References of "Gautier, Sandrine"
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See detailAdvances in biomaterials to repair cartilage
Maquet, Véronique; Chausson, Mickael; Gautier, Sandrine et al

Conference (2012, April 19)

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See detailSurface modification of metallic cardiovascular stents by strongly adhering aliphatic polyester coatings
Jérôme, Christine ULg; Aqil, Abdelhafid ULg; Voccia, Samuel et al

in Journal of Biomedical Materials Research, Part A (2006), 76(3), 521-529

This article reports on a novel two-step strategy for the coating of cardiovascular stents by strongly adhering biocompatible and biodegradable aliphatic polyesters. First, a precoating of poly ... [more ▼]

This article reports on a novel two-step strategy for the coating of cardiovascular stents by strongly adhering biocompatible and biodegradable aliphatic polyesters. First, a precoating of poly(ethylacrylate) (PEA) was electrografted onto the metallic substrate by cathodic reduction of the parent monomer in dimethylformamide (DMF). The electrodeposition of PEA, in a good solvent of it, was confirmed by both Infra-red and Raman spectroscopies. The pendant ester groups of PEA were then chemically reduced into aluminum alkoxides, able to initiate the ring-opening polymerization (ROP) of either D,L-lactide (LA) or epsilon-caprolactone (CL). Growth of biodegradable PLA or PCL coatings from the adhering precoating was confirmed by both Infra-red and Raman spectroscopies, and directly observed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM). This type of coating can act as an anchoring layer for the subsequent casting of drug-loaded polyester films allowing the controlled release of antiproliferative agents for the treatment of in-stent restenosis. [less ▲]

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See detailProcess for depositing strong adherend polymer coating onto an electrically conductive surface
Bertrand, Olivier; Jérôme, Robert ULg; Gautier, Sandrine et al

Patent (2004)

Process for depositing by electrografting a strong adherent polymer coating onto an electrically conductive surface comprising an electrochemical grafting at the surface of an active monomer for forming a ... [more ▼]

Process for depositing by electrografting a strong adherent polymer coating onto an electrically conductive surface comprising an electrochemical grafting at the surface of an active monomer for forming a primer coating P onto said surface and having as general formula: X0 (meth)acrylate wherein X is either part of a preformed polymer or is an intermediate agent for polyaddition reaction or is an anchoring group for attachment of a molecule having at least one complementary reactive group. Such process allows formation of new primer by one-step electro-grafting of a reactive polymer called macromonomer.; Such process also allows further modification of an initial electrografted polymer (called primer coating) to increase the coating thickness by the so-called grafting-from technique i.e. polymerization of a second monomer or to introduce other types of polymers(also called top coating) via covalent attachment between the primer and the top coating through the X ester group by the so called grafting onto technique. Such process also allows to graft onto the primer coating compounds like functional polymer, peptide, protein, oligonucleotide, dyes, drugs, anti-bacterian compounds. [less ▲]

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See detailAbout the methods of preparation of poly(ethylene oxide)-b-poly(epsilon-caprolactone) nanoparticles in water. Analysis by dynamic light scattering
Vangeyte, Patrick; Gautier, Sandrine; Jérôme, Robert ULg

in Colloids and Surfaces A : Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects (2004), 242(1-3), 203-211

Self-assembly of nonionic amphiphilic poly(ethylene oxide)-b-poly(ε-caprolactone) (PEO-b-PCL) and poly(ethylene oxide)-b-poly(γ-methyl-ε-caprolactone) (PEO-b-PMCL) has been studied in water by dynamic ... [more ▼]

Self-assembly of nonionic amphiphilic poly(ethylene oxide)-b-poly(ε-caprolactone) (PEO-b-PCL) and poly(ethylene oxide)-b-poly(γ-methyl-ε-caprolactone) (PEO-b-PMCL) has been studied in water by dynamic light scattering (DLS). The aqueous solutions have been prepared by three methods, i.e., dialysis of solutions in a common organic solvent against water, rapid addition of water to organic solutions, and rapid addition of organic solutions into water. Several common organic solvents have been used: tetrahydrofuran (THF), dimethylformamide (DMF), dimethylacetamide (DMAc) and dimethylsulfoxide (DMSO). The dialysis method is not reproducible and leads to very large and polydispersed particles (~1µm). In contrast, nanoparticles are formed by the two other methods with a low polydispersity and a size in the 30-10 nm range, depending on the organic solvent used. The particle size increases when the concentration in the organic solvent is decreased. The effect of temperature and length of the hydrophobic block has also been studied. [less ▲]

