References of "Duchatel, Jean-Pierre"
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See detailYoung pigeon disease syndrome
Duchatel, Jean-Pierre ULg; Szeleszczuk, P.

in Medycyna Weterynaryjna (2011), 67(5), 291-294

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See detailPigeon circovirus: baculovirus expression of the capsid protein gene, specific antibody and viral load measured by real time polymerase chain reaction
Duchatel, Jean-Pierre ULg; Todd, D.; Smyth, J. et al

in Israel Journal of Veterinary Medicine (2011), 66(1), 26-31

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See detailQuantification of pigeon circovirus in serum, blood, semen and different tissues of naturally infected pigeons using a real-time polymerase chain reaction
Duchatel, Jean-Pierre ULg; Todd, D; Willeman, C et al

in Avian Pathology : Journal of the W.V.P.A (2009), 38(2), 143-148

The development of a real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) based on SYBR Green chemistry is described for the quantification of pigeon circovirus (PiCV) DNA in various samples. Plasmid containing a ... [more ▼]

The development of a real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) based on SYBR Green chemistry is described for the quantification of pigeon circovirus (PiCV) DNA in various samples. Plasmid containing a fragment of the PiCV genome was used to create a standard curve and to estimate the viral DNA copies in analysed samples. Both primers were designed in highly conserved regions to avoid false negatives, and amplified a 139-base-pair amplicon. When the amplifications were performed in the presence of cellular DNA extracted from PCR-negative liver, bursa and spleen samples, the detection limits were respectively 20, 20 and 60 copies of genome per milligram of tissue. These limits were 10, 160 and 25 copies/ml for control blood, sera and semen, respectively. For cloacal swab, the detection limit was 200 copies. The assay showed a <br />linear detection over a six-log range (R2 0.99) and displayed reliable inter-assay and intra-assay reproducibility. Application of the test to sera samples indicated the presence of the virus in Belgium in 1991, 6 years before PiCV infections were histologically diagnosed. Testing of samples from pigeons with <br />‘‘young pigeon sickness’’ showed that the viral loads were high in the bursa of Fabricius (up to 2.07 x 10^9 copies/mg), the liver (up to 2.88x10^8 copies/mg) and spleen (up to 5.57x10^8 copies/mg). For liver, the viral load was significantly higher in sick pigeons than in apparently healthy pigeons. Detection of high quantities of PiCV DNA (up to 1.6x10^9 copies/ml) in the sera or blood of some young healthy pigeons <br />indicated that the viral load in this sample type would not be useful as predictive indicator of disease. This work also showed that PiCV DNA can be detected in relatively large amounts in semen (up to 1.0x10^7 copies/ejaculate) and cloacal swabs (up to 3.6x10^10 copies/swab), confirming that PiCV may be transmitted by vertical and horizontal routes. [less ▲]

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See detailBody dermatitis in a donkey caused by the Psoroptes ovis
Mignon, Bernard ULg; Lekimme, Mireille ULg; Huynen, K. et al

Conference (2009)

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See detailObservations on detection, excretion and transmission of pigeon circovirus in adult, young and embryonic pigeons
Duchatel, Jean-Pierre ULg; Todd D; Smyth J et al

in Avian Pathology : Journal of the W.V.P.A (2006), 35

Infections with pigeon circovirus (PiCV) occur in young racing pigeons and pigeons raised for meat production and have been reported worldwide, but relatively little is known about the disease induced by ... [more ▼]

Infections with pigeon circovirus (PiCV) occur in young racing pigeons and pigeons raised for meat production and have been reported worldwide, but relatively little is known about the disease induced by PiCV infection. The aim of this study was to investigate how PiCV is transmitted. Using a sensitive polymerase chain reaction (PCR) test, the presence of PiCV was investigated in a wide range of samples from adult pigeons, embryos, breeders and young birds, which were derived from a racing loft that had a clinical history of ‘‘young pigeon sickness’’ and in which PiCV had been previously been diagnosed. Using PCR, PiCV DNA was detected in tissues of 13/20 apparently healthy older birds, aged from 1 to 9 years. Viral DNA was most commonly detected in the respiratory organs, including the trachea, pharynx and lung, followed by tissues such as the spleen, kidney and liver. It was also detected in the ovary and/or testes of some birds. This finding, and the detection of viral DNA in tissues from 8/22 embryos, suggested that PiCV may be vertically transmitted. Testing of pharyngeal and cloacal swabs, and blood samples, collected immediately before the death of the adult pigeons, failed to detect all birds found to be infected at necropsy, suggesting that testing of potential breeding birds would not enable exclusion of infected birds from breeding programmes. Additional PCR testing of cloacal swab samples obtained sequentially from 19 young pigeons showed that while four were excreting virus when 15 days old, only one bird was excreting at the time of weaning (28 days old). The detection of viral DNA in cloacal swab samples from 15.8% of the birds when 37 days old and 100% of birds when 51 days old suggested that most young pigeons probably became infected in the rearing loft. [less ▲]

