem of parasite resistance towards common available medicines such as chloroquine, mefloquine, quinine, is increasing. In this context, the vegetal kingdom remains the main source of pharmacologically active compounds against this parasitic infection as attested by the famous quinine, isolated from Cinchona sp., artemisinin extracted from Artemisia annua and also atovaquone derived from lapachol found in several Bignoniaceae. All these substances are related to plants with traditional use against fever and malaria. Beside these well-known examples, various new antiplasmodial compounds are frequently discovered from Nature, particularly following an ethnopharmacological approach, as reviewed by several authors in recent years [2-6]. Then, the pharmacological and phytochemical study of plants from traditional pharmacopoeias can be of first interest not only to discover new antimalarial “lead compounds”, but also to valorize local vegetal species whose efficacy and safety would have been demonstrated in laboratory and by clinical investigations [7,8]. Some results obtained with Dicoma tomentosa from Burkina-Faso [9] and Terminalia mollis from Rwanda [10] will be presented. In the second part of the talk, two applications of biotechnology for the production of artemisinin and paclitaxel and then some works developed at the ‘Université de la Réunion’ will be presented. In the framework of this collaboration, Psiadia arguta, an endemic plant from Reunion Island, which is known to have cytotoxic, anti-plasmodial and anti-inflammatory properties, was subjected to micropropagation. The objective of the work was to compare the biological properties and the phytochemical composition of callus, vitroplants and acclimatized plants of Psiadia arguta [11]. 1. WHO, World Malaria Report 2014, December 2014, Geneva (http://www.who.int/malaria/publications/world_malaria_report_2014/en/). 2. Batista R, Silva Ade J Jr, de Oliveira AB: Plant-derived antimalarial agents: new leads and efficient phytomedicines. Part II. Non-alkaloidal natural products. Molecules 2009, 14:3037-72. 3. Bero J, Frédérich M, Quetin-Leclercq J : Antimalarial compounds isolated from plants used in traditional medicine. Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology 2009, 61:1401–1433. 4. Bero J and Quetin-Leclercq J: Natural products published in 2009 from plants traditionally used to treat malaria. Planta Medica 2011, 77:631-40. 5. Kaur K, Jain M, Kaur T, Jain R: Antimalarials from nature. Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry 2009, 17:3229–3256. 6. Nogueira CR and Lopes LMX: Antiplasmodial Natural Products. Molecules 2011, 16:2146-2190 7. Ginsburg H and Deharo E: A call for using natural compounds in the development of new antimalarial treatments – an introduction. Malaria Journal 2011, 10 (suppl. 1):S1 8. Willcox M, Graz B, Falquet J, Diakite C, Giani S, Diallo D: A “reverse pharmacology” approach for developing an antimalarial phytomedicine. Malaria journal 2011, 10(suppl1):S8 9. Jansen, O., Tits, M., Angenot, L., Nicolas, J.-P., De Mol, P., Nikiema, J.-B., & Frédérich, M : Anti-plasmodial activity of Dicoma tomentosa (Asteraceae) and identification of urospermal A-15-O-acetate as the main active compound. Malaria Journal 2012, 11, 289. 10. Muganga, R., Angenot, L., Tits, M., & Frédérich, M : In vitro and in vivo antiplasmodial activity of three Rwandan medicinal plants and identification of their active compounds. Planta Medica 2013, 80(6), 482-489. 11. Mahy Justine, Comparative study of biological activities and analysis of volatile compounds of Psiadia arguta in various cultures: vitroplants and acclimatized plants. Mémoire de M2, 2013, Université de Liège/Université de la Réunion. [less ▲]

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See detailEthnopharmacologie et développement de nouveaux médicaments d’origine naturelle
Frederich, Michel ULg; Jansen, Olivia ULg

Scientific conference (2015, September 01)

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See detailIsolation and identification of potential antimalarial compounds from endemic plants of Reunion Island
Bordignon, Annélise ULg; Cieckiewicz, Ewa ULg; Jansen, Olivia ULg et al

Poster (2015, July 16)

Malaria is known as the most important parasitic disease around the world with 584 000 malaria deaths worldwide in 2013 [1]. Due to the problem of increased parasite resistance, natural products from ... [more ▼]

