References of "Dreesen, Laurent"
     in
Bookmark and Share    
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailMetal Enhanced Fluorescence: effect of surface coating
Lismont, Marjorie ULg; François, Alexandre; Dreesen, Laurent ULg et al

in SPIE proceeding (2014, February)

Among the emerging treatments for cancer, Photodynamic Therapy (PDT) is thought to be one of the most promising. PDT uses light sensitive molecules, or photosensitizer, to produce, under specific ... [more ▼]

Among the emerging treatments for cancer, Photodynamic Therapy (PDT) is thought to be one of the most promising. PDT uses light sensitive molecules, or photosensitizer, to produce, under specific irradiation, toxic reactive oxygen species (ROS) to kill cancer cells. However, the amount of ROS generated is limited by both the fluorescence lifetime of the photosensitizer and its concentration around the cancer cells. Metal Enhanced Fluorescence (MEF), a phenomenon arising when a fluorophore is in closed proximity to a metallic structure such as metallic films or nanostructures, is seen as a way to solve these problems by reducing the fluorescence lifetime and increasing the fluorescence emission of the fluorophore. Protoporphyrin IX (PpIX) is a commonly used photosensitizer to treat skin cancers, which presents an intense absorption band around 400 nm while emitting around 630 nm. Because silver nanoparticles (Ag NPs) exhibit a strong Localized Surface Plasmon Resonance (LSPR) around 400 nm, MEF of the PpIX is expected when immobilized onto Ag NPs. Here, we investigate the relevant parameters influencing the coupling effects between the LSPR in Ag NPs and PpIX attached onto the Ag NPs surface when the Ag NPs are dispersed in solution or electrostatically bound to a glass slide. In particular, we study the distance-dependent of MEF by applying multiple layers of polyelectrolyte to progressively increase the distance between Ag NPs and PpIX, covalently bond to the last polyelectrolyte layer as well as exploring the use of Ag NPs of different sizes ranging from 40 to 100 nm. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 48 (10 ULg)
Full Text
See detailMicrofluidic on optical fibers: Towards a new kind of fluorescent biosensor
Lismont, Marjorie ULg; Vandewalle, Nicolas ULg; Weyer, Floriane ULg et al

Poster (2014, February)

In recent works, the behavior of droplets moving along vertical treads due to gravity was studied. It appeared that the droplet can be stopped by encountering a horizontal fiber depending on droplet ... [more ▼]

In recent works, the behavior of droplets moving along vertical treads due to gravity was studied. It appeared that the droplet can be stopped by encountering a horizontal fiber depending on droplet volumes and fiber characteristics. On the basis of this behavior and by replacing treads by two crossed optical fibers, it is possible to combine fluidics and optics to develop a new kind of fluorescent sensor. In our work, the intersection between two crossed optical fibers is used as the basic unit of an original optofluidic biosensor. These two optical fibers are used as droplets carriers: one for probe molecules and the other one for target species. The fiber's junction catches the droplets and act as a reaction center. The main advantage of using optical fibers resides in their ability to propagate and collect light to and from the droplet localized at the fiber's crossing. This optical fiber configuration can therefore allow the study of biological interactions using fluorescent labels. This new and versatile detection scheme was validated on a calcium indicator where ions detection is accomplished by using a dye, Oregon green Bapta-2, that has a Ca 2+ recognition group as well as an entity exhibiting fluorescence. A FRET recognition event, between Rh-Con A and FITC-Dextran, was also investigated to detect glucose. Finally, a prototype of a multiplexing device, composed of several juxtaposed fibers' junctions, was developed. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 49 (11 ULg)
Full Text
See detailEncapsulation of water droplets on fibers
Weyer, Floriane ULg; Dreesen, Laurent ULg; Vandewalle, Nicolas ULg

Poster (2013, November)

Detailed reference viewed: 25 (6 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailComparative study of Ag and Au nanoparticles biosensors based on surface plasmon resonance phenomenon
Lismont, Marjorie ULg; Dreesen, Laurent ULg

in Materials Science & Engineering : C (2012)

