References of "Gemenne, François"
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See detailHandbook of Environmental Migration
McLeman, Robert; Gemenne, François ULg

Book published by Routledge (in press)

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See detailDisasters, Evacuations and Democracies: Lessons from the Fukushima Disaster
Gemenne, François ULg; Kanie, Norichika; Hasegawa, Reiko

Book published by Edward Elgar (in press)

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See detailThe Hugo Conference: Environment, Migration, Politics - Compendium of abstracts
De Bruyckere, Luka ULg; Gemenne, François ULg; Ozer, Pierre ULg et al

Book published by University of Liège (2016)

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See detailMigration in Extreme Climate Change Scenarios
Gemenne, François ULg; Blocher, Julia; de Longueville, Florence et al

Conference (2016, October 12)

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See detailImpact de la vulnérabilité et de la résilience aux changements environnementaux sur la mobilité en Afrique de l'Ouest
Zickgraf, Caroline ULg; Vigil Diaz Telenti, Sara ULg; de Longueville, Florence et al

in Ginesu, Sergio; Ozer, André; Ozer, Pierre (Eds.) La géographie physique et les risques de pertes et préjudices liés aux changements climatiques (2016, May 19)

Du Sahel à la zone côtière, l’Afrique de l'Ouest connaît une variété de changements environnementaux résultant tant de processus lents que de chocs soudains. Ces changements influencent significativement ... [more ▼]

Du Sahel à la zone côtière, l’Afrique de l'Ouest connaît une variété de changements environnementaux résultant tant de processus lents que de chocs soudains. Ces changements influencent significativement les schémas de migration de populations dans et hors de l'Afrique de l'Ouest. Dans cette région où les ressources naturelles constituent la base des moyens de subsistance et de la sécurité alimentaire (pêche et agriculture), la relation entre les changements environnementaux et les vulnérabilités socio-économiques est particulièrement préoccupante. [...] [less ▲]

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See detailAddressing the risk of maladaptation to climate change
Magnan, Alexandre; Schipper, E.L.F.; Burkett, Maxine et al

in WIREs Clim Change (2016)

This paper reviews the current theoretical scholarship on maladaptation and provides some speci!c case studies—in the Maldives, Ethiopia, South Africa, and Bangladesh—to advance the !eld by offering an ... [more ▼]

This paper reviews the current theoretical scholarship on maladaptation and provides some speci!c case studies—in the Maldives, Ethiopia, South Africa, and Bangladesh—to advance the !eld by offering an improved conceptual understanding and more practice-oriented insights. It notably highlights four main dimensions to assess the risk of maladaptation, that is, process, multiple drivers, temporal scales, and spatial scales. It also describes three examples of frameworks— the Pathways, the Precautionary, and the Assessment frameworks—that can help capture the risk of maladaptation on the ground. Both these conceptual and practical developments support the need for putting the risk of maladaptation at the top of the planning agenda. The paper argues that starting with the intention to avoid mistakes and not lock-in detrimental effects of adaptation-labeled initiatives is a !rst, key step to the wider process of adapting to climate variability and change. It thus advocates for the anticipation of the risk of maladaptation to become a priority for decision makers and stakeholders at large, from the international to the local levels. Such an ex ante approach, however, supposes to get a clearer understanding of what maladaptation is. Ultimately, the paper af!rms that a challenge for future research consists in developing context-speci!c guidelines that will allow funding bodies to make the best decisions to support adaptation (i.e., by better capturing the risk of maladaptation) and practitioners to design adaptation initiatives with a low risk of maladaptation. [less ▲]

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See detailThe Impact of Vulnerability and Resilience to Environmental Changes on Mobility Patterns in West Africa
Zickgraf, Caroline ULg; Vigil Diaz Telenti, Sara ULg; de Longueville, Florence et al

Report (2016)

From the Sahel to the coast, West Africa is experiencing a variety of climate change impacts, including sea level rise, soil salinization, floods, drought, and desertification, while simultaneously ... [more ▼]

