References of "Genicot, B"
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See detailInfluence of breathing pattern and lung inflation on impulse oscillometry measurements in horses.
Van Erck, Emmanuelle; Votion, Dominique ULg; Kirschvink, Nathalie et al

in Veterinary Journal (2004), 168(3), 259-69

The objective of this paper was to determine if changes in ventilation patterns could influence the outcome of respiratory function measurements performed with our impulse oscillometry system (IOS) in ... [more ▼]

The objective of this paper was to determine if changes in ventilation patterns could influence the outcome of respiratory function measurements performed with our impulse oscillometry system (IOS) in horses. In a first study, IOS tests were performed in vitro on six isolated equine lungs. Lung inflation levels were controlled by modifying depressurisation inside an artificial thorax and different ventilation patterns were imposed. In a second in vivo study, transient variations in breathing pattern were evaluated both with the IOS and a current reference technique (CRT) in five healthy mature horses after an intravenous (i.v.) injection of lobeline hydrochloride. In both studies, respiratory rate (RR, range: 7-42 breaths/min.) and tidal volume (V(T), range: 0.4-25 L) had minor or no influence on IOS parameters. The influence of lung inflation, most marked for resistance at 5 Hz (R(5 Hz)), was limited for the considered physiological range. In vivo, statistical models indicated that maximal changes in pleural pressure (Max Delta Ppl) and peak flows were the main determinants of the variability of the resistance (R(rs)) and the reactance (X(rs)) of the respiratory system. The fourfold increase in baseline Max Delta Ppl and peak flows obtained during hyperpnoea caused a significant increase in R(rs) at 5 and 10 Hz and a decrease in X(rs) at all frequencies. We conclude that IOS parameters are not influenced by tachypnoea, but will reflect alterations in respiratory mechanics caused by hyperpnoeic breathing [less ▲]

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See detailVirus neutralising antibodies against 22 bovine viral diarrhoea virus isolates in vaccinated calves
Hamers, C.; Di Valentin, Emmanuel ULg; Dumont, Chloé ULg et al

in Veterinary Journal (2002), 163(1), 61-67

Seven of nine colostrum deprived calves, free from bovine viral diarrhoea virus (BVDV), were vaccinated with a commercially available vaccine containing two inactivated strains of BVDV, an inactivated ... [more ▼]

Seven of nine colostrum deprived calves, free from bovine viral diarrhoea virus (BVDV), were vaccinated with a commercially available vaccine containing two inactivated strains of BVDV, an inactivated strain of bovine herpesvirus-1 and modified-live strains of bovine respiratory syncytial virus and para-influenza-3 virus. The two other calves were kept as controls. The virus neutralising (VN) antibodies induced by vaccination were tested against 22 antigenically diverse BVDV isolates, including reference strains and field isolates, both cytopathic and non-cytopathic, as well as genotypes I and II. The strains were isolated in Belgium, France, Germany, the United Kingdom and the USA. While there were variations in the VN titres of the individual calves against all the strains, serum from the seven animals neutralised 20 or more of the strains tested. From the results, it can be concluded that the vaccine can stimulate the production of VN antibodies capable of neutralising a wide range of European and American isolates of BVDV, including genotypes I and II. [less ▲]

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See detailEffect of chronic airway inflammation and exercise on pulmonary and systemic antioxidant status of healthy and heaves-affected horses
Kirschvink, Nathalie; Smith, N.; Fievez, Laurence ULg et al

in Equine Veterinary Journal (2002), 34(6), 563-571

In heaves-affected horses the relation between oxidant status, airway inflammation (AI) and pulmonary function (PF) is unknown. The oxidant status of blood and pulmonary epithelial lining fluid (PELF) of ... [more ▼]