The specific sensitivity of surface plasmon resonance to changes in the local environment of nanoparticles allows their use as platforms to probe chemical and biochemical binding events on their surfaces ... [more ▼]

The specific sensitivity of surface plasmon resonance to changes in the local environment of nanoparticles allows their use as platforms to probe chemical and biochemical binding events on their surfaces without any labeling [1- 4]. In this paper, we perform a comparative study of gold and silver nanoparticle based biosensors, prepared within the same conditions, in order to determine which metal seems the best for biological sensing. The prototypical biocytin-avidin interaction is used to study gradual changes over time and with avidin concentration in the absorption spectra bands of biocytinylated 10 nm silver and gold nanospheres. First, the Ag nanoparticles plasmon resonance absorbance signal is about 10 times larger than the Au one. Secondly, for an equivalent concentration of avidin, the optical properties modifications are more pronounced for silver nanoparticles than for gold ones of the same geometry. These observations attest the superiority of Ag on Au nanoparticles when optical considerations are only taken into account. Finally, with both biosensors, the specificity of the interaction, checked by replacing avidin with bovine serum albumin, is relatively poor and needs to be improved. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 135 (20 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailCOMPARATIVE STUDY OF SPR BIOSENSORS BASED GOLD AND SILVER COLLOIDAL NANOPARTICLES
Lismont, Marjorie ULg; Dreesen, Laurent ULg

Poster (2011, June)

Noble metal nanoparticles (NPs) can be used as a robust tool for optical bio-sensing. These NPs are known for their strong interactions with light through their surface plasmon resonance (SPR), which ... [more ▼]

Noble metal nanoparticles (NPs) can be used as a robust tool for optical bio-sensing. These NPs are known for their strong interactions with light through their surface plasmon resonance (SPR), which corresponds to the collective oscillations of the conduction electrons on the particles [1]. Among metals, silver and gold NPs are of particular interest not only because they are air-stable but also because their SPR absorption bands are in the visible and near ultra-violet spectral regions, that appear as the most appropriate for technological applications [2]. The first advantage of such optical SPR biosensors is their ability to measure complex formation in real time. Indeed, the SPR absorption spectrum band of the NPs is sensitive to the shape, size, inter-particle distance and composition of the NP as well as the dielectric properties of the surrounding medium [2]. Because of the sensitivity of SPR to the local dielectric environment, plasmonic NPs can act as transducers that convert small changes in the local refractive index and the inter-particle distance into spectral shifts and broadening in the absorption spectra bands [3]. Biotin is a water-soluble B complex vitamin necessary for the production of fatty acids and the metabolism of fats and amino acids. The avidin is a tetrameric protein which can react with biotin to form the strongly bonded biotin-avidin complex.The prototypical biotin-avidin interaction forms the basis of a simple sol-based diagnostic technique for biological analytes. We focused on this well-known couple of bio-molecules to compare optical properties of silver and gold colloidal NPs. Gradual changes with time in the absorption spectra bands of biotinylated 10 nm silver and gold NPs were studied as a function of added avidin. After avidin addition, an increased red-shift of the SPR wavelength and a broadening of the absorption band with time are observed. These changes in the optical properties of colloidal NPs are due to the biomolecular recognition process between biotin and avidin which leads to aggregation of these NPs arising from cross-linking by the tetrameric protein. Moreover, the recognition process induces a variation of the local refractive index around these NPs and thus induces a red-shift of SPR also. The maximum SPR red-shift was reached after 45 minutes and was equal to 25 nm and 15 nm for silver NPs and gold NPs respectively. We concluded that the dielectric sensitivity of gold NPs is smaller than the silver NPs one for a same geometry and for an equivalent concentration of avidin. Therefore, the silver sol is more adapted to detection of avidin than the gold sol. The detection limit, described as the lowest concentration for clear identification of wavelength shift [4] due to biomolecular recognition is determined to be 4 nM for both silver and gold NPs. In this case, the corresponding wavelength shift is about 3 nm. The specificity of the interaction between biocytin and avidin was checked by replacing avidin by BSA. When BSA was added, we observed a SPR shift which was smaller than the detection limit of 3 nm. Future works will be devoted to transpose this kind of biomolecular recognition experiments on gold nanorods in order to improve the dynamic phototherapy efficiency of cancers. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 138 (17 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailGold and silver nanomaterials based biosensors : a comparative study
Dreesen, Laurent ULg; Lismont, Marjorie ULg

