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See detailA phase IIa, nonrandomized study of radium-223 dichloride in advanced breast cancer patients with bone-dominant disease.
Coleman, Robert; Aksnes, Anne-Kirsti; Naume, Bjorn et al

in Breast cancer research and treatment (2014)

Radium-223 dichloride (radium-223) mimics calcium and emits high-energy, short-range alpha-particles resulting in an antitumor effect on bone metastases. This open-label, phase IIa nonrandomized study ... [more ▼]

Radium-223 dichloride (radium-223) mimics calcium and emits high-energy, short-range alpha-particles resulting in an antitumor effect on bone metastases. This open-label, phase IIa nonrandomized study investigated safety and short-term efficacy of radium-223 in breast cancer patients with bone-dominant disease. Twenty-three advanced breast cancer patients with progressive bone-dominant disease, and no longer candidates for further endocrine therapy, were to receive radium-223 (50 kBq/kg IV) every 4 weeks for 4 cycles. The coprimary end points were change in urinary N-telopeptide of type 1 (uNTX-1) and serum bone alkaline phosphatase (bALP) after 16 weeks of treatment. Exploratory end points included sequential 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography and computed tomography (FDG PET/CT) to assess metabolic changes in osteoblastic bone metastases. Safety data were collected for all patients. Radium-223 significantly reduced uNTX-1 and bALP from baseline to end of treatment. Median uNTX-1 change was -10.1 nmol bone collagen equivalents/mmol creatinine (-32.8 %; P = 0.0124); median bALP change was -16.7 ng/mL (-42.0 %; P = 0.0045). Twenty of twenty-three patients had FDG PET/CT identifying 155 hypermetabolic osteoblastic bone lesions at baseline: 50 lesions showed metabolic decrease (>/=25 % reduction of maximum standardized uptake value from baseline) after 2 radium-223 injections [32.3 % metabolic response rate (mRR) at week 9], persisting after the treatment period (41.5 % mRR at week 17). Radium-223 was safe and well tolerated. Radium-223 targets areas of increased bone metabolism and shows biological activity in advanced breast cancer patients with bone-dominant disease. [less ▲]

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See detailLesion size effect on variability in PET quantification in multicenter trials
Guiot, Thomas; Vanderlinden, Bruno; Seret, Alain ULg et al

Poster (2013, May 25)

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See detailPhantom program analysis to assess the variability in PET image quantification between different PET-CT centres
Guiot, Thomas; Vanderlinden, Bruno; Wimana, Zéna et al

in European Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging (2011, October), 38(S2), 172

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See detailClinical added-value of 18FDG PET in neuroendocrine-merkel cell carcinoma
Belhocine, Tarik; Pierard, Gérald ULg; Frühling, Janos et al

in Oncology Reports (2006), 16(2), 347-352

Merkel cell carcinoma (MCC) is a rare and highly malignant skin cancer with neuroendocrine differentiation. We studied the potential value of 18FDG PET in the management of MCC. Eleven patients with MCC ... [more ▼]

Merkel cell carcinoma (MCC) is a rare and highly malignant skin cancer with neuroendocrine differentiation. We studied the potential value of 18FDG PET in the management of MCC. Eleven patients with MCC were examined by 18FDG PET and PET-CT for staging purpose (n=4) or for detection of recurrence (n=7). Qualitative and quantitative interpretation of PET studies was performed routinely. 18FDG PET observations were compared to clinical and radiological findings. In 6 patients, PET findings were also compared to histology. In 7 patients, the 18FDG tumor uptake was compared to the MCC proliferative activity expressed by the Ki-67 index. 18FDG PET was contributive in 10/11 MCC patients. In 7 patients, 18FDG PET detected focal lesions or a disseminated stage of the disease including dermal, nodal and visceral metastases. In 3 patients, a normal 18FDG PET confirmed complete remission of disease. Most MCC patients exhibited highly 18FDG-avid sites suggestive of increased glucose metabolism. This imaging pattern was related to a high proliferative activity (Ki-67 index >50%). In 1 patient with a weakly proliferative nodal MCC (Ki-67<10%), a false negative result was yielded by metabolic imaging. In 4/11 patients, 18FDG PET revealed an unsuspected second neoplasm in addition to MCC. It is concluded that whole-body 18FDG PET may be useful in the management of MCC patients. However, a normal 18FDG PET aspect cannot rule out MCC with low proliferative activity. [less ▲]

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