References of "Fontaine, Marie"
     in
Bookmark and Share    
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailMyoferlin is a novel exosomal protein and functional regulator of cancer-derived exosomes
Blomme, Arnaud; Fahmy, Karim; Peulen, Olivier ULg et al

in Oncotarget (2016)

Exosomes are communication mediators participating in the intercellular exchange of proteins, metabolites and nucleic acids. Recent studies have demonstrated that exosomes are characterized by a unique ... [more ▼]

Exosomes are communication mediators participating in the intercellular exchange of proteins, metabolites and nucleic acids. Recent studies have demonstrated that exosomes are characterized by a unique proteomic composition that is distinct from the cellular one. The mechanisms responsible for determining the proteome content of the exosomes remain however obscure. In the current study we employ ultrastructural approach to validate a novel exosomal protein myoferlin. This is a multiple C2-domain containing protein, known for its conserved physiological function in endocytosis and vesicle fusion biology. Emerging studies demonstrate that myoferlin is frequently overexpressed in cancer, where it promotes cancer cell migration and invasion. Our data expand these ndings by showing that myoferlin is a general component of cancer cell derived exosomes from different breast and pancreatic cancer cell lines. Using proteomic analysis, we demonstrate for the rst time that myoferlin depletion in cancer cells leads to a signi cantly modulated exosomal protein load. Such myoferlin-depleted exosomes were also functionally de cient as shown by their reduced capacity to transfer nucleic acids to human endothelial cells (HUVEC). Beyond this, myoferlin-depleted cancer exosomes also had a signi cantly reduced ability to induce migration and proliferation of HUVEC. The present study highlights myoferlin as a new functional player in exosome biology, calling for novel strategies to target this emerging oncogene in human cancer. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 71 (13 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailThe interaction of uPAR with VEGFR2 promotes VEGF-induced angiogenesis.
Herkenne, Stephanie; Paques, Cécile ULg; Nivelles, Olivier et al

in Science signaling (2015), 8(403), 117

In endothelial cells, binding of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) to the receptor VEGFR2 activates multiple signaling pathways that trigger processes such as proliferation, survival, and ... [more ▼]

In endothelial cells, binding of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) to the receptor VEGFR2 activates multiple signaling pathways that trigger processes such as proliferation, survival, and migration that are necessary for angiogenesis. VEGF-bound VEGFR2 becomes internalized, which is a key step in the proangiogenic signal. We showed that the urokinase plasminogen activator receptor (uPAR) interacted with VEGFR2 and described the mechanism by which this interaction mediated VEGF signaling and promoted angiogenesis. Knockdown of uPAR in human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) impaired VEGFR2 signaling, and uPAR deficiency in mice prevented VEGF-induced angiogenesis. Upon exposure of HUVECs to VEGF, uPAR recruited the low-density lipoprotein receptor-related protein 1 (LRP-1) to VEGFR2, which induced VEGFR2 internalization. Thus, the uPAR-VEGFR2 interaction is crucial for VEGF signaling in endothelial cells. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 108 (32 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailEndothelium-specific expression of the microRNA miR-146a by using the RCAS system
Fontaine, Marie ULg; Halkein, Julie; Tabruyn, Sébastien et al

Poster (2013, May 17)

Detailed reference viewed: 15 (3 ULg)