Malaria is known as the most important parasitic disease around the world with 584 000 malaria deaths worldwide in 2013 [1]. Due to the problem of increased parasite resistance, natural products from endemic plants of Reunion Island, hot spot of promising biodiversity, could represent an important source of new antimalarial drugs. The aim of this thesis research focuses on the evaluation of potential antiplasmodial activity of medicinal plants from Reunion Island. A global screening of plants extracts from Reunion Island was performed on Plasmodium falciparum 3D7 chloroquine-sensitive strain revealed by colorimetric method as described in previous reports [2]. Monimia rotundifolia was then selected due to its promising in vitro activity against Plasmodium. Bioguided fractionation was realized using Prep HPLC techniques and led to the isolation of aporphine-type alkaloids from Monimia rotundifolia leaves dichloromethane extract. Further investigations are in process to confirm the antiplasmodial activities of these alkaloids and to determine their structures. References: [1] WHO, World Malaria report 2014. [2] Jansen O. et al., Evaluation of 13 selected medicinal plants from Burkina Faso for their antiplasmodial properties. J Ethnopharmacol 2010, 130:143-150. [less ▲]

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See detailEthnopharmacology and malaria in Africa
Frederich, Michel ULg; Jansen, Olivia ULg; Muganga, raymond et al

Conference (2015, July 12)

According to the last World Malaria Report [1], there were 584 000 deaths for 198 millions malaria cases worldwide in 2013. Particularly, the disease caused an estimated 437 000 African children died ... [more ▼]

According to the last World Malaria Report [1], there were 584 000 deaths for 198 millions malaria cases worldwide in 2013. Particularly, the disease caused an estimated 437 000 African children died before their fifth birthday, still in 2013. Malaria is caused by a parasite, Plasmodium sp. and transmitted by Anopheles mosquitoes. The problem of parasite resistance towards common available medicines such as chloroquine, mefloquine, quinine, is increasing. In this context, the vegetal kingdom remains the main source of pharmacologically active compounds against this parasitic infection as attested by the famous quinine, isolated from Cinchona sp., artemisinin extracted from Artemisia annua and also atovaquone derived from lapachol found in several Bignoniaceae. All these substances are related to plants with traditional use against fever and malaria. Beside these well-known examples, various new antiplasmodial compounds are frequently discovered from Nature, particularly following an ethnopharmacological approach, as reviewed by several authors in recent years [2-6]. Then, the pharmacological and phytochemical study of plants from traditional pharmacopoeias can be of first interest not only to discover new antimalarial “lead compounds”, but also to valorize local vegetal species whose efficacy and safety would have been demonstrated in laboratory and clinical investigations [7]. As demonstrated in several works from Willcox [8], better knowledge of plants from traditional pharmacopoeias and local valorization of validated traditional remedies in Improved Traditional Medicine (ITM) could allow the access to effective, standardized, available and affordable therapeutics for management of malaria by local populations. After this introductive section, the second part of the talk will be dedicated to the presentation of some results obtained in Liège with Dicoma tomentosa from Burkina-Faso [9], Strychnos icaja from Cameroun [10] and Terminalia mollis from Rwanda [11]. 1. WHO, World Malaria Report 2014, December 2014, Geneva (http://www.who.int/malaria/publications/world_malaria_report_2014/en/). 2. Batista R, Silva Ade J Jr, de Oliveira AB: Plant-derived antimalarial agents: new leads and efficient phytomedicines. Part II. Non-alkaloidal natural products. Molecules 2009, 14:3037-72. 3. Bero J, Frédérich M, Quetin-Leclercq J : Antimalarial compounds isolated from plants used in traditional medicine. Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology 2009, 61:1401–1433. 4. Bero J and Quetin-Leclercq J: Natural products published in 2009 from plants traditionally used to treat malaria. Planta Medica 2011, 77:631-40. 5. Kaur K, Jain M, Kaur T, Jain R: Antimalarials from nature. Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry 2009, 17:3229–3256. 6. Nogueira CR and Lopes LMX: Antiplasmodial Natural Products. Molecules 2011, 16:2146-2190 7. Ginsburg H and Deharo E: A call for using natural compounds in the development of new antimalarial treatments – an introduction. Malaria Journal 2011, 10 (suppl. 1):S1 8. Willcox M, Graz B, Falquet J, Diakite C, Giani S, Diallo D: A “reverse pharmacology” approach for developing an antimalarial phytomedicine. Malaria journal 2011, 10(suppl1):S8 9. Jansen, O., Tits, M., Angenot, L., Nicolas, J.-P., De Mol, P., Nikiema, J.-B., & Frédérich, M : Anti-plasmodial activity of Dicoma tomentosa (Asteraceae) and identification of urospermal A-15-O-acetate as the main active compound. Malaria Journal 2012, 11, 289. 10. Tchinda, A. T., Jansen, O., Nyemb, J.-N., Tits, M., Dive, G., Angenot, L., & Frédérich, M. Strychnobaillonine, an unsymmetrical bisindole alkaloid with an unprecedented skeleton from Strychnos icaja roots. Journal of Natural Products 2014, 77(4), 1078–82. 11. Muganga, R., Angenot, L., Tits, M., & Frédérich, M : In vitro and in vivo antiplasmodial activity of three Rwandan medicinal plants and identification of their active compounds. Planta Medica 2013, 80(6), 482-489. [less ▲]

