References of "Jaïdane, H"
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See detailImmunology in the clinic review series. Focus on type 1 diabetes and virus: enterovirus, thymus and type 1 diabetes pathogenesis
Jaïdane, H.; Sane, F.; Hiar, R. et al

in Clinical & Experimental Immunology (2012), 168

Thymus dysfunction, especially immune suppression, is frequently associated with various virus infections.Whether viruses may disturb the thymus function and play a role in the pathogenesis of autoimmune ... [more ▼]

Thymus dysfunction, especially immune suppression, is frequently associated with various virus infections.Whether viruses may disturb the thymus function and play a role in the pathogenesis of autoimmune diseases is an open issue. Enteroviruses, especially Coxsackievirus B4 (CV-B4), have been largely suggested as potential inducers or aggravating factors of type 1 diabetes (T1D) pathogenesis in genetically predisposed individuals. Several pathogenic mechanisms of enterovirus-induced T1D have been suggested. One of these mechanisms is the impairment of central self-tolerance due to viral infections. Coxsackievirus-B4 is able to infect murine thymus in vitro and in vivo and to infect human thymus in vitro. Thymic epithelial cells and thymocytes are targets of infection with this virus, and several abnormalities, especially disturbance of maturation/differentiation processes, were observed.Altogether, these data suggest that CV-B infection of thymus may be involved in the pathogenesis of T1D. Further investigations are needed to explore this hypothesis. [less ▲]

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See detailCoxsackievirus B4 Infection of Murine Foetal Thymus Organ Cultures
Brilot, F.; Jaidane, H.; Geenen, Vincent ULg et al

in Journal of Medical Virology (2008), 80(4), 659-66

The infection of foetal thymus with coxsackievirus B4 (CV-B4) E2 has been studied ex vivo by using CD-1 mice on foetal day 14, as a ready source of organs for experimentation to investigate the hypothesis ... [more ▼]

The infection of foetal thymus with coxsackievirus B4 (CV-B4) E2 has been studied ex vivo by using CD-1 mice on foetal day 14, as a ready source of organs for experimentation to investigate the hypothesis of the role of thymic viral infections in the pathogenesis of type 1 diabetes. The replication of CV-B4 E2 in murine foetal thymus organ cultures has been demonstrated by evaluating the levels of positive- and negative-stranded viral RNA in cells by using a real-time quantitative RT-PCR method and by determining titres of infectious viral particles in culture supernatants for 7 days post-infection (p.i.). Staining of tissue sections with an anti-cytokeratin antibody and haematoxylin-eosin showed that CV-B4 infection had no visible effect on cell survival and organ integrity. Cell counts in mock- and virus-infected foetal thymus organ cultures increased from day 1 through day 7, and live cell numbers were comparable in both conditions as shown by Trypan blue exclusion test and 7-amino-actinomycin D staining of thymocytes. Compared with controls on day 7 p.i., cytofluorometric analyses on cells from CV-B4 E2-infected foetal thymus organ cultures displayed a marked increase in the percentage of the most immature CD3(-)CD4(-)CD8(-) thymocytes, and a decrease in the percentage of immature CD3(-)CD4(+)CD8(+) cells, together with an increase in the percentage of mature CD3(+)CD4(+) and CD3(+)CD8(+) cells. These data show that CV-B4 E2 disturbs T-cell maturation and differentiation processes in infected murine foetal thymus organ cultures and provide evidence of a suitable system to investigate the effect of viruses in T-cell differentiation. J. Med. Virol. 80:659-666, 2008. (c) 2008 Wiley-Liss, Inc. [less ▲]

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See detailProlonged viral RNA detection in blood and lymphoid tissues from Coxsackievirus B4 E2 orally-inoculated Swiss mice
Jaidane, H.; Gharbi, J.; Lobert, P. E. et al

in Microbiology and Immunology (2006), 50(12), 971-974

The spreading of viral RNA within Swiss Albino mice orally inoculated with coxsackievirus B4 E2 strain (CVB4 E2) was studied by using RT-PCR and semi-nested-RT-PCR methods. Viral RNA was detected in ... [more ▼]

The spreading of viral RNA within Swiss Albino mice orally inoculated with coxsackievirus B4 E2 strain (CVB4 E2) was studied by using RT-PCR and semi-nested-RT-PCR methods. Viral RNA was detected in various organs: pancreas, heart, small intestine, spleen, thymus, and blood at various post-infectious (p.i.) times ranging from 8 hr to 150 days. Our results show that (i) outbred mice can be infected with CVB4 E2 following an oral inoculation, which results in systemic spreading of viral RNA, (ii) CVB4 E2 infection can be associated with a prolonged detection of viral RNA in spleen, thymus and blood, up to 70 days p.i. and further in other organ tissues. [less ▲]

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