References of "Dubois, Charline"
     in
Bookmark and Share    
Peer Reviewed
See detailThe way to agritourist development from constraints to opportunities
Dubois, Charline ULg; Schmitz, Serge ULg

in Cawley, Mary; Bicalho, Ana Maria; Laurens, Lucette (Eds.) The Sustainability of Rural Systems: global and local challenges and opportunities (in press)

In the northwest European countryside, diversification is a common option in order to preserve a viable agricultural business, because many farmers have to restructure their activities to meet increasing ... [more ▼]

In the northwest European countryside, diversification is a common option in order to preserve a viable agricultural business, because many farmers have to restructure their activities to meet increasing pressures. Many choose a tourism business as a means of diversification. This chapter investigates the reasons for choosing farm tourism as a means of diversification, in order to examine the supply dimension of agritourism development. Some main reasons have been highlighted in the literature. Economic and financial factors like sourcing new income and employment, stability against agricultural market fluctuations or better use of farm resources, are often the first motivations to be mentioned. Also significant are social and external factors like sharing experiences, awareness of the success of other farmers, meeting people, educating the public and consumers, and personal interest as a hobby. Reasons for choosing tourism as a form of diversification may change over time, differ according to the characteristics of the farm, its development and its environment, or depend on gender. This chapter uses data from interviews conducted in agritourism accommodation premises in Wallonia and the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg to explore these motivations. The research is based on a content analysis aimed at a graphical representation of motivations using an adapted actantian model: a multi-scale analysis is used identifying the factors that support and constrain such motivations. The primary motivation stresses the response to a market opportunity; the potential to assign unused farm buildings to new purposes was also observed. Moreover it is shown that entrepreneurship and opportunities become as important as development based on survival of the farm. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 10 (1 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailSmart agritourism: How to take advantage of local and regional assets?
Dubois, Charline ULg; Schmitz, Serge ULg

in Helgadóttir, Guðrún (Ed.) NAF 2013 – Rural Tourism, Challenges in Changing Times (2013, June)

Agritourism, subset of rural tourism, is defined in Wallonia and in Grand Duchy of Luxembourg as a tourist accommodation or a set of tourist activities on an active farm. In these regions, rural ... [more ▼]

Agritourism, subset of rural tourism, is defined in Wallonia and in Grand Duchy of Luxembourg as a tourist accommodation or a set of tourist activities on an active farm. In these regions, rural environment becomes a recreation place for tourist seeking for rurality and also proximity of agriculture. Because of the difficulties of some agricultural areas in West European countryside, some farmers, actors of rural milieu in transformation, open their farmhouse to g! uests while other actors, among which authorities, imagine agr! itourism as an easy and magic solution to the safeguard of rural life. This paper analyses the agritourism development through its socio-economic and environmental assets to understand what influences its development in a particular region. How does it deal with environmental assets, relative proximity and local community? The analysis is based on data collected through surveys and interviews in Wallonia and in the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg: 1148 questionnaires were administered in tourist locations in July and August 2012, and 31 life histories were collected from farmers these last three winters. The paper highlights that the farm has both to find a niche on the rural tourist market and to take advantage of embeddedness in the local and the regional contexts. This approach of linking typology of Walloon and Luxembourg agritourist products, type of rural areas and geographical settings shows that it cannot be limited only to environmental assets and that other factors infl! uence the development of particular agritourist products such as the accessibility, the local community, the hospitality, the rural development policy, the farming orientation, and the complementarity with tourist places. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 47 (7 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailWhat is the position of agritourism on the Walloon tourist market?
Dubois, Charline ULg; Schmitz, Serge ULg

in European Countryside (2013), 5(4), 295-307

With its marginal practices and diversified services, agritourism is a complex subject of study. In some European rural areas it is seen as a smart diversification solution. Even though agritourism is ... [more ▼]

With its marginal practices and diversified services, agritourism is a complex subject of study. In some European rural areas it is seen as a smart diversification solution. Even though agritourism is rather weak on the Walloon tourist market level, it is important for farmers for whom it is often a means of supplementary income. Based on crossed data concerning potential tourists, local tenants, privileged witnesses and promotional information, the position of agritourism on the Walloon tourist market is analysed. It is shown that agritourism is a multiple micro-niche market primarily complementary to other sources of tourist supply. This paper underscores how the assets of demand, of the region and of the farm all shape agritourist diversification. Instead of providing a standardized well-known product, agritourism in Wallonia is richly diverse, which creates difficulties in branding this tourist market sector. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 24 (6 ULg)
Full Text
See detailQuand Martine a déserté la ferme...Que reste-t-il de l’agritourisme en termes d’image ?
Dubois, Charline ULg

