References of "Gielen, Jacques"
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See detailPlasmatic cystatin C for the estimation of glomerular filtration rate in intensive care units
Delanaye, Pierre ULg; Lambermont, Bernard ULg; Chapelle, Jean-Paul ULg et al

in Intensive Care Medicine (2004), 30(5), 980-983

OBJECTIVE: To compare the sensitivity of cystatin C and creatinine in detecting decreased glomerular filtration rate. DESIGN: Prospective observational study. SETTING: Medical intensive care unit at a ... [more ▼]

OBJECTIVE: To compare the sensitivity of cystatin C and creatinine in detecting decreased glomerular filtration rate. DESIGN: Prospective observational study. SETTING: Medical intensive care unit at a university hospital. PATIENTS AND PARTICIPANTS: Fourteen patients hospitalised in a medical intensive care unit. INTERVENTIONS: Cystatin C and creatinine plasmatic levels were measured in 40 blood samples taken with an interval of at least 24 h. MEASUREMENTS AND RESULTS: Glomerular filtration rate was estimated by creatinine clearance using 24-h urine collection and the classical Cockcroft-Gault equation. The ability of cystatin C to detect a glomerular filtration rate under 80 ml/min per 1.73 m(2) was significantly better than that of creatinine ( p<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Cystatin C, a new plasmatic marker of renal function, could be used to detect renal failure in intensive care in the future. [less ▲]

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See detailEstimation de la fonction rénale chez le patient anorexique
Delanaye, Pierre ULg; Radermecker, Régis ULg; Saint-Remy, Annie ULg et al

in Diabètes & Métabolism (2004), 30

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See detailDetection of renal failure in overweight patients.
Delanaye, Pierre ULg; Radermecker, Régis ULg; Rorive, Marcelle ULg et al

in Kidney International (2004)

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See detailEstimation of renal function in anorexia nervosa
Delanaye, Pierre ULg; Radermecker, Régis ULg; Saint-Remy, Annie ULg et al

in Kidney International (2004)

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See detailIsostrychnopentamine, an indolomonoterpenic alkaloid from Strychnos usambarensis, induces cell cycle arrest and apoptosis in human colon cancer cells
Frederich, Michel ULg; Bentires-Alj, M.; Tits, Monique ULg et al

in Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics (2003), 304(3), 1103-1110

Isostrychnopentamine (ISP) is an indolomonoterpenic alkaloid that is present in the leaves of Strychnos usambarensis, a well known African shrub or little tree. The roots contain quaternary alkaloids ... [more ▼]

Isostrychnopentamine (ISP) is an indolomonoterpenic alkaloid that is present in the leaves of Strychnos usambarensis, a well known African shrub or little tree. The roots contain quaternary alkaloids, which are used to make a curare-like arrow poison. However, tertiary alkaloids isolated from the same plant possess cytotoxic activities against mammalian cells and protozoa. The effect of ISP has been investigated on the growth and viability of HCT-116 colon cancer cells during their exponentially growing phase. ISP induced apoptotic cell death as shown by the translocation of phosphatidylserine from the inner layer to the outer layer of the plasma membrane, chromatin condensation, DNA fragmentation, and caspase-3 and -9 activation. ISP provoked also cell cycle arrest in the G(2)-M phase. We also showed that the expression of p53 was not modified in ISP-treated cells, but that p21 was induced in a p53-independent manner. Finally, we demonstrated that ISP did not affect the catalytic activity of human topoisomerases I and II. In conclusion, ISP, which promotes cell death by a p53-independent apoptotic pathway, could be an interesting lead for cancer chemotherapy. [less ▲]

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See detailNF-κB transcription factor induces drug resistance through MDR1 expression in cancer cells
Bentires-Alj, Mohamed; Barbu, Véronique; Fillet, Marianne ULg et al

in Oncogene (2003), 22

The ubiquitous NF-kappaB transcription factor has been reported to inhibit apoptosis and to induce drug resistance in cancer cells. Drug resistance is the major reason for cancer therapy failure and ... [more ▼]

The ubiquitous NF-kappaB transcription factor has been reported to inhibit apoptosis and to induce drug resistance in cancer cells. Drug resistance is the major reason for cancer therapy failure and neoplastic cells often develop multiple mechanisms of drug resistance during tumor progression. We observed that NF-kappaB or P-glycoprotein inhibition in the HCT15 colon cancer cells led to increased apoptotic cell death in response to daunomycin treatment. Interestingly, NF-kappaB inhibition through transfection of a plasmid coding for a mutated IkappaB-alpha inhibitor increased daunomycin cell uptake. Indeed, the inhibition of NF-kappaB reduced mdr1 mRNA and P-glycoprotein expression in HCT15 cells. We identified a consensus NF-kappaB binding site in the first intron of the human mdr1 gene and demonstrated that NF-kappaB complexes could bind with this intronic site. Moreover, NF-kappaB transactivates an mdr1 promoter luciferase construct. Our data thus demonstrate a role for NF-kappaB in the regulation of the mdr1 gene expression in cancer cells and in drug resistance. [less ▲]