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See detailIdentification of antiplasmodial compounds isolated from endemic plants of Reunion Island
Ledoux, Allison ULg; Jansen, Olivia ULg; Campos, Pierre-Éric et al

Conference (2015, May)

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See detailPhytochemical Profile and Biological Activity Evaluation of Zanthoxylum heterophyllum Leaves against Malaria
Ledoux, Allison ULg; Mareatefau, Hinerava; Jansen, Olivia ULg et al

in Planta Medica Letters (2015), 2

The aim of this study was to evaluate the antiplasmodial properties of Zanthoxylum heterophyllum, an endemic plant from the Mascarene Islands. In vitro antiplasmodial activity of ethyl acetate and ... [more ▼]

The aim of this study was to evaluate the antiplasmodial properties of Zanthoxylum heterophyllum, an endemic plant from the Mascarene Islands. In vitro antiplasmodial activity of ethyl acetate and dichloromethane crude extracts obtained from leaf samples collected on Reunion Island was evaluated on the Plasmodium falciparum 3D7 chloroquine-sensitive strain using a colorimetric method. The major active compound was identified by chromatographic and spectroscopic methods. The best antiplasmodial activity was obtained for the ethyl acetate extract (15 µg/mL < IC50 < 50 µg/mL). The major compound was identified as a sanshool derivative, an alkylamide compound that has moderate antimalarial activity (IC50 = 11.3 µg/mL). This is the first report of the presence of a sanshool derivative in Z. heterophyllum. The moderate antiplasmodial activity of hydroxy-γ-isosanshool was demonstrated for the first time. [less ▲]

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See detailStrychnobaillonine, an Unsymmetrical Bisindole Alkaloid with an Unprecedented Skeleton from Strychnos icaja Baill. Roots
Tchinda Tiabou, Alembert ULg; Jansen, Olivia ULg; Nyemb, Jean-Noel et al

in Journal of Natural Products (2014), 77

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See detailIs artemisinin the only antiplasmodial compound in the Artemisia annua tea infusion? An in vitro study.
Mouton, Julia; Jansen, Olivia ULg; Frederich, Michel ULg et al

in Planta Medica (2013), 79(6), 468-70

In our ongoing investigation into Artemisia annua for the treatment of malaria, we decided to study the possibility that synergism might enhance the efficacy of artemisinin. Our main objective was to test ... [more ▼]

In our ongoing investigation into Artemisia annua for the treatment of malaria, we decided to study the possibility that synergism might enhance the efficacy of artemisinin. Our main objective was to test tea infusions and nonpolar extracts prepared from different A. annua varieties against Plasmodium falciparum in vitro in order to determine if synergism will increase the effectiveness of artemisinin in the samples as compared to pure artemisinin. We found that the IC50 of artemisinin in the tea and nonpolar extracts was not significantly different to the IC50 of pure artemisinin. We could show that the year and country of harvest or storage conditions did not have any influence on the activity and that it narrowly followed the concentration of artemisinin in all the extracts. In conclusion, based on these in vitro results, artemisinin seems to be the only active antiplasmodial compound in A. annua. [less ▲]

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See detailAnti-plasmodial activity of Dicoma tomentosa (Asteraceae) and identification of urospermal A-15- O-acetate as the main active compound.
Jansen, Olivia ULg; Tits, Monique ULg; Angenot, Luc ULg et al

in Malaria Journal (2012), 11(1), 2891-9

ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Natural products could play an important role in the challenge to discover new anti-malarial drugs. In a previous study, Dicoma tomentosa (Asteraceae) was selected for its promising ... [more ▼]

ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Natural products could play an important role in the challenge to discover new anti-malarial drugs. In a previous study, Dicoma tomentosa (Asteraceae) was selected for its promising anti-plasmodial activity after a preliminary screening of several plants traditionally used in Burkina Faso to treat malaria. The aim of the present study was to further investigate the antiplasmodial properties of this plant and to isolate the active anti-plasmodial compounds. METHODS: Eight crude extracts obtained from D. tomentosa whole plant were tested in vitro against two Plasmodium falciparum strains (3D7 and W2) using the p-LDH assay (colorimetric method). The Peters' four-days suppressive test model (Plasmodium berghei-infected mice) was used to evaluate the in vivo anti-plasmodial activity. An in vitro bioguided fractionation was undertaken on a dichloromethane extract, using preparative HPLC and TLC techniques. The identity of the pure compound was assessed using UV, MS and NMR spectroscopic analysis. In vitro cytotoxicity against WI38 human fibroblasts (WST-1 assay) and haemolytic activity were also evaluated for extracts and pure compounds in order to check selectivity. RESULTS: The best in vitro anti-plasmodial results were obtained with the dichloromethane, diethylether, ethylacetate and methanol extracts, which exhibited a high activity (IC50 [less than or equal to] 5 mug/ml). Hot water and hydroethanolic extracts also showed a good activity (IC50 [less than or equal to] 15 mug/ml), which confirmed the traditional use and the promising anti-malarial potential of the plant. The activity was also confirmed in vivo for all tested extracts. However, most of the active extracts also exhibited cytotoxic activity, but no extract was found to display any haemolytic activity. The bioguided fractionation process allowed to isolate and identify a sesquiterpene lactone (urospermal A-15-O-acetate) as the major anti-plasmodial compound of the plant (IC50 < 1 mug/ml against both 3D7 and W2 strains). This was also found to be the main cytotoxic compound (SI =3.3). While this melampolide has already been described in the plant, this paper is the first report on the biological properties of this compound. CONCLUSIONS: The present study highlighted the very promising anti-plasmodial activity of D. tomentosa and enabled to identify its main active compound, urospermal A-15-O-acetate. The high antiplasmodial activity of this compound merits further study about its anti-plasmodial mechanism of action. The active extracts of D. tomentosa, as well as urospermal A 15-Oacetate, displayed only a moderate selectivity, and further studies are needed to assess the safety of the use of the plant by the local population. [less ▲]

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See detailEvaluation of 13 selected medicinal plants from Burkina Faso for their antiplasmodial properties.
Jansen, Olivia ULg; Angenot, Luc ULg; Tits, Monique ULg et al

in Journal of Ethnopharmacology (2010), 130

AIM OF THE STUDY: The aim of this study was to evaluate the antiplasmodial properties of 13 plants used against malaria in traditional medicine in Burkina Faso. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In vitro ... [more ▼]

AIM OF THE STUDY: The aim of this study was to evaluate the antiplasmodial properties of 13 plants used against malaria in traditional medicine in Burkina Faso. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In vitro antiplasmodial activity of dichloromethane, methanol and aqueous crude extracts obtained from vegetal samples collected in Burkina Faso was first evaluated on the Plasmodium falciparum 3D7 chloroquine-sensitive strain using a colorimetric method. RESULTS: Thirteen extracts obtained from 8 different species were found to exhibit antiplasmodial activity (IC(50)<50mug/ml). Five species demonstrated a moderate activity (15mug/ml<IC(50)<50mug/ml): Boswellia dalzielii (leaves), Waltheria indica (roots and aerial parts), Bergia suffruticosa (whole plant), Vitellaria paradoxa (bark) and Jatropha gossypiifolia (leaves). The best results were obtained with extracts from the Dicoma tomentosa whole plant, from Psorospermum senegalense leaves and from Gardenia sokotensis leaves. These extracts found to display promising antiplasmodial activity, with IC(50) values ranging from 7.0 to 14.0mug/ml. The most active plant extracts were then tested for in vitro activity on the Plasmodium falciparum W2 chloroquine-resistant strain and also for in vitro cytotoxicity on normal human fibroblasts (WI-38) in order to determine the selectivity index. CONCLUSIONS: Dicoma tomentosa (Asteraceae) and Psorospermum senegalense (Clusiaceae) appeared to be the best candidates for further investigation of their antiplasmodial properties, reported for the first time by this study. [less ▲]

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See detailEvaluation des potentialités antiplasmodiales de plantes utilisées en médecine traditionnelle au Burkina Faso
Jansen, Olivia ULg; Nikiéma, Jean-Baptiste; Angenot, Luc ULg et al

Conference (2009, October 07)

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See detailAntisickling properties of divanilloylquinic acids isolated from Fagara zanthoxyloides Lam. (Rutaceae).
Ouattara, Badiore; Jansen, Olivia ULg; Angenot, Luc ULg et al

in Phytomedicine : International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology (2009), 16(2-3), 125-129

