References of "Englebert, Jérôme"
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See detailA new understanding of psychopathy: The contribution of phenomenological psychopathology
Englebert, Jérôme ULg

in Psychopathology (in press)

The objective of this study is to present a theoretical paper about a clinical issue. Our aim is to propose some clinical and semiological considerations for a psychopathological conception of psychopathy ... [more ▼]

The objective of this study is to present a theoretical paper about a clinical issue. Our aim is to propose some clinical and semiological considerations for a psychopathological conception of psychopathy. We will discuss several major theoretical works dedicated to this nosographic entity (mainly those of Schneider, Cleckley and Hare). We will also examine a significant issue raised by Cooke et al., namely whether psychopathic functioning is consistently related to antisocial behavior. This theoretical essay is informed by clinical situations (involving psychopaths who were interviewed in prison or in forensic centers). The method applied a phenomenological psychopathology analysis to the clinical material. We first compare Binswanger’s conception of mania with psychopathic functioning. Patients’ behavior is similar but there is a difference related to the dialectic between the ego and the alter ego. A patient with mania has a fundamental crisis of the ego, which a psychopath does not have. A second finding of our investigations concerns emotions and the adaptive dimension of the psychopathic disorder. An epistemological discussion of the concept of emotions reveals that psychopaths are competent in the management of emotional stimuli, which confers a psychological advantage upon them. [less ▲]

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See detailThe adaptation of the pervert and of the psychopath: phenomenological and ethological understanding
Englebert, Jérôme ULg

in Research in Psychoanalysis (in press)

Our contribution shows that it is possible to conduct a study about psychopathy and perverse personality from the principle of adaptation. We note a social ‘‘hyperadaptation’’ of the pervert. But we have ... [more ▼]

Our contribution shows that it is possible to conduct a study about psychopathy and perverse personality from the principle of adaptation. We note a social ‘‘hyperadaptation’’ of the pervert. But we have to note that there are moments of mismatch and maladjustment. These ‘‘perverse moments’’ are very important to be observed and regarded as a pathognomonic symptomatology. The specificity of the perverse functioning should be viewed as a continuum of adaptation along which an individual may pass from ‘‘hyperadaptation’’ on the one hand, to moments of failures and mis-adapting on the other hand. Then, we propose a comparison between the binswangerian conception of mania and the psychopathic functioning. The maniac has a fundamental crisis of the ‘‘ego’’, which the psychopath does not have. A second finding of our investigations concerns emotions and the dimension of the adaptive psychopathic disorder. The last point we discuss is about the concepts of empathy and sympathy. Finally, a significant part of this paper is to propose a differentiation concerning adaptive behaviour: one is more social (the pervert); the other is more solitary (the psychopath). [less ▲]

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See detailL’adaptation du pervers et du psychopathe : compréhension phénoménologique et éthologique
Englebert, Jérôme ULg

in Recherches en psychanalyse (in press)

L'objectif de cet article est de discuter des diagnostics des personnalités perverse et psychopathique. Nous démontrons que le principe d'adaptation est une dimension centrale et commune aux deux entités ... [more ▼]

L'objectif de cet article est de discuter des diagnostics des personnalités perverse et psychopathique. Nous démontrons que le principe d'adaptation est une dimension centrale et commune aux deux entités. Le pervers est hyper-adapté à son interlocuteur tout en présentant des moments paradoxaux d'inadaptation. Le psychopathe, avec sa faculté de chosifier l'alter ego et ses compétences émotionnelles et empathiques présente une adaptation plus solitaire. Cette contribution, en dialogue avec les théories psychanalytiques classiques, offre une alternative à l'évaluation de la notion de « principe de plaisir » et à la « théorie de la manipulation » qui rencontrent certaines difficultés méthodologiques. [less ▲]

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See detailSartre em psicologia clínica: situação, emoção e ultrapassando
Englebert, Jérôme ULg

in Ribeiro Scheider, Daniela; Gastal de Castro, Fernando; Bloc Boris, Georges (Eds.) Sartre e os desafios para a psicologia contemporânea (in press)

