Caracterización del producto cerámico en las comunidades neolíticas de mediados del V milenio Cal BC: El valle del Éufrates y el valle del Khabur en el Halaf final (Siria).
Gomez Bach, Ana Maria
Doctoral thesis (2011)
The characterization of pottery production in the mid-sixt millennium cal BC in Neolithic communities: the Euphrates valley and Khabur basin in Late Halaf. SUMMARY The characterization of pottery ... [more ▼]
The characterization of pottery production in the mid-sixt millennium cal BC in Neolithic communities: the Euphrates valley and Khabur basin in Late Halaf. SUMMARY The characterization of pottery production in the mid-sixth millennium cal BC contexts in the Middle East arises from the need to understand how consolidated agricultural and pastoral communities of the Fertile Crescent were structured and organized. This chrono cultural period is embodied in an archaeological record of great interest in order to identify the different economic, social and symbolic responses at the final moment of the so-called Halaf culture. The opportunity to study the pottery assemblages from two sites and two regions, such as the Euphrates valley and the valley of Khabur, with new material from Tell Halula (16,668 sherds) and Chagar Bazar (21,194 sherds), allowed us to study and apply the same methodology to both sets from the very beginning of fieldwork. The analysis of 37,882 fragments from a comprehensive perspective and by using archaeometric techniques (chemical, petrographic and PIXE analysis) as well as morphometric and basic techno functional characterization analysis set new guidelines on the archaeological potential of these sets. Drawn up from Archaeology and Materials Science, this contribution has its methodological framework focused on rebuilding the chaîne operatoire. This reconstruction has allowed us to study and isolate two assemblages and to outline the existence of different socio economic practices, some of which had clear regional links and a strong substrate, but above all with basic subsistence practices which can be addressed from the ceramic product itself. Likewise, the specific chronological framework provided by new radiocarbon dates of both sites, which are between 5600-5300 cal BC, enables not only to characterise these productions but also to arise new questions to understand the interaction mechanisms between communities; mechanisms that cover from basic subsistence practices, i.e. the handling and processing of food and products, to mechanisms which regulate and structure the group. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 48 (4 ULg)