References of "Deroanne, Claude"
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See detailWill isomalto-oligosaccharides, a well-established functional food in Asia, break through the European and American market? The status of knowledge on these prebiotics
Goffin, Dorothée ULg; Delzenne, Nathalie; Blecker, Christophe ULg et al

in Critical Reviews in Food Science & Nutrition (2011)

This critical review article present the current state of knowledge on isomaltooligosaccharides, some well known functional oligosaccharides in Asia, to evaluate their potential as emergent prebiotics in ... [more ▼]

This critical review article present the current state of knowledge on isomaltooligosaccharides, some well known functional oligosaccharides in Asia, to evaluate their potential as emergent prebiotics in the American and European functional food market. It includes first a unique inventory of the different families of compounds which have been considered as IMO and their specific structure. A description of the different production methods including the involved enzymes and their specific activities, the substrates and the types of IMO produced. Considering the structural complexity of IMO products, specific characterization methods are described as well as purification methods which enable the riddance of digestible oligosaccharides. Finally an extensive review of their techno-functional and nutritional properties enables to place IMO inside the growing prebiotic market. This review is of a particular interest considering that IMO commercialization in America and Europe is a topical subject due to the recent submission, by Bioneutra INC. (Canada), of a novel food file to the UK Food Standards Agency as well as several patents for IMO production. [less ▲]

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See detailPHYSICOCHEMICAL PROPERTIES OF EUROPEAN BAKERY MARGARINES WITH AND WITHOUT TRANS FATTY ACIDS
Cavillot, V.; Pierart, Céline ULg; De Meerendre, M Kervyn et al

in Journal of Food Lipids (2009), 16(3), 273-286

Physicochemical properties of commercially available European bakery margarines (cream margarines, cake margarines [CM] and puff pastry margarines [PPM]) containing and devoid of trans fatty acids (TFAs ... [more ▼]

Physicochemical properties of commercially available European bakery margarines (cream margarines, cake margarines [CM] and puff pastry margarines [PPM]) containing and devoid of trans fatty acids (TFAs) were investigated. Studied physical properties were the solid fat content (SFC), dropping points (DPs), polymorphism, texture (hardness), plasticity and the melting profile by differential scanning calorimetry. Experimental results confirm that physical properties of the margarines corresponded with their application area. For example, SFC and DPs of PPM were higher than cream margarines and CM; they were also harder at 15C. Moreover, all the investigated physical properties were affected by the suppression of TFA in bakery margarines. PRACTICAL APPLICATIONS This study has shown that margarines present different physical properties with respect to their purposed application but also highlight changes that appear due to the absence of trans-fatty acids in the formulations. These changes can really affect the bakery abilities and will, finally, influence the quality of the bakery products. [less ▲]

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See detailImpacts of the carbonyl group location of ester bond on interfacial properties of sugar-based surfactants: experimental and computational evidences
Razafindralambo, Hary ULg; Blecker, Christophe ULg; Mezdour, Samir et al

in Journal of Physical Chemistry B (2009), 113

Interfacial properties of surfactants are dependent on the conformation adopted by the hydrophilic headgroup or/and the hydrophobic tail at the boundary limit of two immiscible phases. Here, we ... [more ▼]

Interfacial properties of surfactants are dependent on the conformation adopted by the hydrophilic headgroup or/and the hydrophobic tail at the boundary limit of two immiscible phases. Here, we demonstrate the impacts of the carbonyl group (-CO-) location of the ester bond of sugar-based surfactants by comparing some properties of two closely related esters, octyl glucuronate and glucose octanoate, at the air-water interface. The carbonyl group location influences the rate and extent of interfacial adsorption and the rheology properties of sugar esters at the air-water interface, which were evaluated by dynamic surface tension and complex surface viscoelastic measurements. Octyl glucuronate adsorbs the fastest at the air-water interface whereas glucose octanoate reduces the dynamic surface tension at the lowest value and exhibits the highest film viscoelasticity. Differences are attributed to molecular conformation constraints inducing relevant changes to the surface coverage kinetic capacity and the interaction strengths of the octyl sugar ester adsorbed films at the air-water interface. All of the results are supported by the minimum cross-sectional area values per molecule determined by both experimental and computational approaches. [less ▲]

