References of "Gobert, Sylvie"
     in
Bookmark and Share    
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailMultiscale variability of amphipod assemblages in Posidonia oceanica meadows
Sturaro, Nicolas ULg; Lepoint, Gilles ULg; Vermeulen, Simon et al

in Journal of Sea Research (in press)

The study of spatial patterns is of ecological importance in order to understand the causes of the distribution and abundance of organisms, and it also provides valuable basis for management and ... [more ▼]

The study of spatial patterns is of ecological importance in order to understand the causes of the distribution and abundance of organisms, and it also provides valuable basis for management and conservation. Amphipod crustaceans are key organisms in seagrass ecosystems. However, little attention has been paid to the spatial scales at which amphipod assemblages may vary. We examined variability patterns of amphipod populations inhabiting Posidonia oceanica meadows, over spatial scales spanning four orders of magnitude (1 to 1000 metres) and for two consecutive years. This study reports the scales that contributed most to spatial variation of amphipod assemblages and explores the potential processes of the observed patterns, with particular emphasis on habitat features. The number of species, the diversity and the density of some species, exhibited high variation across years. Most species showed the highest spatial variation in density and biomass at small scales (~1 and 10 m). Based on density data, the structure of amphipod assemblages did not differ at any scales investigated. The patchiness that occurred at small scales may have been only weakly related to habitat features. Instead, we postulated that behavioural processes of amphipods were likely good explanatory factors. Although, the small scale spatial variability can be an important feature of amphipod assemblages in P. oceanica meadows, many patterns probably remained undetected as they may occur at scales smaller than those investigated. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 22 (10 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailDifferential cadmium and zinc distribution in relation to their physiological impact in the leaves of the accumulating Zygophyllum fabago L
LEFÈVRE, Isabelle; VOGEL‐MIKUŠ, Katarina; JEROMEL, Luka et al

in Plant, cell & environment (in press)

Cadmium and zinc share many similar physiochemical properties, but their compartmentation, complexation and impact on other mineral element distribution in plant tissues may drastically differ. In this ... [more ▼]

Cadmium and zinc share many similar physiochemical properties, but their compartmentation, complexation and impact on other mineral element distribution in plant tissues may drastically differ. In this study, we address the impact of 10-μM Cd or 50-μM Zn treatment on ion distribution in leaves of a metallicolous population of the non-hyperaccumulating species Zygophyllum fabago at tissue and cell level, and the consequences on the plant response through a combined physiological, proteomic and metabolite approach. Micro-proton induced X-ray emission and laser ablation inductively coupled mass spectrometry analyses indicated hot spots of Cd concentrations in the vicinity of vascular bundles in response to Cd treatment, essentially bound to S-containing compounds as revealed by extended X-Ray absorption fine structure and non-protein thiol compounds analyses. A preferential accumulation of Zn occurred in vascular bundle and spongy mesophyll in response to Zn treatment, and was mainly bound to O/N-ligands. Leaf proteomics and physiological status evidenced a protection of photosynthetically active tissues and the maintenance of cell turgor through specific distribution and complexation of toxic ions, reallocation of some essential elements, synthesis of proteins involved in photosynthetic apparatus or C-metabolism, and metabolite synthesis, with some specificities regarding the considered heavy metal treatment. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 20 (4 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailRecent advances in the biomonitoring of trace elements using P. oceanica (L.) Delile
Gobert, Sylvie ULg; Richir, Jonathan ULg

in CIESM Congress Proceedings n°40 (in press)

One of the most studied bioindicator in the Mediterranean is the seagrass Posidonia oceanica. Trace element (TE) monitoring surveys using that species have however mostly focussed on a few elements (e.g ... [more ▼]

One of the most studied bioindicator in the Mediterranean is the seagrass Posidonia oceanica. Trace element (TE) monitoring surveys using that species have however mostly focussed on a few elements (e.g. Pb, Cd), while numerous others, efficiently bioconcentrated by the plant and potentially toxic, have been barely or not studied (e.g. Ag, V, Bi). Furthermore, although P. oceanica bioaccumulation behaviour relies on synergistic effects between the sampling environment and its ecophysiology, this aspect has been mostly underestimated until now. This study presents recent advances in the biomonitoring of TEs using P. oceanica and insists on the necessity of developing consensual monitoring protocols in order to improve its use as bioindicator. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 23 (5 ULg)
Full Text
See detailCorsican seagrass detritus: An opportune shelter or a copepod Eldorado?
Mascart, Thibaud ULg; Lepoint, Gilles ULg; Remy, François ULg et al

