References of "Fraikin, Laurent"
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See detailConvective drying of cherry tomato: Study of skin effect
Khama, Reda; Aissani, F.; Alkama, R. et al

in Journal of Engineering Science and Technology (2016), 11(3), 443-457

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See detailExperimental Comparative Study on Lithium Chloride and Calcium Chloride Desiccants
Bouzenada, Saliha ULg; Kaabi, A. N.; Fraikin, Laurent ULg et al

in Procedia Computer Science (2016), 83(718-725),

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See detailPositive Operations on Wastewater Sludge Drying: Comparison of Back-Mixing and Sawdust Addition
Li, Jie; Plougonven, Erwan ULg; Fraikin, Laurent ULg et al

in Energy & Fuels (2016), 30(4), 3014-3019

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See detailConvective drying behavior of sawdust-sludge mixtures in a fixed bed
Li, Jie; Fraikin, Laurent ULg; Salmon, Thierry ULg et al

in Drying Technology (2016), 34(4), 395-402

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See detailSludge dewatering and drying: about the difficulty of making experiments with a non-stabilized material
Pambou, Yvon-Bert ULg; Fraikin, Laurent ULg; Salmon, Thierry ULg et al

in Desalination and Water Treatment (2016), 57(30), 13841-13856

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See detailForced Convective Drying of Wastewater Sludge with Presentation of Exergy Analysis of the Dryer
Bennamoun, Lyes; Fraikin, Laurent ULg; Li, Jie et al

in Chemical Engineering Communications (2016), 203

The main objective is studying the fundamental aspect, by the mean of the drying kinetics, the application of forced convective drying of wastewater sludge with determination of the optimum drying ... [more ▼]

The main objective is studying the fundamental aspect, by the mean of the drying kinetics, the application of forced convective drying of wastewater sludge with determination of the optimum drying conditions. The drying system is composed of two units; small samples of 2.5 g are dried in the first unit and bed of sludge weighting 250 g is dried the second unit. The experiments are performed under air temperatures varying between 80°C and 200°C. The range of the air velocity and its humidity is 1- 2 m/s and 0.005- 0.05 kgwater/kgdry air, respectively. The experiments are performed for two different sludges; activated sludge (AS) and thermalized and digested sludge (TDS). Usually, three main drying phases are observed during drying of bed of sludge. These phases are reduced to only two for small samples. Determination of the influent parameters shows that temperature of the drying air and sludge origin can profoundly influence the drying kinetic of the sludge. The exergy analysis of the two units of the drying system allows selecting 140 °C, 2 m/s, 0.05 kgwater/kgdry air as optimum drying condition with an exergy efficiency reaching 90\%. [less ▲]

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See detailUSING OF AN EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN TO CHARACTERIZE THE CONVECTIVE DRYING BEHAVIOR OF DIFFERENT SLUDGES
Fraikin, Laurent ULg; Salmon, Thierry ULg; Herbreteau, Benjamin et al

in Drying Technology (2015, August 18), 33(11), 1302-1308

Drying appears as a major step prior to valorization of sludge from wastewater treatment plant. This study uses an experimental design on different sludges to highlight the drying behavior according to ... [more ▼]

Drying appears as a major step prior to valorization of sludge from wastewater treatment plant. This study uses an experimental design on different sludges to highlight the drying behavior according to drying conditions, storage and extrusion. This research is performed with industrial view, but on a single cylinder sample, and focuses on five responds: maximum drying flux, time to reach 95% of dry matter, final volume, critical moisture and slowing-down coefficient. [less ▲]

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See detailMultiscale structure characterization of sawdust-waste water sludge extrudates dried in a pilot-scale fixed bed
Li, Jie ULg; Plougonven, Erwan ULg; Fraikin, Laurent ULg et al

in Biomass and Bioenergy (2015), 81(0), 98-107

Abstract Convective drying of waste water sludge and sawdust-sludge mixtures in a pilot-scale fixed bed was studied. Drying was performed in a cross-flow convective dryer using 500 g of wet material ... [more ▼]

Abstract Convective drying of waste water sludge and sawdust-sludge mixtures in a pilot-scale fixed bed was studied. Drying was performed in a cross-flow convective dryer using 500 g of wet material extruded through a disk with circular dies 12 mm in diameter. The structure of the bed mainly shows volume shrinkage and crack formation during drying. Several characterization techniques were used over a wide range of scales from nm up to mm. The overall bed structure was imaged with X-ray macrotomography, at a resolution of 0.36 mm per pixel. Single extrudates were scanned with X-ray microtomography, at a resolution of 41 μm per pixel. Pore structure of the dried samples were characterized by mercury porosimetry (7.5 nm < dp < 150 μm). Results show significant structural changes on all scales with increasing amounts of sawdust: shrinkage decreases, crack formation increases, and the pores become larger. This confirms the benefits of sawdust addition for sludge drying applications. [less ▲]

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See detailPositive operations on convective drying of sewage sludge: comparison of back mixing and sawdust addition
Li, Jie; Fraikin, Laurent ULg; Salmon, Thierry ULg et al

in Proceedings of the 5th European Drying Conference (EuroDrying'2015) (2015)

