References of "Hansenne, Michel"
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See detailAdditional intranasal oxytocin to escitalopram improves depressive symptoms in resistant depression: An open trial.
Scantamburlo, Gabrielle ULg; Hansenne, Michel ULg; Geenen, Vincent ULg et al

in European psychiatry : the journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists (2014)

The aim of this open trial was to assess the antidepressant/anxiolytic effects of oxytocin used as an adjunct to antidepressant in treatment-resistant depression. Fourteen patients, who have not responded ... [more ▼]

The aim of this open trial was to assess the antidepressant/anxiolytic effects of oxytocin used as an adjunct to antidepressant in treatment-resistant depression. Fourteen patients, who have not responded to 40mg of escitalopram, received intranasal synthetic oxytocin during 4 weeks, in association with antidepressant. This is the first open trial study suggesting OT in association with escitalopram significantly reduced scores on Hamilton Depression Rating Scale. [less ▲]

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See detailAlcohol abuse and ERP components in Go/No-go tasks using alcohol-related stimuli: Impact of alcohol avoidance.
Kreusch, Fanny ULg; Quertemont, Etienne ULg; Vilenne, Aurélie ULg et al

in International journal of psychophysiology : official journal of the International Organization of Psychophysiology (2014), 94(1), 92-9

Alcohol addictive behaviors are associated with a combination of deficits in executive functions, such as a weak response inhibition, and potent automatic appetitive responses to alcohol-related cues. The ... [more ▼]

Alcohol addictive behaviors are associated with a combination of deficits in executive functions, such as a weak response inhibition, and potent automatic appetitive responses to alcohol-related cues. The aim of the present study was to investigate behavioral responses and event-related potentials (ERPs) associated with specific response inhibition for alcohol-related cues. Thirty participants (15 heavy drinkers and 15 light drinkers) took part in the study. Response inhibition was assessed by a classical letter Go/No-go task and by a modified alcohol Go/No-go task. Participants were also classified as high and low alcohol avoiders. Results showed that heavy drinkers made more false alarms in the letter Go/No-go task. In the alcohol Go/No-go task, an absence of N200 amplitude anteriorization was found in heavy drinkers as compared to light drinkers. Participants with a high level of alcohol avoidance exhibited more false alarms, and higher N200 amplitude for the No-go trials as compared to the Go trials for alcohol-related cues. Higher P300 amplitude was observed in low alcohol avoiders for No-go as compared to Go trials. Therefore, a context involving alcohol-related cues disturbed inhibition capacities of high alcohol avoiders. These results suggest that the level of alcohol avoidance must be taken into account in studies investigating alcohol-related cognitive biases. [less ▲]

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See detailBetter neuronal efficiency after emotional competences training: an fMRI study
Hansenne, Michel ULg; Nelis, Delphine; Feyers, Dorothée ULg et al

in Psychologica Belgica (2014), 54

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See detailWhat is the Ability Emotional Intelligence Test (MSCEIT) good for? An evaluation using item response theory.
Fiori, Marina; Antonietti, Jean-Philippe; Mikolajczak, Moira et al

in PloS one (2014), 9(6), 98827

The ability approach has been indicated as promising for advancing research in emotional intelligence (EI). However, there is scarcity of tests measuring EI as a form of intelligence. The Mayer Salovey ... [more ▼]

The ability approach has been indicated as promising for advancing research in emotional intelligence (EI). However, there is scarcity of tests measuring EI as a form of intelligence. The Mayer Salovey Caruso Emotional Intelligence Test, or MSCEIT, is among the few available and the most widespread measure of EI as an ability. This implies that conclusions about the value of EI as a meaningful construct and about its utility in predicting various outcomes mainly rely on the properties of this test. We tested whether individuals who have the highest probability of choosing the most correct response on any item of the test are also those who have the strongest EI ability. Results showed that this is not the case for most items: The answer indicated by experts as the most correct in several cases was not associated with the highest ability; furthermore, items appeared too easy to challenge individuals high in EI. Overall results suggest that the MSCEIT is best suited to discriminate persons at the low end of the trait. Results are discussed in light of applied and theoretical considerations. [less ▲]

