References of "Dubuisson, J"
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See detailAttachment of the Gammaherpesvirus Bovine Herpesvirus 4 Is Mediated by the Interaction of Gp8 Glycoprotein with Heparinlike Moieties on the Cell Surface
Vanderplasschen, Alain ULg; Bublot, M.; Dubuisson, J. et al

in Virology (1993), 196(1), 232-40

Cell surface heparan sulfate serves as the initial receptor for several alphaherpesviruses and at least one betaherpesvirus. This study shows that during the process of adsorption of the gammaherpesvirus ... [more ▼]

Cell surface heparan sulfate serves as the initial receptor for several alphaherpesviruses and at least one betaherpesvirus. This study shows that during the process of adsorption of the gammaherpesvirus bovine herpesvirus 4 (BHV-4), the viral glycoprotein gp8 interacts with heparinlike moieties of cell surface. This conclusion is based on the following findings. (i) Soluble heparin was capable of blocking BHV-4 infection of Georgia bovine kidney cells by inhibition of viral attachment. (ii) Nevertheless, after virus adsorption to Georgia bovine kidney cells, heparin was partially capable of removing adsorbed virus. (iii) Enzymatic digestion of cell surface heparan sulfate but not of chondroitin sulfates A, B, and C reduced the binding of the virus to the cells, and rendered the cells partially resistant to infection. (iv) Radiolabeled purified BHV-4 bound to wild-type Chinese hamster ovary cells, whereas binding of the virus to mutant Chinese hamster ovary cell lines that where deficient in either all glycosaminoglycans or only heparan sulfate was significantly impaired. (v) Using heparin-affinity chromatography, gp8 glycoprotein was shown to bind specifically to immobilized heparin and to elute in the presence of soluble heparin. These data together showed that the gammaherpesvirus BHV-4, like alphaherpesviruses and one betaherpesvirus, adsorbs to cells by binding to cell surface heparin-like moieties. Therefore, this study extends the group of herpesviruses interacting with heparinlike moieties at the cell surface to a member of the gammaherpesvirinae subfamily. [less ▲]

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See detailDevelopment and epidemiological evaluation of a monoclonal ELISA detecting Bovine Viral Diarrhœa Pestivirus antigens in field blood samples of persistently infected cattle
Mignon, Bernard ULg; Dubuisson, J.; Waxweiler, S. et al

in Steven, Edwards (Ed.) ESVV-Proceedings of the second symposium on pestiviruses (1993)

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See detailIdentification of 108k, 93k, and 42k Glycoproteins of Bovine Herpesvirus-1 by Monoclonal Antibodies
Baranowski, E.; Dubuisson, J.; Pastoret, Paul-Pierre ULg et al

in Archives of Virology (1993), 133(1-2), 97-111

Three glycoproteins of bovine herpesvirus-1 (BHV-1) other than glycoproteins gI, gIII, and gIV were identified by monoclonal antibody (MAb) analyses. Monoclonal antibodies were obtained by immunization of ... [more ▼]

Three glycoproteins of bovine herpesvirus-1 (BHV-1) other than glycoproteins gI, gIII, and gIV were identified by monoclonal antibody (MAb) analyses. Monoclonal antibodies were obtained by immunization of mice with either BHV-1 envelope or virus infected cells, from which the glycoproteins gI, gIII, and gIV were removed by immunoaffinity. In the latter immunization procedure mice were tolerized either against normal cellular antigens with or without glycoproteins gI, gIII, gIV, and nucleocapsid. From 154 anti-BHV-1 hybridomas isolated, 39 MAbs precipitated a 108K glycoprotein. Two other glycoproteins of respectively 42K and 93K were precipitated each by one MAb. These three glycoproteins were detected in infected cell lysate. Nine anti-108K glycoprotein MAbs neutralized BHV-1 infectivity and three non-neutralizing MAbs were able to reduce plaque development when virus was grown in the presence of these MAbs. It is therefore suggested that this glycoprotein is involved in viral entry into the cell and in cell-to-cell spread of the virus. [less ▲]

