References of "Elsen, Catherine"
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See detailHow do small and medium architectural firms deal with architectural complexity? A look into digital practices
Stals, Adeline ULg; Jancart, Sylvie ULg; Elsen, Catherine ULg

in Hentila, Helka-Liisa; Herneoja, Aulikki; Pihlajaniemi, Henrika (Eds.) et al Proceedings of te 34th eCAADe annual conference: Complexity and Simplicity (in press)

Digital design tools are nowadays deeply rooted in most architectural design processes. Either used as a way to communicate a designed artifact, or rather as a medium to test innovative morphologies ... [more ▼]

Digital design tools are nowadays deeply rooted in most architectural design processes. Either used as a way to communicate a designed artifact, or rather as a medium to test innovative morphologies (lately referred to as non-standard architecture), these design tools profoundly shape the way architects envision complexity all along their day-to-day tasks. The large teams of "star-architects" were able to develop dedicated and specific strategies and digital tools to overcome some of the technological gaps they were faced to when using commercial packages. But how are small and medium firms dealing with the inherent complexities of such software? This contribution analyzes how those firms (and more specifically the Walloon ones) deal with the growing complexity of digital tools, both in terms of use and interdisciplinarity. [less ▲]

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See detailRuptures et démesures de l'architecture non standard à l'ère du numérique: la paramétrisation comme outil de réconciliation.
Stals, Adeline ULg; Elsen, Catherine ULg; Jancart, Sylvie ULg

in Goulette, Jean-Pierre; Ferries, Bernard (Eds.) Actes du Séminaire de Conception Architecturale Numérique (in press)

L’intégration de l’outil numérique au processus de conception architectural a ouvert les champs morphologiques et a favorisé l’émergence de l’architecture non standard. Cette contribution identifie les ... [more ▼]

L’intégration de l’outil numérique au processus de conception architectural a ouvert les champs morphologiques et a favorisé l’émergence de l’architecture non standard. Cette contribution identifie les principaux bouleversements pratiques et réflexifs liés à l’émergence de cette architecture parfois démesurée. Il les résume en trois ruptures entre les différentes phases du projet-objet et les acteurs du projet. Nous proposons ensuite de considérer la modélisation paramétrique comme l’un des outils d’une maîtrise renouvelée du processus de génération de la forme, et de la forme elle-même. [less ▲]

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See detailRuptures et démesures de l'architecture non standard à l'ère du numérique: la paramétrisation comme outil de réconciliation.
Stals, Adeline ULg; Elsen, Catherine ULg; Jancart, Sylvie ULg

in Goulette, Jean-Pierre; Ferries, Bernard (Eds.) Actes du Séminaire de Conception Architecturale Numérique (in press)

L’intégration de l’outil numérique au processus de conception architectural a ouvert les champs morphologiques et a favorisé l’émergence de l’architecture non standard. Cette contribution identifie les ... [more ▼]

L’intégration de l’outil numérique au processus de conception architectural a ouvert les champs morphologiques et a favorisé l’émergence de l’architecture non standard. Cette contribution identifie les principaux bouleversements pratiques et réflexifs liés à l’émergence de cette architecture parfois démesurée. Il les résume en trois ruptures entre les différentes phases du projet-objet et les acteurs du projet. Nous proposons ensuite de considérer la modélisation paramétrique comme l’un des outils d’une maîtrise renouvelée du processus de génération de la forme, et de la forme elle-même. [less ▲]

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See detailRuptures et démesures de l'architecture non standard à l'ère du numérique: la paramétrisation comme outil de réconciliation.
Stals, Adeline ULg; Elsen, Catherine ULg; Jancart, Sylvie ULg

in Goulette, Jean-Pierre; Ferries, Bernard (Eds.) Actes du Séminaire de Conception Architecturale Numérique (in press)

L’intégration de l’outil numérique au processus de conception architectural a ouvert les champs morphologiques et a favorisé l’émergence de l’architecture non standard. Cette contribution identifie les ... [more ▼]

L’intégration de l’outil numérique au processus de conception architectural a ouvert les champs morphologiques et a favorisé l’émergence de l’architecture non standard. Cette contribution identifie les principaux bouleversements pratiques et réflexifs liés à l’émergence de cette architecture parfois démesurée. Il les résume en trois ruptures entre les différentes phases du projet-objet et les acteurs du projet. Nous proposons ensuite de considérer la modélisation paramétrique comme l’un des outils d’une maîtrise renouvelée du processus de génération de la forme, et de la forme elle-même. [less ▲]

