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See detailIs Aggregation Of Beta-Amyloid Peptides A Mis-Functioning Of A Current Interaction Process?
Festy, F.; Lins, Laurence ULg; Peranzi, G. et al

in Biochimica et Biophysica Acta-Protein Structure and Molecular Enzymology (2001), 1546(2), 356-64

In a previous study, Hughes et al. [Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 93 (1996) 2065-2070] demonstrated that the amyloid peptide is able to interact with itself in a two-hybrid system and that interaction is ... [more ▼]

In a previous study, Hughes et al. [Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 93 (1996) 2065-2070] demonstrated that the amyloid peptide is able to interact with itself in a two-hybrid system and that interaction is specific. They further supported that the method could be used to define the sequences that might be important in nucleation-dependent aggregation. The sequence of the amyloid peptide can be split into four clusters, two hydrophilic (1-16 and 22-28) and two hydrophobic (17-21 and 29-42). We designed by molecular modeling and tested by the two-hybrid approach, series of mutations spread all over the sequence and changing the distribution of hydrophobicity and/or the spatial hindrance. In the two-hybrid assay, interaction of native Abeta is reproduced. Screening of mutations demonstrates that the C-domain (residues 29-40 (42)), the median domain (residues 17-22) and the N-domain (1-16) are all crucial for interaction. This demonstrates that almost all fragments of the amyloid peptide but a loop (residues 23-28) and the C-term amino acid are important for the native interaction. We support that the folded three-dimensional (3D) structure is the Abeta-Abeta interacting species, that the whole sequence is involved in that 3D fold which has a low secondary structure propensity and a high susceptibility to mutations and thus should have a low stability. The native fold of Abeta could be stabilized in Abeta-Abeta complexes which could in other circumstances facilitate the nucleation event of aggregation that leads to the formation of stable senile plaques. [less ▲]

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See detailInteraction Between The N-Terminal Domain Of Gastric H,K-Atpase And The Spectrin Binding Domain Of Ankyrin Iii
Festy, F.; Robert, Jocelyne ULg; Brasseur, Robert ULg et al

in Journal of Biological Chemistry (2001), 276(11), 7721-6

We screened a cDNA bank of rabbit gastric fundic mucosa by two-hybrid assays looking for binding partners of the N-terminal domain of the rabbit gastric H,K-ATPase. We extracted five clones sharing more ... [more ▼]

We screened a cDNA bank of rabbit gastric fundic mucosa by two-hybrid assays looking for binding partners of the N-terminal domain of the rabbit gastric H,K-ATPase. We extracted five clones sharing more than 90% sequence identity. The longest clone codes for a protein sharing a high identity (96 and 96.8%, respectively) with a fragment of the membrane domain, from Arg-835 to Ser-873, plus the major part of the "spectrin binding domain" going from Glu-874 to Leu-1455 of human and mouse ankyrin III. We conclude that the membrane and spectrin binding domains of the rabbit ankyrin III are candidates for the binding partner of the N-terminal domain of the rabbit gastric H,K-ATPase. To validate the ankyrin-ATPase interaction and to test its specificity, we produced both domains in yeast and bacteria, coimmunoprecipitated them with an anti-ATPase antibody, and copurified them by affinity chromatography. The sequence of rabbit ankyrin III was not known, and this is the first report demonstrating that the ankyrin III and the H,K-ATPase interact with no intermediate. The interaction involves the N-terminal domain of the ATPase on one hand and the spectrin binding domain of the ankyrin on the other. [less ▲]

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See detail1-anilino-8-naphtalene sulfonate probes a gastric HK-ATPase potassium site whose access requires ionophores.
Festy, F.; Lins, Laurence ULg; Gallet, X. et al

in Journal of Membrane Biology (1998), 165(2), 153-60

1-anilino-8-naphtalenesulfonate (ANS) is a hydrophobic dipole previously used to demonstrate that the proton for potassium exchange by the gastric HK-ATPase is electroneutral. In this paper, we ... [more ▼]