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See detailMolecular Biology of Bovine Herpesvirus Type 4
Thiry, Etienne ULg; Bublot, M.; Dubuisson, J. et al

in Veterinary Microbiology (1992), 33(1-4), 79-92

Bovine herpesvirus type 4 (BHV-4) is a ubiquitous virus of cattle. Its genome is a 144 +/- 6 kb double-stranded DNA consisting of a unique central part (L-DNA) flanked at both ends by tandem repeats ... [more ▼]

Bovine herpesvirus type 4 (BHV-4) is a ubiquitous virus of cattle. Its genome is a 144 +/- 6 kb double-stranded DNA consisting of a unique central part (L-DNA) flanked at both ends by tandem repeats called polyrepetitive DNA (prDNA or H-DNA). The overall arrangement of genes has been obtained by the analysis of homologies between short BHV-4 DNA sequences and corresponding genes of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) and herpesvirus saimiri (HVS). The gene expression is temporally regulated. Glycoprotein precursor p (gp10/gp17) is expressed as gamma 1 polypeptide. Glycoproteins gp1, gp8, gp11 and their precursors are gamma 2 proteins. The analysis of strain variations allows the definition of two types of strains, based on the DNA patterns: the Movar 33/63-like and the DN 599-like strains. Only the M40 strain, isolated in India, fails to fit this classification. The genomic variations have been compiled to build a dendrogram showing three levels of divergence between BHV-4 strains or isolates. The available molecular data indicate that the BHV-4 genome shares much similarity with the DNA of EBV and HVS, two representative members of the gammaherpesvirinae. BHV-4 may therefore be classified in the subfamily gammaherpesvirinae. [less ▲]

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See detailEpidemiological Evaluation of a Monoclonal Elisa Detecting Bovine Viral Diarrhoea Pestivirus Antigens in Field Blood Samples of Persistently Infected Cattle
Mignon, Bernard ULg; Waxweiler, Sophie; Thiry, Etienne ULg et al

in Journal of Virological Methods (1992), 40(1), 85-93

An enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), using monoclonal antibodies for capture and detection, was developed for detecting bovine viral diarrhoea virus (BVDV) antigens in blood samples. The test was ... [more ▼]

An enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), using monoclonal antibodies for capture and detection, was developed for detecting bovine viral diarrhoea virus (BVDV) antigens in blood samples. The test was evaluated using 761 field samples of known status (viraemic or not). When an appropriate cut-off value was chosen, the sensitivity, specificity, and predictive values of the assay were 100%, higher than the values obtained by classical virus isolation. Correlation with the latter technique exceeded 90%. The ELISA is a good candidate for replacing virus isolation as a reference method for BVDV antigen detection in persistently infected carriers. A method based on the mean of the standard deviation ratio can be used to choose the cut-off value in order to optimise reproducibility. [less ▲]

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See detailIdentification and Characterization of Glycoprotein Gp1 of Bovine Herpesvirus Type 4
Dubuisson, J.; Pastoret, Paul-Pierre ULg; Thiry, Etienne ULg

in Journal of General Virology (The) (1992), 73((Pt 5)), 1293-6

Three major bovine herpesvirus type 4 (BHV-4) glycoproteins have been described previously. By using monoclonal antibodies produced against BHV-4 envelope proteins from which the three major antigens had ... [more ▼]

Three major bovine herpesvirus type 4 (BHV-4) glycoproteins have been described previously. By using monoclonal antibodies produced against BHV-4 envelope proteins from which the three major antigens had been removed by immunoaffinity, a fourth glycoprotein was identified. This protein (gp1) has a high Mr (greater than 300K), is detected about 8 h post-inoculation of infected cells and is strictly expressed as a gamma protein. Moreover, gp1 was identified by a polyclonal antiserum from an infected animal, indicating that this glycoprotein is an antigen recognized by the immune system of infected animals. [less ▲]

