References of "Fauconnier, Marie-Laure"
     in
Bookmark and Share    
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailEtude de la composition chimique et de l’activité antioxydante des différents extraits de la Lavande dentée (Lavandula dentata)
Bettaieb Rebey, I.; Bourgou, S.; Saidani Tounsi, M. et al

in Journal of New Sciences Agri & Biotech (2017), 39(2), 2096-2105

In this study, Lavandula dentata organs (roots, stems and leaves) were investigated for their essential oils, total phenolics, flavonoids contents and antioxidant activities. Essential oil yields were 0 ... [more ▼]

In this study, Lavandula dentata organs (roots, stems and leaves) were investigated for their essential oils, total phenolics, flavonoids contents and antioxidant activities. Essential oil yields were 0.22% in roots, 0.68 % in stems and 0.89 % in flowers. Major components of the oils were β-ocimene, limonene and 1,8 cineol in roots, stems and leaves and flowers, respectively. In all organs, total phenolics content ranged from 42.57 to 16.17 mg gallic acid equivalents per gram of dry weight (mg GAE/g DW).The antioxidant activities of Lavandula dentata extracts obtained from the three organs were assessed using two tests (DPPH and reducing power). The root extract was strongly effective as DPPH radical scavenger and reducing agent. Thus, the identification of individual target polyphenolic compounds of roots was performed by RP-HPLC. The major phenolic compound detected in roots was rosmarinic acid. This activity was high enough for the plant to be a new and natural source of strongly antioxidant substances for use as natural additives in food and pharmaceutical industry. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 141 (5 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailUse of complementary biophysical approaches to study the interactions of fatty acid hydroperoxides with biomimetic plant plasma membranes
Deboever, Estelle ULg; Nasir, Mehmet Nail ULg; Deleu, Magali ULg et al

Poster (2017, January 20)

In the actual context, biopesticides have emerged as a main alternative to conventional agriculture1. Hence, elicitors are metabolites naturally produced by microorganisms, pathogenic or not, and plants ... [more ▼]

In the actual context, biopesticides have emerged as a main alternative to conventional agriculture1. Hence, elicitors are metabolites naturally produced by microorganisms, pathogenic or not, and plants which are able to induce the natural resistance of plants. Also, they have proved to be excellent candidates for biological control. In this context, the lipoxygenase pathway leads to the formation of fatty acid degradation products, called oxylipins, which appear to be crucial agents in plant defence mechanisms2,3. Moreover, with their broad spectrum of action and their possible inducibility, oxylipins appear to be promising candidates for their use as elicitors4. This work focuses on two hydroperoxy-derived oxylipins, the 13(S)-hydroperoxy-octadecadienoic acid (13-HPOD) and the 13(S)-hydroperoxy-octadecatrienoic acid (13-HPOT). The study of the interaction of such compounds with representative plant plasma membrane lipids is essential to understand plant resistance mechanisms. Several in silico and experimental techniques of biophysics showed that acyl-hydroperoxides have significant adsorption capacity and a strong affinity for model membranes. They may also penetrate biological membrane but no permeabilisation effect was observed in this work. Slight conformational differences seem to have a significant impact on their ability to interact with plant plasma membranes. Based on these results, further investigation of the interactions of fatty acids hydroperoxides, even more on the 9-forms, with plant plasma membranes and eventually in the presence of phytopathogenic species, would allow a better understanding of the innate immunity and, on the longer term, could lead to the development of new elicitors with biological mechanisms potentially independent of membrane protein receptors. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 35 (7 ULg)
Full Text
See detailFlavor profiles of monovarietal virgin olive oils produced in the Oriental region of Morocco
Mansouri, Farid; Ben Moumen, Abdessamad; Richard, Gaetan ULg et al

in Oilseeds and fats, Crops and Lipids (2017), 24

The purpose of this study is the evaluation of flavor profiles of monovarietal virgin olive oils (VOO) produced in the Oriental region of Morocco via the characterization of volatile compounds, using SPME ... [more ▼]

