References of "Dubois, Charline"
     in
Bookmark and Share    
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailPast mining areas as rural capital – Perspectives from Bucovina and Wallonia
Schmitz, Serge ULiege; Dubois, Charline ULiege; Vanderheyden, Vincent ULiege et al

Conference (2017, September)

In this paper, we consider old mining sites in two very different contexts, a post-socialist Carpathians area and a Western European area that knew precocious industrialisation. How these past mining ... [more ▼]

In this paper, we consider old mining sites in two very different contexts, a post-socialist Carpathians area and a Western European area that knew precocious industrialisation. How these past mining areas could develop and enhance rural development and heritage landscapes? [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 24 (1 ULiège)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailHeritage mining landscapes as rural capital: the case of two heavy metals minings wastelands in Wallonia
Dubois, Charline ULiege; Vanderheyden, Vincent ULiege; Schmitz, Serge ULiege

Poster (2017, June)

For a long time and due to the socio-economic trauma caused by the closure of the mines, the hazards of abandoned sites and soil pollution, the newness of vestiges, or the symbol of the failure of an ... [more ▼]

For a long time and due to the socio-economic trauma caused by the closure of the mines, the hazards of abandoned sites and soil pollution, the newness of vestiges, or the symbol of the failure of an industrial development model, on-field industrial remains were not considered as valuable heritage, particularly in rural spaces. Indeed, in the dominant imagery of rural areas, industry and countryside do not fit together (Cloke et al., 1996; Edelblutte & Legrand, 2012). Yet, such industrial activities have a long history in some areas such as in rural East-Belgium. The past deindustrialization resulted in wastelands on which stakeholders have nowadays various interests. Some of these industrial wastelands try to become places of heritage preservation and valorisation (Fagnoni, 2003; Kitchen et al., 2006; Roth, 2007; Mitchell & O’Neill, 2016). In this paper, we consider industrial wastelands with the aim to develop and enhance rural development and heritage landscapes. The mining wastelands are defined as abandoned areas where old traces of mining (e.g. factories and buildings, cuts and fills material, other marks in the landscapes, polluted soils) are still present. These areas are waiting for a new evaluation in order to create rural development strategies and local projects. We study how to preserve and protect these authentic high value landscapes and what can be proposed as type of rural strategy and rural landscape management. How to reallocate the space of wastelands according to the valorisation of cultural and natural heritage? Through qualitative document analysis and stakeholders interviews, we are discussing on the basis of two case studies concerning heavy metals mines in Easten Belgium within an hour’s drive from Liège. The first case is the “Haldes calaminaires” area in Plombières (former lead and zinc mine) and the second one is the “Rouge-Thier” area in Stoumont (former manganese mine), both industrial wastelands in rural area with a real potential for rural development in some touristic, recreational, scientific, and pedagogical frameworks (Rosengarten, 2008; Dussart & Dussart, 1991). Different scenarios are possible to allow both sites to be recognized, saved, protected, enhanced, and developed for tourists and inhabitants, but they must confront the divergent heritage, cultural, biological, urban and socio-economic interests and issues of local and regional actors. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 127 (7 ULiège)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailTensions sur le devenir des campagnes wallonnes: notes de terrain
Schmitz, Serge ULiege; Dubois, Charline ULiege

in Bulletin de la Société Géographique de Liège (2017), 69

Through the analysis of seven vignettes, this paper reports on the evolution of the countryside in the East of Wallonia and points out a renewed interest in natural and cultural heritages. Three days of ... [more ▼]

Through the analysis of seven vignettes, this paper reports on the evolution of the countryside in the East of Wallonia and points out a renewed interest in natural and cultural heritages. Three days of fieldtrip in the Entre-Vesdre-et-Meuse and in the Ardennes allowed presenting the new features of the Walloon countryside and forests and reflecting on the balance of heritage and innovations. Besides the improvement of the living environment, studied initiatives reveal issues relating to identity and survival, which citizens do not always regard as relevant. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 39 (6 ULiège)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailEditorial: Sustainability of rural systems: balancing heritage and innovation
Schmitz, Serge ULiege; Dubois, Charline ULiege

in Belgeo (2017), 2016(4),

This editorial relates the 24th colloquium of the Commission on the Sustainability of Rural Systems held in Liege and presents the main goals of the Commission. It introduces and discusses briefly the ten ... [more ▼]