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See detailProcess for depositing strong adherend polymer coating onto an electrically conductive surface
Bertrand, Olivier; Jérôme, Robert ULg; Gautier, Sandrine et al

Patent (2004)

Process for depositing by electrografting a strong adherent polymer coating onto an electrically conductive surface comprising the step of electrochemical grafting of an active monomer for forming a ... [more ▼]

Process for depositing by electrografting a strong adherent polymer coating onto an electrically conductive surface comprising the step of electrochemical grafting of an active monomer for forming a primer coating P onto the surface and having as general formula: X0 (meth)acrylate wherein X is either part of a preformed polymer or is an intermediate agent for polyaddition reaction or is an anchoring group for attachment of a molecule having at least one complementary reactive group. Such process allows formation of new primer by one-step electro-grafting of a macromonomer. Such process also allows further modification of an initial electrografted polymer to increase the coating thickness by the grafting-from technique. Such process also allows to graft onto the primer coating compounds like functional polymer, peptide, protein, oligonucleotide, dyes, drugs, anti-bacterian compounds. [less ▲]

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See detailProcess for depositing strong adherend polymer coating onto an electrically conductive surface
Bertrand, Oliver; Jérôme, Robert ULg; Gautier, Sandrine et al

Patent (2004)

Process for depositing by electrografting a strong adherent polymer coating onto an electrically conductive surface comprising an electrochemical grafting at the surface of an active monomer for forming a ... [more ▼]

Process for depositing by electrografting a strong adherent polymer coating onto an electrically conductive surface comprising an electrochemical grafting at the surface of an active monomer for forming a primer coating P onto said surface and having as general formula: X0 (meth)acrylate wherein X is either part of a preformed polymer or is an intermediate agent for polyaddition reaction or is an anchoring group for attachment of a molecule having at least one complementary reactive group. Such process allows formation of new primer by one-step electro-grafting of a reactive polymer called macromonomer.; Such process also allows further modification of an initial electrografted polymer (called primer coating) to increase the coating thickness by the so-called grafting-from technique i.e. polymerization of a second monomer or to introduce other types of polymers(also called top coating) via covalent attachment between the primer and the top coating through the X ester group by the so called grafting onto technique. Such process also allows to graft onto the primer coating compounds like functional polymer, peptide, protein, oligonucleotide, dyes, drugs, anti-bacterian compounds. [less ▲]

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See detailFreeze-dried poly(D,L-lactic acid) macroporous guidance scaffolds impregnated with brain-derived neurotrophic factor in the transected adult rat thoracic spinal cord
Patist, Carla M; Borgerhoff Mulder, Masha; Gautier, Sandrine et al

in Biomaterials (2004), 25(9), 1569-1582

The effects of poly(D,L-lactic acid) macroporous guidance scaffolds (foams) with or without brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) on tissue sparing, neuronal survival, axonal regeneration, and ... [more ▼]

The effects of poly(D,L-lactic acid) macroporous guidance scaffolds (foams) with or without brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) on tissue sparing, neuronal survival, axonal regeneration, and behavioral improvements of the hindlimbs following implantation in the transected adult rat thoracic spinal cord were studied. The foams were embedded in fibrin glue containing acidic-fibroblast growth factor. One group of animals received fibrin glue with acidic-fibroblast growth factor only. The foams were prepared by a thermally induced polymer-solvent phase separation process and contained longitudinally oriented macropores connected to each other by a network of micropores. Both foams and fibrin only resulted in a similar gliotic and inflammatory response in the cord-implant interfaces. With BDNF foam, up to 20% more NeuN-positive cells in the spinal nervous tissue close to the rostral but not caudal spinal cord-implant interface survived than with control foam or fibrin only at 4 and 8 weeks after implantation. Semithin plastic sections and electron microcopy revealed that cells and axons more rapidly invaded BDNF foam than control foam. Also, BDNF foam contained almost twice as many blood vessels than control foam at 8 weeks after implantation. Tissue sparing was similar in all three implantation paradigms; approximately 42% of tissue was spared in the rostral cord and approximately 37% in the caudal cord at 8 weeks post grafting. The number of myelinated and unmyelinated axons was low and not different between the two types of foams. Many more axons were found in the fibrin only graft. Serotonergic axons were not found in any of the implants and none of the axons regenerated into the caudal spinal cord. The behavioral improvements in the hindlimbs were similar in all groups. These findings indicated that foam is well tolerated within the injured spinal cord and that the addition of BDNF promotes cell survival and angiogenesis. However, the overall axonal regeneration response is low. Future research should explore the use of poly(D,L-lactic acid) foams, with or without axonal growth-promoting factors, seeded with Schwann cells to enhance the axonal regeneration and myelination response. [less ▲]