Poster (2011, April)

Noble metal nanoparticles (NPs) are intensively studied due to their particular optical properties, mainly high optical absorption and diffusion yields, leading to interesting applications in biochemical ... [more ▼]

Noble metal nanoparticles (NPs) are intensively studied due to their particular optical properties, mainly high optical absorption and diffusion yields, leading to interesting applications in biochemical sensing, molecular tracking and imaging, drug delivery and photothermal therapies [1]. These unique optical properties arise from a physical process named surface plasmon resonance (SPR) which is a resonant coupling of incident light to the collective motion of electrons along the nanoparticles surface [2]. Optical SPR biosensors are able to measure complex formation in real time. Indeed, the SPR absorption spectrum band of the NPs is sensitive to the shape, size, inter-particle distance and composition of the NP as well as the dielectric properties of the surrounding medium [2]. Due to the sensitivity of SPR to the local dielectric environment, plasmonic NPs can thus act as transducers that convert small changes in the local refractive index or in the inter-particle distance into spectral shifts and broadenings of the absorption spectral bands [3]. Among metals, silver and gold NPs have received considerable interest for many reasons. For instance, they are stable in ambient atmosphere and exhibit good biocompatibility even if particular surface treatments are sometimes required. The Ag and Au NPs are also relatively easy to fabricate with different sizes and shapes allowing the tuning of the SPR optical absorption band from the near ultraviolet (400 nm) to the near infrared (1000 nm) wavelengths. In this study, our aim is to characterize two biosensors based on silver and gold spherical NPs in order to detect which one seems the best. Both NPs have a diameter close to 15 nm. We use the well-known biocytin-avidin complex as a model system because the bonding of avidin with biocytin is extremely strong with a dissociation constant three order of magnitude higher than the typical constants of antigen-antibody interactions. More precisely, we compare the intensities, the band shapes and the spectral locations of the SPR adsorption bands before and after the biomolecular recognition of avidin by biocytin molecules adsorbed on the Ag and Au NPs. The kinetic of the interaction is also discussed. Before surface treatment with biocytin, the NPs SPR bands are located around 390 and 520 nm for Ag and Au NPs, respectively. The SPR band intensity is higher for silver than for gold. Biocytin adsorption does not significantly modify the SPR spectral features. NPs do not therefore form aggregates and the local refraction index has not significantly changed. After avidin addition, a SPR red-shift and a broadening of the SPR bands are observed with both NPs as shown on Figure 1. These parameters evolved with time and reach their final values after around 45 min for each system. The aforementioned spectral changes arise from the biomolecular recognition process between biotin and avidin which leads to the NPs aggregation. The recognition process also induces a variation of the local refractive index around these NPs which contributes to the red-shift. The maximum SPR shifts are equal to 25 nm and 12 nm for silver NPs and gold NPs, respectively. Our results highlight the smaller dielectric sensitivity of gold NPs compared to the silver NPs one for a same particles’ size and for an equivalent concentration of avidin. The detection limit, described as the lowest concentration for clear identification of wavelength shift due to biomolecular recognition, is equal to 4 nM for both silver and gold NPs. With this protein concentration, 3 nm is the typical wavelength shift. The specificity of the biocytin - avidin biosensors is verified by replacing avidin by Bovine Serum Albumina (BSA). When BSA is added, we observe a SPR band shift which is smaller than the detection limit of 3 nm attesting the biosensor selectivity. Our work demonstrates the superiority of Ag over Au NPs for the elaboration of biosensors based on SPR. However, it is well-known that Ag NPs are less biocompatible than gold. This problem can be circumvented by an appropriate coating of the NPs surface prior ligand adsorption. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 69 (8 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailSelf-Assembled Film Organization in Fast Microcontact Printing Investigated by Sum Frequency Generation Spectroscopy
Lis, Dan; Peremans, André; Sartenaer, Yannick et al

in Journal of Physical Chemistry C: Nanomaterials, Interfaces, and Hard Matter (2009), 113