This editorial relates the 24th colloquium of the Commission on the Sustainability of Rural Systems held in Liege and presents the main goals of the Commission. It introduces and discusses briefly the ten papers selected for this special issue of Belgeo. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 59 (1 ULiège)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailSustainability of rural systems: balancing heritage and innovation
Schmitz, Serge ULiege; Dubois, Charline ULiege

in Belgeo (2017), 2016(4),

Papers issued from the 24th colloquium of the Commission on the Sustainability of Rural Systems held in Liege in July 2016.

Detailed reference viewed: 66 (7 ULiège)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailThe Tourist on the farm: a 'muddled' image
Dubois, Charline ULiege; Cawley, Mary; Schmitz, Serge ULiege

in Tourism Management (2017), 59

Agritourism is promoted as a method of offsetting decline in farm incomes, and is defined in different ways which creates difficulties in attracting tourists. The present research contributes to a better ... [more ▼]

Agritourism is promoted as a method of offsetting decline in farm incomes, and is defined in different ways which creates difficulties in attracting tourists. The present research contributes to a better understanding of agritourism, based on evidence in Wallonia (Belgium) and Luxembourg. It does so by studying the image held by four groups of actors: (i) farmers who provide ‘agritourist’ experiences; (ii) promotional organisations; and tourists who both (iii) have and (iv) have not engaged in agritourism. Agritourism is a muddled concept between realities and stakeholder expectations but opportunities exist for targeting particular niche interests. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 101 (27 ULiège)
Full Text
See detailSustainability of Rural Systems: Balancing Heritage and Innovation
Schmitz, Serge ULiege; Dubois, Charline ULiege; Cawley, Mary et al

Book published by Atelier des Presses (2016)

With the discussion of six themes - New technologies and the new rural ways of life, Agronomic innovations and their social and environmental impacts, From ecosystem services to agroservices, Energy ... [more ▼]

With the discussion of six themes - New technologies and the new rural ways of life, Agronomic innovations and their social and environmental impacts, From ecosystem services to agroservices, Energy issues in rural areas, Multifunctional forests and the countryside, Tourism and recreation - the conference analyses how to balance cultural and natural heritage and innovation with special reference to the ecological and social dimensions. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 235 (29 ULiège)
Peer Reviewed
See detailLe tourisme à la ferme : une expérience authentique ou un simulacre ?
Dubois, Charline ULiege; Schmitz, Serge ULiege

in Decroly, J.-M. (Ed.) Le tourisme comme expérience - Regards interdisciplinaires sur le vécu touristique (2015)

Although farm tourism is an appealing idea combining agriculture and tourism, the chance to succeed in both activities is low. The Farm tourism experiments are supplied, imagined and experimented in ... [more ▼]

Although farm tourism is an appealing idea combining agriculture and tourism, the chance to succeed in both activities is low. The Farm tourism experiments are supplied, imagined and experimented in different ways. Consequently definitions, practices and perceptions of agritourism or farm tourism differ as well. Using Gunn’s image typology the paper analyses induced, organic and modified by experience images of argitourism. The study combines data issued from a survey amongst tourists (n = 230), 26 tourism farm holders’ life stories and 31 interviews with experts conducted both in Wallonia and Grand Duchy of Luxembourg. It scrutinizes the promotional discourses, the life experience and the strategy of farm tourism holders, the expectations of tourists who have experimented farm tourism or not, who claim living in the countryside or not. The level of expectations regarding reception, authenticity, convenience, and active participation in farm works differ noticeably and are now and then inconsistent with the supply and the farm activity. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 160 (24 ULiège)
See detailNature des villes, nature des champs : Synergies et controverses. Journée de terrain à La Louvière (Belgique)
Schmitz, Serge ULiege; Cornut, Pierre; Dubois, Charline ULiege et al

Conference (2015, September)