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See detailProteins of Bovine Herpesvirus Type 4 Released into the Culture Medium of Productively Infected Cells: Identification of a 135k Glycoprotein Involved in Viral Attachment
Dubuisson, J.; Koromyslov, I.; Pastoret, Paul-Pierre ULg et al

in Journal of General Virology (The) (1992), 73((Pt 1)), 189-94

Three bovine herpesvirus type 4 (BHV-4) proteins released into the culture medium of infected cells were identified, with Mr values of 135K, 16K and 14.5K. Among these three proteins, two were ... [more ▼]

Three bovine herpesvirus type 4 (BHV-4) proteins released into the culture medium of infected cells were identified, with Mr values of 135K, 16K and 14.5K. Among these three proteins, two were precipitated by the monoclonal antibodies characterized in this work. One is a glycoprotein of 135K (gp8) which does not seem to be involved in BHV-4 neutralization. Moreover, this 135K glycoprotein adsorbed onto uninfected susceptible cells. The attachment of gp8 to cells was totally inhibited by the prior adsorption of unlabelled viral proteins. Moreover, anti-gp8 monoclonal antibodies were effective in inhibiting the adsorption of gp8. These results indicate that gp8 could be involved in BHV-4 attachment. [less ▲]

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See detailThe Biology of Bovine Herpesvirus-4
Thiry, Etienne ULg; Bublot, M.; Dubuisson, J. et al

in Annales de Médecine Vétérinaire (1992), 136

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See detailBovine Herpesvirus 4 Isolates: A Comparison of Three Major Glycoproteins
Dubuisson, J.; Bublot, M.; Wellemans, G. et al

in Veterinary Microbiology (1991), 29(3-4), 251-9

Twenty-four Belgian field isolates of bovine herpesvirus 4 (BHV-4), together with four reference strains were compared by radio-immunoprecipitation and western blotting using a polyvalent antiserum and ... [more ▼]

Twenty-four Belgian field isolates of bovine herpesvirus 4 (BHV-4), together with four reference strains were compared by radio-immunoprecipitation and western blotting using a polyvalent antiserum and monoclonal antibodies raised against major glycoproteins. Most of these strains showed the same protein profile as the European reference strain Movar 33/63. For two strains the molecular weight of gp 6, p (gp 10/gp 17) and gp 10 were the same as those of the American reference strain DN 599. No relationship could be established between the protein profiles and origin of the isolates or with the restriction patterns. This study provides a view of the molecular weight variations of the major BHV-4 glycoproteins among field isolates. [less ▲]

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See detailFailure to Infect Cats with Bovine Herpesvirus Type-4 Strain Movar 33/63
Thiry, Etienne ULg; Chappuis, G.; Bublot, M. et al

in Veterinary Record : Journal of the British Veterinary Association (1991), 128(26), 614-5

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See detailTemporal Control of Bovine Herpesvirus Type 4 Glycoprotein Synthesis
Dubuisson, J.; Pastoret, Paul-Pierre ULg; Thiry, Etienne ULg

in Journal of General Virology (1991), 72((Pt 6)), 1429-34

The glycoprotein gp6/gp10/gp17, gp11/VP24 and gp8 are major bovine herpesvirus type 4 antigens. The temporal expression of these glycoproteins was studied and it was shown that gp6/gp10/gp17 appeared as ... [more ▼]

The glycoprotein gp6/gp10/gp17, gp11/VP24 and gp8 are major bovine herpesvirus type 4 antigens. The temporal expression of these glycoproteins was studied and it was shown that gp6/gp10/gp17 appeared as early as 6 h post-inoculation (p.i.), and gp11/VP24 and gp8 were detected 8 h p.i. Moreover, a precursor of two components of gp6/gp10/gp17 glycoprotein [p(gp10/gp17)] was a beta-gamma protein, whereas the gp11/VP24 and gp8 glycoproteins were gamma proteins. [less ▲]

