References of "Dianou, Dayeri"
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See detailEffectiveness of Moringa oleifera defatted cake versus seed in the treatment of unsafe drinking water : case study of surface and well waters in Burkina Faso.
Kabore, Aminata; Savadogo, Boubacar; Rosillon, Francis ULg et al

in Journal of Water Resource and Protection (2013), 5(11),

Safe drinking water access for rural populations in developing countries remains a challenge for a sustainable develop-ment, particularly in rural and periurban areas of Burkina Faso. The study aims to ... [more ▼]

Safe drinking water access for rural populations in developing countries remains a challenge for a sustainable develop-ment, particularly in rural and periurban areas of Burkina Faso. The study aims to investigate the purifying capacity of Moringa oleifera defatted cake as compared to Moringa oleifera seed in the treatment of surface and well waters used for populations alimentation. A total of 90 water samples were collected in sterile glass bottles from 3 dams’ water reservoirs, a river, and a large diameter well, respectively. The water samples were treated in triplicate with Moringa oleifera seed and defatted cake coagulants. At different settling time and coagulant concentration, turbidity and pH were measured to determine the optimal conditions and factors influencing treatment with regard to sampling source. Nine physicochemical parameters (turbidity, pH, nitrates, nitrites, calcium, magnesium, total hardness, organic matter and sulfates), three bacterial fecal pollution indicators (Escherichia coli, fecal Coliforms and fecal Streptococcus) and parasite cysts were monitored based on laboratory standard methods. Data were analyzed using the Student’ t test and XLSTAT 7.5.2 statistical software. From the results obtained, for the same concentration of coagulant, settling times providing the lowest turbidity were significantly shorter (p<0.0001) with Moringa oleifera cake than seed. Optimum settling time with Moringa oleifera cake was between 15-60 min versus 60-120 min, with Moringa oleifera seed. Both treatments reduced significantly minerals concentration in water excepted sulfates for which the concentration reversely increased. However, only Moringa oleifera cake treatment reduced organic matter content in all the water samples, while it increased with Moringa oleifera seed one (p<0.0001). The reduction of microbial pollution indicators was 92-100% with M. oleifera cake treatment and 84-100% with M. oleifera seed one. Overall, for all water samples, Moringa oleifera cake treatment appeared more efficient in improving drinking water quality than the M. oleifera seed treatment. [less ▲]

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See detailProblematic of drinking water access in rural area : case study of the Sourou Valley in Burkina Faso
Savadogo, Boubacar; Kaboré, Aminata; Zongo, Dramane et al

in Journal of Environmental Protection (2013), 4(1), 31-50

Safe drinking water access for rural populations in developing countries remains a challenge for a sustainable develop-ment. The study aims to investigate the drinking water quality and the factors ... [more ▼]

Safe drinking water access for rural populations in developing countries remains a challenge for a sustainable develop-ment. The study aims to investigate the drinking water quality and the factors affecting this quality in the Sourou valley in Burkina Faso. A total of 135 water samples were collected in sterile glass bottles during the dry seasons 2007, 2008, and 2012 from 10 drillings and 5 wells. Fifteen physicochemical parameters and two fecal pollution indicators (Es-cherichia coli and fecal Coliforms) were monitored based on laboratory standard methods. Datas were analyzed, using the Student t’ test and XLSTAT 7.5.2 statistical software. From results obtained, water quality was related to water source and sampling period as well (p < 0.0001). 30% of drillings provided water with nitrates concentration over the World Health Organization (WHO) guideline value. High turbidity was also observed for some drillings. Moreover, 90% of drillings showed water total hardness largely over the WHO threshold value. Water from drillings were exempt of fecal pollution, contrasting with the wells one which appeared uniformly polluted with concentrations exceeding sometimes 103 and 104 CFU/100 ml for E. coli and fecal Coliforms, respectively. Field investigations showed a prefer-ence of wells as drinking water source, and that appeared related to the lack of self-management of drillings and to cul-tural considerations. Overall, this study highlighted that a regular survey of water quality, management of protection zones around drinking water sources, sensitization on water resources self-management, hygiene and health issues, and providing appropriate household disinfection methods could help advancing to reach an effective safe drinking water access for rural populations in the country. [less ▲]

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See detailEstimation des teneurs en nitrates dans les eaux potables par l'utilisation de bandelettes réactives : un exercice d'éducation à l'environnement dans la vallée du Sourou au Burkina Faso.
Rosillon, Francis ULg; Savadogo, Boubacar; Kabore, Aminata et al

in VertigO : la Revue Electronique en Sciences de l'Environnement (2012), 12(2),

Dans le cadre de l’application du contrat de rivière Sourou au Burkina Faso, une estimation des teneurs en nitrates dans les eaux a été effectuée en utilisant un test rapide par bandelettes réactives. De ... [more ▼]