The purpose of this study is the evaluation of flavor profiles of monovarietal virgin olive oils (VOO) produced in the Oriental region of Morocco via the characterization of volatile compounds, using SPME-GC/MS technique, and the determination of total phenolic content (colorimetric method). The study concerns oils of three European olive cultivars (Arbosana, Arbequina and Koroneiki) which were recently introduced in Morocco under irrigated high-density plantation system. GC/MS aroma profiles of analyzed VOOs showed the presence of 35 volatile compounds. The major compounds in such oils are C6 compounds produced from linoleic and linolenic acids via lipoxygenase pathway such as trans-2-hexenal, cis-2-hexenal, cis-3-hexen-1-ol, trans-3-hexen-1-ol, trans-3-hexen-1-ol acetate, hexanal and 1-hexanol in different proportions depending on the cultivar (p<0.05). In addition, statistical analyses indicate that the analyzed VOOs have different aroma profiles. Arbequina oil has a high proportion of compounds with sensory notes “green” and “sweet” giving it a fruity sensation compared to Arbosana and Koroneiki. In parallel, Arbosana and Koroneiki oils are rich in phenolic compounds and provide relatively bitter and pungent tastes to these oils. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 17 (2 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailPhytotoxic activity and chemical composition of Cassia absus seeds and aerial parts
Zribi, Ines; Sbai, H.; Ghezal, N. et al

in Natural Product Research (2017)

The present study was conducted to assess the phytotoxic potential and the phytochemical composition of Cassia absus. Aqueous extracts caused significant reduction of root growth of Lactuca sativa. Seed ... [more ▼]

The present study was conducted to assess the phytotoxic potential and the phytochemical composition of Cassia absus. Aqueous extracts caused significant reduction of root growth of Lactuca sativa. Seed extract was more effective than aerial part extract. Successive extractions of this plant were performed using solvents with increasing polarities. The methanolic seed extract exerted strong phytotoxic effect on seedling growth, followed by petroleum ether extract of the aerial part. The phytochemical investigation showed that among the organic extracts, methanol extracts of seeds and aerial parts contained the highest amounts of total phenolics and proanthocyanidins. Seeds were rich in linoleic acid followed by palmitic acids. Palmitic, stearic and arachidic acids were the major fatty acids in aerial parts. HPLC-DAD analysis of the methanolic extracts revealed the presence of luteolin in C. absus aerial parts. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 12 (4 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailMethanol emissions from maize: Ontogenetic dependence to varying light conditions and guttation as an additional factor constraining the flux
Mozaffar, Ahsan ULg; Schoon, N.; Digrado, Anthony ULg et al

in Atmospheric Environment (2017), 152

Because of its high abundance and long lifetime compared to other volatile organic compounds in the atmosphere, methanol (CH3OH) plays an important role in atmospheric chemistry. Even though agricultural ... [more ▼]

Because of its high abundance and long lifetime compared to other volatile organic compounds in the atmosphere, methanol (CH3OH) plays an important role in atmospheric chemistry. Even though agricultural crops are believed to be a large source of methanol, emission inventories from those crop ecosystems are still scarce and little information is available concerning the driving mechanisms for methanol production and emission at different developmental stages of the plants/leaves. This study focuses on methanol emissions from Zea mays L. (maize), which is vastly cultivated throughout the world. Flux measurements have been performed on young plants, almost fully grown leaves and fully grown leaves, enclosed in dynamic flow-through enclosures in a temperature and light-controlled environmental chamber. Strong differences in the response of methanol emissions to variations in PPFD (Photosynthetic Photon Flux Density) were noticed between the young plants, almost fully grown and fully grown leaves. Moreover, young maize plants showed strong emission peaks following light/dark transitions, for which guttation can be put forward as a hypothetical pathway. Young plants’ average daily methanol fluxes exceeded by a factor of 17 those of almost fully grown and fully grown leaves when expressed per leaf area. Absolute flux values were found to be smaller than those reported in the literature, but in fair agreement with recent ecosystem scale flux measurements above a maize field of the same variety as used in this study. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 25 (4 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailChemical composition, vasorelaxant, antioxidant and antiplatelet effects of essential oil of Artemisia campestris L. from Oriental Morocco
Dib, Ikram; Fauconnier, Marie-Laure ULg; Sindic, Marianne ULg et al

in BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine (2017), 17(art. 82), 1-15

Background: Artemisia campestris L. (Asteraceae) is a medicinal herb traditionally used to treat hypertension and many other diseases. Hence, this study is aimed to analyze the essential oil of A ... [more ▼]

