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See detailCombining spatial data in landslide reactivation susceptibility mapping: A likelihood ratio-based approach in W Belgium
Dewitte, Olivier ULg; Chung, Chang-Jo; Cornet, Yves ULg et al

in Geomorphology (2010)

A key issue in landslide susceptibility mapping concerns the relevance of the spatial data combination used in the prediction. Various combinations of high-resolution predictor variables and possibilities ... [more ▼]

A key issue in landslide susceptibility mapping concerns the relevance of the spatial data combination used in the prediction. Various combinations of high-resolution predictor variables and possibilities of selecting them from a larger dataset are analysed. The scarp reactivation of several landslides in a hilly region of W Belgium is investigated at the pixel scale. The usceptibility modelling uses the reactivated scarp segments as the dependent variable and 13 factors at a 2 m-resolution related to topography, hydrology, land use and lithology as potential independent variables. The modelling uses a likelihood ratio approach based on the comparison, for each independent variable, between two empirical distribution functions (EDFs), respectively for the reactivated and non-reactivated areas. It uses these EDFs as favourability values to build membership values and combine them with a fuzzy Gamma operator. Five different data combinations are tested and compared by analysing the prediction-rate curves obtained by cross-validation. The geomorphological value of the resulting susceptibility maps is also discussed. This research shows relevant results for predicting the susceptibility to scarp reactivation. We highlight the need for testing several data combinations and underline that combining uantitative criteria with expert opinion is an asset for reliable predictions. [less ▲]

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See detailTracking landslide displacements by multi-temporal DTMs: A combined aerial stereophotogrammetric and LIDAR approach in western Belgium
Dewitte, Olivier ULg; Jasselette, J. C.; Cornet, Yves ULg et al

in Engineering Geology (2008), 99(1-2), 11-22

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See detailTracking landslide evolution over decades: application of aerial digital photogrammetry to the Oudenaarde area (W Belgium)
Dewitte, Olivier ULg; Jasselette, Jean-Claude; Cornet, Yves ULg et al

(2007)

In order to include some kinematic information within landslide hazard prediction models, we estimated landslide motion in the medium term (i.e. a few decades) by comparing precise landslide topography ... [more ▼]

In order to include some kinematic information within landslide hazard prediction models, we estimated landslide motion in the medium term (i.e. a few decades) by comparing precise landslide topography reconstructions at different dates. Precise multitemporal 3D data of the 13 old deep-seated landslides developed on two hills close to the town of Oudenaarde (W Belgium) were obtained by digital stereophotogrammetry using aerial photographs of three different periods (1996, 1973 and 1952). From these data, six DTMs (3 different dates for each investigated hill) were produced with an overall RMS error of ~50 cm. The obtained DTMs were subtracted from each other in order to determine the vertical displacement of each pixel during the considered time interval. Globally, movements are observed in all the landslides and they generally correspond to a rotational pattern. [less ▲]

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See detailStrategies to estimate ground susceptibility to landslide reactivation. A probabilistic application in W Belgium (Oudenaarde)
Dewitte, Olivier ULg; Chung, Chang-Jo; Cornet, Yves ULg et al

(2007)

In the hilly region of the Flemish Ardennes in western Belgium, no new big deep-seated landslides have occurred for decades, whereas several reactivation episodes were recently observed in ancient ... [more ▼]

In the hilly region of the Flemish Ardennes in western Belgium, no new big deep-seated landslides have occurred for decades, whereas several reactivation episodes were recently observed in ancient landslides. We selected a test area comprised of 13 rotational landslides located close to the town of Oudenaarde in order to predict the susceptibility of their main scarp to retreat. We propose here two probabilistic models based on a fuzzy set approach. The models use empirical distribution functions (EDFs) as favourability values to build membership values and combine them by using the fuzzy Gamma operator. Based on Kolmogorov-Smirnov tests applied to these EDFs to select the most relevant data, a first model was obtained bases on a combination of 5 quantitative variables: slope angle, distance from cultivation located upstream of the main scarp, slope aspect, elevation and profile curvature. Another, more empirical approach based on the a posteriori analysis of the prediction-rate curves was applied to select the 4 variables of a second model: slope aspect, plan curvature, vegetation index and focal flow. According to the prediction-rate curves and the resulting susceptibility maps, the empirical model appears more efficient in locating the main scarp areas most prone to reactivation. [less ▲]

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See detailControlling factors of gully erosion in the upper part of the Isser river watershed (Algiers, N. Algeria)
Daoudi, M.; Dewitte, Olivier ULg; Gérard, Paul et al

in Geophysical Research Abstracts (2007), 9

Detailed reference viewed: 58 (9 ULg)