Comment une ville moyenne, née du charbon et de l'industrialisation, se restructure pour s'inscrire sur la carte de Belgique et maintenir activités économiques et habitants? Entre patrimoine Unesco, Plan ... [more ▼]

Comment une ville moyenne, née du charbon et de l'industrialisation, se restructure pour s'inscrire sur la carte de Belgique et maintenir activités économiques et habitants? Entre patrimoine Unesco, Plan Communal de Développement de la Nature et Rénovation urbaine, nous analyserons les divers projets d'amélioration du cadre de vie et d'intégration de la nature tant côté ville que côté campagne. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 57 (3 ULiège)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailFabriquer la nature pour la récréation des citadins : le tourisme à la ferme, la « renaturation » d’un service dénaturé ?
Dubois, Charline ULiege; Schmitz, Serge ULiege

Conference (2015, September)

Beaucoup de personnes associent / confondent les espaces agricoles et espaces de nature, tant au niveau des utilisateurs qu’au niveau des décideurs. A travers l’activité spécifique de l’agritourisme, nous ... [more ▼]

Beaucoup de personnes associent / confondent les espaces agricoles et espaces de nature, tant au niveau des utilisateurs qu’au niveau des décideurs. A travers l’activité spécifique de l’agritourisme, nous voulons interroger la domestication de la nature par les agriculteurs afin qu’elle colle aux représentations des clients urbains. Nous analysons les nouvelles manières de concevoir la campagne et la nature au travers d’activités de loisirs et services récréatifs à la ferme. Certains agriculteurs, voulant diversifier leurs activités, participer au développement local ou récupérer et promouvoir une image valorisante de leur métier, développent de nouveaux produits et services touristiques, culturels, gastronomiques, de bien-être et de santé à destination de la société (Watkins & Matless 2003, Poulot 2011, Aubry & Pourias 2013). Pour accueillir des touristes, les agriculteurs ne doivent-ils pas dénaturer l’activité agricole pour « renaturer » de manière urbaine l’environnement proche ? Les agriculteurs qui choisissent l’agritourisme adaptent ainsi progressivement leurs produits aux attentes des citoyens. Mais quelle limite donner à cette adaptation quand on connaît le lien entre l’activité agricole et l’activité d’accueil à la ferme ? Quelle est l’importance de l’atout nature dans cette diversification ? Nous interrogeons d’abord un corpus de 40 récits de vie auprès d’agriculteurs wallons et luxembourgeois, tenanciers d’une activité de diversification centrée sur le tourisme au sein de leur exploitation agricole (pratiques agricoles différentes, produits touristiques variés, expériences courtes et longues, motivations complexes) (Dubois 2014). Ensuite nous utilisons les résultats d’une enquête réalisée dans la rue auprès de touristes potentiels (sur les 1148 individus interrogés dans 7 pôles touristiques de Wallonie et du Grand-Duché de Luxembourg, 48% se considèrent comme urbain) (Dubois 2014). Nous utilisons enfin une analyse des exploitations agricoles visitées et de leurs abords au travers des éléments et caractéristiques (milieu physique, anthropique, humain, animaux, produits touristiques) mis en avant dans les photos prises sur le terrain et dans les images utilisées pour leur promotion touristique. Les analyses de contenu (analyses qualitatives avec NVivo®) et les analyses statistiques (analyses quantitatives avec Statistica®) font ressortir que le concept de nature mis en avant se focalise aux paysages, aux promenades et au calme : notamment des paysages que la personne peut observer depuis la terrasse, des promenades balisées de courte durée et un calme qui invite au repos et où la personne se sent en sécurité. La nature voulue par les urbains est une nature très sélective et cadrée. Mais même si les agriculteurs évoluent dans leur finage, il existe des initiatives et des stratégies différentes : la plupart des agriculteurs se contentent de domestiquer la nature au abords de la ferme pour faire paraître un cadre agréable et sécurisant, se gardant de modifier leur pratiques agricoles dans les champs avoisinants, d’autres, minoritaires, on prévu des parcours de découvertes et des activités intégrées dans la nature tels les golfs fermiers. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 94 (10 ULiège)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailAgriculture Seen Through the Prism of the French Media in Belgium
Dubois, Charline ULiege

in Firmino, Ana (Ed.) Smart answers for a smiling future (2015, August)