Background: Artemisia campestris L. (Asteraceae) is a medicinal herb traditionally used to treat hypertension and many other diseases. Hence, this study is aimed to analyze the essential oil of A. campestris L (AcEO) and to investigate the antiplatelet, antioxidant effects and the mechanisms of its vasorelaxant effect. Methods: The chemical composition of AcEO was elucidated using GC/MS analysis. Then, the antioxidant effect was tested on DPPH radical scavenging and on the prevention of β-carotene bleaching. The antiplatelet effect was performed on the presence of the platelet agonists: thrombin and ADP. The mechanism of action of the vasorelaxant effect was studied by using the cellular blockers specified to explore the involvement of NO/GC pathway and in the presence of calcium channels blockers and potassium channels blockers. Results: AcEO is predominated by the volatiles: spathulenol, ß-eudesmol and p-cymene. The maximal antioxidant effect was obtained with the dose 2 mg/ml of AcEO. The dose 1 mg/ml of AcEO showed a maximum antiplatelet effect of, respectively 49.73% ±9.54 and 48.20% ±8.49 on thrombin and ADP. The vasorelaxation seems not to be mediated via NOS/GC pathway neither via the potassium channels. However, pretreatment with calcium channels blockers attenuated this effect, suggesting that the vasorelaxation is mediated via inhibition of L-type Ca2+ channels and the activation of SERCA pumps of reticulum plasma. Conclusion: This study confirms the antioxidant, antiplatelet and vasorelaxant effects of A.campestris L essential oil. However, the antihypertensive use of this oil should be further confirmed by the chemical fractionation and subsequent bio-guided assays. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 27 (2 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailChemical Composition and Acaricidal Activity of Thymus algeriensis Essential Oil against Varroa destructor
Kouache, Benmoussa; Brada, Moussa; Saadi, Abdelkader et al

in Natural Product Communications (2017), 12(0), 1-4

The aim of the present study was to determine the chemical composition and evaluate the acaricidal activity of Thymus algeriensis essential oil (TAEO) against Varroa destructor. This ectoparasitic mite is ... [more ▼]

The aim of the present study was to determine the chemical composition and evaluate the acaricidal activity of Thymus algeriensis essential oil (TAEO) against Varroa destructor. This ectoparasitic mite is a pest of the honey bee Apis mellifera. The essential oil from the aerial parts of T. algeriensis, obtained by hydrodistillation, was obtained in a yield of 2.8± 0.2%, w/w. The TAEO was analyzed by GC and GC/MS. Thirty-four compounds were identified, representing 99.3% of the oil. The main constituents were carvacrol (48.4%), γ-terpinene (14.9%), p-cymene (14.7%), and thymol (5.6%). Four lots were constituted at the level of an apiary in order to study the dynamics of the Varroa destructor and its host, Apis mellifera. After diagnosis by the biological method "install of diapers", the lots were treated at different doses of TAEO (0.1, 0.3 and 0.5%). TAEO was sprayed on top of the hives. The results show that TAEO at 0.5% resulted in a decrease in the rate of infestation of Varroa destructor, causing a mortality rate of 32.6% without negative effect on the nesting of the queen. The essential oil of T. algeriensis could be used as a bioacaricidal agent. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 129 (3 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailAnalysis of the interactions of fatty acyds hydroperoxides with biomimetic membranes by complementary biophysical approaches
Deboever, Estelle ULg; Nasir, Mehmet Nail ULg; Deleu, Magali ULg et al

Poster (2016, November 16)

In the actual context, biopesticides have emerged as a main alternative to conventional agriculture1. Hence, elicitors are metabolites naturally produced by microorganisms, pathogenic or not, and plants ... [more ▼]

In the actual context, biopesticides have emerged as a main alternative to conventional agriculture1. Hence, elicitors are metabolites naturally produced by microorganisms, pathogenic or not, and plants which are able to induce the natural resistance of plants. Also, they have proved to be excellent candidates for biological control. In this context, the lipoxygenase pathway leads to the formation of fatty acid degradation products, called oxylipins, which appear to be crucial agents in plant defence mechanisms2,3. Moreover, with their broad spectrum of action and their possible inducibility, oxylipins appear to be promising candidates for their use as elicitors4. This work focuses on two hydroperoxy-derived oxylipins, the 13(S)-hydroperoxy-octadecadienoic acid (13-HPOD) and the 13(S)-hydroperoxy-octadecatrienoic acid (13-HPOT). The study of the interaction of such compounds with representative plant plasma membrane lipids is essential to understand plant resistance mechanisms. Several in silico and experimental techniques of biophysics showed that acyl-hydroperoxides have significant adsorption capacity and a strong affinity for model membranes. They may also penetrate biological membrane but no permeabilisation effect was observed in this work. Slight conformational differences seem to have a significant impact on their ability to interact with plant plasma membranes. Based on these results, further investigation of the interactions of fatty acids hydroperoxides, even more on the 9-forms, with plant plasma membranes and eventually in the presence of phytopathogenic species, would allow a better understanding of the innate immunity and, on the longer term, could lead to the development of new elicitors with biological mechanisms potentially independent of membrane protein receptors. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 35 (8 ULg)
Full Text
See detailDevelopment of a new method for arabidopsides extraction and purification
Genva, Manon ULg; Andersson, Mats X; Nasir, Mehmet Nail ULg et al

Poster (2016, November 16)

In the present work, a new method for arabidopsides extraction and purification was developed.

