References of "Fontaine, Sébastien"
     in
Bookmark and Share    
See detailQuelles méthodologies pour prendre en compte l’opinion des personnes sourdes dans les enquêtes d’opinion ?
Fontaine, Sébastien ULg

in DE LA PRISE DE PAROLE À LA PARTICIPATION CITOYENNE : Éducation aux droits pour l’émancipation des personnes en situation de handicap (in press)

De nos jours, les enquêtes d’opinion sont une composante non négligeable de l’opinion publique (le monde politique, médiatique et scientifique les utilisent abon-damment), or, pour des raisons ... [more ▼]

De nos jours, les enquêtes d’opinion sont une composante non négligeable de l’opinion publique (le monde politique, médiatique et scientifique les utilisent abon-damment), or, pour des raisons principalement techniques et logistiques, les personnes en situation de handicap en sont généralement exclues. Les sourds en sont un exemple flagrant. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 10 (0 ULg)
Full Text
See detailHandicap et citoyenneté une approche interdisciplinaire
Fontaine, Sébastien ULg; Cobbaut, J.-Ph; Routier, C. et al

in La revue nouvelle (2016), 3(2016),

De manière générale, le concept de citoyenneté a considérablement évolué. En ce qui concerne le handicap, le passage d’un modèle médical à un modèle social et ensuite à un point de vue psychosocial et ... [more ▼]

De manière générale, le concept de citoyenneté a considérablement évolué. En ce qui concerne le handicap, le passage d’un modèle médical à un modèle social et ensuite à un point de vue psychosocial et pluridisciplinaire a transformé les modalités d’intervention. Les personnes en situation de handicap de bénéficiaires-usagers sont devenues des bénéficiaires-experts, socialement incluses plutôt qu’insérées. Une justice sociale réellement inclusive ne peut s’instaurer qu’à travers des processus d’apprentissages de l’ensemble des personnes concernées, usagers, professionnels, chercheurs, experts, politiques. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 20 (0 ULg)
Full Text
See detailTechnologies de l’information et de la communication outils de citoyenneté ?
Colin, V.; Gernay, M.-M; Fontaine, Sébastien ULg et al

in La revue nouvelle (2016), 3(2016),

Être citoyen, c’est bénéficier des apports des technologies de l’information et de la communication (TIC), mais c’est aussi être capable de les maitriser comme outil d’expression et de communication ... [more ▼]

Être citoyen, c’est bénéficier des apports des technologies de l’information et de la communication (TIC), mais c’est aussi être capable de les maitriser comme outil d’expression et de communication sociale et de lutte contre la fracture numérique notamment dans le champ du handicap. Ces technologies peuvent servir soit d’outils pour la réadaptation fonctionnelle, soit d’outils d’expression pour les personnes ayant des difficultés cognitives, soit d’outils d’expression d’opinions pour les personnes tributaires de déficience sensorielle. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 12 (1 ULg)
Full Text
See detailIndividus handicapés ou société handicapante : Le cas de la citoyenneté
Fontaine, Sébastien ULg

Conference (2016)

Il existe deux approches très différentes du handicap. Dans l’approche médicale, le handicap est défini comme une déviation observable par rapport aux normes et l’accent est mis sur l’adaptation de la ... [more ▼]

Il existe deux approches très différentes du handicap. Dans l’approche médicale, le handicap est défini comme une déviation observable par rapport aux normes et l’accent est mis sur l’adaptation de la personne handicapée à un environnement existant. Dans une approche sociale, le handicap est appréhendé comme le résultat d’une interaction entre les qualités de l’individu et son environnement physique et social. Ainsi, dans l’approche médicale, on parle d’individus handicapés et, dans l’approche sociale, on parlera plus volontiers de société handicapante ou incapacitante. Le choix d’une de ces deux approches influencera radicalement les représentations sociales et les interactions entre les personnes dites valides et les personnes dites handicapées. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 14 (0 ULg)
Full Text
See detailEnquêter auprès des sourds. Implications éthiques, méthodologiques et statistiques de l’adaptation d’enquêtes d’opinion au public sourd.
Fontaine, Sébastien ULg

Doctoral thesis (2015)

For technical and logistical reasons, disabled people (and especially deaf people) are excluded from opinion surveys. This leads to the situation that deaf people remain unrepresented in the statistical ... [more ▼]

For technical and logistical reasons, disabled people (and especially deaf people) are excluded from opinion surveys. This leads to the situation that deaf people remain unrepresented in the statistical tendencies emerging from such quantitative opinion surveys. This observation is at the heart of the research presented in this work. This thesis consists of four chapters, each one tackling specific aspects of the implications of this lack of representation of deaf people in opinion surveys. The first chapter gives a short description of the situation of deaf people, from a sociological point of view. The second chapter discusses the moral and ethical issues raised by the lack of representation of deaf people in opinion surveys, in a more philosophical perspective. In the third chapter, we present new adapted methods making it possible to conduct opinion surveys among deaf people. Thanks to a new type of electronic questionnaire including sign language videos, we more specifically show how deaf people can be surveyed for different purposes. On the basis of these new techniques, the final chapter offers a commented statistical analysis of the deaf people situation in French-speaking Belgium. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 272 (17 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailAn astronomical survey conducted in Belgium
Nazé, Yaël ULg; Fontaine, Sébastien ULg

in Physics Education (2014), 49

This article presents the results of the first survey conducted in Belgium about the interest and knowledge in astronomy. Two samples were studied, the public at large (667 questionnaires) and students ... [more ▼]

