References of "Gandar, Frederic"
     in
Bookmark and Share    
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailToxicokinetics of selenium in the slider turtle Trachemys scripta
Dyc, Christelle; Far, Johann ULg; Gandar, Frederic ULg et al

in Ecotoxicology (2016), 25

Selenium (Se) is an essential element that can be harmful for wildlife. However, its toxicity in poikilothermic amniotes, including turtles, remains poorly investigated. The present study aims at ... [more ▼]

Selenium (Se) is an essential element that can be harmful for wildlife. However, its toxicity in poikilothermic amniotes, including turtles, remains poorly investigated. The present study aims at identifying selenium toxicokinetics and toxicity in juvenile slider turtles (age: 7 months), Trachemys scripta, dietary exposed to selenium, as selenomethionine SeMet, for eight weeks. Non-destructive tissues (i.e. carapace, scutes, skin and blood) were further tested for their suitability to predict selenium levels in target tissues (i.e. kidney, liver and muscle) From conservation perspective. 130 juvenile yellow-bellied slider turtles were assigned in three groups of 42 individuals each (i.e. control, SeMet1 and SeMet2). These groups were subjected to a feeding trial including an eight-week supplementation period SP8 and a following four-week elimination period EP4. During the SP8, turtles fed on diet containing 1.1 ± 0.04, 22.1 ± 1.0 and 45.0 ± 2.0 µg.g-1 of selenium (control, SeMet1 and SeMet2, respectively). During the EP4, turtles fed on non-supplemented diet. At different time during the trial, six individuals per group were sacrificed and tissues collected (i.e. carapace, scutes, skin, blood, liver, kidney, muscle) for analyses. During the SP8 (Figure 1), both SeMet1 and SeMet2 turtles efficiently accumulated selenium from a SeMet dietary source. The more selenium was concentrated in the food, the more it was in the turtle body but the less it was removed from their tissues. Moreover, SeMet was found to be the more abundant selenium species in turtles’ tissues. Body condition (i.e. growth in mass and size, feeding behaviour and activity) and survival of the SeMet1 and SeMet2 turtles seemed to be unaffected by the selenium exposure. There were clear evidences that reptilian species are differently affected by and sensitive to selenium exposure but the lack of any adverse effects was quite unexpected. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 54 (22 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailThe genome of a tortoise herpesvirus (testudinid herpesvirus 3) has a novel structure and contains a large region that is not required for replication in vitro or virulence in vivo.
Gandar, Frederic ULg; Wilkie, Gavin S.; Gatherer, Derek et al

in Journal of Virology (2015), 89(22), 11438-11456

Testudinid herpesvirus 3 (TeHV-3) is the causative agent of a lethal disease affecting several tortoise species. The threat that this virus poses to endangered animals is focusing efforts on ... [more ▼]

Testudinid herpesvirus 3 (TeHV-3) is the causative agent of a lethal disease affecting several tortoise species. The threat that this virus poses to endangered animals is focusing efforts on characterizing its properties, in order to enable the development of prophylactic methods. We have sequenced the genomes of the two most studied TeHV-3 strains (1976 and 4295). TeHV-3 strain 1976 has a novel genome structure and is most closely related to a turtle herpesvirus, thus supporting its classification into genus Scutavirus, subfamily Alphaherpesvirinae, family Herpesviridae. The sequence of strain 1976 also revealed viral counterparts of cellular interleukin-10 and semaphorin, which have not been described previously in members of subfamily Alphaherpesvirinae. TeHV-3 strain 4295 is a mixture of three forms (m1, m2, and M), in which, in comparison to strain 1976, the genomes exhibit large, partially overlapping deletions of 12.5 to 22.4 kb. Viral subclones representing these forms were isolated by limiting dilution assays, and each replicated in cell culture comparably to strain 1976. With the goal of testing the potential of the three forms as attenuated vaccine candidates, strain 4295 was inoculated intranasally into Hermann's tortoises (Testudo hermanni). All inoculated subjects died, and PCR analyses demonstrated the ability of the m2 and M forms to spread and invade the brain. In contrast, the m1 form was detected in none of the organs tested, suggesting its potential as the basis of an attenuated vaccine candidate. Our findings represent a major step toward characterizing TeHV-3 and developing prophylactic methods against it. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 49 (9 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailInfluence of Morphine on the Rabbit Gastrointestinal Tract
Deflers, Hélène ULg; Bolen, Géraldine ULg; Gandar, Frederic ULg et al