Fagara zanthoxyloides Lam. (syn. Zanthoxylum zanthoxyloides) (Rutaceae) is the most cited Fagara species for the treatment and the prevention of sickle cell disease crisis. Sickle cell anemia (SCA) is a ... [more ▼]

Fagara zanthoxyloides Lam. (syn. Zanthoxylum zanthoxyloides) (Rutaceae) is the most cited Fagara species for the treatment and the prevention of sickle cell disease crisis. Sickle cell anemia (SCA) is a public health problem in many countries particularly in Africa. The present study was designed to evaluate the antisickling properties of three isomeric divanilloylquinic acids (3,4-O-divanilloylquinic acid or burkinabin A; 3,5-O-divanilloylquinic acid or burkinabin B and 4,5-O-divanilloylquinic acid or burkinabin C) identified previously by LC/MS/NMR analysis in the root bark of F. zanthoxyloides [Ouattara et al., 2004. LC/MS/NMR analysis of isomeric divanilloylquinic acids from the root bark of Fagara zanthoxyloides Lam. Phytochemistry 65, 1145-1151]. The three isomers showed interesting antisickling properties which increased from burkinabins A to C. [less ▲]

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See detailEthnopharmacologie et paludisme au Burkina Faso : sélection de 13 espèces à potentialités antiplasmodiales méconnues
Jansen, Olivia ULg; Frederich, Michel ULg; Tits, Monique ULg et al

in Ethnopharmacologia (2008), 41

Dans la recherche de nouvelles substances actives contre les Plasmodium, les flores non explorées du Sud constituent une source potentielle privilégiée de nouveaux médicaments antipaludéens. Dans ce ... [more ▼]

Dans la recherche de nouvelles substances actives contre les Plasmodium, les flores non explorées du Sud constituent une source potentielle privilégiée de nouveaux médicaments antipaludéens. Dans ce travail, nous avons suivi une démarche ethnopharmacologique afin de répertorier et de sélectionner des végétaux intéressants à étudier en laboratoire pour leurs propriétés antiplasmodiales. Notre travail de recensement des espèces utilisées contre la malaria au Burkina Faso nous a permis de répertorier 72 espèces végétales utilisées seules ou en association dans le traitement traditionnel du paludisme dans ce pays d’Afrique de l’Ouest. Finalement, treize espèces ont été sélectionnées et dix-sept échantillons végétaux ont été récoltés au Burkina Faso pour évaluation de leurs propriétés antiplasmodiales en laboratoire. Les principaux critères de sélection ont été : leur utilisation traditionnelle contre la malaria et le fait que ces plantes n’aient pas (ou peu) été étudiées sur le plan antiplasmodial. Les liens de chimiotaxonomie éventuels avec des plantes déjà connues pour leurs propriétés antiplasmodiales ainsi que les possibilités de valorisation des espèces au niveau local (MTA) ont également été considérés. [less ▲]

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See detailIn vitro antiplasmodial activity of ethnobotanically selected plants from Burkina Faso
Jansen, Olivia ULg; Angenot, Luc ULg; Tits, Monique ULg et al

in Planta Medica (2008), 74(9), 1142-1142

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See detailIn vitro cytotoxicity of some medicinal plants from Georgian amaryllidaceae
Jokhadze, Malkhaz; Eristavi, Lina; Kutchukhidze, Jumber et al

in Phytotherapy Research (2007), 21(7), 622-624

Using an ethnomedical data approach, some Georgian plants, which are used in Georgian traditional medicine for cancer or non-cancer diseases, were collected and evaluated for cytotoxic activity. The ... [more ▼]

Using an ethnomedical data approach, some Georgian plants, which are used in Georgian traditional medicine for cancer or non-cancer diseases, were collected and evaluated for cytotoxic activity. The cytotoxic effect of the methanol extracts of species from the genera Galanthus and Leucojum was evaluated in vitro on three human cell lines (Hela, ephitheloid cervix carcinoma; HCT-116, colon carcinoma; HL-60, acute myeloid leukaemia). Cell type cytotoxic specificity was observed for some extracts. Overall, the HCT-116 cells were much more sensitive to most of the extracts than were the other cell lines. Plants that showed pronounced cytotoxic activity will be further evaluated for the possible isolation of active antitumour compounds. Copyright (C) 2007 John Wiley [less ▲]