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See detailAmphiphilic copolymers of epsilon-caprolactone and gamma-substituted epsilon-caprolactone. Synthesis and functionalization of poly(D,L-lactide) nanoparticles
Gautier, Sandrine; D'Aloia, Violetta; Halleux, Olivier et al

in Journal of Biomaterials Science. Polymer Edition (2003), 14(1), 63-85

Fully biodegradable and surface-functionalized poly(D,L-lactide) (PLA) nanoparticles have been prepared by a co-precipitation technique. Novel amphiphilic random copolyesters P(CL-co-gamma XCL) were ... [more ▼]

Fully biodegradable and surface-functionalized poly(D,L-lactide) (PLA) nanoparticles have been prepared by a co-precipitation technique. Novel amphiphilic random copolyesters P(CL-co-gamma XCL) were synthesized by controlled copolymerization of epsilon-caprolactone and epsilon-caprolactone substituted in the gamma-position by a hydrophilic X group, where X is either a cationic pyridinium (gamma-Py-CL) or a non-ionic hydroxyl (gamma-OH-CL). Nanoparticles were prepared by co-precipitation of PLA with the P(CL-co-gamma-XCL) copolyester from a DMSO solution. Small amounts of cationic P(CL-co-gamma-Py-CL) copolymers are needed to quantitatively form stable nanoparticles (ca. 10 mg/100 mg PLA), although larger amounts of non-ionic P(CL-co-gamma-OH-CL) copolymers are needed (ges12.5 mg/100 mg PLA). Copolymers with a low degree of polymerization (ca. 40) are more efficient stabilizers, probably because of faster migration towards the nanoparticle-water interface. The nanoparticle diameter decreases with the polymer concentration in DMSO, e.g. from ca. 160 nm (16 mg/ml) to ca. 100 nm (2 mg/ml) for PLA/P(CL-co-gamma-Py-CL) nanoparticles. Migration of the P(CL-co-gamma-XCL) copolyesters to the nanoparticle surface was confirmed by measurement of the zeta potential, i.e. ca. +65 mV for P(CL-co-gamma-Py-CL) and -7 mV for P(CL-co-gamma-OH-CL). The polyamphiphilic copolyesters stabilize PLA nanoparticles by electrostatic or steric repulsions, depending on whether they are charged or not. They also impart functionality and reactivity to the surface, which opens up new opportunities for labelling and targeting purposes. [less ▲]

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See detailProcess for depositing strong adherend polymer coating onto an electrically conductive surface
Detrembleur, Christophe ULg; Lou, Xudong; Voccia, Samuel et al

Patent (2002)

Process for depositing by electrografting a strong adherent polymer coating onto an electrically conductive surface comprising an electrochemical grafting at the surface of an active monomer for forming a ... [more ▼]

Process for depositing by electrografting a strong adherent polymer coating onto an electrically conductive surface comprising an electrochemical grafting at the surface of an active monomer for forming a primer coating P onto said surface and having as general formula: X0 (meth)acrylate wherein X is either part of a preformed polymer or is an intermediate agent for polyaddition reaction or is an anchoring group for attachment of a molecule having at least one complementary reactive group. Such process allows formation of new primer by one-step electro-grafting of a reactive polymer called macromonomer.; Such process also allows further modification of an initial electrografted polymer (called primer coating) to increase the coating thickness by the so-called grafting-from technique i.e. polymerization of a second monomer or to introduce other types of polymers(also called top coating) via covalent attachment between the primer and the top coating through the X ester group by the so called grafting onto technique. Such process also allows to graft onto the primer coating compounds like functional polymer, peptide, protein, oligonucleotide, dyes, drugs, anti-bacterian compounds. [less ▲]

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See detailProcess for depositing strong adherend polymer coating onto an electrically conductive surface
Bertrand, Olivier; Jérôme, Robert ULg; Gautier, Sandrine et al

Patent (2002)