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See detailRuptures et démesures de l'architecture non standard à l'ère du numérique: la paramétrisation comme outil de réconciliation.
Stals, Adeline ULg; Elsen, Catherine ULg; Jancart, Sylvie ULg

in Goulette, Jean-Pierre; Ferries, Bernard (Eds.) Actes du Séminaire de Conception Architecturale Numérique (in press)

L’intégration de l’outil numérique au processus de conception architectural a ouvert les champs morphologiques et a favorisé l’émergence de l’architecture non standard. Cette contribution identifie les ... [more ▼]

L’intégration de l’outil numérique au processus de conception architectural a ouvert les champs morphologiques et a favorisé l’émergence de l’architecture non standard. Cette contribution identifie les principaux bouleversements pratiques et réflexifs liés à l’émergence de cette architecture parfois démesurée. Il les résume en trois ruptures entre les différentes phases du projet-objet et les acteurs du projet. Nous proposons ensuite de considérer la modélisation paramétrique comme l’un des outils d’une maîtrise renouvelée du processus de génération de la forme, et de la forme elle-même. [less ▲]

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See detailThe impact of architectural representations on conveying design intent.
Cunin, Maxime; Yang, Maria C.; Elsen, Catherine ULg

in AI EDAM: Artificial Intelligence for Engineering Design Analysis and Manufacturing (in press)

Architects express themselves graphically in order to communicate ideas both to clients and to themselves. In practice, they rely on a variety of representations such as free-hand drawings, 3D computer ... [more ▼]

Architects express themselves graphically in order to communicate ideas both to clients and to themselves. In practice, they rely on a variety of representations such as free-hand drawings, 3D computer rendered images, and photomontages to convey their design intent. Research to date has demonstrated differences and commonalities in the ways in which expert designers and laymen perceive visual understanding. It is still unclear how architects themselves use different types of representations to express different intentions, and how accurately their expected audience perceives those intentions. The purpose of this research is to investigate how laymen interpret the initial design intent of an architect’s design, and what role different forms of representations play in this process of understanding a design. This paper describes a five-step process for developing a survey that was used to gather data from 686 laymen respondents. It was found that certain types of simpler representations presented in specific contexts are unexpectedly found to be a more efficient way to faithfully transmit an architectural intent. [less ▲]

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See detailConnections between the design tool, design attributes, and user preferences in early stage design
Häggman, Anders; Tsai, Geoff; Elsen, Catherine ULg et al

in Journal of Mechanical Design (2015), 137(7), 13

Gathering user feedback on provisional design concepts early in the design process has the potential to reduce time-to-market and create more satisfying products. Among the parameters that shape user ... [more ▼]

Gathering user feedback on provisional design concepts early in the design process has the potential to reduce time-to-market and create more satisfying products. Among the parameters that shape user response to a product, this paper investigates how design experts use sketches, physical prototypes, and computer-aided design (CAD) to generate and represent ideas, as well as how these tools are linked to design attributes and multiple measures of design quality. Eighteen expert designers individually addressed a 2 hr design task using only sketches, foam prototypes, or CAD. It was found that prototyped designs were generated more quickly than those created using sketches or CAD. Analysis of 406 crowdsourced responses to the resulting designs showed that those created as prototypes were perceived as more novel, more aesthetically pleasing, and more comfortable to use. It was also found that designs perceived as more novel tended to fare poorly on all other measured qualities. [less ▲]

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See detailMutation de l'image, mutation de l'intention ? L'impact des représentations numériques en composition architecturale
Cunin, Maxime; Yang, Maria C.; Elsen, Catherine ULg

in de Boissieu, Aurélie; Deshayes, Catherine; Tufano, Antonella (Eds.) Mutations du Projet - Milieux et Cultures Numériques (2015, June)

Les architectes ont toujours eu recours à de multiples représentations pour générer, faire évoluer puis communiquer leurs concepts architecturaux (tant aux pairs qu’aux usagers, ou encore aux décideurs ... [more ▼]

