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See detailOral administration of the growth hormone (GH) secretagogue NN703 in adult patients with GH deficiency.
Svensson, J.; Monson, J. P.; Vetter, T. et al

in Clinical Endocrinology (2003), 58(5), 572-580

OBJECTIVE: Little is known of the usefulness of GH secretagogues (GHSs) in GH-deficient (GHD) adults. The objective of this study was to determine the number of responders to treatment with NN703 in GHD ... [more ▼]

OBJECTIVE: Little is known of the usefulness of GH secretagogues (GHSs) in GH-deficient (GHD) adults. The objective of this study was to determine the number of responders to treatment with NN703 in GHD adults. DESIGN: A multicentre, randomized, double-blind, and placebo-controlled study. PATIENTS: Ninety-seven GHD adults were included. MEASUREMENTS: The GH response before and after 1 week of oral treatment with NN703 (n = 83) or placebo (n = 14) was determined. The first and last dose of NN703 was 3 mg/kg, whereas the dose of NN703 was 1.5 mg/kg/day during the 6 days between the first and last doses. Furthermore, all 97 patients received 1 micro g/kg GH-releasing hormone (GHRH) 3 weeks after the last dose of NN703. RESULTS: Serum GH peak and area under curve (AUC) values after the first NN703 administration were greater than those after placebo administration (P < 0.05). However, after correction for the lower body mass index (BMI) in the NN703 group, this difference lost statistical significance. After 1 week of therapy, GH peak and AUC values were similar following the final doses of NN703 and placebo. Serum peak and AUC values of other anterior pituitary hormones were similar between the NN703 and placebo groups both after the first and last administration of study drug. Nine of the 83 patients (11%) responded with a serum peak GH concentration >or= 5 micro g/l after the first and/or last NN703 administration, whereas no patient responded after placebo administration. Serum IGF-I was unaffected by 1-week NN703 treatment, whereas serum IGFBP-3 was increased (P < 0.05 vs. placebo) also after correction for BMI. Mean serum peak GH concentration after GHRH administration was 2.1 micro g/l (+/-0.3, SEM), which was higher than that after the first NN703 administration (1.32 +/- 0.3, P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: NN703 administration was generally well tolerated. Eleven per cent of the GHD adult patients responded with a peak GH response >or= 5 micro g/l after the first and/or last administration of oral NN703. Although a majority of GHD adults will not respond to NN703, the present results suggest that oral NN703 treatment could be useful in some adult patients with moderately severe GHD. These patients may be identified by a test dose of GHS. [less ▲]

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See detailFactors influencing the immediate and late outcome of cushing-disease treated by transsphenoidal surgery : A retrospective study by the european cushings-disease survey group
Bochicchio, D.; Losa, M.; Buchfelder, M. et al

in Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism (1995), 80(11), 3114-3120

Hypercortisolism attributable to hypersecretion of ACTH by a pituitary adenoma is an uncommon and progressively lethal disease. Because of its rarity, it has been difficult to collect a large series of ... [more ▼]

Hypercortisolism attributable to hypersecretion of ACTH by a pituitary adenoma is an uncommon and progressively lethal disease. Because of its rarity, it has been difficult to collect a large series of patients in order to identify the prognostic factors influencing the outcome after transsphenoidal surgery. We conducted a multicenter, retrospective analysis of the early and late results of surgical treatment of Cushing's disease. Files of patients with Cushing's disease who underwent transsphenoidal surgery between 1975 and 1990 were collected from 25 institutions throughout Europe. Data from 668 of 716 patients were suitable for statistical analyses. Surgical mortality was 1.9%, and major morbidity occurred in 97 patients (14.5%). Clinical and biochemical remission of Cushing's disease after surgery occurred in 510 cases (76.3%). Identification of the tumor by neuroradiological imaging or at operation with histopathological corroboration was associated with remission of hypercortisolism. Recurrence of the disease occurred in 65 (12.7%) of 510 patients in remission after surgery at a mean time of 39.3 months (range 6-104 months). The distribution of the recurrences did not show any apparent plateau or cluster throughout the follow-up period. Low postoperative steroid levels, absence of cortisol response to CRH, and the need for long-term glucocorticoid substitution therapy were all associated with a high probability of long-term remission. Our study demonstrates that transsphenoidal surgery is a safe and effective treatment for patients with Cushing's disease. However, after successful surgery there is a steady increase in the percentage of recurrences, which continues with time. Patients who after operation had hypoadrenocorticism and needed long-term glucocorticoid substitution therapy had the lowest risk of relapse. [less ▲]

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