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See detailHPLC quantification of alkaloids from Haplophyllum extracts and comparison with their cytotoxic properties
Fiot, Julien; Jansen, Olivia ULg; Akhmedjanova, Valentina et al

in Phytochemical Analysis (2006), 17(5), 365-369

An efficient system for the analysis of total alkaloids extracted from the aerial parts from different species of genus Hoplophyllum (Rutaceac) by HPLC on a reversed-phase column is described. The HIPLC ... [more ▼]

An efficient system for the analysis of total alkaloids extracted from the aerial parts from different species of genus Hoplophyllum (Rutaceac) by HPLC on a reversed-phase column is described. The HIPLC method described was validated for its specificity, linearity and precision using external standards (haplopine, skimmianine and haplamine). The chromatographic conditions allowed the separation of alkaloids and the quantification of haplopine, skimmianine and haplamine in different samples of species of Haplophyllum collected in Uzbekistan. The alkaloidal contents of samples were compared with their in vitro cytotoxic properties against two cancer cell lines (HeLa. and HCT-116). The cytotoxicity of extracts was correlated with the concentration of haplopine, skimmianine or haplamine in aerial parts of species of Haplophyllum. Copyright (c) 2006 John Wiley [less ▲]

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See detailPhytochemical and pharmacological study of roots and leaves of Guiera senegalensis JF Gmel (Combretaceae)
Fiot, Julien; Sanon, Souleymane; Azas, Nadine et al

in Journal of Ethnopharmacology (2006), 106(2), 173-178

The chemical composition of total alkaloids from leaves and roots of Guiera senegalensis was investigated. Three beta-carboline alkaloids were purified: in addition to harman and tetrahydroharman, known ... [more ▼]

The chemical composition of total alkaloids from leaves and roots of Guiera senegalensis was investigated. Three beta-carboline alkaloids were purified: in addition to harman and tetrahydroharman, known in roots and leaves. harmalan (dihydroharman) was isolated for the first time from roots of Guiera senegalensis. Guieranone A, a naphthyl butenone, was also purified from leaves and roots. The in vitro antiplasmodial activity and the cytotoxicity of extracts and pure compounds were evaluated. Each total alkaloid extract and beta-carboline alkaloids presented an interesting antiplasmodial activity associated with a low cytotoxicity. Harmalan was less active than harman and tetrahydroharman. Guieranone A showed a strong antiplasmodial activity associated with a high cytotoxicity toward human monocytes. Its cytotoxicity was performed against two cancer cell lines and normal skin fibroblasts in order to study its anticancer potential: guieranone A presented a strong cytotoxicity against each cell strains. Finally, we evaluated the potent synergistic antimalarial interaction between Guiera senegalensis and two plants commonly associated in traditional remedies: Mitragyna inermis and Pavetta crassipes. Three associations evaluated were additive. A synergistic effect was shown between total alkaloids extracted from leaves of Guiera senegalensis and those of Mitragyna inermis. This result justified the traditional use of the plants in combination to treat malaria. (c) 2006 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailScreening of 14 alkaloids isolated from Haplophyllum A. Juss. for their cytotoxic properties
Jansen, Olivia ULg; Akhmedjanova, Valentina; Angenot, Luc ULg et al

in Journal of Ethnopharmacology (2006), 105(1-2), 241-245

Further to a systematic chemotaxonomic study of Uzbek Haplophyllum A. Juss. plants selected on ethnopharmacological data, 14 alkaloids were screened for their cytotoxic properties. As a first selection ... [more ▼]

Further to a systematic chemotaxonomic study of Uzbek Haplophyllum A. Juss. plants selected on ethnopharmacological data, 14 alkaloids were screened for their cytotoxic properties. As a first selection for interesting compounds, each alkaloid was tested against two human cancer cell lines (HeLa and HCT-116), using WST-1 reagent. Of the 14 alkaloids, 5 were cytotoxic when tested against the HeLa line with an IC50 < 100 microM. These five compounds consisted of three furoquinolines: skimmianine; haplopine and gamma-fagarine and two pyranoquinolones: flindersine and haplamine. Only haplamine was active against the HCT-116 line. The cytotoxic properties of these five alkaloids were further investigated against five additional human cancer cell lines. Their structure-activity relationships will be discussed. Of these five pre-selected alkaloids, only haplamine showed significant cytotoxic activity against all the tested cell lines. This is the first report of the cytotoxic activity of haplamine. Finally, this pyranoquinolone alkaloid was tested here against 14 different cancer cell lines and against normal skin fibroblasts. [less ▲]

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