Hsp27 in the nervous system: expression in pathophysiology and in the aging brain.
; Plumier, Jean-Christophe ; et al
in Progress in Molecular and Subcellular Biology (2002), 28Detailed reference viewed: 28 (0 ULg)
Hyperthermic induction of the 27-kDa heat shock protein (Hsp27) in neuroglia and neurons of the rat central nervous system.
; ; et al
in Journal of Comparative Neurology (The) (2000), 428(3), 495-510
The 27-kDa heat shock protein (Hsp27) is constitutively expressed in many neurons of the brainstem and spinal cord, is strongly induced in glial cells in response to ischemia, seizures, or spreading ... [more ▼]
The 27-kDa heat shock protein (Hsp27) is constitutively expressed in many neurons of the brainstem and spinal cord, is strongly induced in glial cells in response to ischemia, seizures, or spreading depression, and is selectively induced in neurons after axotomy. Here, the expression of Hsp27 was examined in brains of adult rats from 1.5 hours to 6 days after brief hyperthermic stress (core body temperature of 42 degrees C for 15 minutes). Twenty-four hours following hyperthermia, Western blot analysis showed that Hsp27 was elevated in the cerebral cortex, hippocampus, cerebellum, and brainstem. Immunohistochemistry for Hsp27 revealed a time-dependent, but transient, increase in the level of Hsp27 immunoreactivity (Hsp27 IR) in neuroglia and neurons. Hsp27 IR was detected in astrocytes throughout the brain and in Bergmann glia of the cerebellum from 3 hours to 6 days following heat shock. Peak levels were apparent at 24 hours, gradually declining thereafter. In addition, increases in Hsp27 IR were detected in the ependyma and choroid plexus. Hyperthermia induced Hsp27 IR in neurons of the subfornical organ and the area postrema within 3 hours and reached a maximum by 24 hours with a return to control levels 4-6 days after hyperthermia. Specific populations of hypothalamic neurons also showed Hsp27 IR after hyperthermia. These results demonstrate that hyperthermia induces transient expression of Hsp27 in several types of neuroglia and specific populations of neurons. The pattern of induced Hsp27 IR suggests that some of the activated cells are involved in physiological responses related to body fluid homeostasis and temperature regulation. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 18 (3 ULg)
Induction of the 27-kDa heat shock protein (Hsp27) in the rat medulla oblongata after vagus nerve injury.
; Plumier, Jean-Christophe ;
in Experimental Neurology (1998), 153(2), 173-83
The 27-kDa heat shock protein (Hsp27) is constitutively expressed in motor and sensory neurons of the brainstem. Hsp27 is also rapidly induced in the nervous system following oxidative and cellular ... [more ▼]
The 27-kDa heat shock protein (Hsp27) is constitutively expressed in motor and sensory neurons of the brainstem. Hsp27 is also rapidly induced in the nervous system following oxidative and cellular metabolic stress. In this study, we examined the distribution of Hsp27 in the rat medulla oblongata by means of immunohistochemistry after the vagus nerve was cut or crushed. After vagal injury, rats were allowed to survive for 6, 12, 24 h, 2, 4, 7, 10, 14, 30, or 90 days. Vagus nerve lesions resulted in a time-dependent up-regulation of Hsp27 in vagal motor and nodose ganglion sensory neurons that expressed Hsp27 constitutively and de novo induction in neurons that did not express Hsp27 constitutively. In the dorsal motor nucleus of the vagus nerve (DMV) and nucleus ambiguus, the levels of Hsp27 in motor neurons were elevated within 24 h of injury and persisted for up to 90 days. Vagal afferents to the nucleus of the tractus solitarius (NTS) and area postrema showed increases in Hsp27 levels within 4 days that were still present 90 days postinjury. In addition, increases in Hsp27 staining of axons in the NTS and DMV suggest that vagus nerve injury resulted in sprouting of afferent axons and spread into areas of the dorsal vagal complex not normally innervated by the vagus. Our observations are consistent with the possibility that Hsp27 plays a role in long-term survival of distinct subpopulations of injured vagal motor and sensory neurons. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 12 (1 ULg)
Constitutive expression of the 27-kDa heat shock protein (Hsp27) in sensory and motor neurons of the rat nervous system.
Plumier, Jean-Christophe ; ; et al
in Journal of Comparative Neurology (The) (1997), 384(3), 409-28
In this study, the constitutive expression of the 27-kDa heat shock protein (Hsp27) in the adult rat central nervous system has been examined by immunohistochemistry and by two-dimensional gel Western ... [more ▼]
In this study, the constitutive expression of the 27-kDa heat shock protein (Hsp27) in the adult rat central nervous system has been examined by immunohistochemistry and by two-dimensional gel Western blot analysis. Hsp27 immunoreactivity was observed primarily in motoneurons of cranial nerve nuclei and spinal cord, and in primary sensory neurons and their central processes. Also, Hsp27 immunoreactivity was present in neurons of the arcuate nucleus and of the reticular formation. However, only a subset of these neurons was Hsp27-immunoreactive. Most general somatic efferent motoneurons of the hypoglossal nucleus and spinal motor columns and most special visceral efferent motoneurons of the cranial nerve nuclei were Hsp27-positive. In contrast, fewer general somatic efferent motoneurons for eye muscles were Hsp27-positive, and only a small proportion of general visceral efferent neurons, i.e., parasympathetic and sympathetic preganglionic neurons, were stained for Hsp27. Many pseudounipolar sensory neurons were Hsp27-immunoreactive, and the patterns of staining in central sensory nuclei suggested that specific subpopulations of sensory neurons contained Hsp27. The cellular distribution of Hsp27 was uniform throughout the cytoplasm, including the perikaryon, axon and dendrites, the latter often exhibiting varicosities or beading in distal processes. Western blot analyses revealed that at least three phosphorylated isoforms of Hsp27 were present in the spinal cord. These results suggest that constitutively expressed Hsp27 may be related to functional subpopulations of motoneurons and primary sensory neurons. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 11 (2 ULg)