Scholars agree on the importance of the farming activities to maintain the quality (aesthetic environment) of rural areas. The number of farmers in Belgium fall steadily in the recent decades (Van Hecke ... [more ▼]

Scholars agree on the importance of the farming activities to maintain the quality (aesthetic environment) of rural areas. The number of farmers in Belgium fall steadily in the recent decades (Van Hecke et al. 2010). In particular, the rural systems of Wallonia transformed, characterized by the increased presence of landscapes of consumption and the influx of urban migrants. Why do they live in the countryside? Do they know the farmers in the area? What are the rural idylls (Yarwood 2005)? The answers to these questions lead to the understanding of perceptions and recognitions of rural spaces among different stakeholders. On another scale, this leads to the need for the improvement of social and territorial cohesion to improve the quality of life and the integration of people into their new living environment. The topics about “to live and to build the countryside” are current (Cawley & Gillmor 2008, Frelat-Kahn & Lazzarotti 2012) and are also concerned with the future of the countryside, of farming, and of the vitality of rural systems that face challenges according to geographic situations. With increasing suburbanization and multifunctionality (Bills & Gross 2005), some inhabitants want to build an interdependent community with authentic values. But the inhabitants’ representations about rural way of life are inexistent (despite some local initiatives such as organic produces) or complex (Dubois & Schmitz 2011, Tencati & Zsolnai 2012). Each person can say that he/she lives in the countryside by considering different space realities, with the risk that farmers could become strangers (Simard & Guimond 2013)! “Each year we organised a party in our street with everybody from the surrounding areas. Some farmers come and it is amazing to socialize more than just pass each other by cars and tractors” (inhabitant in a rural town in Wallonia). This study presents a first step in exploring inhabitant’s representations of the countryside. We analyse here the organic image about agriculture developed by the media that partly influences the people's perception of agriculture. Other than the induced and experienced images, organic image or “those that arise from supposedly unbiased sources” such as books, school education, television, documentaries, newspapers, and word of mouth (Gunn 1972, O'Leary & Deegan 2005) is considered. “People are interested about agricultural features. We speak a lot about that in the media, so people would like to know more about us and our job! That is why they visit us and they are sometimes so disoriented!” (Farmer in Wallonia). The analysis focuses on 3 consecutive even-numbered years: 2010, 2012 and 2014, from January to December. The national online press platform was used to access the articles. This allows for an analytical look at how agriculture is represented in the newspapers: What themes were addressed? How often? And to know the level of importance, in which part of the newspapers did it appear? The study analysed articles from 2 Belgian French newspapers from different media groups (Le Soir, La Libre). Different regions were covered to take into account different agro-geographical landscapes, suburban and rural features of the countryside, and different social and economical realities of Wallonia. For each article, topic selection and content analysis (NVivo ) were undertaken. Bette (2012) made the first analysis of the topic in 2012 and put into evidence 13 different categories in which agriculture has been presented: organic, diversification, legislation, economy, crops, farming, food, biotechnology, energy, animal health, plant diseases, environment, other. However, for this research, we improved the typology and add other topics such as the tourism, the local produces, the (agro-) geographical regions. Qualitative analysis showed that economic difficulties, economic investment, local produces, slow food, European policies, environment are among the categories frequently explored. All the different categories were represented and were often sensationalised but the level of importance is not high as most news were often found inside the newspaper and not on the front page. These different elements influence the representations of the different readers and give an overview about the influence of images of agriculture on the inhabitants. Agriculture is related to multiple components but some of these aspects are not presented and remain unknown to the common public. A lot of other questions about agricultural and rural systems and agricultural regions are not covered because on-going social, economic environmental and cultural trends tend to influence the information that are found in the newspapers. Agriculture is often simplified in a positive (e.g. local products, organic farming) and in a negative way (e.g. pollutions, bankruptcies, suicides) which implied that it is difficult for laymen to have a valid representation based on newspapers. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 48 (2 ULiège)
See detailAgritourismes dans les campagnes périurbaines
Dubois, Charline ULiege