Dans le cadre de l’application du contrat de rivière Sourou au Burkina Faso, une estimation des teneurs en nitrates dans les eaux a été effectuée en utilisant un test rapide par bandelettes réactives. De 2008 à 2011, 29 forages et puits et 9 points de prélèvement en eaux de surface localisés dans la vallée du Sourou ont fait l’objet d’une étude comparative entre le test bandelettes et l’analyse classique en laboratoire. Les résultats étaient comparables dans 90 % des cas. Nous avons pu vérifier simultanément par les deux méthodes que la norme de potabilité de l’OMS de 50 mg de nitrates par litre (NO3/L) était dépassée dans l’eau souterraine pour 12 ouvrages sur les 29 testés. Des concentrations supérieures à 500 mg de NO3/L ont parfois été observées. Les contaminations seraient d’origine multiple : défécation animale et humaine, latrines, eaux usées. L’utilisation de dynamite pour le creusement des ouvrages a aussi été évoquée. Au-delà de l’utilisation d’un test rapide pour produire, à faible coût, des données valables estimant les teneurs en nitrates dans les eaux, cette démarche revêt un caractère pédagogique à l’instar des opérations sources qui avaient été organisées en Belgique dans les années 90. Une transposition de cette activité d’éducation relative à l’environnement est suggérée au Burkina Faso en collaboration avec les écoles. [less ▲]

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See detailAttempts to Answer on the Origin of the High Nitrates Concentrations in Groundwaters of the Sourou Valley in Burkina Faso
Rosillon, Francis ULg; Savadogo, Boubacar; Kabore, Aminata et al

in Journal of Water Resource and Protection (2012), 4

Within the framework of the contract of Sourou River, a survey of the groundwater quality was performed through 7 campaigns of water sampling and analysis from 2006 till 2012. The water samples resulted ... [more ▼]

Within the framework of the contract of Sourou River, a survey of the groundwater quality was performed through 7 campaigns of water sampling and analysis from 2006 till 2012. The water samples resulted from 23 drillings and 9 wells located in the Sourou Valley. Among the analyzed physico-chemical parameters, the nitrates concentrations ob- served were worrisome. Out of 32 water sources, 14 (44%) supplied a nitrates content superior to the WHO threshold value for drinking water (50 mg NO3/L). Very high concentrations, superior to 500 mg NO3/L with a peak in 860 mg/L, were observed. Given the important variations observed from a sampling point to another, a generalized contamination of the total aquifer was not possible. An individual diagnosis allowed to identify the possible causes of this degradation. Several sources of contamination, in connection with the anthropological activities, were observed near the water facili- ties (drillings/wells): animal and human wild defecation, presence of nontight latrines, solid waste, wastewater dis- charges. It is also advisable to wonder about the impact of the dynamite use for digging wells, this one being able to leave nitrates in the water. With regard to the intensive use of water from the strongly contaminated wells and drillings by the rural populations of Sourou, implementing protection areas within which would be eliminated the sources of contamination in addition to health education among populations could improve the situation. Care should also be taken in the use of nitrates explosives for digging new wells or drillings. [less ▲]

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See detailQualité des eaux de surface dans la vallée du Sourou : cas des rivières Mouhoun, Sourou, Debe et Gana au Burkina Faso.
Dianou, Dayeri; Savadogo, G.; Zongo, D. et al

in International Journal of Biological and Chemical Sciences [= IJBCS] (2011), 5(4), 1571-1589

Dans le cadre d’une gestion participative des eaux dans la vallée du Sourou, un suivi de la qualité des eaux des rivières Mouhoun, Sourou, Débé et Gana a été réalisé en Novembre 2007, Février 2008 et Juin ... [more ▼]

Dans le cadre d’une gestion participative des eaux dans la vallée du Sourou, un suivi de la qualité des eaux des rivières Mouhoun, Sourou, Débé et Gana a été réalisé en Novembre 2007, Février 2008 et Juin 2008. Les analyses physico-chimiques et bactériologiques ont mis en évidence la relation entre les activités anthropiques et la qualité physico-chimique et bactériologique des plans d’eau particulièrement sur certains sites. Les concentrations de nitrates relativement plus élevées dans les eaux à Di aval (9,2 mg/L) et Débé aval (5,6 mg/L) en début d’hivernage sont liées principalement aux pratiques agricoles aux abords des plans d’eau. L’abreuvement intensif d’animaux au point de contrôle du Gana et les activités domestiques à Toma-île sont la cause de fortes contaminations fécales des eaux : 12200 UFC/100 ml pour Escherichia coli et 12800 UFC/100 ml pour les eaux du Gana contre 1260 et 5000 UFC/100 ml respectivement pour les eaux en aval de Toma-île. Les pollutions apparaissent plus prononcées en période sèche et d’harmattan et particulièrement en début d’hivernage. D’une manière générale, les eaux des petits réservoirs comme celui du Gana sont plus sensibles aux pollutions que celles des grands réservoirs (Mouhoun, Sourou, Débé) caractérisés par une qualité différenciée des eaux d’un emplacement à un autre. [less ▲]

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