This article presents the results of the first survey conducted in Belgium about the interest and knowledge in astronomy. Two samples were studied, the public at large (667 questionnaires) and students (2589 questionnaires), but the results are generally similar in both samples. We evaluated people’s interest, main information source, and attitudes towards astronomy, as well as their supposed and actual knowledge of the subject. The main conclusion is that, despite a poor self-confidence, people do know the basic astronomical concepts. However, that knowledge is not deeply rooted, as reasoning questions show well-spread misconceptions and/or misunderstandings. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 40 (9 ULg)
Full Text
See detailCitoyenneté des personnes sourdes en Belgique
Fontaine, Sébastien ULg; Deloyer, Sophie

Conference given outside the academic context (2014)

Detailed reference viewed: 11 (0 ULg)
See detailSpecific mixed-mode methodologies to include sensory disabled people in quantitative surveys
Fontaine, Sébastien ULg

Conference (2013)

The starting point of this presentation is to emphasize the absence of sensory disabled people in quantitative surveys, among which the European Social Survey which will be used as an example. We will ... [more ▼]

The starting point of this presentation is to emphasize the absence of sensory disabled people in quantitative surveys, among which the European Social Survey which will be used as an example. We will focus our examples on the case of the Deaf in the Belgium ESS round 6. Sensory disabled people represent a rather big population (around 4% of Belgian population) but they are nearly absent in general quantitative surveys. The aim of this paper is to present and discuss some mixed-mode techniques to reach sensory disabled people and try to include them in general opinion surveys. Because every deaf cannot read texts, we couldn’t opt for a “classic” web based questionnaire, so an adapted version of the questionnaire has been set up. It is a web-based version that integrated videos of the translation of every question in sign language. We will show some results of the round 6 experiments that we did and show how our specific mixed-mode adapted procedures tend to prove that, with reasonable costs, it is possible to include deaf people in the general quantitative surveys and to reduce one of the specific non-response bias. The ethical issue is also at the center of our concern and the proposed techniques should contribute to a fairer use of the quantitative surveys and of inference. We will also focus on the translation procedures (from French into Sign Language) and on the associated risk of measurement error. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 13 (0 ULg)
See detailThe Belgian sky
Nazé, Yaël ULg; Fontaine, Sébastien ULg

Poster (2013)

Detailed reference viewed: 18 (1 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailThe containment strategy of extreme right wing parties : a failure ?
Italiano, Patrick ULg; Pieters, Jérôme ULg; Kovincic, Petar ULg et al

Conference (2012, November)

When confronted to data from European social Survey, there seems to be no link between the acceptance of immigration by public opinion in a sample of western Europe countries and the presence of extreme ... [more ▼]

When confronted to data from European social Survey, there seems to be no link between the acceptance of immigration by public opinion in a sample of western Europe countries and the presence of extreme right parties in those countries. This contradicts various political analysis and some other data. The paper states this possible discrepancy and tries to find explanations [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 102 (16 ULg)
Full Text
See detailComment le handicap se montre ou se cache. Observabilité, badges et représentations sociales de l'a-normalité
Fontaine, Sébastien ULg; Lejeune, Christophe ULg

Conference (2012, July)

Avant l'activation des stéréotypes, s'opère le repérage, la détection, l'identification et la qualification de comportements anormaux au sein de l'espace public. L'intérêt de ces questions est double ... [more ▼]

Avant l'activation des stéréotypes, s'opère le repérage, la détection, l'identification et la qualification de comportements anormaux au sein de l'espace public. L'intérêt de ces questions est double : non seulement tout cela conditionne l'activation des représentations sociales du handicap, mais cela requiert en outre une participation active de celui qui observe le comportement et de celui qui le produit. Le handicap n'entraîne en effet pas automatiquement des comportements observables et descriptibles comme comportements "handicapés". C'est dans des circonstances particulières que ces comportements se révèlent, par contraste, par rapport au comportement typiquement attendu par la plupart des passants ordinaires. À partir d'entretiens approfondis auprès d'aidants non professionnels (essentiellement des proches de personnes handicapées), nous avons identifié comment les acteurs manifestent délibérément leur condition particulière. Nous mettons également en évidence que cette manifestation peut s'appuyer sur un équipement, plus que sur des actes. La canne blanche, par exemple, agit comme un badge ; elle signale aux autres que celui qui la porte est aveugle. À l'opposé, enfin, certains regrettent l'invisibilité d'un handicap comme la surdité, qui ne se voit pas et qui rend problématiques les interactions avec des acteurs qui ne comprennent pas l'inadéquation des réactions de leur interlocuteur. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 147 (22 ULg)
Full Text
See detailSpecific mixed-mode methodology to reach sensory disabled people in quantitative surveys
Fontaine, Sébastien ULg

