References of "Essghaier, Badiaa"
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See detailCharacterization of a novel chitinase from a moderately halophilic bacterium, Virgibacillus marismortui strain M3-23
Essghaier, Badiaa; Hedi, Abdeljabbar; Bajji, Mohammed et al

in Annals of Microbiology (2012), 62(2), 835-841

A new chitinase produced by the moderately halophilic bacterium Virgibacillus marismortui strain M3- 23 was identified and characterized. Distinguishable characteristics of high activity and stability at ... [more ▼]

A new chitinase produced by the moderately halophilic bacterium Virgibacillus marismortui strain M3- 23 was identified and characterized. Distinguishable characteristics of high activity and stability at different pH, temperatures and salinity of M3-23 chitinase are reported. Analysis of the catalytic domain sequence from the enzyme highlighted its relationship to glycosyl hydrolase family 18. Comparison of the deduced chitinase sequence from strain M3-23 to known chitinases from Bacillus species showed low similarity (82%), suggested its novelty. This is the first report of the characterization of chitinase from the species V. marismortui. The halo- and thermo-tolerant nature of the chitinolytic enzyme allows its potential use in agricultural and industrial applications. [less ▲]

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See detailProduction and partial characterization of chitinase from a halotolerant Planococcus rifitoensis strain M2-26
Essghaier, Badiaa; Rouaissi, Mustapha; Boudabous, Abdellatif et al

in World Journal of Microbiology & Biotechnology (2010), 26(6), 977-984

This paper is the first to investigate the production and partial characterization of the chitinase enzyme from a moderately halophilic bacterium Planococcus rifitoensis strain M2-26, earlier isolated ... [more ▼]

This paper is the first to investigate the production and partial characterization of the chitinase enzyme from a moderately halophilic bacterium Planococcus rifitoensis strain M2-26, earlier isolated from a shallow salt lake in Tunisia. The impact of salt, salinity concentration, pH, carbon and nitrogen sources on chitinase production and activity have been determined. This is the first report on a high salt-tolerant chitinase from P. rifitoensis, since it was active at high salinity (from 5 to 30% NaCl) as well as in the absence of salt. This enzyme showed optimal activity at 70 C and retained up to 82 and 66% of its original activity at 80 or 90 C, respectively. The activity of the enzyme was also shown over a wide pH range (from 5 to 11). For characterization of the enzyme activity, the chitinase secreted in the culture supernatant was partially purified. The preliminary study of the concentrated dialysed supernatant on native PAGE showed at least three chitinases produced by strain M2-26, with highest activity approximately at 65 kDa. Thus, the thermo-tolerant and high salt-tolerant chitinases produced by P. rifitoensis strain M2-26 could be useful for application in diverse areas such as biotechnology and agro-industry. [less ▲]

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See detailHigh salt-tolerant protease from a potential biocontrol agent bacillus pumilus M3-16
Essghaier, Badiaa; Bajji, Mohammed; Jijakli, Haissam ULg et al

in Annals of Microbiology (2009), 59(3), 553-558

In this paper, we investigate the characterization and evaluation of the antifungal protease activity from a halotolerant strain M3-16 of Bacillus pumilus, earlier isolated from a shallow salt lake in ... [more ▼]

In this paper, we investigate the characterization and evaluation of the antifungal protease activity from a halotolerant strain M3-16 of Bacillus pumilus, earlier isolated from a shallow salt lake in Tunisia. Protease enzyme was highly induced by the pathogen tested in vitro (27.4 U/ml). This is the first report on high salt-tolerant protease from B. pumilus, since it was active at high salinity (from 5 to 30% NaCl, w/v) as well as in the absence of salinity. This enzyme showed optimal activity at 60 °C and pH 8. At 80 °C and 30 min, the enzyme retained up to 91% and it showed stability over a wide pH range (from pH 5 to 11). The enzyme was found to be monomer with an estimated molecular mass of 31 kDa. The amino acid sequence showed high similarity (94%) to ATP-dependent protease from B. pumilus strain ATCC 7061. Thus, our alkaline thermostable and high salt-tolerant protease induced by a phytopathogenic fungus, could be useful for application in diverse areas such as biotechnology alimentary and agronomy industries. [less ▲]

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See detailBiological control of grey mould in strawberry fruits by halophilic bacteria
Essghaier, Badiaa; Fardeau, ML; Cayol, JL et al

in Journal of Applied Microbiology (2009), 106(3), 833-846

Aims: Grey mould caused by Botrytis cinerea is an economically important disease of strawberries in Tunisia and worldwide. The aim of this study was to select effective halophilic bacteria from ... [more ▼]

Aims: Grey mould caused by Botrytis cinerea is an economically important disease of strawberries in Tunisia and worldwide. The aim of this study was to select effective halophilic bacteria from hypersaline ecosystems and evaluate the abilities of antifungal bacteria to secrete extracellular hydrolytic enzymes, anti- Botrytis metabolites and volatiles. Methods and Results: Grey mould was reduced in strawberry fruits treated with halophilic antagonists and artificially inoculated with B. cinerea. Thirty strains (20Æ2%) were active against the pathogen and reduced the percentage of fruits infected after 3 days of storage at 20 C, from 50% to 91Æ66%. The antagonists were characterized by phenotypic tests and 16S rDNA sequencing. They were identified as belonging to one of the species: Virgibacillus marismortui, B. subtilis, B. pumilus, B. licheniformis, Terribacillus halophilus, Halomonas elongata, Planococcus rifietoensis, Staphylococcus equorum and Staphylococcus sp. The effective isolates were tested for antifungal secondary metabolites. Conclusions: Moderately halophilic bacteria may be useful in biological control against this pathogen during postharvest storage of strawberries. Significance and Impact of the study: The use of such bacteria may constitute an important alternative to synthetic fungicides. These moderate halophiles can be exploited in commercial production and application of the effective strains under storage and greenhouse conditions. [less ▲]

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