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See detailBiomonitoring de la toux pour le diagnostic des broncho-pneumonies et de la gestion de l’antibiothérapie chez le porcelet
Gustin, Pascal ULg; Halloy, D.; Berckmans, D. J.

Book published by DGVI-Ministère de l’Agriculture (2006)

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See detailEvaluation expérimentale de la fonction pulmonaire chez le porc
Halloy, D.; Cambier, Carole ULg; Kirschvink, N. et al

in Annales de Médecine Vétérinaire (2004), (148), 91-96

This synthesis aims to review the pulmonary function tests available in swine. Two techniques are used in order to measure the variations of the mechanical properties of the respiratory system. The ... [more ▼]

This synthesis aims to review the pulmonary function tests available in swine. Two techniques are used in order to measure the variations of the mechanical properties of the respiratory system. The oesophageal balloon remains the most used technique in order to determine these properties in pigs. However, it requires a systematic anaesthesia of the animal. The impulse oscillometry specifically measures the mechanical properties of the respiratory system, by a non invasive way, but the animals have to be trained to be immobilized or sedated to perform the measurement. The whole body arometric plethysmography allows measuring the respiratory pattern in unsedated freely moving piglets. That method allows investigating pigs for long term studies while minimizing the stress related to handling. From this point of view, it represents the less stressing technique for pigs. Finally, blood gases analysis is the easiest method to use in the field. It permits to assess respiratory function by measuring pH and blood partial pressures in oxygen and carbon dioxide [less ▲]

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See detailWhole body barometric plethysmography: a screening method to investigate airway reactivity and acute lung injuries in freely moving pigs
Halloy, D.; Kirschvink, Nathalie; Vincke, G. et al

in Veterinary Journal (2004), 168

The aim of this work was to investigate whether the Penh index, measured using whoie body barometric piethysmography, can be used as a screening parameter to evaluate the airway reactivity and the ... [more ▼]

The aim of this work was to investigate whether the Penh index, measured using whoie body barometric piethysmography, can be used as a screening parameter to evaluate the airway reactivity and the intensity of the pulmonary response to endotoxins. Penh was firstly recorded in non-sedated freeiy moving piglets exposed (1) to a nebulized acetylchoiine (Ach) pre-treated or not with cienbuterol, or (2) to endotoxin challenge. To measure Penh simultaneously with total pulmonary resistance (RL), dynamic compliance (cd1) and intrapleural pressure changes (MaxPpl), an oesophageal balloon catheter technique was used and the piglets were anaesthetised. The recordings were performed during (1) an intravenous metacholine (Mch) challenge and (2) in endotoxin-exposed animais. In freely moving animais, Ach induced a significant dose-dependent increase in Penh, which was significantly blocked by clenbuterol. Endotoxin instillation aiso resulted in a significant rise in Penh while the corresponding response measured under anaesthesia was signiflcantly and positively correlated with RL and MaxzPpi. Similar results were obtained during Mch challenge but the Penh was negatively correlated with Cd. We conclude that Penh could be used in freely moving piglets as a screening index for airway reactivity and pulmonary functional changes in cholinergic and endotoxin challenges [less ▲]

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See detailPregnancy in rabbits actively immunized against bovine pregnancy-associated glycoprotein 1
Banga-Mboko, Henri; Halloy, D.; Perenyi, Zsolt et al

in Fertility and Sterility (2003), 79(1), 226-227

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See detailEffect of polystyrene particles on lung mirovascular permeability in isolated perfused rabbit lungs : role of size and surface proporties
Hamoir, J.; Nemmar, A.; Halloy, D. et al

in Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology (2003), 190

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See detailInfluence of social and non-social environmental enrichment on the behaviour of caged rabbits.
Vandenheede, Marc ULg; Halloy, D.

in Ferrante, V. (Ed.) Proceedings of the 37th International Congress of the International Society for Applied Ethology (2003)

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See detailRole of Substance P and Tachykinin Receptor Antagonists in Citric Acid-Induced Cough in Pigs
Moreaux, B.; Nemmar, A.; Vincke, G. et al

in European Journal of Pharmacology (2000), 408(3), 305-312

The purpose of this work was to investigate the role of tachykinins in cough induced by citric acid (0.8 M) in pigs. With this object, we have studied the effect of citric acid on substance P content in ... [more ▼]

The purpose of this work was to investigate the role of tachykinins in cough induced by citric acid (0.8 M) in pigs. With this object, we have studied the effect of citric acid on substance P content in the tracheo-bronchial tree and the effects of substance P and of tachykinin receptor antagonists on citric acid-induced cough. Citric acid exposure significantly increased substance P concentration in both broncho-alveolar and tracheal lavage fluids, while it decreased significantly the substance P content in tracheal mucosa. Substance P did not elicit cough, but significantly potentiated the citric acid-induced cough frequency. Tachykinin NK(1), NK(2) or NK(3) receptor antagonists, SR 140333 (nolpitantium), SR 48968 (saredutant) and SR 142801 (osanetant), respectively, significantly inhibited citric acid-induced cough. The same inhibitory effect of tachykinin receptor antagonists was observed, when substance P was nebulised before citric acid challenge. We conclude that citric acid induces in pigs a release of substance P in the tracheo-bronchial tree, which plays a sensitising role on the cough reflex. The involvement of tachykinin NK(1), NK(2), NK(3) receptors are also demonstrated in this reflex. [less ▲]

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