Les architectes ont toujours eu recours à de multiples représentations pour générer, faire évoluer puis communiquer leurs concepts architecturaux (tant aux pairs qu’aux usagers, ou encore aux décideurs). Cet article envisage comment la représentation externe impacte la perception « naïve » d’une intention architecturale, les « non experts » assumant des rôles de plus fondamentaux au sein de certains mécanismes décisionnels. Comment l’image, en pleine mutation depuis l’ère du numérique, façonne-t-elle la perception des facteurs clés (ou « attributs ») d’une intention architecturale ? L’article résume les principaux résultats d’une enquête menée en ligne via l’interface « Amazon Mechanical Turk » et générant 790 échelles d’évaluation de 6 avant-projets architecturaux. Les résultats abordent l’analyse des données en regard des différentes attributs; en regard des trois types de représentation choisies et en regard enfin des inconsistances dont font preuve les architectes eux-mêmes, étant donné l’évaluation de leurs propres projets et représentations. Ils révèlent que les attributs ne sont pas équitablement propices à un transfert d’intention exclusivement graphique et que les formes plus abstraites de représentations constituent, dans certains contextes, le moyen le plus efficace pour le transfert fidèle d’une intention architecturale. [less ▲]

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See detailLa médiation par les objets en design industriel
Elsen, Catherine ULg

Scientific conference (2015, March 10)

Le cycle des Midis de l’Innovation est une initiative du Département de la Compétitivité et de l’Innovation du Service Public de Wallonie. Chaque édition constitue une opportunité d’échanges entre acteurs ... [more ▼]

Le cycle des Midis de l’Innovation est une initiative du Département de la Compétitivité et de l’Innovation du Service Public de Wallonie. Chaque édition constitue une opportunité d’échanges entre acteurs issus de l’administration et des différents organismes wallons concernés par l’innovation. [less ▲]

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See detailResearch Self-Evaluation Report of the Department ArGEnCo
Collin, Frédéric ULg; Dewals, Benjamin ULg; Elsen, Catherine ULg et al

Report (2015)

Evaluation is nowadays a general trend in the European Universities. At the University of Liège, the evaluation process is threefold: fist there is the evaluation of the bachelor and master degrees, then ... [more ▼]

Evaluation is nowadays a general trend in the European Universities. At the University of Liège, the evaluation process is threefold: fist there is the evaluation of the bachelor and master degrees, then the second evaluation concerns the internal administrations and finally Research activities are being evaluated. This quality policy at the different levels of the Institution is organized by the Vice-Rector for Quality, Pr. Freddy Coignoul and the SMAQ service (Service de Management et d’Accompagnement à la Qualité), which aims to promote, coordinate and disseminate within the University of Liège a culture of the Quality, founded on the values of the Institution. The Research assessment is a procedure undertaken by the University in order to promote the quality of the research in the Departments or research centres. Within the Faculty of Applied Sciences, the evaluation of the Bachelor and Master degrees in Engineering was carried out in 2013 by the AEQES (Agence pour l’Evaluation de la Qualité de l’Enseignement) and CTI (Commission des Titres d’Ingénieur - France). The present report is dedicated to the evaluation of research led in the Education and Research Department (DER) ArGEnCo. The present evaluation report proposes a global presentation of all our research activities. At the Department level, one of the elected members of the Executive Bureau is in charge of the Research, covering both evaluation and quality policy. In October 2013, the Executive bureau appointed a research steering committee, whose fist task was to coordinate the present evaluation report, following the guidelines of the SMAQ service. The draft of such a document arises from the work of the steering committee but also from the contributions of all Department members, who were asked to contribute to the report or to complete databases. The progress of this evaluation report was presented by the Steering committee to the Department Council and during the General Assembly of the Department. Moreover, two Focus groups were organized by the SMAQ service, in order to get the feedback of technician and administrative members on one hand and scientific members on the other hand, on the general organization of the research in the ArGEnCo Department. The reports of these two Focus groups (Appendix 4 in French) underpinned our thinking about our research management. This report is therefore the fist evaluation of the research led in the Department, the present effort should be pursued, and deepened, within the coming years. Some of the databases necessary for the evaluation have been developed in the frame of this procedure. This has resulted in a huge amount of work for every Department members to collect all the data. New procedures in the management of the Department will help establishing the next research evaluation reports systematically, in particular for the collection of the complete dataset. Following the guidelines of the SMAQ service, this evaluation report is divided into two main parts: the fist one focuses on a self-evaluation report of the research activities and the second part presents the Action Plan of the Department for the next five years to come. The self-evaluation report is composed of four Sections: Section one presents the Research organization and topics of the Department, Section two focuses on the Research activities, Section three gives an overview of the mobility (in and out), the attractiveness and the scientific recognition of the Department and finally Section four is dedicated to the resources available in ArGEnCo Department. Each Section ends up with a SWOT analysis. The Action Plan proposed by the Steering Committee results from the analysis of the self-evaluation report, insofar as it synthesizes and prioritizes the actions of the Department for the next fie years. These priorities are formulated as proposals following a contractual approach between research entities and Institution authorities, to whom the report will be presented. [less ▲]