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See detailDevelopment and in vitro characterisation of novel bioresorbable and bioactive composite materials based on polylactide foams and Bioglass (R) for tissue engineering applications
Roether, J. A.; Boccaccini, Aldo R.; Hench, L. L. et al

in Biomaterials (2002), 23(18), 3871-3878

Bioactive and bioresorbable composite materials were fabricated using macroporous poly(DL-lactide) (PDLLA) foams coated with and impregnated by bioactive glass (Bioglass®) particles. Stable and ... [more ▼]

Bioactive and bioresorbable composite materials were fabricated using macroporous poly(DL-lactide) (PDLLA) foams coated with and impregnated by bioactive glass (Bioglass®) particles. Stable and homogeneous Bioglasss coatings on the surface of PDLLA foams as well as infiltration of Bioglass® particles throughout the porous network were achieved using a slurry-dipping technique in conjunction with pre-treatment of the foams in ethanol. The quality of the bioactive glass coatings was reproducible in terms of thickness and microstructure. Additionally, electrophoretic deposition was investigated as an alternative method for the fabrication of PDLLA foam/Bioglass® composite materials. In vitro studies in simulated body fluid (SBF) were performed to study the formation of hydroxyapatite (HA) on the surface of PDLLA/Bioglass® composites. SEM analysis showed that the HA layer thickness rapidly increased with increasing time in SBF. The high bioactivity of the PDLLA foam/Bioglasss composites indicates the potential of the materials for use as bioactive, resorbable scaffolds in bone tissue engineering. [less ▲]

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See detailPreparation of poly(D,L-lactide) nanoparticles assisted by amphiphilic poly(methyl methacrylate-co-methacrylic acid) copolymers
Gautier, Sandrine; Grudzielski, Nathalie; Goffinet, Gerhard ULg et al

in Journal of Biomaterials Science. Polymer Edition (2001), 12(4), 429-450

When co-precipitated with amphiphilic copolymers from DMSO, poly(D,L-lactide) (PLA) can be readily converted into stable sub-200 nm nanoparticles by addition of an aqueous phase, free of any polymeric ... [more ▼]

When co-precipitated with amphiphilic copolymers from DMSO, poly(D,L-lactide) (PLA) can be readily converted into stable sub-200 nm nanoparticles by addition of an aqueous phase, free of any polymeric stabilizers such as poly(vinyl alcohol) or Poloxamer. In this work, the ability of random poly(methyl methacrylate-co-methacrylic acid) copolymers (PMMA-co-MA) to stabilize PLA nanoparticles was demonstrated, and the properties of PLA/PMMA-co-MA nanoparticles were investigated. When co-precipitated with PMMA-co-MA, PLA was totally converted into nanoparticles using a polymer concentration in DMSO (Cp) below 17.6 mg ml(-1), and a PMMA-co-MA proportion above a critical value depending on the content of MA repeating units (X). For instance, the lowest PMMA-co-MA proportion required was 0.9 mg mg(-1) PLA for X = 12%, and 0.5 mg mg(-1) PLA for X = 25% (for C(PLA) = 16 mg ml(-1) DMSO). The nanoparticle diameter was essentially independent of X, the proportion of PMMA-co-MA, and the PLA molecular weight, except for oligomers for which the nanoparticle diameter was smaller. It decreased when the organic phase was diluted (126 +/- 13 nm for Cp = 17.6 mg ml(-1), and 81 +/- 5 nm for C(P) = 5.6 mg ml(-1)). The time-dependence of the stability and the degradation of PLA/PMMA-co-MA nanoparticles was discussed. One of the main advantages of this technique is the ability to control surface properties and to bring functional groups to otherwise non-functionalized PLA nanoparticles. To illustrate this, a conjugate of PMMA-co-MA25 and biotin was synthesized, and used to prepare biotinylated nanoparticles that could be detected by fluorescence and transmission electron microscopy after infiltration into ligatured rat small intestine. [less ▲]

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See detailSynthesis of new hydrophilic γ-substituted poly-ε-caprolactones
Lecomte, Philippe ULg; D'aloia, Violetta; Mazza, Michaël et al

Conference (2000, August 20)

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See detailγ-bromo-ε-caprolactone, a versatile lactone for the synthesis of new functional aliphatic polyesters
D'Aloia, Violetta; Gautier, Sandrine; Halleux, Olivier et al

Poster (2000, May 02)

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See detailSynthesis of new hydrophilic γ-substituted poly(ε-caprolactone)s
Lecomte, Philippe ULg; D'aloia, Violetta; Mazza, Michaël et al

in Polymer Preprints (2000), 41(2), 1534-1535

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