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See detailComparison of Proteins of Simian Herpesvirus Aotus Type 2 and Bovine Herpesvirus Type 4
Dubuisson, J.; Danyi, Sophie ULg; Bublot, M. et al

in Journal of General Virology (1991), 72((Pt 5)), 1145-50

Genomes of herpesvirus aotus type 2 (HVA-2) and bovine herpesvirus type 4 (BHV-4) have previously been shown to be closely similar. Moreover, preliminary serological data indicated that HVA-2 is ... [more ▼]

Genomes of herpesvirus aotus type 2 (HVA-2) and bovine herpesvirus type 4 (BHV-4) have previously been shown to be closely similar. Moreover, preliminary serological data indicated that HVA-2 is antigenically related to BHV-4. To extend this study, structural components of four BHV-4 strains and HVA-2 were compared by SDS-PAGE, radioimmunoprecipitation and Western blotting. The overall pattern of structural proteins was the same for HVA-2 and BHV-4 but variations were observed in electrophoretic profiles of glycoproteins, mainly of the two major ones (gp6/gp10/gp17 and gp11/VP24). Variations between HVA-2 and BHV-4 glycoproteins were greater than those observed among BHV-4 strains. [less ▲]

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See detailAntigenic and Genomic Identity between Simian Herpesvirus Aotus Type 2 and Bovine Herpesvirus Type 4
Bublot, M.; Dubuisson, J.; Van Bressem, M. F. et al

in Journal of General Virology (The) (1991), 72((Pt 3)), 715-9

Herpesvirus aotus type 2 (HVA-2) was isolated from a culture of kidney cells from a healthy owl monkey (Aotus trivirgatus). Bovine herpesvirus type 4 (BHV-4) is frequently isolated from diseased and even ... [more ▼]

Herpesvirus aotus type 2 (HVA-2) was isolated from a culture of kidney cells from a healthy owl monkey (Aotus trivirgatus). Bovine herpesvirus type 4 (BHV-4) is frequently isolated from diseased and even healthy cattle and occasionally from sheep, wild ruminants and cats. The two viruses are related antigenically, as was revealed by an indirect fluorescent antibody test using polyclonal antisera from experimentally infected rabbits or monoclonal antibodies raised against six BHV-4 proteins, three of which were glycosylated. The genome structures of the two viruses consist of a unique central sequence flanked at both ends by G + C-rich tandem repeats. Restriction maps (produced using EcoRI, BamHI and HindIII) of these two viruses were nearly identical but the unique sequence of the HVA-2 genome possessed two additional BamHI sites. Four genomic regions of variable size were detected, two located in the unique part, one in the repetitive part and one in the left junction between the unique and the repeated part of the genome; these slight variations were similar to those observed between various BHV-4 isolates. These results suggest that HVA-2 and BHV-4 belong to the same virus species; HVA-2 could be either a BHV-4 contaminant of owl monkey kidney cell cultures or an isolate from an owl monkey accidentally infected with BHV-4. [less ▲]

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See detailA Monoclonal Elisa for Bovine Viral Diarrhoea Pestivirus Antigen Detection in Persistently Infected Cattle
Mignon, Bernard ULg; Dubuisson, J.; Baranowski, E. et al

in Journal of Virological Methods (1991), 35(2), 177-188

Detection of cattle persistently infected with bovine viral diarrhoea virus (BVDV) is crucial to controlling mucosal disease. A sandwich enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) using monoclonal ... [more ▼]

Detection of cattle persistently infected with bovine viral diarrhoea virus (BVDV) is crucial to controlling mucosal disease. A sandwich enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) using monoclonal antibodies raised against the 48-kDa glycoprotein and the 120/80-kDa protein was developed for detecting antigens in leucocytes of 3 persistently BVDV-infected calves. The test is simple, sensitive and rapid. Moreover the same ELISA was able to recognise Belgian field isolates of BVDV. These results show that the test can be applied in the field. [less ▲]