Conference (2014, October 20)

Detailed reference viewed: 42 (15 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailAntemortem Diagnosis of Multicentric Lymphoblastic Lymphoma, Lymphoid Leukemia, and Inclusion Body Disease in a Boa Constrictor (Boa constrictor imperator)
Schilliger, Lionel; Rossfelder, Aurore; Bonwitt, Jesse et al

in Journal of Herpetological Medicine and Surgery (2014), 24(1-2), 11-19

A 1.85-kg, 6-yr-old, captive-bred, male boa constrictor (Boa constrictor imperator) was presented for lethargy, anorexia, postural abnormalities, and had an elongated mass on its ventrum, 20 cm distal to ... [more ▼]

A 1.85-kg, 6-yr-old, captive-bred, male boa constrictor (Boa constrictor imperator) was presented for lethargy, anorexia, postural abnormalities, and had an elongated mass on its ventrum, 20 cm distal to the snout. Clinical examination revealed a firm, nonmobile coelomic mass (4 cm × 2 cm) and loss of the righting reflex. Hematology showed a significant increase in white blood cells, lymphocytosis, and anemia. Cytologic examination of the blood smears showed the presence of lymphoid leukemia and eosinophilic intracytoplasmic inclusions consistent with inclusion body disease (IBD). Hyperphosphatemia was suggestive of renal failure. Radiography and ultrasound revealed a soft tissue mass at the level of the thymus proximal to, and distinct from, the heart. Cytology and postmortem histopathology confirmed the presence of a multicentric lymphoblastic lymphoma, lymphoid leukemia, and IBD. It remains unclear whether the neoplasms began their proliferation within the bone marrow or whether leukemia was a feature of disseminated, end-stage lymphoma. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 19 (5 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailDetection of Usutu virus in a bullfinch (Pyrrhula pyrrhula) and a great spotted woodpecker (Dendrocopos major) in north-west Europe
Garigliany, Mutien-Marie ULg; Marlier, Didier ULg; Tenner-Racz, Klara et al

in Veterinary Journal (2014), 199

In October 2012, a 3-year-old bullfinch (Pyrrhula pyrrhula) held in captivity for its entire lifespan and a wild adult great spotted woodpecker (Dendrocopos major), both with neurological signs, were ... [more ▼]

In October 2012, a 3-year-old bullfinch (Pyrrhula pyrrhula) held in captivity for its entire lifespan and a wild adult great spotted woodpecker (Dendrocopos major), both with neurological signs, were found 4 km from each other and 5 days apart in the Meuse Valley, Belgium. Non-suppurative encephalitis and mild degeneration and necrosis were identified in the brain and cerebellum, and Usutu virus antigen and RNA were detected by immunohistochemistry and real-time reverse transcriptase PCR, respectively. The two cases reported here represent the most western distribution of clinical disease in birds due to Usutu virus. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 89 (44 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailIN-VITRO EVALUATION OF A-5021 ANTI-VIRAL ACTIVITY AGAINST TESTUDINID HERPESVIRUS 3 AND INITIAL PHARMACOKINETIC STUDY IN HERMANN'S TORTOISE (Testudo hermanni)
Gandar, Frederic ULg; Vrancken, Robert; Diez, Marianne ULg et al

Conference (2013, April 23)

Testudinid herpesvirus infections in tortoises belonging to the Testudinidae family are well known for decades, but their pathogenesis remains poorly understood and treatments are often empirical. This ... [more ▼]