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See detailEmotional intelligence and self-efficacy among physical education teachers
Mouton, Alexandre ULg; Hansenne, Michel ULg; Delcour, Romy et al

in Journal of Teaching in Physical Education (2013), 32(4), 342-354

Research has documented a positive association between Emotional Intelligence (EI) and well-being, performance and self-efficacy. The purpose of the current study was to examine potential associations ... [more ▼]

Research has documented a positive association between Emotional Intelligence (EI) and well-being, performance and self-efficacy. The purpose of the current study was to examine potential associations between EI and self-efficacy among physical education teachers. The Trait Emotional Intelligence Questionnaire (TEIQue) and the Teacher Sense of Efficacy Scale (TSES) were administered to a sample of 119 physical education teachers. The main results show a positive association between EI and self-efficacy, and more particularly that the sociability factor of EI predicted the TSES total score. Moreover, neither age nor teaching time experience was related to EI or self-efficacy scores. These results both confirm and extend previous findings on the association between EI and self-efficacy. Suggestions are provided for specific EI training for physical education teachers. [less ▲]

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See detailAssortative mating and personality in human couples : A study using Cloninger's Temperament and Character Inventory
LE BON, O; Hansenne, Michel ULg; AMARU, D et al

in Psychology (2013), 4(1), 11-18

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See detailPersonality modulation of (un)conscious processing: Novelty seeking and performance following supraliminal and subliminal reward cues
Bustin, Gaëlle ULg; Quoidbach, Jordi; Hansenne, Michel ULg et al

Poster (2012, January)

This study provides evidence that personality traits associated with responsiveness to conscious reward cues also influence responsiveness to unconscious reward cues. Participants with low and high levels ... [more ▼]

This study provides evidence that personality traits associated with responsiveness to conscious reward cues also influence responsiveness to unconscious reward cues. Participants with low and high levels of Novelty Seeking (NS) performed updating tasks in which they could either gain 1 euro or 5 cents. Gains were presented either supraliminally or subliminally at the beginning of each trial. Results showed that low NS participants performed better in the high-reward than in the low-reward condition, whereas high NS participants’ performance did not differ between reward conditions. Interestingly, we found that low NS participants performed significantly better when rewards were presented unconsciously, whereas high NS participants’ performance did not differ whether reward cues were presented subliminally or supraliminally. Our findings highlight the necessity to take personality into account in unconscious cognition research. They also suggest that whether implicit and explicit motives have similar or complementary influences might be determined by individual differences. [less ▲]

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See detailCreativity, emotional intelligence, and school performance in children
Hansenne, Michel ULg; Legrand, Jessica

in International Journal of Educational Reform (2012), 53

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See detailZuckerman's Revised Alternative Five-Factor Model: Validation of the Zuckerman-Kuhlman-Aluja Personality Questionnaire in Four French-Speaking Countries.
Rossier, J; Hansenne, Michel ULg; Baudin, N et al

in Journal of Personality Assessment (2012)

The aim of this study was to analyze the replicability of Zuckerman's revised Alternative Five-factor model in a French-speaking context by validating the Zuckerman-Kuhlman-Aluja Personality Questionnaire ... [more ▼]

The aim of this study was to analyze the replicability of Zuckerman's revised Alternative Five-factor model in a French-speaking context by validating the Zuckerman-Kuhlman-Aluja Personality Questionnaire (ZKA-PQ) simultaneously in 4 French-speaking countries. The total sample was made up of 1,497 subjects from Belgium, Canada, France, and Switzerland. The internal consistencies for all countries were generally similar to those found for the normative U.S. and Spanish samples. A factor analysis confirmed that the normative structure replicated well and was stable within this French-speaking context. Moreover, multigroup confirmatory factor analyses have shown that the ZKA-PQ reaches scalar invariance across these 4 countries. Mean scores were slightly different for women and men, with women scoring higher on Neuroticism but lower on Sensation Seeking. Globally, mean score differences across countries were small. Overall, the ZKA-PQ seems an interesting alternative to assess both lower and higher order personality traits for applied or research purposes. [less ▲]

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See detailClinical Perspectives in Emotional Intelligence
Hansenne, Michel ULg

in Emotional intelligence: New perspectives and applications (2012)