The ability of microcontact printing to build highly ordered alkanethiol self-assembled monolayers (SAMs) on Pt substrates within a short time is studied by sum frequency generation (SFG) spectroscopy and ... [more ▼]

The ability of microcontact printing to build highly ordered alkanethiol self-assembled monolayers (SAMs) on Pt substrates within a short time is studied by sum frequency generation (SFG) spectroscopy and contact angle measurements. The deposition of ordered hexadecanethiol and dodecanethiol monolayers onto platinum substrates is achieved in less than 1 s. The film order and the alkane chain orientation are deduced from the SFG fingerprint acquired under different sets of laser polarization. Comparisons between the SAMs prepared by printing or by immersion demonstrate that both methods lead to the same high quality organization. Patterning effects within printed films are also investigated with respect to the layer conformation. Finally, wetting properties of printed layers are correlated with the printing duration, corroborating the spectroscopic results. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 40 (4 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailDielectric Multilayer Films Fabricated by Magnetron Sputtering: How Far Can the Iridescence Be Tuned?
Deparis, Olivier; Rassart, Marie; Vandenbem, Cedric et al

in Plasma Processes and Polymers (2009), 6

Periodic dielectric multilayer structures can generate interferential colours from optically transparent basic materials. Their iridescence property, i.e. the change of colour with the illumination or ... [more ▼]

Periodic dielectric multilayer structures can generate interferential colours from optically transparent basic materials. Their iridescence property, i.e. the change of colour with the illumination or viewing angle, is exploited in the industry to produce structurally coloured coatings and paints. Magnetron sputtering is an efficient technique for producing multilayer films owing to its ability to deposit films on large surfaces with excellent uniformity and reproducibility in both the film thickness and composition. Based on a theoretical model of the optical response, we investigated the iridescence tuning range of the technologically important SiO2/TiO2 material system. Radically different iridescent behaviours were predicted theoretically and demonstrated experimentally by selecting appropriate combinations of period and layer thickness ratio. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 16 (3 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailClose-packed array of gold nanoparticles and Sum Frequency Generation spectroscopy in total internal reflection: A platform for studying biomolecules and biosensors
Tourillon, Gérard; Dreesen, Laurent ULg; Volcke, Cédric et al

in Journal of Materials Science (2009), 44(24), 6805-6810

An approach is introduced for studying the adsorption and recognition mechanisms of biomolecules, without using any markers. We show for the first time, that the Sum Frequency Generation spectroscopy ... [more ▼]

An approach is introduced for studying the adsorption and recognition mechanisms of biomolecules, without using any markers. We show for the first time, that the Sum Frequency Generation spectroscopy performed in the Total Internal Reflection (TIR-SFG) geometry, combined with a regular close-packed array of gold nanoparticles allows to probe with a high sensitivity the changes in conformation and orientation induced by the recognition process of avidin by biocytin. This approach represents a new platform with potential use in biosensors, diagnostics and bioactive layers. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 25 (4 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailDC Magnetron Sputtering Deposition of Titanium Oxide Nanoparticles: Influence of Temperature, Pressure and Deposition Time on the Deposited Layer Morphology, the Wetting and Optical Surface Properties
Dreesen, Laurent ULg; Cecchet, Francesca; Lucas, Stéphane

in Plasma Processes and Polymers (2009), 6

Titanium dioxide nanoparticles were prepared on glass substrates by reactive DC magnetron sputtering. As highlighted by the atomic force microscopy characterization, we were able to control the ... [more ▼]