Poster (2014, March 07)

Seagrass ecosystems are extensive beds of marine flowering plants bordering tropical and temperate coastal regions. They play an important role in maintaining biological productivity and bio-geochemical ... [more ▼]

Seagrass ecosystems are extensive beds of marine flowering plants bordering tropical and temperate coastal regions. They play an important role in maintaining biological productivity and bio-geochemical cycles in the sea and support higher diversity and abundance of fauna in comparison to adjacent non-vegetated areas. The seagrass meadow primary production can be directly consumed through herbivory but the majority of the plant material falls on the sea floor during the autumnal leaf senescence. The leaf litter then degrades within the meadow or accumulates with other micro- and macrophytodetritus to form detritus accumulations on the adjacent non-vegetated sand patches. These exported accumulations are quite dynamic in relation to seafloor geomorphology and local hydrodynamics. Thus, the detritus accumulations are an easily disturbed ephemeral environment with one large influx a year. Consequently the physico-chemical characteristics can change very fast and impact the sheltering capacity and food supply present. Nonetheless, fishes, macrofauna and meiofauna are omnipresent throughout the year. In our study site along the shore of N-W Corsica, Posidonia oceanica seagrass meadows are characterised by substantial detritus accumulations. The present study aimed to analyse the biodiversity of the copepod species communities (Crustacea, Copepoda) in those detritus accumulations. The results showed that the copepod detritus community consisted of a mixture of species that are also found in adjacent habitats (seagrass meadow, sediment, epilithic habitats, water column). Each adjacent habitat is characterised by organisms that are morphologically adapted to the specific features of that habitat. The majority of copepods are epiphytic (order Harpacticoida), that occur typically on seagrass leaves and macroalgae. Other species are planktonic (orders Cyclopoida and Calanoida) and some were benthic (order Harpacticoida), known from the nearby sediment. A minority of the copepod community were parasitic on fish or invertebrate (order Siphonostomatoida). In order to clarify their origin, we assume that passive transport by currents plays a significant role next to the active migration from the anoxic sediments under the detritus. For sure they also reproduce within the detritus packages as we found many nauplii, copepodites and gravid females. The above mentioned suggestions cannot explain such high density of copepods by themselves. Other attraction mechanisms are needed to explain the important amount of planktonic and epiphytic species with good swimming ability, such as higher food accessibility. In the detritus no plant-defence mechanisms are present anymore and a lot of micro-organisms and thus potential food sources are present. Furthermore, the dense detritus package provides shelter and protection from potential predators. Subsequently we may consider the detritus accumulations as a copepod species-specific opportune Eldorado for sheltering, nursing and feeding. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 6 (0 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailNew insights for an old topic: seagrasses as bioindicators of coastal trace element pollution
Richir, Jonathan ULg; Lejeune, Pierre; Gobert, Sylvie ULg

in ARGYRO ZENETOS, ZENETOS (Ed.) Mediterranean Marine Science (2014, March)

The marine magnoliophyte Posidonia oceanica (L.) Delile has been widely used since the mid-70th to biomonitor the coastal pollution of the Mediterranean in Cr, Ni, Cu, Zn, Cd, Pb and/or Fe. In contrast ... [more ▼]