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See detailConscious and Unconscious Reward Cues Can Affect a Critical Component of Executive Control: (Un)conscious updating?
Bustin, Gaëlle ULg; Capa, Rémi ULg; Cleermans, Axel et al

Poster (2011, July)

The present study investigates whether updating an important function of executive control can be driven by unconscious reward cues. Participants had to memorize several numbers and update those numbers ... [more ▼]

The present study investigates whether updating an important function of executive control can be driven by unconscious reward cues. Participants had to memorize several numbers and update those numbers independently according to a sequence of arithmetic operations. At the beginning of each trial, a reward (1 euro or 5 cents) was presented, either subliminally or supraliminally. Participants could earn the reward if they found the correct response on the updating task. Results showed better performance when a high (conscious or unconscious) reward was at stake compared to a low reward. This suggests that subliminal information can influence a component process of executive control traditionally thought to require consciousness. [less ▲]

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See detailFURTHER EVIDENCE OF INDEPENDENCE BETWEEN THE MOTIVE TO ACHIEVE SUCCESS AND THE MOTIVE TO AVOID FAILURE: A CONFIRMATORY FACTOR ANALYSIS
Capa, Rémi ULg; Audiffren, M.; Andre, N. et al

in Psychologica Belgica (2011), 51(1), 93-106

The Motive to Achieve Success (MAS) and the Motive to Avoid Failure (MAF) are the most widely measured factors of achievement motivation. The relationships between MAS and MAF are controversial. To test ... [more ▼]

The Motive to Achieve Success (MAS) and the Motive to Avoid Failure (MAF) are the most widely measured factors of achievement motivation. The relationships between MAS and MAF are controversial. To test the validity of these relations, we compared three models with different relationships between MAS and MAF by confirmatory factor analyses. Items from the achievement motivation subscale of the personality research form (Jackson, 1999) and from the motive to avoid failure scale (Hagtvet & Benson, 1997) were administrated to a large sample (N = 1179). The model in which MAS and MAF were separable and weakly correlated factors showed better results than independent and unitary models. Implications for the selection of participants were also discussed. [less ▲]

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See detailEFFECTS OF SUBLIMINAL PRIMING ON NONCONSCIOUS GOAL PURSUIT AND EFFORT-RELATED CARDIOVASCULAR RESPONSE
Capa, Rémi ULg; Cleeremans, Axel; Bustin, Gaëlle ULg et al

in Social Cognition (2011), 29(4), 430-444

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See detailLong-lasting effect of subliminal processes on cardiovascular responses and performance.
Capa, Rémi ULg; Cleeremans, Axel; Bustin, Gaëlle ULg et al

in International journal of psychophysiology : official journal of the International Organization of Psychophysiology (2011), 81(1), 22-30

Students were exposed to a priming task in which subliminal representations of the goal of studying were directly paired (priming-positive group) or not (priming group) to positive words. A control group ... [more ▼]

Students were exposed to a priming task in which subliminal representations of the goal of studying were directly paired (priming-positive group) or not (priming group) to positive words. A control group without subliminal prime of the goal was added. Just after the priming task, students performed an easy or a difficult learning task based on their coursework. Participants in the priming-positive group performed better and had a stronger decrease of pulse transit time and pulse wave amplitude reactivity than participants of the two other groups, but only during the difficult condition. Results suggested that subliminal priming induces effortful behavior extending over twenty five minutes but only when the primes had been associated with visible positive words acting as a reward. These findings provide evidence that subliminal priming can have long-lasting effects on behaviors typical of daily life. [less ▲]

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See detailIncreasing emotional competence improves psychological and physical well-being, social relationships, and employability.
Nelis, Delphine ULg; Kotsou, Ilios; Quoidbach, Jordi ULg et al

in Emotion (2011), 11(2), 354-66

This study builds on earlier work showing that adult emotional competencies (EC) could be improved through a relatively brief training. In a set of 2 controlled experimental studies, the authors ... [more ▼]