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See detailL'intérêt de la cystatine C dans l'évaluation de la fonction rénale
Delanaye, Pierre ULg; Chapelle, Jean-Paul ULg; Gielen, Jacques et al

in Nephrologie (2003), 24(8), 457-68

Glomerular filtration rate (GFR) is the best indicator of renal function. GFR is usually estimated by serum creatinine or the creatinine clearance calculated on urine collected over 24 hours or with the ... [more ▼]

Glomerular filtration rate (GFR) is the best indicator of renal function. GFR is usually estimated by serum creatinine or the creatinine clearance calculated on urine collected over 24 hours or with the Cockcroft formula. These methods are however limited. Serum creatinine has a very poor sensitivity and urine collection is difficult. Cystatin C is a protease inhibitor produced in a constant manner by nucleated cells. This molecule is freely filtrated by the glomerule and quite completely catabolized in the proximal tubules. Its plasmatic concentration might thus be used to estimate GFR. Presently available data allow to conclude that plasmatic cystatin C is at least as good as serum creatinine to estimate GFR. It is less sensible to changes in body mass. Its determination appears more sensitive to detect early mild changes in GFR. Reference values are presently available for the different methods of determination. Cystatin C plasma level determination is more expensive than routine creatinine plasma determination. In the absence of very significant advantages, this might explain its limited use in daily clinical practice. [less ▲]

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See detailInfluence of Hyperbilirubinemia on Spectrophotometric Measurement of 30 Biochemical Tests, using the Roche® Modular P-module
Goffinet, Julie ULg; Bodson, Quentin; Chapelle, Jean-Paul ULg et al

in Clinical Chemistry & Laboratory Medicine (2003), 41

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See detailThe use of the Tosoh AIA-600II and AIA-1800 immunoassay analysers for the determination of CTNI
Chapelle, Jean-Paul ULg; Aldenhoff, Marie-Claire ULg; Gielen, Jacques

in Clinical Chemistry & Laboratory Medicine (2003), 41

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See detailComparison of plasma cardiac troponins T and I in chronically hemodialyzed patients in relation to cardiac status and age
Chapelle, Jean-Paul ULg; Dubois, Bernard ULg; Bovy, Christophe ULg et al

in Clinical Chemistry & Laboratory Medicine (2002), 40(3), 240-245

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See detailMetabolic stress as a paradigm to elucidate genotype-environment interaction in psychosis
Marcelis, Machteld; Cavalier, Etienne ULg; Gielen, Jacques et al

in Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica (2002), 105(Suppl. 411), 91

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See detailRat Gap Junction Connexin-30 Inhibits Proliferation of Glioma Cell Lines
Princen, Frederic; Robe, Pierre ULg; Gros, D. et al

in Carcinogenesis (2001), 22(3), 507-13

Connexins, the structural components of gap junctions, control cell growth and differentiation and are believed to belong to a family of tumour suppressor genes. Studies on connexin localization in brain ... [more ▼]

Connexins, the structural components of gap junctions, control cell growth and differentiation and are believed to belong to a family of tumour suppressor genes. Studies on connexin localization in brain showed that several of these proteins were expressed in distinct compartments of the brain in a cell-type specific manner, indicating that different gap junctions play specific roles in the physiology of the mammalian brain. In this report, we first cloned rat connexin-30 cDNA from brain and showed that it was expressed in long-term primary culture of rat astrocytes. In order to examine the potential role of connexin-30 in tumour cell proliferation, we transfected the connexin-30 cDNA into two rat glioma cell lines (9L and C6) which have lost its expression. Transfected clones adequately expressed membrane-bound connexin-30 protein. Connexin-30-expressing clones showed slower growth, lower DNA synthesis and reduced proliferation in soft agar as compared with the parental and control cells. We concluded that connexin-30 may also probably be considered as a tumour suppressor in rat gliomas. [less ▲]

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See detailRelationship between lipoprotein (a) and cardiac troponins in PTCA patients
Lutteri, Laurence ULg; Legrand, Victor ULg; Gielen, Jacques et al

in Acta Clinica Belgica (2001), 56

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