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See detailDesign of a convective labscale dryer working either with superheated steam or air
Fraikin, Laurent ULg; Salmon, Thierry ULg; Léonard, Angélique ULg

in Proceedings of the 5th European Drying Conference (EuroDrying'2015) (2015)

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See detailEffect of sawdust addition on convective drying of sludges: comparison of the structural characteristics
Li, Jie; Plougonven, Erwan ULg; Fraikin, Laurent ULg et al

in Proceedings of the 5th European Drying Conference (EuroDrying'2015) (2015)

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See detailStudy of water diffusivity during drying of mortar
Kahlerras, Loubna ULg; Courard, Luc ULg; Michel, Frédéric ULg et al

in Proceedings of the 5th European Drying Conference (EuroDrying'2015) (2015)

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See detailExperimental Investigation of Hydromechanical Coupling During Clay Drying
Prime, Noémie; Fraikin, Laurent ULg; Léonard, Angélique ULg et al

in Drying Technology (2015), 33(15-16), 1821-1829

Boom clay is studied as a potential host rock for underground nuclear waste storage. This experimental work analyzes its response under the convective drying conditions that may be applied in case of ... [more ▼]

Boom clay is studied as a potential host rock for underground nuclear waste storage. This experimental work analyzes its response under the convective drying conditions that may be applied in case of contact with the ambient atmosphere (during disposal drilling, for instance) or with gallery ventilation (because of damage in gallery lining). The drying kinetics is first established. In a second phase, the cracking and shrinkage onset and development are focused on, thanks to an X-ray microtomography device. The results show a phase of ideal shrinkage and a phase of shrinkage with desaturation, which are closely related to the kinetics. Cracking and shrinkage progressively develop from the drying surface, up to values representing about 3 and 12% of the cross section area, respectively. [less ▲]

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See detailInvestigation on Convective Drying of Mixtures of Sewage Sludge and Sawdust in a Fixed Bed
Li, Jie ULg; Fraikin, Laurent ULg; Salmon, Thierry ULg et al

in Drying Technology (2015), 33(6), 704-712

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See detailOn Water Transfer and Hydraulic Connection Layer During the Convective Drying of Rigid Porous Material
Prime, Noémie; Housni, Z; Fraikin, Laurent ULg et al

in Transport in Porous Media (2015), 106(1), 47-72

The convective drying of a natural porous material, limestone, is investigated in this study, with both experimental and numerical approaches. The first experimental campaign, which focuses on the ... [more ▼]

The convective drying of a natural porous material, limestone, is investigated in this study, with both experimental and numerical approaches. The first experimental campaign, which focuses on the influence of samples’ slenderness, suggests the presence of a hydraulic connection layer between the porous water and the external environment, in spite of the very fine pore structure of the material. This hydraulic transfer enables the fast water evaporation at the beginning of the drying test, when external conditions drive the kinetics. Furthermore, the results show that this layer does not exceed 30 mm deep from the external surface, given the drying conditions of the test. A second experimental campaign aims to analyse, by mean of an X-ray tomography tool, the internal water content during the drying. It confirms that water transfer takes place within the limestone in two distinct stages. The first stage being faster than the second one with a homogeneous desaturation along the sample, it is consistent with the hypothesis of the hydraulic connection layer. Finally, the finite element modelling makes possible to identify the main mechanisms of water transfer, namely liquid convection and vapour diffusion. © 2014, Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht [less ▲]

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See detailImage analysis of X-ray tomograms of sludge during convective drying in a pilot-scale fixed bed
Li, Jie ULg; Plougonven, Erwan ULg; Fraikin, Laurent ULg et al

in Chemical Engineering Science (2015), 134

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See detailInvestigation on Convective Drying of Mixtures of Sewage Sludge and Sawdust in a Fixed Bed
Li, Jie ULg; Fraikin, Laurent ULg; Salmon, Thierry ULg et al

in Drying Technology (2014)

This work is a part of a project aiming at developing a renewable fuel for gasification purposes, through convective drying of sludge/wood mixtures. The first step consists of characterizing the behavior ... [more ▼]

This work is a part of a project aiming at developing a renewable fuel for gasification purposes, through convective drying of sludge/wood mixtures. The first step consists of characterizing the behavior of sawdust/sludge mixtures during the application of convective drying. The influence of the mixing step (no mixing against 30 s at 40 rpm), as well as the sawdust/sludge ratio (1/9, 2/8, 3/7 and 4/6 on a dry basis) and the effect of the drying temperature (50 °C, 80 °C and 110 °C) have been investigated. In this study, X-ray tomography, a non-invasive imaging technique, is used to assess changes in the volume, void and exchange surface at the beginning and the end of the drying process. Results first confirm the importance of the mixing step on the drying behavior: the drying rate of the mixed sludge is lower than that of the original sludge. Nevertheless the addition of sawdust is shown to have a positive impact on the drying process from a mass ratio of 2/8, with drying rates higher than that of the original sludge. With increasing amount of sawdust, the initial and final bed volumes, initial and final total exchange surfaces, and initial void fraction increase linearly, but the bed volume shrinkage and final void fraction decrease linearly. [less ▲]

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