Detailed reference viewed: 39 (9 ULg)
Full Text
See detailStudy of the volatile organic compounds in the interaction between banana plants and the fungal disease Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. cubense Tropical Race 4 (FocTR4)
Berhal, Chadi ULg; De Clerck, Caroline ULg; LEVICEK, CAROLINA et al

Conference (2016, October 11)

Banana fruit (Musa sp.) ranks fourth in term of worldwide production, and has economical and nutritional key values. Cavendish is the popular and most dominant variety of the dessert banana group ... [more ▼]

Banana fruit (Musa sp.) ranks fourth in term of worldwide production, and has economical and nutritional key values. Cavendish is the popular and most dominant variety of the dessert banana group. Nowadays, it is endangered by the emergent race of the Panama disease, caused by Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. cubense TR4 (Foc TR4). Despite the importance of the Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs), which are secondary metabolites with a high vapour pressure, and their role in plant protection, they have never been documented as a way to manage this disease on Cavendish. Thus, the aim of this PhD thesis is to study the VOCs in the specific interaction Cavendish/Foc TR4, as a way to manage this threat. Based on the work previously done with other plants at Gembloux Agro-Bio Tech, a protocol was optimized for the extraction of the banana plant’s VOCs. In parallel, models of in-vitro and in-vivo inoculations are under development to distinguish the VOCs emitted by the root zone and those emitted by the aerial part of the plant. The results of the first analysis showed that the majority of the Cavendish VOCs belongs to the terpenes group, as well as ketones and an organic ester. The VOCs specifically emitted during the plant-pathogen interaction will be studied more in depth by evaluating their effect on the plant and the pathogen. At long term, and depending on the results, agro-ecological applications of this knowledge could include breeding for new variety or combining banana with other plants expressing VOCs against Foc TR4, applying VOCs on field to stimulate plant defences or to contain the pathogen. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 73 (7 ULg)
See detailInvestigating the effect of plant-derived amendments on PAHs degradation in brownfield contaminated soils
Davin, Marie ULg; Starren, Amandine ULg; Colinet, Gilles ULg et al

Conference (2016, September 13)

Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) are a class of persistant organic compounds of major concern that tend to accumulate in the environment, damaging ecosystems and health. Brownfields represent an ... [more ▼]

Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) are a class of persistant organic compounds of major concern that tend to accumulate in the environment, damaging ecosystems and health. Brownfields represent an important tank for PAHs that require remediation. As an alternative to environmentally aggressive, expensive and often disruptive soil remediation strategies, experiences have been carried on to understand and develop techniques based on bioremediation and phytoremediation. PAHs degradation experiments were conducted in microcosms (laboratory scale) in order to determine whether several plant-derived amendments could enhance bioremediation. Briefly, samples of aged contaminated soils were treated with different concentrations of Medicago sativa or Trifolium pratense root exudates or dried roots, commercial saponin, a natural surfactant found in some plant roots such as some Fabaceae, and some samples were left unamended as controls. Soil samples were incubated for two and four weeks at controlled temperature (28°C). Carbon dioxide emission was monitored throughout the whole incubation. At the end of each experiment, dehydrogenase activity was measured as an indicator of microbiological activity and residual PAHs were determined using High-Performance Liquid Chromatography with Fluorimetric Detection (HPLC-FLD). In total, eleven amendment modalities and two incubation periods were tested and repeated four times. Preliminary experiments show promising results as amended samples seem to show different respiration activities. Ongoing studies will allow discussion as to whether or not PAHs degradation is influenced by the different modalities and if there are any differences according to the nature and concentration of the amendment. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 55 (3 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailComparative study of nutritional quality of potato-wheat steamed and baked breads made with four cultivated potato flour
Liu, Xingli; Mu, Tai-Hua; Sun, Hongnan et al

in International Journal of Food Sciences & Nutrition (2016)