Conference (2012)

The deaf and dumb are a little known “hard-to-reach” population. In Belgium, the number of deaf and hard of hearings is estimated around 400.000 people (within 40.000 complete deaf). In the European ... [more ▼]

The deaf and dumb are a little known “hard-to-reach” population. In Belgium, the number of deaf and hard of hearings is estimated around 400.000 people (within 40.000 complete deaf). In the European Social Survey (one of the largest social surveys designed to chart and explain the interaction between Europe's changing institutions as well as the attitudes, beliefs and behavior patterns of its diverse populations), most of the sensory disabled people will not be included in the final databases of respondents. Following the strict contact procedure, some of them will be classified as “ineligibles”, if they live in an institution, or they will be classified as “nonresponses” with a specific code, because they cannot participate to the opinion survey following the usual way (face to face). This has different consequences on the response rate calculation, but the general consequence for sensory disabled people is that they are not represented in the European Social Survey data collection. It is highly probable that “ineligible” and “non-response because of a sensory handicap” are not “at random”, and that a strong link exists between non-participation to surveys and the responses given to opinion surveys. Psychological and sociological studies have often proved that there are differences between disabled and non-disabled people on subjects like participation, citizenship, social inclusion, but also happiness and quality of life, and this is the core of the ESS questionnaire. We will present some mixed-mode techniques: web-based questionnaires and face-to-face interviews with specially trained interviewers (sign language) that could be integrated in fieldwork procedure to organize general opinion surveys among this kind of population. We will also show some results, some group comparisons and also examples of bias reduction. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 13 (2 ULg)
Full Text
See detailHandicaps, attitudes et représentations sociales. Une enquête quantitative comparative auprès de la population francophone de Belgique.
Fontaine, Sébastien ULg

Conference (2012)

Cette communication présentera les résultats d’une enquête quantitative sur les représentations sociales des handicaps menée en Belgique Francophone en 2010. Selon Moscovici, Il existe un lien fort entre ... [more ▼]

Cette communication présentera les résultats d’une enquête quantitative sur les représentations sociales des handicaps menée en Belgique Francophone en 2010. Selon Moscovici, Il existe un lien fort entre représentations sociales et attitudes. Les représentations sociales préparent à l’action et guident les comportements. Les comportements et les attitudes peuvent, à leurs tours, déforcer ou renforcer les représentations. Notre recherche a permis d’approcher les représentations sociales des handicaps en sondant les attitudes, les comportements et les opinions en Belgique francophone. Trois dimensions ont été suivies : les sentiments et attitudes envers le handicap en étudiant la peur, la compassion et le sentiment d’inconfort ; la place personne handicapée en utilisant des cercles concentriques autours du répondant et enfin la citoyenneté et les droits des personnes en situation de handicap. L’originalité de cette recherche réside dans l’analyse comparative entre des opinions et des attitudes envers différents types de handicap. Nous avons mis au point un procédé permettant de comparer les attitudes envers trois handicaps types: le handicap moteur, le handicap mental léger et le handicap sensoriel, afin de tester les différences de représentations envers ces objets dans le but de faire émerger les représentations sociales envers des handicaps précisés. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 16 (1 ULg)
See detailSpecific mixed-mode methodology to reach sensory disabled people in quantitative surveys
Fontaine, Sébastien ULg

Scientific conference (2011)

The deaf and dumb are a little known “hard-to-reach” population. In Belgium, the number of deaf and hard of hearing is estimated around 400.000 people (within 40.000 complete deaf). In the European Social ... [more ▼]

The deaf and dumb are a little known “hard-to-reach” population. In Belgium, the number of deaf and hard of hearing is estimated around 400.000 people (within 40.000 complete deaf). In the European Social Survey, most of the sensory disabled people are not included in the final databases of respondents. Following the strict contact procedure, some of them will be classified as “ineligibles”, if they live in an institution, or they will be classified as “nonresponses” with a specific code, because they cannot participate in the opinion survey following the usual way (face to face). This has different consequences on the response rate calculation, but the general consequence for sensory disabled people is that they are not represented in the European Social Survey data collection. It is highly probable that “ineligible” and “non-response because of a sensory handicap” are not “at random”, and that a strong link exists between non-participation in surveys and the responses given to opinion surveys. Psychological and sociological studies have often proved that there are differences between disabled and non-disabled people on subjects like participation, citizenship, social inclusion, but also happiness and quality of life, and this is the core of the ESS questionnaire. Integration of people with sensory handicap could reduce a part of the non-response bias. We will present some mixed-mode techniques: web-based questionnaires with “sign language” videos for the deaf, web-based questionnaires with vocal synthesis for the blind and face-to-face interviews with specially trained interviewers. Some examples from a current survey about voting participation in French speaking Belgium will also be used. We will show methods that could be integrated in general opinion surveys’ fieldwork procedures to redirect specific respondents (with sensory disabilities) to innovative adapted mixed mode techniques. This could also be used in specific surveys among this kind of population. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 16 (2 ULg)