Article for general public (2012)

L’agritourisme combine la demande croissante d’espaces de loisirs et de lieux d’hébergements et la recherche de diversification agricole. Cela pourrait être une bonne idée mais elle nécessite de concilier ... [more ▼]

L’agritourisme combine la demande croissante d’espaces de loisirs et de lieux d’hébergements et la recherche de diversification agricole. Cela pourrait être une bonne idée mais elle nécessite de concilier deux mondes et deux activités qui ne font pas toujours bon ménage. S’il existe de nombreuses exploitations agricoles qui accueillent les touristes, beaucoup de fermes touristiques n’utilisent que les murs de la ferme comme décor et réduisent les liens entre l’activité touristique et la production agricole à presque rien. Comment dès lors se démarquer si l’on est une ferme en activité des nombreux gîtes ruraux dont la promotion, tant en Wallonie qu’au Grand Duché de Luxembourg, a tendance à les associer à l’agritourisme ? [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 12 (1 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailWhat is the position of agritourism on the Walloon tourist market?
Dubois, Charline ULg; Schmitz, Serge ULg

in Potocnik, Irma (Ed.) Agritourism between embeddedness and internationalization (2012, June)

Marginal practices composed by diversified services, agritourism remains a complex subject of study in some European rural areas where it is clamed as a smart solution of diversification. Even if the ... [more ▼]

Marginal practices composed by diversified services, agritourism remains a complex subject of study in some European rural areas where it is clamed as a smart solution of diversification. Even if the phenomenon is quite weak on the Walloon tourist market, it is important from the point of view of farmers for who agritourism is a mean of supplementary incomes. Based on crossed informations and data coming from surveys of potential tourists carried out in tourist poles, life-histories of local tenants and interviews of privileged witnesses as well as content analysis of promotional folders and websites, the position of agritourism on the Walloon tourist market is analysed. It is showed firstly that agritourism is a niche market, which risk dissociating itself from the first pathway if the links between the farm and the tourism continue to weaken. Most of the time agritourism is complementary to other tourist offers but it can also compete with some other forms of tourism in particular cases. Furthermore the demand influences agritourism development through different images and representations that may go off the agricultural practices than with which farmers need to adapt their activities. Finally, different diversifications are developed according to geographic settings. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 33 (6 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailLe touriste à la ferme : de la thématisation au simulacre ?
Dubois, Charline ULg; Schmitz, Serge ULg

in Rendez-vous Champlain sur le Tourisme, l'expérience touristique : ULB, Bruxelles 21-23 mai 2012 (2012, May)

Vivre avec l’agriculteur, passer un bon moment en famille, se ressourcer dans la nature, retrouver ses racines, déguster les produits qui font la tradition et la fierté de la région visitée, ce sont là à ... [more ▼]

Vivre avec l’agriculteur, passer un bon moment en famille, se ressourcer dans la nature, retrouver ses racines, déguster les produits qui font la tradition et la fierté de la région visitée, ce sont là à la fois différents produits d’appel orchestrés par le secteur de l’agritourisme et des représentations fréquentes de cette activité dans la population. Si les définitions et les pratiques de l’agritourisme sont multiples, les représentations peuvent différer selon les relations des personnes avec le monde agricole. Or la réussite d’un produit touristique dépend d’une rencontre entre les attentes des touristes et l’offre. Cet article analyse les composantes, induite, organique et modifiée par l’expérience, de l’image de l’agritourisme. L’analyse se base sur des données récoltées lors d’enquêtes et interviews de terrain en Wallonie et au Grand-Duché de Luxembourg : 230 enquêtes effectuées dans des pôles touristiques et 26 récits de vie de tenanciers. A travers une comparaison des représentations de l’agritourisme auprès de trois groupes d’individus – celles des touristes ayant vécu l’agritourisme ou habitant l’espace rural, celles des touristes n’ayant jamais expérimenté l’agritourisme et celles des tenanciers –, la communication souligne les attentes, les divergences, les incompréhensions de l’agritourisme. Les niveaux d’attentes des touristes en matière d’accueil, d’authenticité, de confort et de participation aux travaux de la ferme sont souvent contradictoires et parfois en contradiction avec l’offre et l’activité agricole. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 83 (28 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailAgritourism at the crossroad of the socio-ecological European transition
Dubois, Charline ULg; Schmitz, Serge ULg

in Girardot, J-J.; Devillet, G. (Eds.) Papers of the 10th Annual International Conference of Territorial Intelligence of INTI “Territorial Intelligence and Sustainable economics within the new culture of development (2011, September)