À travers ce chapitre, nous proposons de réaliser l’étude de différents apports de la philosophie de Jean-Paul Sartre à la réflexion et la pratique de la psychopathologie. La « psychopathologie de l’homme ... [more ▼]

À travers ce chapitre, nous proposons de réaliser l’étude de différents apports de la philosophie de Jean-Paul Sartre à la réflexion et la pratique de la psychopathologie. La « psychopathologie de l’homme en situation » qui s’esquisse repose sur la notion fondamentale de l’émotion ainsi que sur la possibilité de dépassement de cette situation. Ce moment fait jaillir une trame temporelle puisqu’il révèle à la fois l’histoire et la biographie du sujet, mais également son projet et dès lors les fulgurances de la liberté. Penser l’homme en situation, le savoir sorcier ou magicien (c’est-à-dire à la fois ému et émouvant) et parvenir à mobiliser sa narrativité sont des paris essentiels de l’œuvre de Sartre, que la psychopathologie, tant dans sa dimension théorique que pratique, ne peut ignorer. [less ▲]

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See detailAnorexie et intersubjectivité : Étude phénoménologique et éthologique
Englebert, Jérôme ULg

in Annales Médico-Psychologiques (in press)

Objective: Based on the case study of Jeanne, the objective of this article is to study patterns of anorexic people’s specific being-in-the-world. We seek to identify the core vulnerability features of ... [more ▼]

Objective: Based on the case study of Jeanne, the objective of this article is to study patterns of anorexic people’s specific being-in-the-world. We seek to identify the core vulnerability features of anorexic existence, beyond the dimension of feeding alone. The identification of a psychopathological structure will result in a better understanding of Jeanne’s clinical situation and will help to formulate psychotherapeutic and prophylactic recommendations. Method: A phenomenological and ethological approach allows us to see past the strictly medical symptoms (eating disorder). The evolutionary perspective highlights the adaptive dimension of this disorder (e.g., in extreme situations such as famine). Specifically, Demaret’s ethological hypothesis identifies altruism (feeding altruism and generalized altruism) as the core feature of anorexic conduct. Phenomenological reflection (phenomenological psychopathology and phenomenological philosophy) appears to complement the ethological approach. Phenomenology distinguishes two kinds of bodies: the Leib (emotional, subjective and experienced in the first person) and the Körper (devitalized, objective and experienced in the second person). Merleau-Ponty’s works highlight the difference between the touching body and the touched body. These proposals show the problematic of the other in body configuration. It is in precisely this connection that anorexic existence is specific. Sartre’s phenomenology and the lived-body-for-others is the final step of our reasoning to arrive at a configuration of intersubjectivity. Results: The analysis of Jeanne’s case, combined with ethological and phenomenological perspectives, demonstrates that the real psychopathological structure of anorexic subjectivity rests on specific interaction modes. The notions of altruism, lived-body-for-others, and intersubjectivity highlight an emotional existence including shame in the eyes of others, and especially an imbalance between self-preservation and care for others. Conclusions: All our thinking suggests that so-called “denial” is a psychological mechanism that should be reconsidered. Denial is not a mechanism of anorexic subjects alone, but is also a process encountered both in the patient’s family and in the therapeutic environment. Anorexic denial is based on anosognosia and the refusal to see one’s own thinness, while other people’s denial constitutes a widespread inability to perceive the altruism and intersubjective problematic on which the existence of an anorexic subject fundamentally depends. [less ▲]

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See detailApproche phénoménologique du soi psychopathique
Englebert, Jérôme ULg

in Cormann, Grégory; Boccaccini, Federico (Eds.) Le soi agent (in press)

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See detailMad, bad or adapted? Psychopathology of psychopaths
Englebert, Jérôme ULg

in Stanghellini, Giovani; Broome, Matthew; Fernandez, Anthony (Eds.) et al Oxford Handbook of Phenomenological Psychopathology (in press)

The objective of my paper is to present a psychopathological conception of psychopathy and compare it with the mainstream nosographic diagnosis (antisocial personality disorder in DSM-5 and the design of ... [more ▼]