In heaves-affected horses the relation between oxidant status, airway inflammation (AI) and pulmonary function (PF) is unknown. The oxidant status of blood and pulmonary epithelial lining fluid (PELF) of healthy (H, n = 6) and heaves-affected horses in clinical remission (REM, n = 6) and in crisis (CR, n = 7) was assessed at rest, during and after standardised exercise test by measurement of reduced and oxidised glutathione, glutathione redox ratio [GRR%]; uric acid and 8-epi-PGF2alpha. Oxidant status was related to PF parameters (mechanics of breathing and arterial blood gas tension) and Al parameters (bronchoalveolar lavage [BAL] neutrophil % and AI score). Haemolysate glutathione was significantly different between groups and was correlated with PF and AI parameters; GRR in PELF was increased during CR and was correlated with PF and AI parameters. Exercise induced an increase of plasma uric acid that was significantly higher both in REM and CR. PELF 8-epi-PGF2alpha was significantly increased in CR and correlated with PF and AI parameters. These results suggest that oxidative stress occurring in heaves is correlated with PF and AI and may be locally assessed by PELF glutathione status, uric acid and 8-epi-PGF2alpha. Systemic repercussions are reflected by assay of GSH in resting horses and by uric acid in exercising horses. [less ▲]

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See detailVirus Neutralizing Antibodies against a Panel of 18 Bvdv Isolates in Calves Vaccinated with Rispoval Rs-Bvd
Hamers, C.; Di Valentin, Emmanuel ULg; Dumont, Chloé ULg et al

in Journal of Veterinary Medicine. B, Infectious Diseases & Veterinary Public Health (2000), 47(10), 721-6

Seven of nine colostrum-deprived calves, free from infection with bovine virus diarrhoea virus (BVDV), were vaccinated with Rispoval RS-BVD on two occasions, 21 days apart, while the other two were kept ... [more ▼]

Seven of nine colostrum-deprived calves, free from infection with bovine virus diarrhoea virus (BVDV), were vaccinated with Rispoval RS-BVD on two occasions, 21 days apart, while the other two were kept as BVDV infection controls. The virus neutralizing (VN) serum antibodies induced by vaccination were tested for their ability to neutralize 18 European BVDV isolates, including laboratory reference strains and recent field isolates, both cytopathic and non-cytopathic biotypes as well as genotypes I and II. The strains were isolated in Belgium, France, Germany and the United Kingdom. While there were large variations in the vaccine-induced VN titres of the individual calves against all the strains, e.g. the titres against Osloss NCP, the European reference strain ranged from 1.7 to 6.7 (1:log2), serum from each animal was capable of neutralizing between nine and all 18 of the strains tested. Nevertheless, from the results of this study, it can be concluded that in colostrum-deprived BVDV seronegative calves, Rispoval RS-BVD can stimulate the production of VN antibodies capable of neutralizing a wide range of antigenically diverse European isolates of BVDV, including genotypes I and II. [less ▲]

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See detailCorrelation between the neutralizing response to BRSV vaccinal strains and the prevention of pulmonary dysfunction induced by a challenge strain
Bureau, Fabrice ULg; Genicot, B.; Coghe, J. et al

in Proceedings: Réunion de la Société Belge de Physiologie et de Pharmacologie Fondamentales et Cliniques (1999)

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See detailVentilatory Effects of the Single-Breath Co2 Test, Compared with Eructation, in Cattle
Rollin, Frédéric ULg; Desmecht, Daniel ULg; Genicot, B. et al

in American Journal of Veterinary Research (1997), 58(3), 310-6

OBJECTIVE: To assess the peripheral chemoreceptor-induced ventilatory response to single tidal-breath CO2 (SB CO2) tests, compared with eructations, in 2 breeds of calves. ANIMALS: 13 conscious unsedated ... [more ▼]