The marine magnoliophyte Posidonia oceanica (L.) Delile has been widely used since the mid-70th to biomonitor the coastal pollution of the Mediterranean in Cr, Ni, Cu, Zn, Cd, Pb and/or Fe. In contrast, other trace elements (TEs) like As, V, Ag, Be, Al, Mn, Co, Se, Mo, Sn, Sb and Bi, many of them categorized as TEs of environmental emerging concern, have been subject to nearly no ecotoxicological survey with that species. It has been shown that the French Mediterranean littoral was submitted to local, diffuse and/or chronic contaminations both by TEs broadly or little biomonitored with P. oceanica; high TE levels could further be linked to specific anthropic activities such as agriculture (Mo), mining (Cr, Sb, Zn), industries (As), storage and refinement of oil products (V, Pb) or presence of major ports and urban centres (Sn, Bi, Ag). It seems therefore necessary to expand the short list of the seven metals commonly monitored to other TEs, what is today easily achievable as current analytical methods allow the simultaneous determination of all a series of TEs within the same sample. Furthermore, only a multielement analysis in appropriate bioindicator species allow to correctly intercompare the pollution status of numerous sampling sites. To do this, we have calculated proper environmental indices, the trace element pollution index TEPI and the trace element spatial variation index TESVI. The TEPI is an index of the global contamination of a site, giving the same weight to each TE after mean normalization of their environmental concentrations. The TESVI estimates the global spatial variability of environmental concentrations of each TE levels, taking into account both punctual contaminations in impacted sites and the overall coastal spatial heterogeneity between all monitored sites.These two indices were successfully applied both at large (French Mediterranean littoral) and small (a Bay) spatial scales. Furthermore, they can be used in the framework of an intercomparative study compiling data from any previous monitoring surveys. We also highlighted that the ecophysiology and surrounding levels of TEs influenced in an equivalent manner the bioaccumulation process of TEs in P. oceanica. Consequently, this natural cyclic evolution of TE concentrations should be systematically quantified in regional reference sites. Finally, the rapid and proportionnal accumulation of TEs in P. oceanica traps huge amounts of contaminants and can stock them for longer periods of time in their bellow grounds tissues. P. oceanica meadows therefore play an efficient role of natural filter of TE coastal pollutions. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 21 (9 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailThe Seascape as an Indicator of Environmental Interest and Quality of the Mediterranean Benthos: The in Situ Development of a Description Index: The LIMA
Gobert, Sylvie ULg; Aurélia Chéry; Alexandre Volpon et al

in Musard, Olivier (Ed.) Underwater Seascape (2014)

The LIMA index conveys the environmental interest and quality of the landscape formed by the Mediterranean benthos, ranging from 0 to − 40 m, in numerical format. The LIMA index allows a comparison ... [more ▼]

The LIMA index conveys the environmental interest and quality of the landscape formed by the Mediterranean benthos, ranging from 0 to − 40 m, in numerical format. The LIMA index allows a comparison spatially and temporarily between sites. It is a comprehensive index which is easy to implement and is composed of two factors: a topographical description (classification of 15 typologies) and a biological description (the presence or absence of some thirty species or groups of structuring, remarkable and invasive species). The LIMA index has been validated in he Bay of Calvi (Corsica-France) where it varies between 0.31 and 0.79 on a scale of 0.00–1.00. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 13 (2 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailThe effect of size, weight, body compartment, sex and reproductive status on the bioaccumulation of 19 trace elements in rope-grown Mytilus galloprovincialis
Richir, Jonathan ULg; Gobert, Sylvie ULg

in Ecological Indicators (2014), 36

Numerous trace elements (TEs) can be considered as potential pollutants of the environment, their mining productions and industrial uses increasing worldwide. Their monitoring can be achieved through the ... [more ▼]