Scientific conference (2014, December 17)

Detailed reference viewed: 19 (1 ULiège)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailWhich agritourism for which suburban countryside? A heuristic and comparative analysis in Wallonia and Grand-Duchy of Luxembourg (part 2)
Dubois, Charline ULiege; Schmitz, Serge ULiege

in Ianos, Ioan (Ed.) Rural life and rural systems between tradition and integrated urban-rural development (2014, August)

Mutations, transformations, transitions are keywords which open the door to many questions regarding the global European agriculture. The resources of the rural countryside in Europe are subject to many ... [more ▼]

Mutations, transformations, transitions are keywords which open the door to many questions regarding the global European agriculture. The resources of the rural countryside in Europe are subject to many pressures. Agricultural activities are decreasing and farmers are losing importance. In some northwestern European countryside, the declining agriculture compels to diversify activities in farms. Some farmers need to rethink their business goals in order to successfully sustain their operations in the economic space. In many areas, one of the solutions suggested is the development of agritourism. Agritourism in Wallonia and in the Grand-Duchy of Luxembourg is a tourist activity proposed by the farmer in his farm. While addressing the challenges and countering threats of their agriculture, both suburban areas present many advantages and opportunities for tourism development. Different tourist and leisure developments are conceived and proposed. The activity is reinforced by popular images of sustainability and ecology. Is agritourism a universal solution or is it a reflected contextualized solution? In the Tel-Aviv CSRS meeting, in 2010, we presented a communication on this issue. While the theoretical review and the aim of the first paper were well presented, the empirical results were not well documented because we were at the beginning of the PhD research. Today, we propose, in this paper, to improve information and to answer to the different comments from the members of the commission. Agritourism should be defined, localized, differentiated. Between 2010 and 2014, we conducted interviews of Walloon and Luxembourg tenants (n = 33), surveys among potential tourists (n = 1148) in seven tourist places, interviews of privileged witnesses (n = 31), and field observations. Working on two regions of Western Europe which had not been analyzed previously, the Walloon and Luxembourg suburban countryside, we want to understand the agritourism dynamics, the factors that influence the location and development, and the images of farm tourism. The purpose of this research is to understand the geographical relationship between agritourism, countryside, local resources, agriculture, and tourism specialization. This issue is underdeveloped in the literature and our PhD thesis contributes to fill this gap. We scrutinize the spatial distribution of agritourism in both regions, the logic of emergence of tourism in a farm, the links between these tourist functions and these agricultural functions. We analysed the tenants and visitors’ reasons and motivations in regards of the regional and local context. Finally, we build a typology of the countryside according to agritourism. We conclude that the farm diversification should pay attention to several local and regional factors to succeed in a win-win combination of tourism and agriculture. These factors are listed in a heuristic model, which is a user-friendly tool to think future development of agritourism in the European countryside. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 66 (9 ULiège)
Full Text
See detailQuels agritourismes pour les campagnes périurbaines ? Les cas de la Wallonie et du Grand-Duché de Luxembourg
Dubois, Charline ULiege

Doctoral thesis (2014)

To cope with the economic uncertainties of the changes, transformations, and transitions affecting current European and world agriculture, many farmers are rethinking the purposes of their business and ... [more ▼]

