Halothane, enflurane, and isoflurane depress the peripheral vagal motor pathway in isolated canine tracheal smooth muscle.
Brichant, Jean-François ; ; et al
in Anesthesiology (1991), 74(2), 325-32
Volatile anesthetics are potent bronchodilators, but the site of action for the dilation is unclear. To determine the site of action of halothane, enflurane, and isoflurane on the peripheral vagal motor ... [more ▼]
Volatile anesthetics are potent bronchodilators, but the site of action for the dilation is unclear. To determine the site of action of halothane, enflurane, and isoflurane on the peripheral vagal motor pathway, isolated strips of canine trachealis muscle were stimulated before and during exposure to halothane at 0.3, 1.0, 1.7, or 2.4 MAC, enflurane at 1 MAC, or isoflurane at 1 MAC. The sites and methods of stimulation were: 1) postsynaptic nicotinic cholinergic receptors in the intramural parasympathetic ganglia, with 1,1-dimethyl-4-phenyl-piperazinium iodide (DMPP); 2) postganglionic cholinergic nerve fibers, with electrical field stimulation (EFS); and 3) muscarinic cholinergic receptors of the smooth muscle, with acetylcholine (ACh). The concentration-response curve to DMPP was significantly shifted to the right by 0.3 MAC halothane, whereas 0.3 MAC halothane had no significant effect on the concentration-response curves to ACh and EFS. At concentrations greater than 1 MAC of halothane, enflurane, or isoflurane, concentration-response curves to all three stimuli were shifted significantly to the right; i.e., the contractile responses to ACh, EFS, and DMPP were reduced. At all concentrations of halothane the force of contraction was significantly more reduced during stimulation with DMPP than during stimulation with ACh, and at halothane concentrations greater than or equal to 1.7 MAC the response to EFS was significantly more reduced than that to ACh. We conclude that halothane, enflurane, and isoflurane attenuated airway constriction by several mechanisms, including 1) reduced excitability of the postsynaptic nicotinic receptors of the intramural parasympathetic ganglia and 2) an effect on the smooth muscle and/or on the muscarinic receptors.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS) [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 15 (0 ULg)
Muscarinic receptor subtypes in canine trachea.
Brichant, Jean-François ; ; et al
in American Journal of Physiology (1990), 258(6 Pt 1), 349-54
Prejunctional and postjunctional muscarinic receptor subtypes were characterized in canine trachealis muscle strips. In vitro contractile responses of muscle strips to acetylcholine or electric field ... [more ▼]
Prejunctional and postjunctional muscarinic receptor subtypes were characterized in canine trachealis muscle strips. In vitro contractile responses of muscle strips to acetylcholine or electric field stimulation were determined in the absence and the presence of gallamine, pirenzepine, and 4-diphenylacetoxy-N-methylpiperidine methiodide (4-DAMP). Gallamine had no effect on the contractile response to acetylcholine but enhanced the contractile response to electric field stimulation. Pirenzepine and 4-DAMP reduced the contractile response to acetylcholine and electric field stimulation. The pA2 value for pirenzepine vs. acetylcholine [7.18 +/- 0.59 (SD)] was consistent with the affinity of pirenzepine for M2 or M3-receptors; whereas the pA2 value for 4-DAMP vs. acetylcholine (8.92 +/- 0.42) and the extremely low affinity of gallamine indicated postjunctional muscarinic receptors of the M3 subtype. The enhancement of the contractile response to electric field stimulation by gallamine suggested the presence of M2-prejunctional receptors. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 14 (0 ULg)