This study builds on earlier work showing that adult emotional competencies (EC) could be improved through a relatively brief training. In a set of 2 controlled experimental studies, the authors investigated whether developing EC could lead to improved emotional functioning; long-term personality changes; and important positive implications for physical, psychological, social, and work adjustment. Results of Study 1 showed that 18 hr of training with e-mail follow-up was sufficient to significantly improve emotion regulation, emotion understanding, and overall EC. These changes led in turn to long-term significant increases in extraversion and agreeableness as well as a decrease in neuroticism. Results of Study 2 showed that the development of EC brought about positive changes in psychological well-being, subjective health, quality of social relationships, and employability. The effect sizes were sufficiently large for the changes to be considered as meaningful in people's lives. [less ▲]

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See detailOcytocine plamsatique et dimensions de personnalité dans la dépression unipolaire
Scantamburlo, Gabrielle ULg; Reggers, Jean; Hansenne, Michel ULg et al

in Encéphale (L') (2010), 36

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See detailDoes Personality Modulate Skin Conductance Responses to Emotional Stimuli?
Mardaga, S.; Hansenne, Michel ULg

in Journal of Individual Differences (2010), 31(3), 124-129

Several studies showed that personality modulates emotional responsiveness, though most of them used subjective ratings as the measure of emotion. The present study extends personality-emotion ... [more ▼]

Several studies showed that personality modulates emotional responsiveness, though most of them used subjective ratings as the measure of emotion. The present study extends personality-emotion relationship findings to psychophysiological methods, more precisely to skin conductance responses (SCRs). SCRs were recorded in 54 normal subjects following the presentation of neutral and emotional pictures. Results showed that half-recovery time was modulated by harm avoidance (HA) as a function of emotional valence: Low-HA subjects showed longer half-recovery time following the presentation of pleasant pictures relative to neutral ones, whereas high-HA subjects showed no extended half-recovery time. These results support the hypothesis that personality modulates some aspects of somatic emotional reactivity, and together with previous results, they suggest that this phenomenon is highly dependent upon the characteristics of the emotional material. [less ▲]

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See detailAssociation between frontal EEG asymmetries and emotional intelligence among adults
Mikolajczak, Moïra; Bodarwé, Kerrin; Laloyaux, Olivier et al

in Personality & Individual Differences (2010), 48(2), 177-181

This study aimed at investigating the brain correlates of trait emotional intelligence. Trait emotional intelligence (trait EI) is a constellation of emotion-related traits, capturing the extent to which ... [more ▼]

This study aimed at investigating the brain correlates of trait emotional intelligence. Trait emotional intelligence (trait EI) is a constellation of emotion-related traits, capturing the extent to which people experience, attend to, identify, understand, regulate, and utilize their emotions and those of others. As previous studies have provided converging evidence that frontal asymmetries were one of the determinants of emotion dispositions and behaviors, and as observations on individuals with a high level of emotional intelligence parallel those on people with a left-sided frontal cortical asymmetry in nearly every respect, we hypothesized that the level of emotional intelligence might be associated with differential frontal activation. Results supported the hypothesis: the pattern of resting electroencephalographic (EEG) activation recorded in the frontal areas was significantly associated with emotional intelligence. Individuals with higher trait EI evidence greater resting left frontal activation. [less ▲]

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See detailIncreasing emotional intelligence: (How) is it possible?
Nelis, Delphine ULg; Quoidbach, Jordi ULg; Mikolajczak, M. et al

in Personality & Individual Differences (2009), 47(1), 36-41

The construct of emotional intelligence (EI) refers to the individual differences in the perception, processing, regulation, and utilization of emotional information. As these differences have been shown ... [more ▼]

The construct of emotional intelligence (EI) refers to the individual differences in the perception, processing, regulation, and utilization of emotional information. As these differences have been shown to have a significant impact on important life outcomes (e.g., mental and physical health, work performance and social relationships), this study investigated, using a controlled experimental design, whether it is possible to increase El. Participants of the experimental group received a brief empirically-derived El training (four group training sessions of two hours and a half) while control participants continued to live normally. Results showed a significant increase in emotion identification and emotion management abilities in the training group. Follow-up measures after 6 months revealed that these changes were persistent. No significant change was observed in the control group. These findings suggest that El can be improved and open new treatment avenues. (C) 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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