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See detailThe production of Titan's ultraviolet nitrogen airglow
Stevens, Michael H; Gustin, Jacques ULg; Ajello, Joseph M et al

in Journal of Geophysical Research. Space Physics (2011), 116

The Cassini Ultraviolet Imaging Spectrograph (UVIS) observed Titan's dayside limb in the extreme ultraviolet (EUV) and far ultraviolet (FUV) on 22 June 2009 from a mean distance of 23 Titan radii. These ... [more ▼]

The Cassini Ultraviolet Imaging Spectrograph (UVIS) observed Titan's dayside limb in the extreme ultraviolet (EUV) and far ultraviolet (FUV) on 22 June 2009 from a mean distance of 23 Titan radii. These high-quality observations reveal the same EUV and FUV emissions arising from photoelectron excitation and photofragmentation of molecular nitrogen (N[SUB]2[/SUB]) as found on Earth. We investigate both of these solar driven processes with a terrestrial airglow model adapted to Titan and find that total predicted radiances for the two brightest N[SUB]2[/SUB] band systems agree with the observed peak radiances to within 5%. Using N[SUB]2[/SUB] densities constrained from in situ observations by the Ion Neutral Mass Spectrometer on Cassini, the altitude of the observed limb peak of the EUV and FUV emission bands is between 840 and 1060 km and generally consistent with model predictions. We find no evidence for carbon emissions in Titan's FUV airglow in contrast to previous Titan airglow studies using UVIS data. In their place, we identify several vibrational bands from the N[SUB]2[/SUB] Vegard-Kaplan system arising from photoelectron impact with predicted peak radiances in agreement with observations. These Titan UV airglow observations are therefore comprised of emissions arising only from solar processes on N[SUB]2[/SUB] with no detectable magnetospheric contribution. Weaker EUV Carroll-Yoshino N[SUB]2[/SUB] bands within the v′ = 3, 4, and 6 progressions between 870 and 1020 Å are underpredicted by about a factor of five while the (0,1) band near 980 Å is overpredicted by about a factor of three. [less ▲]

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See detailTitan airglow spectra from Cassini Ultraviolet Imaging Spectrograph (UVIS): EUV analysis
Ajello, Joseph M.; Stevens, Michael H.; Stewart, Ian et al

in Geophysical Research Letters (2007), 34

We present the first UV airglow observations of Titan's atmosphere by the Ultraviolet Imaging Spectrograph (UVIS) on Cassini. Using one spectral channel in the EUV from 561-1182 Å and one in the FUV from ... [more ▼]

We present the first UV airglow observations of Titan's atmosphere by the Ultraviolet Imaging Spectrograph (UVIS) on Cassini. Using one spectral channel in the EUV from 561-1182 Å and one in the FUV from 1115-1913 Å, UVIS observed the disk on 13 December, 2004 at low solar activity. The EUV spectrum consists of three band systems of N[SUB]2[/SUB] (b [SUP]1[/SUP]∏[SUB]u[/SUB], b' [SUP]1[/SUP]∑[SUB]u[/SUB] [SUP]+[/SUP], c[SUB]4[/SUB]' [SUP]1[/SUP]∑[SUB]u[/SUB] [SUP]+[/SUP] -> X [SUP]1[/SUP]∑[SUB]g[/SUB] [SUP]+[/SUP]), while the FUV spectrum consists of one (a [SUP]1[/SUP]∏[SUB]g[/SUB] -> X [SUP]1[/SUP]∑[SUB]g[/SUB] [SUP]+[/SUP]). Both the EUV and FUV spectra contain many N I and N II multiplets that are produced primarily by photodissociative ionization. Spectral intensities of the N[SUB]2[/SUB] c[SUB]4[/SUB]' [SUP]1[/SUP]∑[SUB]u[/SUB] [SUP]+[/SUP](v' = 0) -> X [SUP]1[/SUP]∑[SUB]g[/SUB] [SUP]+[/SUP](v'' = 0-2) progression from 950-1010 Å are resolved for the first time. The UVIS observations reveal that the c[SUB]4[/SUB]' [SUP]1[/SUP]∑[SUB]u[/SUB] [SUP]+[/SUP](0) -> X [SUP]1[/SUP]∑[SUB]g[/SUB] [SUP]+[/SUP] (0) vibrational band near 958 Å is weak and undetectable, and that N I multiplets near 953.2 and 964.5 Å are present instead. Magnetospheric particle excitation may be weak or sporadic, since the nightside EUV spectrum on this orbit shows no observable nitrogen emission features and only H Ly-β. [less ▲]

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