References of "Dubanchet, S"
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See detailNew pre-conception immune biomarkers for clinical practice: interleukin-18, interleukin-15 and TWEAK on the endometrial side, G-CSF on the follicular side.
Lédée, Nathalie; Petitbarat, M.; Rahmati, M. et al

in Journal of Reproductive Immunology (2011), 88(2), 118-123

dentification of biomarkers of optimal uterine receptivity to the implanting embryo as well as biomarkers of oocyte competence would undoubtedly improve the efficiency of assisted reproductive technology ... [more ▼]

dentification of biomarkers of optimal uterine receptivity to the implanting embryo as well as biomarkers of oocyte competence would undoubtedly improve the efficiency of assisted reproductive technology (ART). Expression of IL-15 and IL-18 has been shown to be different in patients with failed implantation after IVF/ICSI compared with fertile controls and both correlate with local uNK (CD56+) recruitment and angiogenesis. Tumor necrosis factor weak inducer of apoptosis (TWEAK) has been described in mice as a potent early immune regulator able to protect the conceptus. The results of our studies in human suggest that TWEAK modulates the IL-18 related cytotoxicity of uNK cells. Quantification of IL-18, TWEAK and IL-15 mRNA expression by real-time PCR in endometrial tissue collected in mid-luteal phase of non-conception cycles allowed documentation of physiological events that occur at the time of uterine receptivity. Such information may be useful for the physician especially in patients where embryos fail to implant. Cytokine quantification may assist in understanding the mechanisms leading to repeated IVF/ICSI failure: either depletion of cytokines necessary for the apposition-adhesion, or an excess of cytokines leading to local cytotoxicity, may impair the implantation of the embryo. Other new data suggest that a pre-conception dialogue mediated by the oocyte and the follicular fluid and the oocyte may contribute to later implantation success. Follicular concentration of G-CSF appears as a useful biomarker of oocyte competence before fertilization. Moreover both in human and animal models, evidence of a role of the endometrium as a biosensor of the embryo is emerging. [less ▲]

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See detailAn insight into normal and pathological pregnancies using large-scale microarrays: lessons from microarrays
Chaouat, G. R.; Rodde, N.; Petitbarat, M. et al

in Journal of Reproductive Immunology (2011), 89(2), 163-72

In the introduction, we briefly recall old but classic evidence that there is no tolerance to paternal alloantigens in a first pregnancy. Therefore, we performed small- and large-scale microarrays in CBA ... [more ▼]

In the introduction, we briefly recall old but classic evidence that there is no tolerance to paternal alloantigens in a first pregnancy. Therefore, we performed small- and large-scale microarrays in CBA × DBA/2 and CBA × BALB/c combinations, recently described as a murine model for preeclampsia. Our results are in line with other data suggesting a very early deregulation of local immune vascular events rather than a break of immune tolerance. Other data presented at the Tioman 2010 Preeclampsia Workshop supporting this hypothesis are briefly summarised, as well as indications and caveats from a recent human microarray on implantation failure and recurrent pregnancy loss. [less ▲]

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See detailTWEAK Appears as a Modulator of Endometrial IL-18 Related Cytotoxic Activity of Uterine Natural Killers
Petitbarat, M.; Rahmati, M.; Sérazin, V. et al

in PLoS ONE (2011), 6(1), 14497

BACKGROUND: TWEAK (Tumor necrosis factor like WEAK inducer of apoptosis) is highly expressed by different immune cells and triggers multiple cellular responses, including control of angiogenesis. Our ... [more ▼]

BACKGROUND: TWEAK (Tumor necrosis factor like WEAK inducer of apoptosis) is highly expressed by different immune cells and triggers multiple cellular responses, including control of angiogenesis. Our objective was to investigate its role in the human endometrium during the implantation window, using an ex-vivo endometrial microhistoculture model. Indeed, previous results suggested that basic TWEAK expression influences the IL-18 related uNK recruitment and local cytotoxicity. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: Endometrial biopsies were performed 7 to 9 days after the ovulation surge of women in monitored natural cycles. Biopsies were cut in micro-pieces and cultured on collagen sponge with appropriate medium. Morphology, functionality and cell death were analysed at different time of the culture. We used this ex vivo model to study mRNA expressions of NKp46 (a uNK cytotoxic receptor) and TGF-beta1 (protein which regulates uNK cytokine production) after adjunction of excess of recombinant IL-18 and either recombinant TWEAK or its antibody. NKp46 protein expression was also detailed by immunohistochemistry in selected patients with high basic mRNA level of IL-18 and either low or high mRNA level of TWEAK. The NKp46 immunostaining was stronger in patients with an IL-18 over-expression and a low TWEAK expression, when compared with patients with both IL-18 and TWEAK high expressions. We did not observe any difference for TWEAK expression when recombinant protein IL-18 or its antibody was added, or conversely, for IL-18 expression when TWEAK or its antibody was added in the culture medium. In a pro-inflammatory environment (obtained by an excess of IL-18), inhibition of TWEAK was able to increase significantly NKp46 and TGF-beta1 mRNA expressions. CONCLUSIONS/SIGNIFICANCE: TWEAK doesn't act on IL-18 expression but seems to control IL-18 related cytotoxicity on uNK cells when IL-18 is over-expressed. Thus, TWEAK appears as a crucial physiological modulator to prevent endometrial uNK cytotoxicity in human. [less ▲]

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See detailCytokines and chemokines in follicular fluids and potential of the corresponding embryo: the role of granulocyte colony-stimulating fator
Lédée, Nathalie ULg; Lombroso, R.; Lombardelli, L. et al

in Human Reproduction (2008), 23(9), 2001-9

BACKGROUND: The cytokine/chemokine levels of individual follicular fluids (FFs) were measured to determine whether a biomarker could be linked to the developmental potential of the derived embryo. METHODS ... [more ▼]

BACKGROUND: The cytokine/chemokine levels of individual follicular fluids (FFs) were measured to determine whether a biomarker could be linked to the developmental potential of the derived embryo. METHODS: Fluid was collected from 132 individual FFs that were the source of oocytes subsequently fertilized and transferred. In each, a bead-based multiplex sandwich immunoassay (Luminex) was used to measure 28 cytokines and chemokines simultaneously. RESULTS: Significantly higher levels of interleukin (IL-2) and interferon (IFN- ) were detected in FF for embryos that underwent early cleavage. IL-12 was significantly higher in FF corresponding to highly fragmented embryos and the chemokine CCL5 was significantly higher in FF related to the best quality (Top) embryos. The level of granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) in individual FF samples was correlated with the implantation potential of the corresponding embryo. The area under the receiver operating characteristics curve, which distinguished the embryos that definitely led to delivery from those that did not, was 0.84 (0.75–0.90) (P = 0.0001) for FF G-CSF. FF G-CSF was significantly lower in patients older than 36 years compared with those <30-year old. When the FF G-CSF was 20 pg/ml or higher, the ratio between Top and non-Top embryos was significantly higher than for the group with FF G-CSF below 20 pg/ml (45 versus 20.45%, P = 0.007). CONCLUSIONS: Individual FF composition is related to the development of the corresponding in vitro generated embryo and its potential of implantation. Individual FF G-CSF may provide a non-invasive biomarker of implantation that needs to be evaluated together with in vitro observation to select the oocyte, and hence the embryo, to transfer. [less ▲]

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