From the Sahel to the coast, West Africa is experiencing a variety of climate change impacts, including sea level rise, soil salinization, floods, drought, and desertification, while simultaneously suffering from other forms of environmental degradation. Together, these environmental changes are significantly influencing migration patterns in and out of West Africa. This paper seeks to analyze vulnerability and resilience to environmental changes as they affect and are affected by mobility patterns in the region. We assert that the impact of environmental changes cannot be isolated from other political, social, economic, and demographic pressures that together drive human mobility. In a region where natural resources form the foundation of livelihoods and food security (fishing and agriculture), the relationship between environmental changes and socioeconomic vulnerabilities is of particular concern. This paper therefore draws from four distinct case studies to grasp the variegated and cumulative vulnerability and resilience among local populations as they relate to internal and intraregional migration. [less ▲]

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See detailLes leçons belges de Fukushima
Gemenne, François ULg; Hasegawa, Reiko ULg

Article for general public (2016)

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See detailFrontières, souverainisme et vacuité
Gemenne, François ULg

in La Revue Nouvelle (2016), 4

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See detailAtlas des Migrations Environnementales
Gemenne, François ULg; Ionesco, Dina; Mokhnacheva, Daria

Book published by Presses de Sciences Po (2016)

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See detailHow climate extremes are affecting the movement of populations in the Asia Pacific region
Gemenne, François ULg; Blocher, Julia ULg; De Longueville, Florence ULg et al

in Price, Susanna; Singer, Jane (Eds.) Global Implications of Development, Disasters and Climate Change: Responses to Displacement from Asia Pacific (2016)

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See detailLong-term analysis of rainfall and temperature data in Burkina Faso (1950–2013)
De Longueville, Florence; Hountondji, Yvon-Carmen; Kindo, Issa et al

in International Journal of Climatology (2016)

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See detailImpact of shoreline changes on population in Cotonou, Benin
de Longueville, Florence; Hountondji, Yvon Carmen; Gemenne, François ULg et al

Poster (2015, December 10)

The coast of Cotonou (Benin) is affected by an intensive coastal erosion for several decades, mainly due to unsuitable port infrastructures and human activities. In the future, the process will very ... [more ▼]

The coast of Cotonou (Benin) is affected by an intensive coastal erosion for several decades, mainly due to unsuitable port infrastructures and human activities. In the future, the process will very likely be worsen by sea level rise as a consequence of global warming. In this study, we use a combination of very high resolution satellite images from Google Earth recorded in 2002, 2011, 2013 and 2014 and carry out field missions in September 2012, September 2013, July 2014 and February 2015 to assess the retreat of the coastline and to understand the dynamic of population in the risk area. Multi-temporal analyses of satellite images show that nearly 93 hectares of land (including 40 hectares off) were progressively eroded by the sea between 2002 and 2014 on the stretch of the first eight kilometers at the east of the Safiato groyne. This corresponds to an average coastline’s retreat of 115 meters in 13 years, with variations from 38 to 145 meters, depending on the location. Thanks to the comparison between the images of 2002 and 2014, we assess that around 765 houses disappeared by the encroachment of the sea over the distance of 8 km to the East of the Safiato groyne, of which 60 villas and about 705 makeshift houses (informal settlements). Well-off population leave the risk area when their houses are threatened and go inland, fishermen prefer to stay in the risk area to be close to their activities and precarious population have no financial and social capitals to migrate, they are trapped in the risk area. Other precarious population coming from somewhere else settle in the coastal area and grow the at-risk population. The use of intermediate images and the results of field works confirm a rapid process of settlement/destruction of makeshift houses in the coastal area. Poor people carry out simply short displacements in the risk area. There is an urgent need to secure these populations. Update and respect of urban planning regulations, good governance, cooperation with other countries and involvement of local communities are all factors that are expected to reach this objective. [less ▲]

