References of "Gbaguidi, Fernand"
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See detailIn vitro antitrypanosomal and antiplasmodial activities of crude extracts and essential oils of Ocimum gratissimum Linn from Benin and influence of vegetative stage.
Kpadonou Kpoviessi, Benedicta G. H.; Kpoviessi, Salome D. S.; Yayi Ladekan, Eleonore et al

in Journal of ethnopharmacology (2014), 155(3), 1417-23

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Different parts of Ocimum gratissimum Linn are largely used in folk medicine for the treatment of many diseases, some of which related to parasitical infections as fevers ... [more ▼]

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Different parts of Ocimum gratissimum Linn are largely used in folk medicine for the treatment of many diseases, some of which related to parasitical infections as fevers and headaches. In order to validate their use and to clarify the plant part which possesses the best antiparasitic properties, we decided to evaluate the in vitro antiplasmodial and antitrypanosomal activities of essential oils and crude extracts from leaves, stems and seeds of Ocimum gratissimum as well as their cytotoxicity. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The essential oils and ethanol crude extracts of leaves and stems of Ocimum gratissimum from Benin, were obtained in pre and full flowering stages. Seeds obtained only in full flowering stage, were also extracted. The oils were isolated by hydrodistillation and analyzed by GC/MS and GC/FID. Extracts and essential oils were tested in vitro against Trypanosoma brucei brucei and Plasmodium falciparum. Cytotoxicity was evaluated in vitro against Chinese Hamster Ovary (CHO) cells and the human non cancer fibroblast cell line (WI38) through MTT assay to evaluate the selectivity and toxicity was assessed against Artemia salina Leach. RESULTS: The essential oils and non-volatile crude extracts of Ocimum gratissimum were more active on Trypanosoma brucei brucei than on Plasmodium falciparum (3D7). This activity varies according to the vegetative stage (pre and full flowering) and the plant part (seeds, stems and leaves) extracted. The best growth inhibition of Trypanosoma brucei brucei was observed with ethanol crude extracts of leaves (IC50=1.66 +/- 0.48 mug/mL) and seeds (IC50=1.29 +/- 0.42 mug/mL) in full flowering stage with good selectivity (SI>10). The chemical composition of the essential oil from aerial parts (47 compounds), characterized by the presence as main constituents of p-cymene, thymol, gamma-terpinene, beta-myrcene and alpha-thujene, depends on the vegetative stage. The oil contained some minor compounds such as myrcene (IC50=2.24 +/- 0.27mug/mL), citronellal (IC50=2.76 +/- 1.55mug/mL), limonene (IC50=4.24 +/- 2.27mug/mL), with good antitrypanosomal activities. These oils and crude extracts were not toxic against Artemia salina Leach and had a low cytotoxicity except leaves and seeds ethanol extracts obtained in full flowering which showed toxicity against CHO and WI38 cells. CONCLUSIONS: Our study shows that ethanol crude extracts of leaves and seeds of Ocimum gratissimum in full flowering stage can be a good source of antitrypanosomal agents. This is the first report about the relation between the plant part extracted, the vegetative stage of the plant, the antitrypanosomal and antiplasmodial activities and the cytotoxicity of essential oils and non-volatile extracts of Ocimum gratissimum from Benin. [less ▲]

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See detailChemical composition, cytotoxicity and in vitro antitrypanosomal and antiplasmodial activity of the essential oils of four Cymbopogon species from Benin.
Kpoviessi, Salome; Bero, Joanne; Agbani, Pierre et al

in Journal of ethnopharmacology (2014), 151

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Cymbopogon species are largely used in folk medicine for the treatment of many diseases some of which related to parasitical diseases as fevers and headaches. As part of ... [more ▼]

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Cymbopogon species are largely used in folk medicine for the treatment of many diseases some of which related to parasitical diseases as fevers and headaches. As part of our research on antiparasitic essential oils from Beninese plants, we decided to evaluate the in vitro antiplasmodial and antitrypanosomal activities of essential oils of four Cymbopogon species used in traditional medicine as well as their cytotoxicity. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The essential oils of four Cymbopogon species Cymbopogon citratus (I), Cymbopogon giganteus (II), Cymbopogon nardus (III) and Cymbopogon schoenantus (IV) from Benin obtained by hydrodistillation were analysed by GC/MS and GC/FID and were tested in vitro against Trypanosoma brucei brucei and Plasmodium falciparum respectively for antitrypanosomal and antiplasmodial activities. Cytotoxicity was evaluated in vitro against Chinese Hamster Ovary (CHO) cells and the human non cancer fibroblast cell line (WI38) through MTT assay to evaluate the selectivity. RESULTS: All tested oils showed a strong antitrypanosomal activity with a good selectivity. Sample II was the most active against Trypanosoma brucei brucei and could be considered as a good candidate. It was less active against Plasmodium falciparum. Samples II, III and IV had low or no cytotoxicity, but the essential oil of Cymbopogon citraus (I), was toxic against CHO cells and moderately toxic against WI38 cells and needs further toxicological studies. Sample I (29 compounds) was characterised by the presence as main constituents of geranial, neral, beta-pinene and cis-geraniol; sample II (53 compounds) by the presence of trans-p-mentha-1(7),8-dien-2-ol, trans-carveol, trans-p-mentha-2,8-dienol, cis-p-mentha-2,8-dienol, cis-p-mentha-1(7),8-dien-2-ol, limonene, cis-carveol and cis-carvone; sample III (28 compounds) by beta-citronellal, nerol, beta-citronellol, elemol and limonene and sample IV (41 compounds) by piperitone, (+)-2-carene, limonene, elemol and beta-eudesmol. CONCLUSIONS: Our study shows that essential oils of Cymbopogon genus can be a good source of antitrypanosomal agents. This is the first report on the activity of these essential oils against Trypanosoma brucei brucei, Plasmodium falciparum and analysis of their cytotoxicity. [less ▲]