The objective of my paper is to present a psychopathological conception of psychopathy and compare it with the mainstream nosographic diagnosis (antisocial personality disorder in DSM-5 and the design of psychopathy according to the PCL-R). This theoretical essay is informed by clinical situations involving psychopaths who were interviewed in prison or in forensic centres. The method applied a phenomenological psychopathology analysis to the clinical material. I first compare Binswanger’s conception of mania with psychopathic functioning. Patients’ behaviour is similar but the difference relates to the dialectic between the ego and the alter ego. A patient with mania has a fundamental crisis of the ego, which a psychopath does not have. A second finding concerns emotions and the adaptive dimension of psychopathy. An epistemological discussion of the concept of emotions reveals that psychopaths are competent at managing emotional stimuli, which confers a psychological advantage upon them. Finally, a reflection on empathy and sympathy clarifies the presentation of “psychopathic being-in-the-world”. Starting with the tension between clinical practice and critique of the dominant diagnostic scales, we can consider that the “essential characteristics” of the psychopathic disorder are reification of the alter ego without presenting an ego-related disorder, the adaptive benefits of emotional coldness, and empathic skills without sympathy. [less ▲]

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See detailIdentité territoriale et schizophrénie
Englebert, Jérôme ULg

in Gauthier, Jean-Marie; Weber, Yves; Vermeylen, Françoise (Eds.) et al Le corps partagé (in press)

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See detailDe la perversion au pervers ; du sexuel à l’adaptatif
Englebert, Jérôme ULg

in Sami-Ali; Sylvie Cady (Eds.) Psychosomatique et sexualité (in press)

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See detailLa manie et la mélancolie comme crises de l’identité narrative et de l’intentionnalité
Englebert, Jérôme ULg; Stanghellini, Giovanni

in Evolution Psychiatrique (in press)

Objectives: Our objective is to achieve a phenomenological cross-study of melancholic and manic crises. To do this, we analyze the relationship between these two psychopathological states by means of the ... [more ▼]

Objectives: Our objective is to achieve a phenomenological cross-study of melancholic and manic crises. To do this, we analyze the relationship between these two psychopathological states by means of the concepts of "narrative identity" and "intentionality". Method: From clinical cases and with reference to various theoretical models derived from phenomenological psychopathology, we discuss similarities and differences between mania and melancholia. Results: Narrative identity is based on a double movement: that of the enunciation of a speech focused on his history and that of an act of creation. From different clinical situations, we find that: (1) the melancholic retains the ability to elaborate a narrative about his history but the creative dimension of this narrative is absent, and (2) conversely, the manic experiences only the creative dimension. Discussion: Intentionality, as the tendency of consciousness to move toward something beyond itself, proves to be the center of the manic existence without being able to set itself within the boundaries of factual constraints. The melancholic, conversely, experiences an existence in which consciousness has lost its capacity to aim beyond itself. Conclusions: Melancholia and mania are quite specific forms of being-in-world with particular identity and temporal experiences. These two states share a fundamental psychopathological feature, that we named here “manque chiasmatique”: they are disorders of the intentional movement that constitutes narrative identity, that is, of the dialectics between the rootedness (“enracinenment”) of self in its past and the possibility of creation of a new identity. [less ▲]

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See detailTypus melancholicus et mélancolie : Synthèse théorique à partir d’un cas clinique
Englebert, Jérôme ULg; Stanghellini, Giovanni

in Encéphale (L') (in press)

Objective: The objective of this paper is to propose, starting from the description of a clinical emblematic case, a theoretical synthesis of the work of phenomenological psychopathology dedicated to ... [more ▼]