Bread is traditional staple food in western and oriental countries varying in both the ingredients used, preparation methods, and heating methods applied, which are mainly used as an energy source because ... [more ▼]

Bread is traditional staple food in western and oriental countries varying in both the ingredients used, preparation methods, and heating methods applied, which are mainly used as an energy source because of high carbohydrate. Baked bread is popular in western countries. While steamed bread is a type of fermented and steamed wheat-based food of Chinese origin, and represents ∼40% of the wheat consumption in China. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 114 (19 ULg)
Full Text
See detailPlant esterified oxylipins: structure – function relationship
Genva, Manon ULg; Andersson, Mats X.; Nasir, Mehmet Nail ULg et al

Poster (2016, September)

In the present work, high quantities of arabidopsides were extracted and purified from Arabidopsis thaliana L.

Detailed reference viewed: 41 (12 ULg)
Full Text
See detailSOLINDIC : Etude de l’activité biologique du système « Sol-Plante » en vue de préserver les fonctionnalités des sols agricoles
Blondel, Alodie; Durenne, B.; Mingeot, D. et al

Report (2016)

Detailed reference viewed: 28 (2 ULg)
See detailInvestigating the Effect of Plant Root Exudates and of Saponin on Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons Solubilization in Brownfield Contaminated Soils
Davin, Marie ULg; Fauconnier, Marie-Laure ULg; Colinet, Gilles ULg

Conference (2016, August 08)

In Wallonia, there are 6,000 estimated brownfields (rising to over 3.5 million in Europe) that require remediation. Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAHs) are a class of recalcitrant carcinogenic ... [more ▼]

In Wallonia, there are 6,000 estimated brownfields (rising to over 3.5 million in Europe) that require remediation. Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAHs) are a class of recalcitrant carcinogenic/mutagenic organic compounds of major concern as they accumulate in the environment and represent 17% of all encountered pollutants. As an alternative to environmentally aggressive, expensive and often disruptive soil remediation strategies, a lot of research has been directed to developing techniques targeting organic pollutants. The following experiment, based on the observation that PAHs soil content decreases in the presence of plants, aimed at improving our understanding of the underlying mechanisms involved in phytoremediation. It focusses on plant root exudates and whether they improve PAHs solubilization, which would make them more available for bioremediation by soil microorganisms. The effect of saponin, a natural surfactant found in some plant roots such as members of the Fabaceae family, on PAHs solubilization was also investigated as part of the implementation of the experimental protocol. The experiments were conducted on soil collected from a brownfield in Saint-Ghislain (Belgium) and presenting weathered PAHs contamination. Samples of soil were extracted with different solutions containing either plant root exudates or commercial saponin. Extracted PAHs were determined in the different aqueous solutions using High-Performance Liquid Chromatography and Fluorimetric Detection (HPLC-FLD). Both root exudates of alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.) or red clover (Trifoliumpratense L.) and commercial saponin were tested in different concentrations. Distilled water was used as a control. First of all, results show that PAHs are more extracted using saponin solutions than distilled water and that the amounts generally rise with the saponin concentration. However, the amount of each extracted compound diminishes as its molecular weight rises. Also, it appears that passed a certain surfactant concentration, PAHs are less extracted. This suggests that saponin might be investigated as a washing agent in polluted soil remediation techniques, either for ex situ or in situ treatments, as an alternative to synthetic surfactants. On the other hand, preliminary results on experiments using plant root exudates also show differences in PAHs solubilization compared to the control solution. Further results will allow discussion as to whether or not there are differences according to the exudates provenance and concentrations. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 46 (2 ULg)
Full Text
See detailGamifier un quiz – Effet graduel sur la performance, l’immersion et la perception de compétence
le Maire, Nathalie ULg; Fauconnier, Marie-Laure ULg; Colaux, Catherine ULg et al

Conference (2016, July 06)

Dans un contexte marqué par l’arrivée d’une génération pour laquelle les technologies, les réseaux sociaux et les jeux en ligne relèvent de l’évidence (Stein, 2013; Weiler, 2004), le jeu a souvent été ... [more ▼]