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See detailDesign Thinking: une approche à intégrer à nos pratiques pour renforcer le potentiel d'innovation technologique en Wallonie ?
Elsen, Catherine ULg; Réseau Easynove

Conference given outside the academic context (2015)

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See detailChronophage, le design empathique?
Elsen, Catherine ULg

in Findeli, Alain; Borja de Mozota, Brigitte; Froehlicher, Thomas (Eds.) et al Actes des 9èmes Ateliers de la Recherche en Design (2015)

Cet article envisage la dimension chronophage de l’approche empathique, une des dimensions fondamentales du design d’expérience. Quels efforts investir dans le raisonnement « centré-utilisateurs », et ... [more ▼]

Cet article envisage la dimension chronophage de l’approche empathique, une des dimensions fondamentales du design d’expérience. Quels efforts investir dans le raisonnement « centré-utilisateurs », et pour quels résultats ? L’examen des données récoltées au fil de quatre protocoles (un empirique et trois expérimentaux) révèle comment une “créativité disciplinée” peut outiller une approche plus agile des besoins-utilisateurs. [less ▲]

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See detailChallenges in teaching architectural morphogenesis
Stals, Adeline ULg; Elsen, Catherine ULg; Jancart, Sylvie ULg et al

in Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference for Design Education Researchers (2015)

Reviewing the successive cognitive, operative and constructive models of architectural morphogenesis through time, the paper first recalls students and teachers in architecture how designers started ... [more ▼]

Reviewing the successive cognitive, operative and constructive models of architectural morphogenesis through time, the paper first recalls students and teachers in architecture how designers started experimenting digital design to reach self-generative, morphogenetic morphologies. Generally referred to as “non-standard architecture”, this innovative morphogenesis favours a new kind of spatial and architectural audacity but also generates three types of rupture: i) a rupture between form and structure; ii) a rupture in terms of process continuity and iii) a rupture in terms of multi-disciplinary collaboration. We consequently have to acknowledge the fact that, at a current state, non-standard architecture still struggles in terms of self-coherency and implementation, leaving a large amount of projects at their virtual, embryonic state especially in pedagogical contexts. We believe the challenge resides in overcoming the overly simplistic and reductionist appeal of purely formal and visual non-standard architecture: these morphologies should, on the contrary, be intrinsically defined by their form and structure relationship. We suggest such reconciliation should occur during the early stages of architectural education. Two experimental instruments, that perhaps constitute interesting renewed pedagogical models, are reported in this paper and we conclude by listing the remaining challenges when it comes to the teaching of architectural morphogenesis. [less ▲]

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See detailLumière et Patrimoine, Lumière et Paradoxes - Préface
Elsen, Catherine ULg

in Elsen, Catherine; Luczak, Dorothée; Mambourg, Paul-Henri (Eds.) et al Lumière et Patrimoine, eBook (2014)

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See detailDesign Thinking: l'approche empathique, clé de voûte de l'entreprise créative ?
Elsen, Catherine ULg

Conference given outside the academic context (2014)

La posture créative est à l’innovation ce que l’excellence opérationnelle est à l’entreprise: une démarche désormais incontournable. Et pourtant les plus sceptiques poussent nos communautés, avec raison ... [more ▼]