Titanium dioxide nanoparticles were prepared on glass substrates by reactive DC magnetron sputtering. As highlighted by the atomic force microscopy characterization, we were able to control the nanoparticles' surface coverage and diameter by varying the deposition time and the total pressure, respectively. The titanium dioxide energy band gap, determined by using ultraviolet-visible, spectroscopy, depends on the total pressure but is quite independent of the deposition temperature. On the contrary, it is blue shifted when the pressure increases. Finally, the contact angles slightly decrease after ultraviolet illumination irrespective of the different deposition parameters, indicating an improvement of the hydrophilic properties of the adsorbed layer. After 21 h in dark, the contact angles are nearly identical to the ones before exposure to UV light: the samples do not keep their hydrophilic behaviour. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 69 (8 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailSynthesis of titanium dioxide nanoparticles by reactive DC magnetron sputtering
Dreesen, Laurent ULg; Colomer, Jean-François; Limage, Hervé et al

in Thin Solid Films (2009), 518

Nanometer-sized titanium dioxide (TiO2) particles were prepared on carbon substrates by reactive direct-current magnetron sputtering. By performing measurements with high resolution electron microscopes ... [more ▼]

Nanometer-sized titanium dioxide (TiO2) particles were prepared on carbon substrates by reactive direct-current magnetron sputtering. By performing measurements with high resolution electron microscopes, the mean nanoparticle diameter and the coverage fraction of the substrate by the nanoparticles (NPs) were measured at 19 nm and 30%, respectively. Moreover, electron diffraction analysis showed that the TiO2 NPs' crystalline structure on the carbon substrate was a mixture of anatase and rutile. Finally,we provided information on the TiO2 initial growth stage: crystalline NPs were formed after deposition of amorphous nanoparticles on the substrate and heating. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 94 (11 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailDC magnetron sputtering deposition of titanium oxide nanoparticles : influence
Dreesen, Laurent ULg; Cecchet, Francesca; Lucas, Stéphane

Conference (2008, September)

Detailed reference viewed: 19 (4 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailOrientation and Order of Self-Assembled p-Benzenedimethanethiol Films on Pt(111) Obtained by Direct Adsorption and via Alkanethiol Displacement
Silien, Christophe; Dreesen, Laurent ULg; Cecchet, Francesca et al

in Journal of Physical Chemistry C: Nanomaterials, Interfaces, and Hard Matter (2007), 111

Self-assembly of p-benzenedimethanethiol (p-BDMT) on Pt(111) has been investigated by high-resolution electron energy loss spectroscopy and sum-frequency generation spectroscopy. The molecules adsorb on ... [more ▼]

Self-assembly of p-benzenedimethanethiol (p-BDMT) on Pt(111) has been investigated by high-resolution electron energy loss spectroscopy and sum-frequency generation spectroscopy. The molecules adsorb on Pt-(111) like on gold, attached through one single thiol, leaving the second thiol moiety unreacted and exposed to the outer surface. Yet, the order of the p-BDMT self-assembled film is poor in comparison to alkanethiol SAMs. Displacement in solution of a preadsorbed pentanethiol (PTT) SAM by p-BDMT molecules proved to be a successful approach to achieve films of higher quality, where the size of the dithiol molecular domains tends toward the size measured for PTT. Nearly complete exchange is accomplished after 42 h. However, no significant exchange is observed when dodecanethiol replaces PTT. Displacing the alkanethiols by benzenethiol leads to the same conclusions, suggesting that the exchange processes are lessened as compared to gold. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 18 (1 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailAdsorption properties of decyl thiocyanate and decanethiol on platinum substrates studied by sum-frequency generation spectroscopy
Sartenaer, Yannick; Dreesen, Laurent ULg; Humbert, Christophe et al

in Surface Science (2007), 601

Recently, thiocyanate groups were successfully used as precursors for thiolate assemblies. Indeed, they provide a useful alternative to thiol groups for self-assembly on metallic substrates. In order to ... [more ▼]

Recently, thiocyanate groups were successfully used as precursors for thiolate assemblies. Indeed, they provide a useful alternative to thiol groups for self-assembly on metallic substrates. In order to check the adsorption properties and the quality of the thiocyanate-based self-assembled monolayers (SAMs), we use sum-frequency generation spectroscopy (SFG) and apply it to characterize the ad-layers of two similar molecules: decanethiol (DT) and decyl thiocyanate (DTCN) adsorbed on platinum surfaces. By comparing the SFG signals of the methyl and methylene vibration modes, we show that DTCN SAMs are less ordered than DT ones. These effects are related to the SAMs quality which depends on the molecular packing as highlighted by scanning tunnelling microscopy and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 27 (2 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailDevelopment of an all-solid-state pulsed picosecond laser system for nonlinear spectroscopy
Mani, A. A.; Jazmati, A. K.; Zidan, M. D. et al