To cope with the economic uncertainties of the changes, transformations, and transitions affecting current European and world agriculture, many farmers are rethinking the purposes of their business and are looking to diversify their activities. Taking advantage of certain assets related to their operation and of opportunities for tourism development in the region (such as availability of buildings, subsidies related to ecology and environment images), some of them have chosen agritourism, a tourist activity proposed by the farmer on his/her farm. The literature includes many studies on this topic, but there is no consensus on terminology, definitions, and concepts: they vary from one author to another and evolve over time. Having distinguished different agritourist typologies in which accommodation is a basic element, we have personally chosen to study agritourism defined as "all tourist and leisure activities and services present in a working farm". Wallonia and the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg, our geographical research areas, are neighbouring entities, with similar agriculture, and their tourist markets offer some similarities. Included in rural tourism, agritourism is nevertheless marginal compared to the overall tourist product offered. Some successes might suggest that agritourism could be the panacea against the crisis in agriculture. But is this always the case? Agritourism should be defined, localized, and differentiated. Working on these two periurban entities of Western Europe which are not yet discussed in the literature, we wanted to understand and to identify agritourist dynamics. We wanted to understand the geographic relationship between agritourism, periurban countryside, local resources, and agricultural and tourist specializations. We wanted to understand the logic of the emergence of tourism on a farm and the links between tourist and agricultural functions in a specific spatial context. Finally, we wanted to understand the integration of the motivations of different types of tourists and their reasons for visiting particular regional and local contexts. To do this, we analyse both the location and the agritourist geographical position in relation to the different markets. To meet the objectives, we conducted a comparative heuristic analysis of agritourism in both territories. We interviewed key organisational representatives (31 persons), we made field observations, documents comparisons... We conducted interviews with various Walloon and Luxembourg farmers (34 life histories) affording different agritourist practices that we synthesized by circumstantial geographical sketches. We conducted surveys with potential tourists (1148surveys) in seven Walloon and Luxembourg tourist spots. These steps and the statistical and cartographic processing based on the results allowed us to build a heuristic geographical model of the Walloon and Luxembourg agritourism. The experiences of farmers interviewed allowed us to understand the position of the agritourist system in its spatial context. Each of them develops opportunities and experience threats (economic, social, from heritage) in connection with the launch of the project, a true survival kit in some cases. It appears that agritourism is not always a panacea for farmers. On the farm, the tourist function comes after the agricultural one and is based on the latter, but the agricultural function also benefits from the tourist function because both activities are related. The emergence of tourism is an autonomous decision of the farmers who can be influenced by other actors, including authorities, but also by other factors such as the existence of a local demand or the regional real estate pressure. There is no particular profile of tourists visiting agritourism, but some features, including those of family, are more favourable to the experience of this type of tourism. Definitions and representations as well as the reasons and expectations differ depending on the characteristics of the interviewed tourists: urban or rural origin, level of experience. Three agritourist profiles were also highlighted: those seeking accommodation in a rural environment, those who think about accommodation linked to gastronomy, those who prefer accommodation that would be a comfortable basis from which to tour in a tourist area. The comparison between the experiences of farmers and the expectations of tourists shows that there is a risk of developing different organizational temporalities in the farm "open" to tourists as well as of favouring unbalanced images of agritourism, which could lead to a vision and a promotion of agriculture which does not correspond to its regional reality. By combining the different results and by linking the typology of the Walloon and Luxembourg agritourist products, the types of rural areas and the geographical components, it appears that agritourism should not only be analysed according to the environmental dimensions, but that the analysis must also take into account other factors such as accessibility, local communities, hospitality, rural development policies, the real estate market, the agricultural orientation of farm operations, as well as the degree of complementarity with tourist spots. We have demonstrated that agritourism, combining agriculture with tourism, is not developing, either everywhere, or in the same manner, and differs between different types of periurban countryside, depending on local resources. Moreover, agritourism is not always a solution for all countrysides, nor always a path for each farmer, nor always a perfect tourist destination for all tourists. However, even if strict regionalization of agritourism does not seem possible when we consider all the factors involved in the different regions, trends may emerge depending on agritourist types. There is thus a link between agritourism type and countryside type, which the heuristic model we propose should allow to improve in order to increase the convergence between the expectations of the different stakeholders. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 529 (56 ULiège)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailSmart agritourism: How to take advantage of local and regional assets?
Dubois, Charline ULiege; Schmitz, Serge ULiege

in Helgadóttir, Guðrún (Ed.) NAF 2013 – Rural Tourism, Challenges in Changing Times (2013, June)

Agritourism, subset of rural tourism, is defined in Wallonia and in Grand Duchy of Luxembourg as a tourist accommodation or a set of tourist activities on an active farm. In these regions, rural ... [more ▼]