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See detailNew data on the transmission of pigeon circovirus
Duchatel, Jean-Pierre ULg; Todd, Danny; Curry, J. et al

in Veterinary Record : Journal of the British Veterinary Association (2005), 157

Nineteen racing pigeons aged from one to five years were examined postmortem. PCR tests showed that the spleens of 16 of them were positive for pigeon circovirus, the livers of six were positive, and ... [more ▼]

Nineteen racing pigeons aged from one to five years were examined postmortem. PCR tests showed that the spleens of 16 of them were positive for pigeon circovirus, the livers of six were positive, and blood from one of them was positive for the virus. Five of 44 embryos in embryonated eggs collected from three lofts were positive by PCR, but swabs taken from the crops of 64 adult birds which were feeding one- to 10-day-old squabs in these three lofts were negative for the viral DNA. [less ▲]

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See detailAdenovirus infections in pigeons
Duchatel, Jean-Pierre ULg; Marlier, Didier ULg; Jauniaux, Thierry ULg et al

in Annales de Médecine Vétérinaire (2000), 144(1), 13-17

This paper describes the different clinical aspects of the adenovirus infections in pigeons. Etiology, epidemiology, pathogenesis, diagnosis and treatment are discussed. The two specific clinical ... [more ▼]

This paper describes the different clinical aspects of the adenovirus infections in pigeons. Etiology, epidemiology, pathogenesis, diagnosis and treatment are discussed. The two specific clinical syndromes of pigeons are mainly described: classical adenovirus and necrotizing-hepatitis. [less ▲]

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See detailPremière mise en évidence en Belgique de particules ressemblant à des circovirus.
Duchatel, Jean-Pierre ULg; Jauniaux, Thierry ULg; Vandersanden F et al

in Annales de Médecine Vétérinaire (1998), 142

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See detailGLUCOCORTICOIDS AS DOPING AGENTS IN HOMING PIGEONS
Duchatel, Jean-Pierre ULg; Beduin, Jean-Marie ULg; Jauniaux, Thierry ULg et al

in Annales de Médecine Vétérinaire (1993), 137(8), 557-564

Different commercially available glucocorticoids that could be used to dope racing pigeons have been evaluated using zootechnical and biological parameters. The influence of these corticosteroids on blood ... [more ▼]

Different commercially available glucocorticoids that could be used to dope racing pigeons have been evaluated using zootechnical and biological parameters. The influence of these corticosteroids on blood values have been investigated. Toxicity of triamcinolone diacetate varied proportionally to injected doses and the main effects observed were lymphoid tissue alterations, muscular atrophy with breast muscles fibers vacuolation, fatty degeneration of liver and kidneys, hypoplasia or atrophy of gonads, and, in the blood, a significant increase of calcium and triglycerides levels. Prednisolone acetate in ocular drops was less toxic than dexemathasone and fluocinolone acetonide. The type of corticoids also had an influence on hemoglobin, glucose, and creatinine levels. The inhibition of the molt was also observed and varied with the sort of product used. [less ▲]

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See detailEffects of vaccination with live or inactivated aqueous-suspension NDV vaccine in pigeons previously infected with paramyxovirus type 1
Duchatel, Jean-Pierre ULg

in Vlaams Diergeneeskundig Tijdschrift (1987), 56(2), 135-140

The authors compared the effects of vaccination of previously PMV1 infected pigeons, either with live-NDV-LaSota strain or with the inactivated aqueous-suspension vaccine (Colombovac PMV). Young ... [more ▼]

The authors compared the effects of vaccination of previously PMV1 infected pigeons, either with live-NDV-LaSota strain or with the inactivated aqueous-suspension vaccine (Colombovac PMV). Young susceptible pigeons were inoculated by intramuscular injectionwith pigeon PMV1 and vaccinated 4 days later ocularly/intranasally with live-LaSota strain or by subcutaneous injection of one 0.2 ml dose of Colombovac PMV. Cumulative nervous signs/mortality rates reached 95% in the live-LaSota vaccinated group, 70% in the control group and 60% in the Colombovac PMV vaccinated group. As compared to the control group, vaccination with Colombovac PMV had no beneficial but no disadvantageous effects on the disease while vaccination with live-LaSota significantly increased viral excretion in the faeces and number of pigeons with polyuria at the beginning of the clinical phase of infection. Consequently, percentages of pigeons having developed polyuria and cumulative percentages of nervous signs/mortality were significantly lower in the Colombovac PMV vaccinated group than in the live LaSota vaccinated group. In conclusion, when first symptoms are appearing in a PMV1 infected pigeon-house, vaccinated with Colombovac PMV may be attempted without heightening the disease while vaccination with live-Lasota increases the severity of the disease. [less ▲]

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