in Physical Chemical News (2007), 36

Detailed reference viewed: 16 (1 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailSum-frequency generation spectroscopy of DNA monolayers
Sartenaer, Yannick; Tourillon, Gérard; Dreesen, Laurent ULg et al

in Biosensors & Bioelectronics (2007), 22

The anchoring of thiolated single-strandedDNA(HS-ssDNA) monolayers onto platinum substrates was investigated by sum-frequency generation spectroscopy. Different buffer solutions were used for the ... [more ▼]

The anchoring of thiolated single-strandedDNA(HS-ssDNA) monolayers onto platinum substrates was investigated by sum-frequency generation spectroscopy. Different buffer solutions were used for the preparation of the adlayers. Vibrational fingerprints in the 2700–3100 cm−1 spectral range showed the intercalation of Tris/EDTA (TE) buffer molecules within the HS-ssDNA self-assembled monolayer. Buffer contribution to SFG can be quenched either by using SFG inactive molecules like KH2PO4/K2HPO4/NaCl (PBS) or by repeated rinsing of the DNA layer with pure water. Comparing the SFG spectra of HS-ssDNA and mercaptohexanol (MCH), which had been self-assembled onto the same substrate, enabled us to infer ordering of the anchor arms and strong disordering of the DNA strands of HS-ssDNA monolayers self-assembled on platinum. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 30 (4 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailThe interaction between a protein and a ligand molecule studied by linear and non-linear optical spectroscopies
Dreesen, Laurent ULg; Méthivier, C.; Sartenaer, Y. et al

in Physical Chemical News (2007), 36

We use infrared reflection-adsorption (IRRAS) and sum-frequency generation (SFG) spectroscopies to study the interaction between a protein (avidin) and a ligand molecule (biocytin or its thiol derivative ... [more ▼]

We use infrared reflection-adsorption (IRRAS) and sum-frequency generation (SFG) spectroscopies to study the interaction between a protein (avidin) and a ligand molecule (biocytin or its thiol derivative) adsorbed on metals (Au and Ag) and insulators (CaF2 in two separate spectral ranges 2800-3500 cm-1 and 1400-1800 cm-1, respectively. No specific interaction is detected by SFG when the measurements are carried out on metals although IRRAS measurements attest the presence of a protein ad-layer. This is explained by the disordered character of the adsorbed film of avidin which is therefore SFG inactive. When the experiments are performed on an insulating substrate, no change of the biocytin/CaF2 SFG spectrum is detected in the low spectral range (1400-1800 cm-1) after immersion in an avidin solution in contrast with what was clearly demonstrated in the 2800-3500 cm-1 spectral range. Finally, we report, for the first time, the observation by SFG of the CH2 scissor vibration mode at 1465 cm-1. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 37 (6 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailTotal internal reflection sum-frequency generation spectroscopy and dense gold nanoparticles monolayer: a route for probing adsorbed molecules
Tourillon, Gérard; Dreesen, Laurent ULg; Volcke, Cédric et al

in Nanotechnology (2007), 18

We show that sum-frequency generation spectroscopy performed in the total internal reflection configuration (TIR–SFG) combined with a dense gold nanoparticles monolayer allows us to study, with an ... [more ▼]

We show that sum-frequency generation spectroscopy performed in the total internal reflection configuration (TIR–SFG) combined with a dense gold nanoparticles monolayer allows us to study, with an excellent signal to noise ratio and high signal to background ratio, the conformation of adsorbed molecules. Dodecanethiol (DDT) was used as probe molecules in order to assess the potentialities of the approach. An enhancement of more than one order of magnitude of the SFG signals arising from the adsorbed species is observed with the TIR geometry compared to the external reflection one while the SFG non-resonant contribution remains the same for both configurations. Although further work is required to fully understand the origin of the SFG process on nanoparticles, our work opens new possibilities for studying nanostructures. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 35 (2 ULg)