Agritourism, subset of rural tourism, is defined in Wallonia and in Grand Duchy of Luxembourg as a tourist accommodation or a set of tourist activities on an active farm. In these regions, rural environment becomes a recreation place for tourist seeking for rurality and also proximity of agriculture. Because of the difficulties of some agricultural areas in West European countryside, some farmers, actors of rural milieu in transformation, open their farmhouse to g! uests while other actors, among which authorities, imagine agr! itourism as an easy and magic solution to the safeguard of rural life. This paper analyses the agritourism development through its socio-economic and environmental assets to understand what influences its development in a particular region. How does it deal with environmental assets, relative proximity and local community? The analysis is based on data collected through surveys and interviews in Wallonia and in the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg: 1148 questionnaires were administered in tourist locations in July and August 2012, and 31 life histories were collected from farmers these last three winters. The paper highlights that the farm has both to find a niche on the rural tourist market and to take advantage of embeddedness in the local and the regional contexts. This approach of linking typology of Walloon and Luxembourg agritourist products, type of rural areas and geographical settings shows that it cannot be limited only to environmental assets and that other factors infl! uence the development of particular agritourist products such as the accessibility, the local community, the hospitality, the rural development policy, the farming orientation, and the complementarity with tourist places. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 187 (16 ULiège)
Peer Reviewed
See detailThe Pathway to Agritourism Development: From Constraints to Opportunities
Dubois, Charline ULiege; Schmitz, Serge ULiege

in Cawley, Mary; Bicalho, Ana Maria; Laurens, Lucette (Eds.) The Sustainability of Rural Systems: Global and Local Challenges and Opportunities (2013)

In the northwest European countryside, diversification is a common option in order to preserve a viable agricultural business, because many farmers have to restructure their activities to meet increasing ... [more ▼]

In the northwest European countryside, diversification is a common option in order to preserve a viable agricultural business, because many farmers have to restructure their activities to meet increasing pressures. Many choose a tourism business as a means of diversification. This chapter investigates the reasons for choosing farm tourism as a means of diversification, in order to examine the supply dimension of agritourism development. Some main reasons have been highlighted in the literature. Economic and financial factors like sourcing new income and employment, stability against agricultural market fluctuations or better use of farm resources, are often the first motivations to be mentioned. Also significant are social and external factors like sharing experiences, awareness of the success of other farmers, meeting people, educating the public and consumers, and personal interest as a hobby. Reasons for choosing tourism as a form of diversification may change over time, differ according to the characteristics of the farm, its development and its environment, or depend on gender. This chapter uses data from interviews conducted in agritourism accommodation premises in Wallonia and the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg to explore these motivations. The research is based on a content analysis aimed at a graphical representation of motivations using an adapted actantian model: a multi-scale analysis is used identifying the factors that support and constrain such motivations. The primary motivation stresses the response to a market opportunity; the potential to assign unused farm buildings to new purposes was also observed. Moreover it is shown that entrepreneurship and opportunities become as important as development based on survival of the farm. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 84 (17 ULiège)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailWhat is the position of agritourism on the Walloon tourist market?
Dubois, Charline ULiege; Schmitz, Serge ULiege

in European Countryside (2013), 5(4), 295-307

With its marginal practices and diversified services, agritourism is a complex subject of study. In some European rural areas it is seen as a smart diversification solution. Even though agritourism is ... [more ▼]

With its marginal practices and diversified services, agritourism is a complex subject of study. In some European rural areas it is seen as a smart diversification solution. Even though agritourism is rather weak on the Walloon tourist market level, it is important for farmers for whom it is often a means of supplementary income. Based on crossed data concerning potential tourists, local tenants, privileged witnesses and promotional information, the position of agritourism on the Walloon tourist market is analysed. It is shown that agritourism is a multiple micro-niche market primarily complementary to other sources of tourist supply. This paper underscores how the assets of demand, of the region and of the farm all shape agritourist diversification. Instead of providing a standardized well-known product, agritourism in Wallonia is richly diverse, which creates difficulties in branding this tourist market sector. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 80 (15 ULiège)
Full Text
See detailQuand Martine a déserté la ferme...Que reste-t-il de l’agritourisme en termes d’image ?
Dubois, Charline ULiege

Article for general public (2012)

L’agritourisme combine la demande croissante d’espaces de loisirs et de lieux d’hébergements et la recherche de diversification agricole. Cela pourrait être une bonne idée mais elle nécessite de concilier ... [more ▼]

