References of "Frankard, Philippe"
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See detailLarge scale network and restoration of peatbogs and wetlands in Southern Belgium
Dufrêne, Marc ULg; Dierstein, Axelle; Frankard, Philippe et al

Conference (2008)

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See detailPeatlands of Wallony (S-Belgium)
Frankard, Philippe; Ghiette, Pascal; Hindryckx, Marie-Noëlle ULg et al

in Suoseura - Finnish Peatland Society (1998), 49(2), 33-47

Various types of peatlands are present in Wallony: raised bogs, oligotrophic and rich fens, wet heaths, marshy woodlands. Many areas have been degraded by past and recent human activities. Much attention ... [more ▼]

Various types of peatlands are present in Wallony: raised bogs, oligotrophic and rich fens, wet heaths, marshy woodlands. Many areas have been degraded by past and recent human activities. Much attention is now devoted to their protection, scientific study and ecological management. Besides their exceptional biological and ecological interest, they are among the last natural spaces in a very urbanised country like Belgium. [less ▲]

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See detailEvolution de la végétation du secteur sud de la tourbière haute active de la fagne Wallonne, au cours de ces 60 dernières années (Plateau des Hautes-Fagnes, Belgique)
Frankard, Philippe; Hindryckx, Marie-Noëlle ULg

in Belgian Journal of Botany (1998), 131(1), 28-40

Evolution of the vegetation in the southern part of the fagne Wallonne raised bog, during the last 60 years (Hautes- Fagnes, Belgium). – Less than 500 years ago, raised bogs covered over 1000 ha on the ... [more ▼]

Evolution of the vegetation in the southern part of the fagne Wallonne raised bog, during the last 60 years (Hautes- Fagnes, Belgium). – Less than 500 years ago, raised bogs covered over 1000 ha on the Hautes-Fagnes plateau. Today, only + 125 ha of ombrotrophic little disturbed raised bogs remain. Recent studies have proved that these remnants show evidences of typical peat-forming communities regression. The aim of this study is to follow the vegetation dynamic of the southern part of the fagne Wallonne raised bog, by comparison of old and recent vegetation transects made in 1938, 1957 and 1995 and to detect in it some possible signs of evolution or regression. The vegetation has been mapped at 1 :10 scale and qualitatively surveyed on 4 m2 plots each 20 m along the transect. The cover degree of each species has been estimated. The results show a large reduction of the cover degree of Sphagnum species, an almost disappearance of the "Schlenken" and an increase of heathland species. These results are compared with the observations for the northern and the central zones (HINDRYCKX 1989). The damage to the typical raised bog vegetation is very clear and important in the northern part of the bog: disappearance of typical species overgrown by Molinia caerulea. In the central and the southern parts, the increasing cover degree of ericaceous plants indicates clearly that the peat forming activity is strongly slowed down. [less ▲]

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See detailIS THE PRESENCE OF MESOTROPHIC PLANT-COMMUNITIES IN THE PEAT-BOGS OF HAUTES-FAGNES (BELGIUM) CONNECTED WITH TONALITE INTRUSIONS IN THE REVINIAN LAYERS
Hambuckers, Alain ULg; Schumacker, René ULg; Remacle, Jean ULg et al

in Belgian Journal of Botany (1995), 128(1), 48-56

Within the Hautes-Fagnes Nature Reserve (Belgium) acidic and oligotrophic biotopes are developing on very acidified stony silt raised bogs. However, they are locally dominated by mesotrophic species ... [more ▼]

Within the Hautes-Fagnes Nature Reserve (Belgium) acidic and oligotrophic biotopes are developing on very acidified stony silt raised bogs. However, they are locally dominated by mesotrophic species. Based on the fact that there are several outcrops of tonalite in the region and particularly one in the Nature Reserve, a hypothesis to explain these singularities of the vegetation implies discontinuities of the bedrock provoked by intrusions of this magmatic rock in the Revinian layer covering the region. Seventeen plots containing Phragmites australis were examined and vegetation was described. Silt and soil water were sampled and analyzed for mineral contents in 15 sites. The differences of mineral composition between the P. australis plots and their surrounding environment confirmed the more mesotrophic characteristics of these plots (i.e. higher pH, higher Ca and Mg contents, lower Al content). However, the lower Zn, Pb and Fe contents would lead to reject the hypothesis of intrusions of tonalite since these elements are more abundant in the tonalite and its mineralization than in the Revinian rock. Nevertheless, the overall ecological conditions of the examined plots and the differences of plant species composition suggested that the observed chemical environment could be evoked for explaining the distribution of the mesotrophic species in the oligotrophic environment of the Nature Reserve. Consequently, an alternative hypothesis is proposed. [less ▲]

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