Testudinid herpesvirus infections in tortoises belonging to the Testudinidae family are well known for decades, but their pathogenesis remains poorly understood and treatments are often empirical. This study describes the in vitro evaluation of selected anti-herpesvirus compounds against Testudinid Herpesvirus 3 (THV-3). A-5021, a compound with known broad-spectrum anti-herpetic activity, showed to be 9 times more potent than acyclovir, with an EC50 of 13.2 µM and inducing a complete inhibition of viral replication at 37.7 µM. Initial pharmacokinetic parameters were determined after a single sub-cutaneous administration of 5 and 10 mg/kg in Hermann’s tortoises (Testudo hermanni, n=3). Blood samples were collected at different time points and plasma concentrations of A-5021 were determined. No adverse effects were clinically observed and plasma concentrations remained above the EC50 for 2.8 and 4.2 h after administration of 5 and 10 mg/kg, respectively. These preliminary data provide a basis for further proof-of-concept studies for a potential prophylactic or therapeutic treatment of THV-3 infection in tortoises [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 115 (19 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailAdenoid Hepatocellular Carcinoma Accompanied by Uncharacterized Eosinophilic Intracytoplasmic Inclusions in a Green Iguana (Iguana iguana)
Schilliger, Lionel; Selleri, Paolo; Gandar, Frederic ULg et al

in Journal of Herpetological Medicine and Surgery (2012), 22(3-4), 70-75

An adult, 2.9 kg, 4-year-old female green iguana, Iguana iguana, was examined for anorexia, weight loss, and lethargy. Physical examination revealed a dull integument, minimal pelvic and tailbase adipose ... [more ▼]

An adult, 2.9 kg, 4-year-old female green iguana, Iguana iguana, was examined for anorexia, weight loss, and lethargy. Physical examination revealed a dull integument, minimal pelvic and tailbase adipose deposits, and a distended coelom. Bilateral renal enlargement was identified on intracloacal digital palpation. Complete blood count and serum biochemistry results indicated hepatic and renal disease. Radiographs and ultrasound revealed severe liver enlargement and ascites. Exploratory coeliotomy revealed a massive and diffusely enlarged liver with rounded margins and a smooth capsular surface, indicative of an infiltrative process. Due to poor prognosis, the owner requested that the animal be euthanized. A diagnosis of acinar hepatocellular carcinoma was made on histopathological evaluation of liver tissue collected after euthanasia. Eosinophilic intracytoplasmic inclusion bodies, surrounded by clear halos, were seen in a few neoplastic cells. Several malignant hepatic tumors have been previously reported in reptiles; however, this case report documents the first reptilian adenoid hepatocellular carcinoma associated with intracytoplasmic eosinophilic inclusions in neoplastic hepatocytes. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 37 (5 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailPneumonia with Aeromonas sobria in a Carpet Python
Gandar, Frederic ULg; Szalo, Ioan Mihai ULg; Marlier, Didier ULg

Conference (2011, August 11)

Aeromonas sobria was isolated and identified upon post-mortem examination from the respiratory tract and the blood of a carpet python (Morelia spilota variegata). The snake was referred to the Faculty of ... [more ▼]

Aeromonas sobria was isolated and identified upon post-mortem examination from the respiratory tract and the blood of a carpet python (Morelia spilota variegata). The snake was referred to the Faculty of Veterinary Medicine of Liège for necropsy, just the day after it suddenly died without previous clinical sign. Lung and liver biopsies were performed and fixed in neutral buffered 10% formalin and paraffin embedded. Blood samples were collected via cardiocentesis, and air sac abscesses were cultured. Bacterial strains were identified as Aeromonas sobria by 16S rDNA sequencing. Based on histological and bacterial examinations, the death of this snake was attributed to a septicemia, following an acute primary, or secondary exudative pneumonia. Aeromonas sp. is established as a potential pathogen in reptiles. Among this genus, Aeromonas hydrophila is the most frequently isolated. A. sobria has been reported as a primary pathogen in farmed perch (Perca fluviatilis) and humans. Conversely, few data are available concerning the pathogenicity of A. sobria in reptiles. Other non-bacterial agents (virus, fungus, endoparasites) or predisposing factors (such as obesity) can also be responsible for respiratory tract disease in snakes . Unfortunately, in the current case, virological investigations were not performed. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 156 (16 ULg)