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See detailOpportunities and challenges for the fresh straw mushroom value chain development in Vietnam
HO, Thi Minh Hop ULiege; Burny, Philippe ULiege; Helder, Jan et al

in VIII International Agriculture Symposium "AGROSYM 2017": book of abstracts (2017)

Straw mushroom sector has been strongly growing in Vietnam since last decade with more th an 64,500 tons/year of production. The development of the sector helps improving both farm household's income and ... [more ▼]

Straw mushroom sector has been strongly growing in Vietnam since last decade with more th an 64,500 tons/year of production. The development of the sector helps improving both farm household's income and the environment by reducing pollution from rice straw buming at the end of the rice cuItivation season. Basing on the potential of the sector, Vietnamese govemment issued an agricultural development programme in 2010 in which mushrooms will be the focus to develop as one of five national strategie commodities. ln order to help the sector reaching this goal and growing more sustainably, the study was carried out in 2014 and 2016 to identify its opportunities and challenges by analysing stakeholders in the fresh straw mushroom value chain. The study was carried out through different meetings among the main actors of the straw mushroom value chain in August 2014 in Can Tho and in 2016 in Dong Nai province, Vietnam, to get opinions of target groups, key persons, as weil as information conceming the aims of the study. An analysis of the main stakeholders was conducted to identify opportunities and challenges for the sector to grow more sustainably. Low investment costs, depending on production scale, quickly received income circle, low land and labour effort use are the main opportunities for farmers while limited use of improved productionlprocessing technologies, limited production due to the seasonal character and c1imatic conditions are the main challenges for the other stakeholders of straw mushroom value chain. To enhance the use of hi-technology in production, preservation and processing and to build a brand for the Vietnamese straw mushroom are proposed to improve the current issues of the sector. [less ▲]

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See detailIntegration of farmers in the shrimp subsector in the Mekong River Delta, Vietnam
Ho, Thi Minh Hop ULiege

Doctoral thesis (2012)

Hatcheries, input dealers, farmers, collectors and processors are the primary actors of shrimp value chain in the Mekong River Delta (MRD) Vietnam, a sector that has many problems of disease, shrimp seed ... [more ▼]

Hatcheries, input dealers, farmers, collectors and processors are the primary actors of shrimp value chain in the Mekong River Delta (MRD) Vietnam, a sector that has many problems of disease, shrimp seed, environmental pollution, and management skills. Holding the strongest power in the shrimp value chain, the processors determine shrimp prices and set up requirements of shrimp quality and size in the market though quality control has not been completely implemented due to the limitations of financial capital, knowledge, awareness, as well as the quality of raw material supplied by collectors and farmers. Farmers stayed in the weakest position in the chain due to their small individual scale, and low skills. The results of the study show that most of the shrimp farmers stay out of vertical integration under farming contracts while the rest joined in the game without success. Contract farming seems not for small scale farmers who account for a large part in the MRD, and not interesting for producers who get success with their cultivation. Farmers prefer a non-contract option due to non-transparency of interest share as well as cost account. Food safety standards, decision No. 80/2002/QĐ-TTg, culture, trust, government structure, credit support and corruption are the main factors affecting farmers’ integration chances. Floor price mechanism, risk sharing, small scale of the model of vertical integration and excess suppliers in the market, administrative misconception and inefficient public management are the main reasons of failures of contract farming of two case studies in the MRD. Planning and projection of shrimp production zones are therefore the priority matters to address. Furthermore, re-organizing shrimp farmers into legal teams or groups or cooperatives is also necessary to increase the size of the existing shrimp cultivation units in Vietnam in order to improve the sector. [less ▲]

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