Dans un contexte marqué par l’arrivée d’une génération pour laquelle les technologies, les réseaux sociaux et les jeux en ligne relèvent de l’évidence (Stein, 2013; Weiler, 2004), le jeu a souvent été qualifié de véhicule d’une pédagogie rendant l’étudiant acteur de son apprentissage, conférant une dimension de défi aux activités éducatives et générant une motivation intrinsèque (Foster, 2008; Kang & Tan, 2008; McFarlane et al., 2002; Mitchell & Savill-Smith, 2004; Papastergiou, 2009). Ce potentiel éducatif du jeu a cependant été souvent associé à des jeux immersifs (de Freitas, 2006) requérant la mise en œuvre d’une trame narrative et dont le développement peut s’avérer couteux. L’utilisation de mini-jeux est considérée comme une solution alternative à ces « serious games » complexes car ils permettent d’enseigner un grand nombre de concepts tout en générant de faibles coûts de développement (Illanas, Gallego, Satorre, & Llorens, 2008). Ceux-ci présentent des règles basiques, sont faciles à jouer et conçus comme objets d’apprentissage de sorte qu’il soit aisé pour l’étudiant de percevoir les informations essentielles et que leur pratique soit bénéfique pour l’apprentissage (Frazer, Argles, & Wills, 2007). La gamification, à savoir la transposition des principes issus de l’univers du jeu au domaine de l’éducation (Deterding, Dixon, Khaled, & Nacke, 2011), ne porte donc pas ici sur des jeux de simulation immersifs mais vise plus réalistement la transposition à des activités d’apprentissage d’un certain nombre de principes et de leviers à l’œuvre dans des mini-jeux populaires tel que Candy Crush. La question de recherche qui a guidé l’expérience décrite ci-après concerne l’évaluation du potentiel pédagogique de l’utilisation d’un mini-jeu de ce type dans un cours de chimie générale en complément des supports pédagogiques plus classiquement utilisés en première année d’université. Concrètement, ce mini-jeu appelé « Atomica » se présente comme un quiz d’entrainement portant sur un chapitre réputé difficile du cours, l’atomistique. Ce quiz a fait l’objet de quatre versions activant chacune un nombre croissant d’éléments de gamification (indiqués en gras) décrits par plusieurs auteurs comme étant les « ingrédients » ou « building blocks » d’un bon jeu (Bunchball Inc., 2010; Dignan, 2011; Reeves & Read, 2013) : - La version contrôle du QCM se présente comme similaire aux évaluations formatives couramment utilisées à l’université ; - La version 1 segmente le QCM en six niveaux de difficulté ; - La version 2 ajoute un feedback automatisé aux niveaux de difficulté ; - La version 3 présente une version maximaliste de la gamification puisque, aux éléments précédents, elle ajoute un compte à rebours, des indices dont l’appel engendre une perte de points, un classement des meilleurs joueurs et un indicateur social (possibilité de se situer par rapport à la communauté de joueurs). Ce choix d’un dispositif graduel se justifie notamment par l’intérêt pour la détection d’un seuil à partir duquel l’ajout d’éléments de gamification fait basculer la perception d’un quiz habituel vers un artefact relevant du mini-jeu et générant ainsi un état de flow chez le joueur. Chaque version a été soumise à un groupe d’une trentaine d’étudiants, selon une procédure expérimentale contrôlée, avec pour objectif la collecte de données (en cours) sur : - L’état de flow ou expérience optimale engendré par chacune des versions (orientation comparative) défini comme un état subjectif de bien-être (Csikszentmihalyi, 1990) engendrant une immersion totale dans l’activité. Afin de mesurer le flow, une échelle spécifique aux jeux éducatifs (EGameFlow) développée en 2009 (Fu, Su, & Yu, 2009) a été utilisée dans le cadre de cette étude. - Une des trois composantes du modèle de la dynamique motivationnelle de Viau, la perception du sentiment de compétence (Bandura, 1993; Pajares, 2014) considéré comme un moteur essentiel à l’apprentissage et un déterminant de l’intérêt pour une discipline scolaire. - La performance à un test de connaissance soumis aux étudiants avant et après l’expérience de jeu. Les motivations sous-tendant le processus d’exploration des mini-jeux sont à chercher du côté d’un certain discours pédagogique qui prône l’inscription d’une dimension ludique dans les apprentissages en enseignement supérieur. Nourrie par ses résultats expérimentaux, la communication proposera un retour réflexif plus général sur la valeur, les limitations et les conditions de réalisation de ce discours. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 109 (19 ULg)
See detailCaractérisation des mécanismes impliqués dans la perception de rhamnolipides naturels et synthétiques chez Arabidopsis thaliana
Luzuriaga Loaiza, Walter ULg; Schellenberger, Romain; Obounou Akong, Firmin et al

Scientific conference (2016, July 05)

Detailed reference viewed: 51 (2 ULg)