The resources of the rural countryside in Europe are subject to many pressures and the difficulties arising in many rural areas somehow jeopardise the agriculture: agricultural activities are decreasing ... [more ▼]

The resources of the rural countryside in Europe are subject to many pressures and the difficulties arising in many rural areas somehow jeopardise the agriculture: agricultural activities are decreasing and farmers are losing importance. The consequences of a reduction or even disappearance of the agricultural activity are varied and refer to social, economic, cultural and environmental domains like the disappearance of activities and services in rural area, the loss of a rural identity or impacts on particular landscapes. Difficulties relate to the pressures exerted on farmers: pressures due to the world competition, to the evolution from the spread of suburbanisation, to the tendency of young people to leave rural life, to transport problems in the rural areas. The socio-ecological transition may be seen as a track of diversification in farming activities. One of the solutions aiming to improve the rural economy in accordance with its natural and cultural heritages is the development of farm tourism also seen as a means for rural communities to link producers and consumers again strengthening the social capital. Agritourism is a soft form of tourism, which aims to promote the rural capital and which, by supporting the regional development, helps to improve the income of the regional population. It includes different types of accommodations (such as guest farm, bed and breakfast or camping on the farm) and multiple activities in rural areas through which the visitor has the opportunity to become acquainted with agricultural areas, agricultural occupations, local products, traditional cuisine and daily life, as well as with the cultural elements and the authentic features of the area, while showing respect for the environment and the tradition. Agritourism brings visitors closer to nature and rural activities in which they can participate. This form of tourism fits with new expectations as regards environmental, patrimonial and social matters of tourists in Europe. The lecture compares agritourism in the Walloon Region and in the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg, bordering regions which share a common aim to develop both a differentiated agriculture and a sustainable agritourism. The research develops a combination of several complementary procedures and tools: international comparison, on-site investigations near the stakeholders concerned by agritourism of which agritourist offer investigations near local tenants and farmers and agritourist demand investigations to potential customers, without forget investigations near organizations and institutions that attempt to influence its development, This lecture presents a kind of economic diversification, agritourism, of farms aiming to provide a global and integrated vision. Problems encounter because of the diversity of resources (infrastructures, goods and services) and stakeholders involved in multiple relations (tourists, tour operators, host community members, various organizations, industries...) imply innovative agritourist adaptations concerned by a tourist qualitative and wellbeing search. It proposes to define the necessary characteristic of the countryside, the ressources, to develop agritourism and to examine disparities of the agritourist developement, and to establish a typology of the countryside more or less favourable to its emergence, its development and its success taking into account the various forms of agritourism in Europe. It enlightens the general question entitled "Which countrysides for which agritourisms?”. The objective is thus to think an agritourism both thought out according to the paradigm of sustainable development, and conforming to the principles the ecological economy. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 71 (22 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailThe way to agritourist development from constraints to opportunities
Dubois, Charline ULg; Schmitz, Serge ULg

in Cawley, Mary (Ed.) The Sustainability of Rural Systems: Local and Global Challenges and Opportunities (2011, August)

In the northwest European countryside, diversification is a common option to preserve a viable agricultural business because many farmers have to restructure their activities to face increasing pressures ... [more ▼]