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See detailAntiparasitic activities of two sesquiterpenic lactones isolated from Acanthospermum hispidum D.C
Ganfon; Bero, Joanne; Tchinda Tiabou, Alembert ULg et al

in Journal of Ethnopharmacology (2012), 141(0), 411-417

Ethnopharmacological relevance : Aerial parts of Acanthospermum hispidum D.C. are often used by traditional healers in Benin for various diseases and especially for malaria Aim of the study : Identify ... [more ▼]

Ethnopharmacological relevance : Aerial parts of Acanthospermum hispidum D.C. are often used by traditional healers in Benin for various diseases and especially for malaria Aim of the study : Identify active compounds from extracts of Acanthospermum hispidum D.CV. leaves previously shown to possess antimalarial properties and analyse in vivo activity and toxicity of crude extracts. Materials and methods : Compounds were isolated from aerial part of A. hispidum D.C. and structurally elucidated using extensive spectroscopic analysis. Antiplasmodial activity was evaluated in vitro against a chloroquinosensitive strain of Plasmodium falciparum (3D7) using the measurement of the plasmodial lactate dehydrogenase activity and in vivo against P. berghei berghei by the 4-days suppressive test. Selectivity of extract and purified compounds on Plasmodium parasites were evaluated by using MTT test on J774 macrophage like murine cells and WI38 human normal fibroblasts and also against two other parasites: Trypanosoma brucei brucei and Leishmania mexicana mexicana. Acute and sub-acute toxicities of a crude extract were evaluated on mice. Results : Two known sesquiterpenic lactones were isolated: 1 (15-acetoxy-8β-[(2-methylbutyryloxy)]-14-oxo-4, 5-cis-acanthospermolide) and 2 (9α-acetoxy-15-hydroxy-8β-(2-methylbutyryloxy) -14-oxo-4, 5-trans-acanthospermolide). 1 and 2 showed in vitro antiplasmodial activity against the chloroquino-sensitive strain (3D7) with IC50 of 2.9 ± 0.5 and 2.23 ± 0.09 μM respectively. Only 2 showed a high selectivity index (SI: 18.4) on Plasmodium compared to cytotoxicity against human fibroblasts cell line (WI38). 1 and 2 also showed interesting antiparasitic activities in vitro against Trypanosoma brucei brucei (IC50 of 2.45 ± 0.49 and 6.36 ± 1.42 μM respectively) and Leishmania mexicana mexicana (IC50 of 0.94 ± 0.05 and 2.54 ± 0.19 μM respectively). Furthermore, crude acidic water extract and fractions containing one of the two isolated compounds displayed a weak in vivo antimalarial activity against P. berghei berghei with a long half-life causing a delayed effect. In vivo acute (2000 mg/kg) and sub-acute (1000 mg/kg) toxicity tests on the crude acidic water extract did not show toxicity. Conclusion : Crude acidic water extract, fractions and pure isolated compounds from A.hispidum showed promising in vitro antiplasmodial activity. Despite our study did not show in vivo acute and subacute toxicities of the crude acidic water extract, its weak in vivo antimalarial activity and the in vitro cytoxicity of pure compounds and enriched extracts containing 1 and 2 indicate that the aerial parts of A. hispidum should be used with caution for malaria treatments. [less ▲]

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See detailDiet supplement effect based on cottonseed meal and Vitellaria paradoxa leaves on Borgou cows performance in rainy season
Chabi Toko, Roukayath ULg; DAHOUDA, Mahamadou; GBAGUIDI, Fernand et al

in International Journal of Biological and Chemical Sciences (2010), (4(6): 2427-2432),

An experiment was carried out to investigate the effect of supplementing lactating cows with cottonseed meal and Vitellaria paradoxa leaves in the rainy season on milk yield and content, cows daily weight ... [more ▼]