OBJECTIVE: To assess the peripheral chemoreceptor-induced ventilatory response to single tidal-breath CO2 (SB CO2) tests, compared with eructations, in 2 breeds of calves. ANIMALS: 13 conscious unsedated Holstein-Friesian and 8 Belgian White and Blue hypermuscled calves. PROCEDURE: An SB of +/- 50% CO2 in equal parts of O2 and N2 was inhaled. Ventilatory response was determined from the increase in ventilation (delta Ve) during the first 20 seconds after the test breath or eructation and from the difference in end-tidal PCO2 between the stimulus and preceding control breaths. RESULTS: Because no difference was found between the 2 breeds of calves, all data were pooled. The increase in Ve peaked during the fifth breath after the SB CO2 test on average, corresponding to a delay of 12.4 seconds. The SB CO2 responses ranged from 0.037 to 0.151 L/min.mm of Hg.m2, with a mean +/- SD of 0.082 +/- 0.032 L/min.mm of Hg.m2 for all calves. The SB CO2 tests, similar to eructations, modified the breathing pattern significantly and in the same direction, by principally shortening expiratory time and increasing mean inspiratory flow. After eructations, Ve peak increase was more important for lower difference in end-tidal PCO2 between the stimulus and preceding control breaths and took place more rapidly than after SB CO2 tests. Accordingly, eructation responses were more marked than SB CO2 responses and averaged 0.925 +/- 0.276 L/min.mm of Hg.m2. CONCLUSIONS AND CLINICAL RELEVANCE: In cattle, the pattern of breathing and ventilation under basal conditions is characterized by a cyclic variability coupled to eructation. [less ▲]

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See detailScintigraphical V/Q ratios analysis in healthy and disearsed horses: a theoretical approach
Votion, Dominique ULg; Munsters, K.; Genicot, B. et al

in Pflügers Archiv : European Journal of Physiology (1995), 429

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See detailEvaluation of the performances of an aerosol delivery equipment suitable for calves under different conditions.
Génicot, B; Peckova, M; Lambert, Philippe ULg et al

in Yule, A. J.; Dumouchel, C. (Eds.) 6th International Conference on Liquid Atomization and Spray Systems (1994)

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See detailHow to improve the working conditions with an aerosol delivery equipment suitable for calves ?
Genicot, B.; Peckova, M.; Lamberty, S. et al

in American Journal of Respiratory & Critical Care Medicine (1994), 149

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See detailNormal Electro- and Vectorcardiographic Data in the Growing Friesian Calf Using a Semi-Orthogonal Lead System
Amory, Hélène ULg; Genicot, B; Rollin, Frédéric ULg et al

in Journal of Veterinary Medicine. A, Physiology, Pathology, Clinical Medicine (1993), 40(2), 81-92

This study derives normal values for electro- and vectorcardiographic parameters, as generated by the Holmes semi-orthogonal lead system, in healthy growing calves. Sixty-four electrocardiograms were ... [more ▼]

This study derives normal values for electro- and vectorcardiographic parameters, as generated by the Holmes semi-orthogonal lead system, in healthy growing calves. Sixty-four electrocardiograms were recorded from healthy Friesian calves aged from one week to one year. Waveform and duration were analysed and compared in the X-, Y- and Z-leads. The modal P, QRS and T tridimensional vectors were graphically constructed and their magnitude and orientation were calculated. The duration of waves and intervals were similar to data previously reported in the bovine species. Differences from data reported in other species were attributed to heart rate. The duration of waves and QT and ST intervals significantly lengthened with the decrease in heart rate which occurred during growth. PR interval significantly lengthened with physical maturation, and this change was independent of the decrease in heart rate. The magnitude and the orientation of the spatial modal vectors were approximately similar to the few data previously reported in cattle and in other ungulates and were not affected by somatic growth [less ▲]

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See detailAre bovine muscarinic receptors activated during respiratory distress syndrome ?
Genicot, B.; Mouligneau, F.; Lekeux, Pierre ULg

in Smaldone, G. C.; Liebert, M. A. (Eds.) Journal of Aerosol Medicine : Deposition, Clearance, and Effects in the Lung (1993)