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See detailFlow rate dependency of critical wall shear stress in a radial-flow cell
Detry, Jean G; Jensen, Bo Boye Busk; Sindic, Marianne ULg et al

in Journal of Food Engineering (2009), 92(1), 86-99

In the present work, a radial-flow cell was used to study the removal of starch particle aggregates from several solid substrates (glass, stainless steel, polystyrene and PTFE) in order to determine the ... [more ▼]

In the present work, a radial-flow cell was used to study the removal of starch particle aggregates from several solid substrates (glass, stainless steel, polystyrene and PTFE) in order to determine the critical wall shear stress value for each case. The particle aggregates were formed by aspersion of a water or ethanol suspension of starch granules on the surfaces. Depending on the substrate and on the suspending liquid, the aggregates differed in size and shape. Aggregate removal was studied at two flow rates. At the lower flow rate (Re-inlet = 955), the values of critical wall shear stress for the different surfaces suggested that capillary forces were, for all of them, playing an important role in aggregate adhesion since aqueous based aggregates were always more difficult to remove. At the higher flow rate (Re-inlet = 2016) the critical wall shear stress increased as a result of the change in the flow pattern in the vicinity of the aggregates and not because of changes in the type of particle adhesion. This raises the importance of the experimental conditions on assessing the critical wall shear stress since this parameter may not be always only directly related to the soil adhesion strength. (C) 2008 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailPhysicochemical and functional properties of starches from sorghum cultivated in the Sahara of Algeria
Boudries, Nadia; Belhaneche, Naima; Nadjemi, Boubekeur et al

in Carbohydrate Polymers (2009), 78(3), 475-480

Pure starches were isolated from white and red sorghum cultivated in Tidikelt, a hyper and region situated in south Algeria. Amylose content, X-ray pattern and theological properties of starches were ... [more ▼]

Pure starches were isolated from white and red sorghum cultivated in Tidikelt, a hyper and region situated in south Algeria. Amylose content, X-ray pattern and theological properties of starches were examined. The amylose content in white sorghum starch (27.1%) was slightly higher than that in red sorghum (24.8%). The swelling power and the solubility behavior of both starches were nearly similar below 65 degrees C. At higher temperatures, starch isolated from the white sorghum cultivar showed higher swelling power and lower solubility index than pigmented sorghum starch. The pasting properties of starches determined by RVA, Rapid Visco Analyser showed different viscosity peaks. Red sorghum starch had a higher value (4731 cP) than white sorghum starch (4093 cP). For both sorghum, X-ray diffractograms exhibit an A-type diffraction pattern, typical of cereal starches and the relative degrees of crystallinity were estimated at 22.72% and 28.91%, respectively, for local white and red sorghum starch. DSC analysis revealed that sorghum starches present higher temperatures at the peak (70.60 and 72.28 degrees C for white and red sorghum starches, respectively) and lower gelatinization enthalpies (9.087 and 8.270 J/g for white and red sorghum starches, respectively) than other cereal starches. The results showed that physicochemical and functional properties of sorghum cultivar starches were influenced by the genotype and the environment. (C) 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailLaminar flow in radial flow cell with small aspect ratios: Numerical and experimental study
Detry, Jean; Deroanne, Claude ULg; Sindic, Marianne ULg et al

in Chemical Engineering Science (2009), 64(1), 31-42

Studies on the effect of wall shear stress on soil and biofilm attachment and removal from a surface are one of the many applications of radial axisymmetrical flow. The particular nature of this flow ... [more ▼]

Studies on the effect of wall shear stress on soil and biofilm attachment and removal from a surface are one of the many applications of radial axisymmetrical flow. The particular nature of this flow allows taking advantage of a wide range of wall shear Stress applied at the analyzed surface in a single experiment. This type of experiments provides a critical radius up to which soil removal occurs. Good models are, however, still needed to convert the experimental data into critical wall shear stress. Analytical models are already available for creeping flow but Computational Fluid Dynamics must be applied for experiments performed at higher Reynolds numbers. The present study is a numerical analysis of the radial axisymmetrical flow for aspect ratios of 0.125, 0.25, 0.5 and 1 with inlet pipe Reynolds numbers varying from 0 to 2000, aiming at computing the wall shear stress distribution at any distance from the center. The simulations provided a thorough description of the complex flow pattern encountered close to the inlet section, which were validated for the laminar regime by dye injection. A total of up to four recirculation zones were identified in both numerical and experimental investigations. The experimental positions of these recirculation zones corresponded well to the numerical predictions. Based on this work, a map of the flow for the different aspect ratios was developed, which can be particularly interesting for the design of experimental devices involving axisymmetrical flow. (c) 2008 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailPolar lipids analysis from the MFGM by SPE and HPLC-ELSD
Bodson, Pascal ULg; Danthine, Sabine ULg; Blecker, Christophe ULg et al