Numerous trace elements (TEs) can be considered as potential pollutants of the environment, their mining productions and industrial uses increasing worldwide. Their monitoring can be achieved through the use of bioindicator species, such as the Mediterranean mussel Mytilus galloprovincialis (Lamarck, 1819). That species has been widely used to monitor the chemical pollution of coastal ecosystems by Cr, Ni, Cu, Zn, Cd, Pb, As, Ag and V. Conversely, environmental levels of Be, Al, Fe, Mn, Co, Se, Mo, Sn, Sb and Bi have been little or not monitored so far in mussel watch programs. Bioaccumulation processes of these 19 TEs in rope-grown M. galloprovincialis purchased from a salt pond with good chemical water quality were thus investigated in the present study. Mussels efficiently accumulated the 19 studied TEs. Bioaccumulation processes were driven by numerous mutually dependent biological parameters such as the mussel size and flesh weight, the sex and the reproductive status and the body compartment considered. TE bioaccumulation was a power function of the mussel soft body dry weight; total contents linearly increased with the shell length. Small-size mussels overall concentrated more TEs, with a high inter-individual variability, consequently influencing the modelling of their bioaccumulation in the whole rope population. Although a large range of rope-grown M. galloprovincialis sizes can be used for monitoring purposes, one will thus take care not to use extreme size individuals. The influence of gametogenesis in determining female body higher TE concentrations prior to spawning could not be neglected and varied depending on the element. TEs were preferentially accumulated in the hepatopancreas, except for Zn, Se, Cd and Mo, more concentrated in gills. Gametogenesis did not influence TE distribution between body compartments, but likely diluted their concentrations as a direct consequence of massive reproductive tissue production. So, results from the present study underline the potential use of M. galloprovincialis in the biomonitoring of numerous little studied TEs and give some insights into the decisive role played by some relevant biological parameters in bioaccumulation processes of the 19 investigated TEs in rope-grown mussels. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 57 (23 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailSeasonal and depth-related biodiversity of leaf epiphytic Cheilostome Bryozoa in a Mediterranean Posidonia oceanica meadow
Lepoint, Gilles ULg; Balancier, Boris; Gobert, Sylvie ULg

in Cahiers de Biologie Marine (2014), 55(1),

: Epiphytes living fixed on Posidonia oceanica L. (Delile) are important faunal and floral components of seagrass meadow ecosystems. They are involved as main actors in trophic web and major ecosystem ... [more ▼]

: Epiphytes living fixed on Posidonia oceanica L. (Delile) are important faunal and floral components of seagrass meadow ecosystems. They are involved as main actors in trophic web and major ecosystem processes of this endangered coastal habitat. This paper aims to assess the seasonality and the bathymetric variability of epiphytic Bryozoa which are the most important animal group in terms of both diversity and abundance living on P. oceanica leaves. Posidonia shoots were collected from the Revellata Bay (Corsica, France) in four seasons from 7 to 30 m depth. Colony densities reached more than 87000 colonies. m-2 at 10 m depth in spring. The bryozoan species distribution and abundance changed substantially according to seasons and depths, being maximum in spring and minimal in winter. Dominant colony morphotypes change according to depth, probably in relation with water motion gradient. This confirms that there are bathymetric and seasonal variability for different epiphytic organisms colonizing the Posidonia leaves. This enlightens the importance to protect Posidonia meadow on its full depth extension and in its connectivity with other habitats to conserve optimal epiphytic biodiversity and functions. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 30 (8 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailThe underestimation of seagrass biological cycle in the biomonitoring of coastal trace element pollution
Richir, Jonathan ULg; Sartoretto, Stéphane; Gobert, Sylvie ULg

Poster (2013, December)

Previous monitoring surveys using the Mediterranean seagrass Posidonia oceanica (L.) Delile mostly studied coastal pollutions in Cr, Ni, Cu, Zn, Cd, Pb and/or Fe and the distribution of their ... [more ▼]

Previous monitoring surveys using the Mediterranean seagrass Posidonia oceanica (L.) Delile mostly studied coastal pollutions in Cr, Ni, Cu, Zn, Cd, Pb and/or Fe and the distribution of their bioaccumulated levels between the seagrass compartments. In contrast, other trace elements (TEs) like As, V, Ag, Be, Al, Mn, Co, Se, Mo, Sn, Sb and Bi, many of them categorized as TEs of environmental emerging concern, have been subject to nearly no ecotoxicological survey with that species. Moreover, the understanding of the seasonal variation of TE levels according to the seagrass biological cycle, a prerequisite to the intercomparison of sites sampled at different periods of the year, has been little investigated. P. oceanica were thus seasonally collected for TE analyses from March 2008 to November 2010 in the Calvi Bay (Corsica, France), a reference site for the northwestern Mediterranean, and near the sewer outfall of Marseille city (France). Results showed that levels of the 19 studied TEs evolved seasonally according to the seagrass biological cycle. So, foliar levels of Cr, Pb, Mn or Bi, preferentially accumulated in older leaves, increased from spring to autumn, as the number of adult leaves. V, Se, As or Sb evolved similarly to the shoot foliar surface, reflecting the plant growth. Cu levels, an essential micronutrient, were lower when summer requirements for leaf growth were high. Al foliar levels evolved similarly to rhizome and root levels, resulting from its acropetal translocation. However, in the anthropized Marseille site, environmental variables non-intrinsic to the seagrass ecophysiology could perturb this seasonal variation. This survey allowed highlighting the proportionally equivalent roles played by both the seagrass biological cycle and its environment in the bioaccumulation process of TEs. This cyclic evolution should therefore be systematically quantified in regional reference sites in order to properly intercompare results from biomonitoring surveys. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 11 (2 ULg)
See detailProtection effects or natural variability? The case of seagrass amphipods
Sturaro, Nicolas ULg; Lepoint, Gilles ULg; Pérez-Perera, Amanda et al