1-anilino-8-naphtalenesulfonate (ANS) is a hydrophobic dipole previously used to demonstrate that the proton for potassium exchange by the gastric HK-ATPase is electroneutral. In this paper, we demonstrate that ANS binds to gastric membranes and probes conformational changes of the HK-ATPase independently of any active H for K exchange. Conformational changes require the presence of potassium-valinomycin and are not triggered by sodium. Potassium effect is enhanced by ATP, in the presence and in the absence of magnesium and, by ADP, in the presence of magnesium. Labeling of the pig HK-ATPase K518 by fluorescein-5-isothiocyanate inhibits the enzyme activity and knocks out the ATP effect on ANS fluorescence. Scherring 28080 and the monoclonal antibody 95-111, two competitive inhibitors of K-activated ATPase dephosphorylation, do not modify K-effect on ANS fluorescence but inhibit ATP effects. This supports that ANS does not probe K-site between the H1-H2 loop. Treatment of gastric membranes with trypsin does not inhibit the ANS response to potassium but does inhibit the response to ATP. This suggests that the ATP site inducing the ANS response is cytoplasmic and the potassium site is intramembranous. Titration reveals that one mole of ANS interacts with one mole of ATPase. We suggest that ANS probes a hydrophobic potassium site of gastric ATPase and that addition of ATP and ADP-Mg embed that site. [less ▲]

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See detailTopological Model Of Membrane Domain Of The Cystic Fibrosis Transmembrane Conductance Regulator
Gallet, X.; Festy, F.; Ducarme, P. et al

in Journal of Molecular Graphics & Modelling (1998), 16(2), 97-8

The cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator is a cAMP-regulated chloride channel. We used molecular modelling to predict 3-D models for the CFTR membrane domain. Hydropathy and residue ... [more ▼]

The cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator is a cAMP-regulated chloride channel. We used molecular modelling to predict 3-D models for the CFTR membrane domain. Hydropathy and residue conservation in all CFTRs as well as in other proteins suggested that the membrane domain is a 12-helix bundle. If the domain is enclosing a channel for chloride, it could be made of five helices. We propose two structural models in which both lumenal and cytoplasmic entrances to the chloride pore have a ring of positively charged residues. The inner surface of the channel is covered with neutral polar plus one or two charged residues. Helices that are not directly involved in the chloride channel could organise to form a second channel; a dimeric symmetrical structure is proposed. Analysis raised interest for helix 5: this hydrophobic fragment is conserved in all CFTRs and aligns with segments present in several different ion channels and transporters. The existence of an FFXXFFXXF motif is proposed. Helix 5 could be an important domain of CFTRs. The models agree with available data from pathological mutations but does not account for the membrane insertion of a hydrophilic fragment of NBDI. [less ▲]

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See detailPrediction Of Epitopes And Production Of Monoclonal Antibodies Against Gastric H,K-Atpase
Irnaten, M.; Gallet, X.; Festy, F. et al

in Protein Engineering (1998), 11(10), 949-55

Monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) were produced against gastric H,K-ATPase using a theoretical and experimental strategy based on prediction of linear epitopes by molecular modelling followed by production of ... [more ▼]

Monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) were produced against gastric H,K-ATPase using a theoretical and experimental strategy based on prediction of linear epitopes by molecular modelling followed by production of anti-peptide antibodies. By analysing the alpha subunit sequence, we predicted several epitopes corresponding to amino acids K519-L533, E543-Y553 and S786-L798 and produced monoclonal antibodies HK519, HK543 and HK786. All three react against gastric H,K-ATPase in RaLISA, immunohistochemistry and Western blots demonstrating that they recognize the native and the SDS-denatured ionic pump and that the epitopes are located at the surface of the native ATPase. Antibody Kd are in the range 6-10x10(-8) M. Monoclonal antibody HK519 is a competitive inhibitor of ATP, in agreement with ATP binding to K519. Neither mAb 543, nor mAb 786 inhibit the ATPase activity. Monoclonal antibody 95111, whose epitope is mapped between residues C529 and E561, competes with mAb HK543 but not with the other two. We suggest that the 95111 epitope is overlapping or very close to the HK543-553 sequence. Induction of E1 conformer by binding FITC to K519 increases the number of mAb 95111 and mAb HK543 epitopes but not that of mAb 786, supporting the fact that the fragment E543-Y553 changes accessibility, maybe during the E1-E2 transconformation. [less ▲]

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