La posture créative est à l’innovation ce que l’excellence opérationnelle est à l’entreprise: une démarche désormais incontournable. Et pourtant les plus sceptiques poussent nos communautés, avec raison, à poursuivre la réflexion: que reste-t-il à apprendre des méthodes créatives divergentes, comme le brainstorming par exemple ? Comment éviter à l’avenir la mise en œuvre répétitive et décontextualisée de recettes « toutes faites » qui dénaturent la créativité et nuisent à sa crédibilité ? Ces inquiétudes seront analysées par Catherine Elsen à la lumière du Design Thinking, cette approche méthodologique qui pourrait bien faire favorablement évoluer les représentations et accompagner chaque entreprise dans la mise en œuvre d’un modèle créatif qui lui correspond réellement. Esquissée dès la fin des années 80 aux Etats-Unis par des entrepreneurs et innovateurs tels que David Kelley (fondateur d’IDEO, directeur de la d.school, Université de Stanford) ou Tim Brown (CEO actuel d’IDEO), la méthode repose sur deux piliers fondamentaux: l’approche empathique (du marché, des utilisateurs, mais aussi de l’entreprise elle-même) et le « quick and rough prototyping » (ou « protocept »), soit une matérialisation itérative précoce des idées, que certains qualifient d’agile. L’intervention abordera ces fondamentaux théoriques et leur mise en œuvre pratique au travers d’exemples d’applications et d’outils ré-appropriables. [less ▲]

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See detailHow much time does it take for "experience design" to unfold?
Elsen, Catherine ULg; Leclercq, Pierre ULg

in Benz, Peter (Ed.) Designing Experiences: Positions and Approaches. (2014)

This paper specifically focuses on one aspect of the experience design process, sometimes even stressed as one if its shortcomings: the time it takes to properly gain insights about possible real-life ... [more ▼]

This paper specifically focuses on one aspect of the experience design process, sometimes even stressed as one if its shortcomings: the time it takes to properly gain insights about possible real-life experiences of proximal or distal end-users. In the process of making sense of sometimes conflicting viewpoints found in the literature about timing and its possible impact on design processes and outcomes, this paper compares four distinct settings and addresses the following research questions: • How “time-framing” the design process possibly filters (positively or negatively) the awareness designers have about end-users; • How the experimental protocols, their inherent limitations and artificialities, do shape the designers’ involvement in the process of designing for an end-user’s experience. Results put techniques for «disciplined creativity», such as brainstorming or analogies, front-to-front with more reflective approaches that unfold over more time, and discuss respective but complementary added values of both. [less ▲]

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See detailRepresentations of sensory experiences in the early phases of architectural design: there is more than meets the eye
Elsen, Catherine ULg; Heylighen, Ann

in Journal of Design Research (2014), 12(4), 239-259

In response to questions about designers’ visual way of knowing and working, this article explores how sensory experience is conveyed during the early phases of architectural design. By processing 985 ... [more ▼]

In response to questions about designers’ visual way of knowing and working, this article explores how sensory experience is conveyed during the early phases of architectural design. By processing 985 graphic components issued from a three-month ethnographic observation inside an architecture firm, and proposing an original methodology for their analysis, we identify and analyse graphic expressions of sensory-related design intentions. Multi-sensory dimensions of experiencing an architectural artefact, and the way architects deal with users experiencing space differently, are topics also considered in this article. The resulting observations remind us not to mistake apparent lack of graphical clues with lack of sensibility when it comes to addressing sensory experience during architectural design. [less ▲]

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See detailThe impact of expertise on the capture of sketched intentions: perspectives for remote cooperative design
Sutera, Jennifer; Yang, Maria C.; Elsen, Catherine ULg

in Lecture Notes in Computer Science (2014), 8683

The paper describes the way expertise and field-knowledge can impact the transfer of graphical intentions during architectural cooperative design. The analysis of 28 controlled experiments reveals what ... [more ▼]

The paper describes the way expertise and field-knowledge can impact the transfer of graphical intentions during architectural cooperative design. The analysis of 28 controlled experiments reveals what matters in transmitting architectural intents and more specifically underlines how novices’ intuitive, deductive processes based on previous and embodied experiences interestingly complement experts’ knowledge of the architectural field and its semantics. The results directly inform how we, as researchers, designers and engineers, should take advantage of both novices’ and experts’ strategies to develop tools, methods or interfaces to support next generation cooperative design. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 37 (7 ULg)