In the northwest European countryside, diversification is a common option to preserve a viable agricultural business because many farmers have to restructure their activities to face increasing pressures. Many choose tourism business as a mean of diversification. To examine the supply aspect of agritourism development, the paper scrutinizes the motivations or choices reasons for farm tourism as a mean of diversification. Actually some main reasons have been underlined in the literature. Even if economic and financial reasons like new incomes and employments, stability towards agricultural market fluctuations or a better use of farm ressources are the first motivations mentioning, more social and external reasons like sharing experiences, success of other farmers, meeting of people, education of public and consummer, personal interest as a hobby are also significant. Choice reasons may change over time, be different according to the own characteristics of the farm, its development and its environment, or depend on gender. This paper uses data’s from interviews conducted in agritourism accomodations in the Walloon Region and in the Grand-Duchy of Luxembourg to explore these motivations. The research is based on a content analysis aiming a graphical representation of the motivations using an adapted actantial model: a multi-scale analysis identifying the adjuvants and constraints of such motivations is used. The first analysis stress that the answer to a market opportunity and the potential new assignement of unused farm buildings are also observed. Moreover it is showned that entrepreneurship and opportunities come as being factors quite as important as a development based on a survival of the farm. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 79 (22 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailFamiliarité spatiale dans deux communes périurbaines belges
Dubois, Charline ULg; Schmitz, Serge ULg

in Cahiers de Géographie du Quebec (2011), 55(154), 51-65

Analysing spatial familiarity aims to measure how places included in the life-world and in the cognitive map are familiar. Based on the study of Gale, Golledge, Halperin & Couclelis (1990), this paper ... [more ▼]

Analysing spatial familiarity aims to measure how places included in the life-world and in the cognitive map are familiar. Based on the study of Gale, Golledge, Halperin & Couclelis (1990), this paper explores the spatial familiarity of the inhabitants of two municipalities at the fringe of Liege (Belgium): it questions the links between the cognitive dimensions (visual, nominal, localisation) and themselves and the behavioural dimension (passing). It seeks new relevant places for the population of these urban fringe as well as the favourable factors to a good familiarity of a place. Finally, it scrutinizes the influence of people's mobility – period of residence, commuting to work, modes of transport – on spatial familiarity. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 87 (46 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailGéographie, tourisme et tourisme rural : une critique de quatre ouvrages
Dubois, Charline ULg

in Bulletin de la Société Géographique de Liège (2011), 57

Four books studying either tourism in a global sense or more specifically rural tourism, have been explored and subjected to some reviews: The Geography of Tourism and Recreation - Environment, Place and ... [more ▼]

Four books studying either tourism in a global sense or more specifically rural tourism, have been explored and subjected to some reviews: The Geography of Tourism and Recreation - Environment, Place and Space by C. Michael Hall and Stephen J. Page (2005), Rural Tourism and Sustainable Business by Derek Hall, Irene Kirkpatrick and Morag Mitchell (2005), Tourism and tourism spaces by Gareth Shaw and Allan M. Williams (2004), and Rural Tourism and Recreation: Principles to Practice by Lesley Roberts and Derek Hall (2001). After the step of synthesis of each one, their own developments and their utilities will be discussed. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 45 (3 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailWhich Countryside for which Agritourism? A comparative Analysis
Dubois, Charline ULg; Schmitz, Serge ULg

in Amit-Cohen, Irit (Ed.) Sustainability in Transition and the Changing Faces of Rural Areas: Enviuronmental, Social, Cultural and Economic Dimensions (2010, July)

The resources of the rural countryside in Europe are subject to many pressures and the difficulties arising in the rural zones somehow jeopardise the agriculture: agricultural activities is decreasing and ... [more ▼]

The resources of the rural countryside in Europe are subject to many pressures and the difficulties arising in the rural zones somehow jeopardise the agriculture: agricultural activities is decreasing and farmers are losing importance. These difficulties relate to the pressures exerted on farmers: pressures due to the world competition, to the evolution from the spread of suburbanisation, to the tendency of young people to leave rural life, to transport problems in the rural areas. Farmers are seeking to diversify their activities. One of the solutions claims in many regions, both for the farmers and the regions, aiming to improve the rural economy is the development of agritourism or farm tourism. Agritourism is also seen as a means for rural communities to link producers and consumers again strengthening the social capital. This paper attempts to analyse the diversity of the agritouristic offer (sale of farm products, camping close to the farm, bed and breakfast, farm stays) in Europe by proceeding to an analysis of the different strengths and opportunities but also of the constraints of its development. It proposes to question the necessary links between the agritourism activities and the countryside regarding the landscape quality, the tourism tradition, the traditional farm systems, the accessibility, the regional development policy, and so on. The paper establish a typology of the countryside according to farm tourism, and exploit particularly an in depth analysis of some European areas (the Walloon Region, Slovenia and the Grand-Duchy of Luxembourg). [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 81 (22 ULg)