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See detailCharacterization of Monoclonal Antibodies to Bovine Viral Diarrhoea Virus: Evidence of a Neutralizing Activity against Gp48 in the Presence of Goat Anti-Mouse Immunoglobulin Serum
Boulanger, D.; Waxweiler, Sophie; Karelle, L. et al

in Journal of General Virology (1991), 72(5), 1195-1198

Twenty-one monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) directed against the NY-1 and the Osloss-c strains of bovine viral diarrhoea virus were produced and characterized by indirect immunofluorescence assay ... [more ▼]

Twenty-one monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) directed against the NY-1 and the Osloss-c strains of bovine viral diarrhoea virus were produced and characterized by indirect immunofluorescence assay, radioimmunoprecipitation and neutralization tests. Fourteen MAbs directed against the NY-1 strain recognized the gp48 and showed a weak neutralizing activity in the presence of goat anti-mouse immunoglobulin serum. [less ▲]

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See detailGenomic Diversity among Bovine Herpesvirus 4 Field Isolates
Bublot, M.; Wellemans, G.; Van Bressem, M. F. et al

in Archives of Virology (1991), 116(1-4), 1-18

Twenty-eight Belgian field isolates of bovine herpesvirus 4 (BHV-4) coming from a variety of clinical diseases have been studied by restriction analysis and Southern blot hybridization. The unique central ... [more ▼]

Twenty-eight Belgian field isolates of bovine herpesvirus 4 (BHV-4) coming from a variety of clinical diseases have been studied by restriction analysis and Southern blot hybridization. The unique central part of the genome was very well conserved among strains; only one variation in a restriction site was detected in 3 isolates which contain an additional EcoRI site also present in the LVR 140 strain; three regions in the unique part of the genome varied in size, one of these was highly variable. The polyrepetitive fragments (prDNAs) situated in tandem at both genomic ends were also variable in size; most of the isolates exhibited prDNA units of one size (major prDNA) and some of them also contained prDNA units having a different size and present in a lower amount (minor prDNA) than the major prDNA. Other isolates possessed two major prDNAs of different sizes which were both present in the same genome. The left junction fragment between the unique and the repeated sequences was also highly variable. No relationship could be established between the restriction pattern and the origin of the isolates; patterns of isolates coming from the same herd were similar except in one case. This study provides a view of the genome variability existing between BHV-4 field isolates. [less ▲]

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See detailImpact des biotechnologies en santé animale
Pastoret, Paul-Pierre ULg; Thiry, Etienne ULg; Brochier, B. et al

Report (1990)

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See detailNeutralization of Bovine Herpesvirus Type 4 by Pairs of Monoclonal Antibodies Raised against Two Glycoproteins and Identification of Antigenic Determinants Involved in Neutralization
Dubuisson, J.; Guillaume, José; Boulanger, D. et al

in Journal of General Virology (The) (1990), 71((Pt 3)), 647-53

In infected cattle, bovine herpesvirus type 4 (BHV-4) induces an immune response with low neutralizing antibody levels or in the absence of such antibodies. For the study of this phenomenon, monoclonal ... [more ▼]

In infected cattle, bovine herpesvirus type 4 (BHV-4) induces an immune response with low neutralizing antibody levels or in the absence of such antibodies. For the study of this phenomenon, monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) raised against two BHV-4 glycoproteins identified previously (150K/120K/51K and 120K/16.5K) were used in neutralization tests. None of the MAbs except for MAb 16 could neutralize alone; pairs of MAbs against the 150K/120K/51K and 120K/16.5K glycoproteins were able to neutralize BHV-4 infectivity. MAbs involved in neutralization were used in competitive binding assays to identify epitopes relevant for BHV-4 neutralization. These MAbs showed a low avidity and a weak neutralizing activity, and they partially decreased BHV-4 attachment to cells. These results suggest that the BHV-4 glycoprotein domains involved in viral infectivity are poorly exposed to the immune system. [less ▲]

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