Normal Reference Ranges for Echocardiography: rationale, study design, and methodology (NORRE Study).
LANCELLOTTI, Patrizio ; ; et al
in European Heart Journal - Cardiovascular Imaging (2013), 14(4), 303-8
BACKGROUND: Availability of normative reference values for cardiac chamber dimensions, volumes, mass, and function is a prerequisite for the accurate application of echocardiography for both clinical and ... [more ▼]
BACKGROUND: Availability of normative reference values for cardiac chamber dimensions, volumes, mass, and function is a prerequisite for the accurate application of echocardiography for both clinical and research purposes. However, due to the lack of consistency in current echocardiographic 'reference values', their use for clinical decision-making remains questionable. AIMS: The aim of the 'Normal Reference Ranges for Echocardiography Study (NORRE Study)' is to obtain a set of 'normal values' for cardiac chamber geometry and function in a large cohort of healthy Caucasian individuals aged over a wide range of ages (25-75 years) using both conventional and advanced echocardiographic techniques. METHODS: The NORRE Study is a large prospective, observational multicentre study in which transthoracic echocardiographic studies will be acquired in 22 laboratories accredited by the European Association of Cardiovascular Imaging and in one laboratory in the USA accredited by ICAEL. The final sample size has been estimated in 1100 normal subjects in whom M-mode, 2D, and 3D imaging, colour Doppler, pulsed-wave Doppler, pulsed-wave tissue Doppler, and colour tissue Doppler imaging data will be obtained. All studies will be sent to a central echocardiographic core laboratory for quantitative analysis. Multiple studies will be performed for reproducibility analysis. CONCLUSION: After completion of the NORRE Study, uniform reference limits according to age, gender, and anthropometric parameters will be available to standardize the quantitative interpretation of echocardiography. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 14 (2 ULg)
Research and innovations committee a new outlook for the European Association of Cardiovascular Imaging (EACVI).
; ; et al
in European Heart Journal - Cardiovascular Imaging (2013), 14(4), 400Detailed reference viewed: 12 (0 ULg)
Risk stratification in asymptomatic moderate to severe aortic stenosis: the importance of the valvular, arterial and ventricular interplay.
Lancellotti, Patrizio ; ; Magne, Julien et al
in Heart (2010), 96(17), 1364-71
OBJECTIVE: We sought to evaluate prognostic markers of clinical outcome in asymptomatic patients with moderate to severe aortic stenosis (AS). DESIGN: Prospective follow-up of asymptomatic patients with ... [more ▼]
OBJECTIVE: We sought to evaluate prognostic markers of clinical outcome in asymptomatic patients with moderate to severe aortic stenosis (AS). DESIGN: Prospective follow-up of asymptomatic patients with moderate to severe AS. The patients underwent clinical and Doppler echocardiographic evaluation. SETTING: Department of Cardiology. PATIENTS: 163 patients with moderate to severe AS (aortic valve area < or =0.6 cm(2)/m(2)). MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Risk stratification. Predefined endpoints for assessing the outcome were the occurrence during follow-up of symptoms, aortic valve replacement or death. RESULTS: During follow-up (mean, 20 (19) months), 11 patients developed symptoms but were not operated on, 57 required aortic valve replacement and six patients died. In multivariable Cox regression analysis, four parameters that were associated with the outcome were identified: peak aortic jet velocity, left ventricular systolic (LV) longitudinal deformation, valvulo-arterial impedance and indexed left atrial area. Using receiver-operator characteristic curve analysis, a peak aortic jet velocity > or =4.4 m/s, a LV longitudinal myocardial deformation < or =15.9%, a valvular-arterial impedance > or =4.9 mm Hg/ml per m(2) and an indexed left atrial area > or =12.2 cm(2)/m(2) were identified as the best cut-off values to be associated with events. CONCLUSIONS: In asymptomatic patients with moderate to severe AS, measurements that integrate the ventricular, vascular and valvular components of the disease improve risk stratification. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 40 (4 ULg)
Impact of global left ventricular afterload on left ventricular function in asymptomatic severe aortic stenosis: a two-dimensional speckle-tracking study.
Lancellotti, Patrizio ; ; Magne, Julien et al
in European Journal of Echocardiography (2010), 11(6), 537-543
Aims: The present study sought to assess the effect of global left ventricular (LV) afterload on LV myocardial systolic function in patients with aortic stenosis (AS) and preserved LV ejection fraction ... [more ▼]
Aims: The present study sought to assess the effect of global left ventricular (LV) afterload on LV myocardial systolic function in patients with aortic stenosis (AS) and preserved LV ejection fraction. <br />Methods and results: We prospectively examined the LV myocardial deformation (i.e. longitudinal, radial, and circumferential) by two-dimensional speckle tracking in 173 patients with asymptomatic severe AS. Thirty-eight patients (22%) had lowflow as determined by a low stroke volume index (35 mL/m2). By multivariable analysis, four variables emerged as independently associated with low-flow AS: peak Ea velocity (P 1⁄4 0.01), left atrial area index (P 1⁄4 0.017), global LV afterload (P 1⁄4 0.024), and circumferential myocardial deformation (P 1⁄4 0.04). Forty-nine patients (28%) had an increased global LV afterload (5 mmHg mL/m2). Systemic arterial compliance (P 1⁄4 0.001), circumferential myocardial deformation (P 1⁄4 0.024), and left atrial area index (P 1⁄4 0.04) were independently associated with increased global LV load in multivariable analysis. <br />Conclusion: In asymptomatic patients with severe AS, LV ejection fraction markedly underestimates the extent of myocardial sys- tolic impairment. Intrinsic myocardial dysfunction is particularly common in patients with increased global LV after- load, and especially in the subset of patients with low-flow AS. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 33 (7 ULg)
Myocardial contractile reserve during exercise predicts left ventricular reserve remodelling after cardiac resynchromization therapy
Lancellotti, Patrizio ; ; Moonen, Marie et al
in European Journal of Echocardiography (2009), 10(5), 663-8Detailed reference viewed: 34 (8 ULg)
Effects of surgery on ischaemic mitral regurgitation: a prospective multicentre registry (SIMRAM registry).
Lancellotti, Patrizio ; ; et al
in European Journal of Echocardiography (2008), 9(1), 26-30
AIMS: Functional ischaemic mitral regurgitation (IMR) is common in patients with ischaemic left ventricular dysfunction undergoing coronary artery bypass surgery. Although the presence of IMR negatively ... [more ▼]
AIMS: Functional ischaemic mitral regurgitation (IMR) is common in patients with ischaemic left ventricular dysfunction undergoing coronary artery bypass surgery. Although the presence of IMR negatively affects prognosis, the additional benefit of valve repair is debated, particularly with mild IMR at rest. Exercise echocardiography may help identify a subset of patients at higher risk of cardiovascular events by revealing the dynamic component of IMR. METHODS: A large prospective, multicentre, non-randomized registry is designed to evaluate the effects of surgery on IMR at rest and on its dynamic component at exercise (z). SIMRAM will enrol approximately 550 patients with IMR in up to 17 centres with clinical and exercise follow-up for 1 year. Three sets of outcomes will be prospectively assessed and several hypotheses will be tested including determinants of adverse outcome and progressive left ventricular remodeling, efficacy of treatment and role of ischaemia on the dynamic consequences of IMR. Enrolment began in November 2006 and is expected to end by early 2008. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 13 (3 ULg)