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See detailFrom the Guiding Principles on Internal Displacement to the Nansen Initiative: What the Governance of Environmental Migration Can Learn from the Governance of Internal Displacement
Gemenne, François ULg; Brücker, Pauline

in International Journal of Refugee Law (2015), 27(2), 245-263

Environmental migration is often presented as one of the gravest consequences of environmental disruptions – climate change in particular, and is already a reality in many parts of the world. Yet the ... [more ▼]

Environmental migration is often presented as one of the gravest consequences of environmental disruptions – climate change in particular, and is already a reality in many parts of the world. Yet the protection of these migrants is not adequately addressed in the international normative frameworks on migration. As a result, a growing number of scholars and advocacy groups have sought to create a special convention and/or an ad hoc status for these migrants, while others have contended that such a legal status is not the answer. As a result, the protection of environmental migrants is currently the subject of vigorous debates amongst scholars and policy-makers, and no clear solution is yet in sight. Research however has little considered the debates that surrounded the protection of those displaced within their countries (IDPs) in the 1990s. Both phenomena have sometimes overlapped, especially as environmental displacement is often internal. Yet, the debate on IDPs has had some significant success, in particular, the adoption of the Guiding Principles on Internal Displacement in 1998, and the signature of the Organization for African Unity’s Kampala Convention in 2009. This article argues that important lessons can be drawn from the protection of IDPs in order to inform the current debates on the protection of environmental migrants, as the political contexts and policy challenges associated with both crises of the migration regime are often similar. The article identifies such lessons and assesses the opportunities and caveats of applying a similar approach of soft law to environmental migration – and what would be needed to achieve it. [less ▲]

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See detailOne good reason to speak of 'climate refugees'
Gemenne, François ULg

in Forced Migration Review (2015), 49

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See detailImpacts des changements environnementaux et climatiques : quand les populations ne peuvent plus bouger…
Ozer, Pierre ULg; de Longueville, Florence; Zickgraf, Caroline ULg et al

Scientific conference (2015, February 03)

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See detailGéopolitique du Climat
Gemenne, François ULg

Book published by Armand Colin (2015)

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See detailPerception des changements de précipitation et migration au Burkina Faso
de Longueville, Florence; Gemenne, François ULg; Ozer, Pierre ULg

in Erpicum, Michel (Ed.) Actes du 28e Colloque International de l’Association Internationale de Climatologie (2015)

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See detailThe Anthropocene and the Global Environmental Crisis. Rethinking modernity in a new epoch.
Hamilton, Clive; Bonneuil, Christophe; Gemenne, François ULg

Book published by Routledge (2015)

The Anthropocene, in which humankind has become a geological force, is a major scientific proposal; but it also means that the conceptions of the natural and social worlds on which sociology, political ... [more ▼]

The Anthropocene, in which humankind has become a geological force, is a major scientific proposal; but it also means that the conceptions of the natural and social worlds on which sociology, political science, history, law, economics and philosophy rest are called into question. The Anthropocene and the Global Environmental Crisis captures some of the radical new thinking prompted by the arrival of the Anthropocene and opens up the social sciences and humanities to the profound meaning of the new geological epoch, the ‘Age of Humans’. Drawing on the expertise of world-recognised scholars and thoughtprovoking intellectuals, the book explores the challenges and difficult questions posed by the convergence of geological and human history to the foundational ideas of modern social science. If in the Anthropocene humans have become a force of nature, changing the functioning of the Earth system as volcanism and glacial cycles do, then it means the end of the idea of nature as no more than the inert backdrop to the drama of human affairs. It means the end of the ‘social-only’ understanding of human history and agency. These pillars of modernity are now destabilised. The scale and pace of the shifts occurring on Earth are beyond human experience and expose the anachronisms of ‘Holocene thinking’. The book explores what kinds of narratives are emerging around the scientific idea of the new geological epoch, and what it means for the ‘politics of unsustainability’. [less ▲]

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