Conference (2013, October)

Detailed reference viewed: 17 (9 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailL’indice paysager Caulerpa racemosa “I.Ca.r”
Cariou, Nicolas; Chery, Aurélia; Jousseaume, Matthieu et al

in Ifremer (Ed.) CARtographie des HAbitats Marins Benthiques : de l'Acquisition à la Restitution (2013, March 27)

Depuis 2002, l’algue invasive Caulerpa racemosa var. cylindracea a été signalée au niveau de la Corse. Elle apparaît pour la première fois, en 2008, au niveau de la baie de Calvi (Corse). Depuis cette ... [more ▼]

Depuis 2002, l’algue invasive Caulerpa racemosa var. cylindracea a été signalée au niveau de la Corse. Elle apparaît pour la première fois, en 2008, au niveau de la baie de Calvi (Corse). Depuis cette époque, le nombre et la surface des sites envahis augmentent. L'analyse fine de l'évolution spatio-temporelle de sa distribution dans la zone prospectée confirme que C. racemosa colonise d'abord les sites profonds. A partir des différents stades de colonisation, un indice paysager (Indice Caulerpa racemosa: "I.Ca.r") adapté à la plongée en scaphandre autonome a été élaboré. "I.Ca.r" qui tient compte de l'expérience du plongeur, du type de substrat et de la superficie colonisée est un code à 8 caractères. Il permet une comparaison spatiale de sites colonisés et également une analyse de l'évolution temporelle de la colonisation. Mis au point en Baie de Calvi, l'indice paysager "I.Ca.r" peut être appliqué sur la Corse et sur l'ensemble de La Méditerranée. La méthodologie simple, résumée sur une fiche pourrait être distribuée dans les clubs de plongée et les informations envoyées au réseau Caulerpe par exemple. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 73 (12 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailExperimental in situ exposure of the seagrass Posidonia oceanica (L.) Delile to 15 trace elements
Richir, Jonathan ULg; Luy, Nicolas; Lepoint, Gilles ULg et al

in Aquatic Toxicology (2013), 140-141

The Mediterranean seagrass Posidonia oceanica (L.) Delile has been used for trace element (TE) biomonitoring since decades ago. However, present informations for this bioindicator are limited mainly to ... [more ▼]

The Mediterranean seagrass Posidonia oceanica (L.) Delile has been used for trace element (TE) biomonitoring since decades ago. However, present informations for this bioindicator are limited mainly to plant TE levels, while virtually nothing is known about their fluxes through P. oceanica meadows. We therefore contaminated seagrass bed portions in situ at two experimental TE levels with a mix of 15 TEs (Al, V,Cr, Mn, Fe, Co, Ni, Cu, Zn, As, Mo, Ag, Cd, Pb and Bi) to study their uptake and loss kinetics in P. oceanica. Shoots immediately accumulated pollutants from the beginning of exposures. Once contaminations ended, TE concentrations came back to their original levels within two weeks, or at least showed a clear decrease. P. oceanica leaves exhibited different uptake kinetics depending on elements and leaf age: the younger growing leaves forming new tissues incorporated TEs more rapidly than the older senescent leaves. Leaf epiphytes also exhibited a net uptake of most TEs, partly similar to that of P. oceanica shoots. The principal route of TE uptake was through the water column, as no contamination of superficial sediments was observed. However, rhizomes indirectly accumulated many TEs during the overall experiments through leaf to rhizome translocation processes. This study thus experimentally confirmed that P.oceanica shoots are undoubtedly an excellent short-term bioindicator and that long-term accumulations could be recorded in P. oceanica rhizomes. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 69 (29 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailSoft-bottom macrobenthos monitoring in the framework of the STARE-CAPMED program
Donnay, Annick ULg; Pelaprat, Corinne; Fréjefond, Charlène et al

in CIESM Congress Proceedings n*40 (2013)

