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See detailSynthesis, crystal structures and electronic properties of isomers of chloro-pyridinylvinyl-1H-indoles.
Moineaux, Laurence; Laurent, Sophie; Reniers, Jeremy et al

in European journal of medicinal chemistry (2012), 54

Three isomers of chloro-3-(2-pyridin-3-ylvinyl)-1H-indole were synthesized and tested as inhibitors of human tryptophan 2,3-dioxygenase (hTDO). The crystal structures of two of them were solved by X-ray ... [more ▼]

Three isomers of chloro-3-(2-pyridin-3-ylvinyl)-1H-indole were synthesized and tested as inhibitors of human tryptophan 2,3-dioxygenase (hTDO). The crystal structures of two of them were solved by X-ray diffraction. The solubility of the molecules also was determined experimentally. The molecular electrostatic potentials and dipole moments of the three isomers were calculated by ab initio quantum mechanics (HF/6-311G). The single crystal X-ray analyses reveal non-planar structures. This non-coplanarity is retained during docking of the compounds into a model of hTDO, the molecular target of this series. The position of the Cl atom does not significantly affect the electronic delocalization. Nevertheless, the position of the Cl atom produces a local variation of bond lengths inducing different dipole moments for these isomers. Variations in dipole moments are consistent with the different melting points and crystal packings. Differences in aqueous solubilities are best explained by subtle changes in H-bonds resulting from different accessibilities of the indole NH's due to steric effects of the Cl substituent. The non-coplanarity plays an important role in the crystalline packing of the molecules in contrast to the position of the Cl. This study leads to a better understanding of the structural and electronic characteristics of this chemical series and can potentially help to better understand their inhibitory activity. [less ▲]

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See detailIndol-2-yl ethanones as novel indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase (IDO) inhibitors.
Dolusic, Eduard; Larrieu, Pierre; Blanc, Sébastien et al

in Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry (2011), 19(4), 1550-61

Indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase (IDO) is a heme dioxygenase which has been shown to be involved in the pathological immune escape of diseases such as cancer. The synthesis and structure-activity relationships ... [more ▼]

Indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase (IDO) is a heme dioxygenase which has been shown to be involved in the pathological immune escape of diseases such as cancer. The synthesis and structure-activity relationships (SAR) of a novel series of IDO inhibitors based on the indol-2-yl ethanone scaffold is described. In vitro and in vivo biological activities have been evaluated, leading to compounds with IC(50) values in the micromolar range in both tests. Introduction of small substituents in the 5- and 6-positions of the indole ring, indole N-methylation and variations of the aromatic side chain are all well tolerated. An iron coordinating group on the linker is a prerequisite for biological activity, thus corroborating the virtual screening results. [less ▲]

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See detailDiscovery and preliminary SARs of keto-indoles as novel indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase (IDO) inhibitors.
Dolusic, Eduard; Larrieu, Pierre; Blanc, Sebastien et al

in European journal of medicinal chemistry (2011), 46(7), 3058-65

Indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase (IDO) is an important new therapeutic target for the treatment of cancer. With the aim of discovering novel IDO inhibitors, a virtual screen was undertaken and led to the ... [more ▼]

Indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase (IDO) is an important new therapeutic target for the treatment of cancer. With the aim of discovering novel IDO inhibitors, a virtual screen was undertaken and led to the discovery of the keto-indole derivative 1a endowed with an inhibitory potency in the micromolar range. Detailed kinetics were performed and revealed an uncompetitive inhibition profile. Preliminary SARs were drawn in this series and corroborated the putative binding orientation as suggested by docking. [less ▲]

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