L’agritourisme combine la demande croissante d’espaces de loisirs et de lieux d’hébergements et la recherche de diversification agricole. Cela pourrait être une bonne idée mais elle nécessite de concilier deux mondes et deux activités qui ne font pas toujours bon ménage. S’il existe de nombreuses exploitations agricoles qui accueillent les touristes, beaucoup de fermes touristiques n’utilisent que les murs de la ferme comme décor et réduisent les liens entre l’activité touristique et la production agricole à presque rien. Comment dès lors se démarquer si l’on est une ferme en activité des nombreux gîtes ruraux dont la promotion, tant en Wallonie qu’au Grand Duché de Luxembourg, a tendance à les associer à l’agritourisme ? [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 55 (3 ULiège)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailWhat is the position of agritourism on the Walloon tourist market?
Dubois, Charline ULiege; Schmitz, Serge ULiege

in Potocnik, Irma (Ed.) Agritourism between embeddedness and internationalization (2012, June)

Marginal practices composed by diversified services, agritourism remains a complex subject of study in some European rural areas where it is clamed as a smart solution of diversification. Even if the ... [more ▼]

Marginal practices composed by diversified services, agritourism remains a complex subject of study in some European rural areas where it is clamed as a smart solution of diversification. Even if the phenomenon is quite weak on the Walloon tourist market, it is important from the point of view of farmers for who agritourism is a mean of supplementary incomes. Based on crossed informations and data coming from surveys of potential tourists carried out in tourist poles, life-histories of local tenants and interviews of privileged witnesses as well as content analysis of promotional folders and websites, the position of agritourism on the Walloon tourist market is analysed. It is showed firstly that agritourism is a niche market, which risk dissociating itself from the first pathway if the links between the farm and the tourism continue to weaken. Most of the time agritourism is complementary to other tourist offers but it can also compete with some other forms of tourism in particular cases. Furthermore the demand influences agritourism development through different images and representations that may go off the agricultural practices than with which farmers need to adapt their activities. Finally, different diversifications are developed according to geographic settings. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 75 (9 ULiège)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailLe touriste à la ferme : de la thématisation au simulacre ?
Dubois, Charline ULiege; Schmitz, Serge ULiege

in Rendez-vous Champlain sur le Tourisme, l'expérience touristique : ULB, Bruxelles 21-23 mai 2012 (2012, May)

Vivre avec l’agriculteur, passer un bon moment en famille, se ressourcer dans la nature, retrouver ses racines, déguster les produits qui font la tradition et la fierté de la région visitée, ce sont là à ... [more ▼]

Vivre avec l’agriculteur, passer un bon moment en famille, se ressourcer dans la nature, retrouver ses racines, déguster les produits qui font la tradition et la fierté de la région visitée, ce sont là à la fois différents produits d’appel orchestrés par le secteur de l’agritourisme et des représentations fréquentes de cette activité dans la population. Si les définitions et les pratiques de l’agritourisme sont multiples, les représentations peuvent différer selon les relations des personnes avec le monde agricole. Or la réussite d’un produit touristique dépend d’une rencontre entre les attentes des touristes et l’offre. Cet article analyse les composantes, induite, organique et modifiée par l’expérience, de l’image de l’agritourisme. L’analyse se base sur des données récoltées lors d’enquêtes et interviews de terrain en Wallonie et au Grand-Duché de Luxembourg : 230 enquêtes effectuées dans des pôles touristiques et 26 récits de vie de tenanciers. A travers une comparaison des représentations de l’agritourisme auprès de trois groupes d’individus – celles des touristes ayant vécu l’agritourisme ou habitant l’espace rural, celles des touristes n’ayant jamais expérimenté l’agritourisme et celles des tenanciers –, la communication souligne les attentes, les divergences, les incompréhensions de l’agritourisme. Les niveaux d’attentes des touristes en matière d’accueil, d’authenticité, de confort et de participation aux travaux de la ferme sont souvent contradictoires et parfois en contradiction avec l’offre et l’activité agricole. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 243 (48 ULiège)