Objective: The objective of this paper is to propose, starting from the description of a clinical emblematic case, a theoretical synthesis of the work of phenomenological psychopathology dedicated to melancholia and typus melancholicus (TM), a clinical concept that describes the premorbid personality vulnerable to major depression (“melancholia” for the psychopathological tradition). Method: This is phenomenological analysis of a case study of melancolia, of its premorbid personality and pathogenic triggering situation. We adopt two main phenomenological keys to understanding the develpment of melancholia : role-identity theory and desynchronization theory. The former understands melancholia as a disorder of identity triggered by the loss of the social role with which one has previously over-identifed. The latter sees melancholia as the effect of the desynchronisation from the social environment that further develops into an inhibition of the conative–affective dynamics of life. We present the case of Jonas (64 years old), whose mother (94 years old) recently died. Before his mother’s death, Jonas’ life was entirely orchestrated by the caring for his mother and synchronized in time with this (e.g., he used to go to her house every 4 hours, took all his meals with her, etc.). Jonas, in addition to being hyper-synchronized and hyper-syntonic, fulfills all diagnostic criteria for TM, including “orderliness”, “conscientiousness”, “hyper/heteronomia” and “intolerance of ambiguity”. TM’s attach a disproportioned importance to their social roles (or external representations of identity) at the expense of their own ego-identity. Results: The passage from pre-morbid personality to melancholia is triggered by the death of Jonas’ mother that entails a profound depersonalization. Desynchronization and role loss cause Jonas fall into this severe depersonalization, whose core feature is the feeling of the loss of feeling. Conclusions: This original contribution demonstrates a clinical case can contribute to the construction and refinement of theoretical and conceptual frameworks (like princeps Tellenbach's studies). Over-synchronized tempo and over-identification with social role are emblematically in this case the two sides of the same coin. A parallelism can be established between synchronization (with the mother) and respect for the role at the expense of own identity. The clinical case of Jonas highlights a conceptual bridge between the model of melancholia as loss of social role and the model of melancholia as desynchronization. [less ▲]

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See detailLe corps partagé
Gauthier, Jean-Marie ULg; Weber, Yves; Vermeylen, Françoise et al

Book published by Editions EDK (in press)

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See detailEspace, temps et angoisse psychotique : à propos d'un cas magistral
Englebert, Jérôme ULg

Scientific conference (2016, March 26)

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See detailSaint Genet et le dépassement de la situation : Création d’une clinique sartrienne
Englebert, Jérôme ULg

Scientific conference (2016, March 09)

Nous proposons de partir de Saint Genet : Comédien et Martyr (1952), monumentale psychobiographie de Sartre, pour évoquer une première lecture de la temporalité sartrienne et particulièrement des notions ... [more ▼]

Nous proposons de partir de Saint Genet : Comédien et Martyr (1952), monumentale psychobiographie de Sartre, pour évoquer une première lecture de la temporalité sartrienne et particulièrement des notions d’« instant » et de « conversion ». Le sujet clinique sur lequel s’appuiera notre propos et qui retiendra notre attention est l’incendiaire (dont on rappellera la différence avec le pyromane). Ensuite, nous convoquerons, et confondrons, L’esquisse d’une théorie des émotions (1933) et les Questions de Méthodes (1957). Ces deux points de repère nous permettront de reprendre le cas Genet et sa réaction à la lecture du volume que Sartre lui a consacré. D’importantes questions méthodologiques en psychologie clinique naîtront de ce développement et feront émerger une perspective « en double spirale » et la décisive question du corps. [less ▲]

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See detailHistoire, géographie et esthétique : peut-on récapituler la psychologie clinique ?
Englebert, Jérôme ULg

Scientific conference (2016, January 23)

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See detailIntroduction
Englebert, Jérôme ULg; Follet, Valérie

in Englebert, Jérôme; Follet, Valérie (Eds.) Adaptation : Essai collectif à partir des paradigmes éthologiques et évolutionnistes (2016)

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See detailConclusion : Anormalité ou anomalie ?
Englebert, Jérôme ULg; Follet, Valérie

in Englebert, Jérôme; Follet, Valérie (Eds.) Adaptation : Essai collectif à partir des paradigmes éthologiques et évolutionnistes (2016)

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See detailDépasser le paradoxe évolutionniste de la schizophrénie : psychopathologie éthologique et adaptation perpétuelle
Englebert, Jérôme ULg

in Englebert, Jérôme; Follet, Valérie (Eds.) Adaptation : Essai collectif à partir des paradigmes éthologiques et évolutionnistes (2016)

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See detailAdaptation : Essai collectif à partir des paradigmes éthologiques et évolutionnistes
Englebert, Jérôme ULg; follet, Valérie

Book published by Hermann (2016)

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