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See detailMeasurement of leg blood flow in calves by the thermodilution method : a technical study
Mc Entee, K; Amory, Hélène ULg; Genicot, B et al

in Archives Internationales de Physiologie et de Biochimie (1992)

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See detailApplication of vectocardiography in cattle
Amory, Hélène ULg; Genicot, B; Rollin, Frédéric ULg et al

in Proceedings of the XVIth World Buiatrics Congress (1992)

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See detailEffect of the double-muscled conformation selection on the cardiovascular function in cattle
Amory, Hélène ULg; Desmecht, Daniel ULg; Linden, Annick ULg et al

in Archives Internationales de Physiologie et de Biochimie (1992)

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See detailBovine Vectocardiography: A Comparative Study Relative to the Validity of Four Tridimensional Lead Systems
Amory, Hélène ULg; Rollin, Frédéric ULg; Genicot, B. et al

in Journal of Veterinary Medicine. A, Physiology, Pathology, Clinical Medicine (1992), 39(6), 453-469

For spatial vectocardiography to become applicable for cardiac investigation in cattle, it was necessary to develop a reliable standardized electrocardiographic lead system in this species. In this study ... [more ▼]

For spatial vectocardiography to become applicable for cardiac investigation in cattle, it was necessary to develop a reliable standardized electrocardiographic lead system in this species. In this study, four tridimensional lead systems, initially developed in horses, were compared when applied in calves. Fifty seven electrocardiograms were collected. The between-subject variability of the magnitude and angles of the tridimensional P, QRS and T modal vectors obtained by use of each lead system was compared. Reproducibility of vectrocardiographic measurements was analyzed by comparing results obtained in 10 calves within a one day interval. The Holmes semi-orthogonal lead system, giving the lowest between-subject variability and the highest between-day reproducibility, appeared to be the most reliable lead system in order to apply vectocardiography in the bovine species. [less ▲]

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See detailEchocardiographic reference values of cardiac dimensions and function in the healthy growing Friesian calf
Amory, Hélène ULg; Genicot, B; Linden, Annick ULg et al

in Archives Internationales de Physiologie et de Biochimie (1991)

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See detailCardiac output measurement by thermodilution in the conscious calf : a technical study
Amory, Hélène ULg; Desmecht, Daniel ULg; Linden, Annick ULg et al

in Archives Internationales de Physiologie et de Biochimie (1991)

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See detailValidation of the Thermodilution Technique for the Estimation of the Cardiac Output in the Unsedated Calf
Amory, Hélène ULg; Linden, Annick ULg; Desmecht, Daniel ULg et al

in Journal of Veterinary Medicine. A, Physiology, Pathology, Clinical Medicine (1991), 38(6), 409-417

The purpose of this study was to establish a standardized protocol in order to obtain accurate and reproducible cardiac output (CO) measurements by the thermodilution technique in the unsedated calf. In 5 ... [more ▼]

The purpose of this study was to establish a standardized protocol in order to obtain accurate and reproducible cardiac output (CO) measurements by the thermodilution technique in the unsedated calf. In 5 healthy calves, the effect of various temperatures, volumes, rates, means and sites of injection of the thermal indicator were tested for their effect on accuracy and reproducibility of CO measurement by the thermodilution technique, the Fick method being used as the standard technique. Five milliliters of an iced 5% dextrose solution per 100 kg body weight constituted the correct amount of thermal indicator. Manual injection of the indicator bolus and/or injection of this bolus through the proximal lumen of a thermodilution Swan-Ganz catheter gave poor results of CO measurements by the thermodilution technique. On the other hand, results of CO measurements were highly reliable when the bolus injection was performed by an ECG-synchronized injection pump and/or through a right atrial catheter with a larger diameter and a shorter length than the classical Swan-Ganz catheter. It was concluded that an iced 5% solution of dextrose (5 ml/100 kg body weight) injected through a right atrial catheter by an ECG-synchronized pump gives the most accurate and reproducible CO measurements by the thermodilution technique in unsedated calves. [less ▲]

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