STARE-CAPMED is a research program set up by the Stareso research station (Calvi, Corsica). Its aim is to improve the understanding of processes by which anthropogenic activities have adversed effects on ... [more ▼]

STARE-CAPMED is a research program set up by the Stareso research station (Calvi, Corsica). Its aim is to improve the understanding of processes by which anthropogenic activities have adversed effects on the functioning of Calvi Bay coastal ecosystems. One of its work packages is the monitoring of soft-bottom macrobenthos along 5 gradients of potential anthropogenic pressures. First results suggest that, before summer (summer is the period where man-driven impacts are expected to be stronger due to high tourist frequentation) these sources of potential anthropogenic pressures perturb soft-bottom macrobenthos assemblages. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 17 (7 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailAn adapted staining-destaining method to sort soft-bottom macrobenthos mixed with Posidonia oceanica fibers
Donnay, Annick ULg; Pelaprat, C; Lejeune, P et al

in Mediterranean Marine Science (2013), 14(1), 92-94

Sorting   of   soft-­bottom   macrobenthos   entangled   with   Posidonia   oceanica fibers is time-consuming and tedious because of the weak of colour contrast .  This   paper   describes   a   staining ... [more ▼]

Sorting   of   soft-­bottom   macrobenthos   entangled   with   Posidonia   oceanica fibers is time-consuming and tedious because of the weak of colour contrast .  This   paper   describes   a   staining-­destaining   technique   that   produces   good   contrast   between   soft-­bottom   macrobenthos  and  Posidonia  oceanica fibers. The method has been tested on Corsican samples in oligotrophic areas characterized by small-size soft-bottom macrofauna. Our technique saves sorting time (-24%) and is simple to implement. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 33 (4 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailIndicateur Angiospermes/Herbiers de Posidonies PREI (Facade Mediterranée, Masses d'eaux Côtières
Gobert, Sylvie ULg

in Guide relatif aux règles d’évaluation de l’état des eaux littorales (eaux côtières et eaux de transition) en vue de la mise à jour de l’état des lieux 2013 (2013)

Detailed reference viewed: 13 (3 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailEstablishing research strategies, methodologies and technologies to link genomics and proteomics to seagrass productivity, community metabolism, and ecosystem carbon fluxes
Mazzuca, Silvia; Bjork, M; Beer, S et al

in Frontiers in Plant Science (2013), 4(38), 1-19

A complete understanding of the mechanistic basis of marine ecosystem functioning is only possible through integrative and interdisciplinary research.This enables the prediction of change and possibly the ... [more ▼]

A complete understanding of the mechanistic basis of marine ecosystem functioning is only possible through integrative and interdisciplinary research.This enables the prediction of change and possibly the mitigation of the consequences of anthropogenic impacts. One major aim of the European Cooperation in Science and Technology (COST) Action ES0609 “Seagrasses productivity. From genes to ecosystem management,” is the calibration and synthesis of various methods and the development of innovative techniques and protocols for studying seagrass ecosystems. During 10 days, 20 researchers representing a range of disciplines (molecular biology, physiology, botany, ecology, oceanography, and underwa- ter acoustics) gathered at The Station de Recherches Sous-marines et Océanographiques (STARESO, Corsica) to study together the nearby Posidonia oceanica meadow. STARESO is located in an oligotrophic area classified as “pristine site” where environmental distur- bances caused by anthropogenic pressure are exceptionally low. The healthy P. oceanica meadow, which grows in front of the research station, colonizes the sea bottom from the surface to 37 m depth. During the study, genomic and proteomic approaches were integrated with ecophysiological and physical approaches with the aim of understanding changes in seagrass productivity and metabolism at different depths and along daily cycles. In this paper we report details on the approaches utilized and we forecast the potential of the data that will come from this synergistic approach not only for P. oceanica but for seagrasses in general. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 48 (11 ULg)
Full Text
See detailJournée de rencontre entre L'institut des Radio-Elements et L'Université de Liège
Debois, Valérie; Gobert, Sylvie ULg