An experiment was carried out to investigate the effect of supplementing lactating cows with cottonseed meal and Vitellaria paradoxa leaves in the rainy season on milk yield and content, cows daily weight gain and profitability. The experimental design was 3 × 3 Latin square with 5 repetitions. Fifteen Borgou cows were offered three diets: grazing on natural pasture, grazing on pasture plus 1.5 kg of cottonseed meal supplement and grazing on natural pasture plus 500 g of Vitellaria paradoxa leaves. Daily milk yield was 946.58 g, 1690.07 g and 1176.89 g for the control, cottonseed meal and Vitellaria paradoxa leaves group respectively. Cows supplemented with cottonseed meal produce significantly (p < 0.05) more milk than the others. The mean values were 15.12%, 0.35%, 5.92% and 4.13% respectively for total solid, ash, fat and protein content. Vitellaria paradoxa leaves significantly (p < 0.05) increase total solid level and ash as well as ash with cottonseed meal. Furthermore, calves daily weight gain (DWG) was significantly different. A net return analysis shows that cottonseed meal and Vitellaria paradoxa leaves supplementation in rainy season was profitable even if Vitellaria paradoxa leaves were more beneficial. [less ▲]

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See detailIn vitro antiplasmodial activity of plants used in Benin in traditional medicine to treat malaria
Bero, Joanne; Ganfon, Habib; Jonville, Marie ULg et al

in Journal of Ethnopharmacology (2009), 122

Aim of the study: The aim of the studywas to evaluate the in vitro antiplasmodial activity of crude extracts of 12 plant species traditionally used in Benin for the treatment of malaria in order to ... [more ▼]

Aim of the study: The aim of the studywas to evaluate the in vitro antiplasmodial activity of crude extracts of 12 plant species traditionally used in Benin for the treatment of malaria in order to validate their use. Materials and methods: For each species, dichloromethane, methanol and total aqueous extracts were tested. The antiplasmodial activity of extracts was evaluated using the measurement of the plasmodial lactate dehydrogenase activity on chloroquine-sensitive (3D7) and resistant (W2) strains of Plasmodium falciparum. The selectivity of the different extractswas evaluated using the MTT test on J774 macrophagelike murine cells and WI38 human normal fibroblasts. Results: The best growth inhibition of both strains of Plasmodium falciparum was observed with the dichloromethane extracts of Acanthospermum hispidum DC. (Asteraceae) (IC50 =7.5 g/ml on 3D7 and 4.8 g/ml on W2), Keetia leucantha (K. Krause) Bridson (syn. Plectronia leucantha Krause) (Rubiaceae) leaves and twigs (IC50 = 13.8 and 11.3 g/ml on 3D7 and IC50 = 26.5 and 15.8 g/ml on W2, respectively), Carpolobia lutea G.Don. (Polygalaceae) (IC50 = 19.4 g/ml on 3D7 and 8.1 g/ml on W2) and Strychnos spinosa Lam. (Loganiaceae) leaves (IC50 = 15.6 g/ml on 3D7 and 8.9 g/ml on W2). All these extracts had a low cytotoxicity. Conclusion: Our study gives some justifications for the traditional uses of some investigated plants. [less ▲]

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See detailPreliminary studies of development of oral pharmaceutical dosage forms contained extracts of Artemisia annua cultivated in Benin
Zime Diawara, Hermine; Gbaguidi, Fernand; Gbenou, Joachim et al

in Proceedings of 2nd PharmSci Fair (2009)

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See detailValidation of a method for the determination of sterols and triterpenes in the aerial part of Justicia anselliana (Nees) T. Anders by capillary gas chromatography.
Kpoviessi, Dossou Sika Salome; Gbaguidi, Fernand; Gbenou, Joachim et al

in Journal of Pharmaceutical & Biomedical Analysis (2008), 48(4), 1127-35

An accurate and sensitive method, combining soxhlet extraction, solid phase-extraction and capillary gas chromatography is described for the quantitative determination of one triterpene (lupeol) and three ... [more ▼]

An accurate and sensitive method, combining soxhlet extraction, solid phase-extraction and capillary gas chromatography is described for the quantitative determination of one triterpene (lupeol) and three sterols (stigmasterol, campesterol and beta-sitosterol) and the detection of another triterpene (alpha-amyrin) from the aerial part of Justicia anselliana. This is the first method allowing the quantification of sterols and triterpenes in this plant. It has been fully validated in order to be able to compare the sterol and triterpene composition of different samples of J. anselliana and therefore help to explain the allelopathic activity due to these compounds. This method showed that the aerial part of J. anselliana contained (292+/-2)mg/kg of lupeol, (206+/-1)mg/kg of stigmasterol, (266+/-2)mg/kg of campesterol and (184+/-9)mg/kg of beta-sitosterol. [less ▲]

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