Diverse speeche and writing (2012)

Présentation des activités du CART (Caroline Douny), de l'Unité D'Analyses, Qualité et Risques (JP Bathélémy), du Bureau Envirinnement et Analyses de Gembloux (Ph Maesen), du laboratoire des ressources ... [more ▼]

Présentation des activités du CART (Caroline Douny), de l'Unité D'Analyses, Qualité et Risques (JP Bathélémy), du Bureau Envirinnement et Analyses de Gembloux (Ph Maesen), du laboratoire des ressources Hydriques (V Debbait) et du laboratoire d'Océanologie (S Gobert).Pistes de Collaborations. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 6 (2 ULg)
Full Text
See detailA study of Electra posidoniae Gautier (Cheleistomata, Anasca), a bryozoan strictly found as epiphyte of the seagrass Posidonia oceanica (L.) Delile.
Lepoint, Gilles ULg; Mouchette, Olivier; Pelaprat, Corinne et al

Poster (2012, November 26)

Species living as epiphytes of marine macrophytes have often important role in ecosystem functioning, such as food web suppliers. Some animal or algae species may be considered as really specialised in ... [more ▼]

Species living as epiphytes of marine macrophytes have often important role in ecosystem functioning, such as food web suppliers. Some animal or algae species may be considered as really specialised in the colonization of plant substrate and often dominates epiphytic community, particularly, on long life-span seagrass and macroalgae species. Because epiphytic compartment dysfunction is often implied in seagrass human-induced declining, it is important to understand dynamics and life traits of its specific component in pristine area. In our study, colonization dynamics, biomass seasonality, diet composition of Electra posidoniae, an epiphytic bryozoa, strictly found on the leaves of the seagrass Posidonia oceanica and dominating the leaf epifauna, were assessed monthly at 10 metre depth in the Revellata Bay (Corsica, Mediterranean sea). Aiming to delineate their trophic role in the ecosystem, we have performed bulk stable isotopes measurements and gut content analysis. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 64 (4 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailAn overview of the microbenthic loop in Posidonia oceanica meadows: the good, the bad and the ugly
Pete, Dorothée ULg; Quattrocchi, Loïc; Velimirov, Branko et al

in Creed, J.C.; Oigman-Pszczol, S.S. (Eds.) Proceedings of the 10th International Seagrass Biology Workshop (ISBW10), 25- 30 November 2012, Armação dos Búzios, Brazil (2012, November)

Posidonia oceanica is an endemic seagrass of the Mediterranean Sea. The ecosystem based on this plant is essential from an ecological and economical point of view (commercial species, touristic activities ... [more ▼]

Posidonia oceanica is an endemic seagrass of the Mediterranean Sea. The ecosystem based on this plant is essential from an ecological and economical point of view (commercial species, touristic activities, oxygen production), though very sensitive to environmental perturbations. To detect those perturbations, scientists are trying to find more efficient ecological indicators. Most of the time, those indicators are based on the plant itself. Unfortunately, this seagrass does not react very quickly to perturbations so, when a reaction is noticed, it is often too late to prevent irremediable damages to the ecosystem. The sedimentary compartment of P. oceanica meadows has been less studied than the canopy level. However, it could be a good source of ecological indicators because it is the final container of all the pollution. In this framework, the microbenthic loop has been studied. It is a major subsystem of those meadows and encompasses organic matter, bacteria, microphytobenthos and meiofauna. As those organisms have a rapid turnover and stay almost all their life inside the sediment, they seemed good potential indicators. This presentation will show what is useful or not inside the sediment and more specifically inside the microbenthic loop. Results of a comparison between a fish farm and a reference location will be used, as well as in situ experiments (shading and sediment loading) and small spatial scale variations. At the end of this presentation, you will know what are the good, the bad and the ugly in the sedimentary compartment of a P. oceanica meadow. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 40 (10 ULg)