Poster (2008, January 23)

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See detailAnalyse des lipides polaires de la MFGM par SPE et HPLC-ELSD
Bodson, Pascal ULg; Danthine, Sabine ULg; Blecker, Christophe ULg et al

in CRAW Gembloux (Ed.) Treizième Carrefour des Productions Animales : Vérités et Contre-Vérités (2008, January 23)

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See detailInfluence of drying temperature on the solubility, the purity of isolates and the electrophoretic patterns of corn proteins
Malumba Kamba, Paul ULg; Vanderghem, Caroline ULg; Deroanne, Claude ULg et al

in Food Chemistry (2008), 111(3), 564-572

A sequential extraction of proteins from whole corn kernels dried between 54 and 130 degrees C was performed in order to elucidate the effect of the drying temperature on the solubility, the purity and ... [more ▼]

A sequential extraction of proteins from whole corn kernels dried between 54 and 130 degrees C was performed in order to elucidate the effect of the drying temperature on the solubility, the purity and the electrophoretic patterns of the different classes of corn proteins. It was observed that albumin, globulin and zein solubilities dropped significantly when the drying temperature increased, while fractions solubilised as glutelin-G(2) and glutelin-G3 increased until 110 degrees C before dropping slightly at 130 degrees C. The analysis of the solubility of different protein groups indicated that mechanisms other than the creation of new disulfide bonds between proteins occurred during the high temperature drying of corn. Except for glutelin-G1 and zein isolates, which were highly pure, the purities of albumin, globulin, glutelin-G2 and glutelin-G3 isolates after dialysis were influenced by the drying temperature. Sodium dodecyl sulphate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE) showed the disappearance of some water and salt-soluble poly-peptides at high drying temperatures. The electrophoretic patterns of zein and glutelin-G, were not significantly modified, although the solubility of zein was affected by the drying temperature. (c) 2008 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailProteome analysis of the bovine milk fat globule: Enhancement of membrane purification
Vanderghem, Caroline ULg; Blecker, Christophe ULg; Danthine, Sabine ULg et al

in International Dairy Journal (2008), 18(9), 885-893

A simple and rapid procedure was cl developed for the extraction of the milk fat globule membrane from milk removes the large majority of the skim milk proteins for proteome analysis. In order to improve ... [more ▼]

A simple and rapid procedure was cl developed for the extraction of the milk fat globule membrane from milk removes the large majority of the skim milk proteins for proteome analysis. In order to improve the extraction and the solubilization of the hydrophobic membrane proteins for subsequent two-dimensional gel electrophoresis, four detergents (3-[(3-cholamidopropyl)dimethylammoniol-1-propanesulfonate, amidosulfobetaine-14, sodium lauroyl sarcosinate and sodium deoxycholate) were tested in the sample preparation, associated with a sonication step. Zwitterionic detergents were shown to be efficient in recovering integral and peripheral proteins from membrane material. Spots were identified by matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization tandem-time-of-flight (MALDI-TOF/TOF). The advantages of MALDI-TOF/TOF (speed, easiness of analysis, good sensitivity and high mass accuracy) were demonstrated on the milk fat globule membrane proteome investigation. Identified proteins are implicated in a wide range of functions including fat secretion and transport, protein trafficking and regulation. (C) 2008 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailProtein And Amino Acid Profiles Of Tunisian Deglet Nour And Allig Date Palm Fruit Seeds
Bouaziz, Mohamed; Besbes, Souhail; Blecker, Christophe ULg et al

in Fruits (2008), 63(1),

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See detailVariations In Physicochemical And Functional Properties Of Starches Extracted From European Soft Wheat (Triticum Aestivum L.): The Importance To Preserve The Varietal Identity
Massaux, Carine; Sindic, Marianne ULg; Lenartz, Jonathan et al

in Carbohydrate Polymers (2008), 71(1), 32-41

The quality valuation of wheat is based on characteristics like yield, specific weight, protein content and protein quality. Until now. the starch properties are rarely considered as a quality criterion ... [more ▼]

The quality valuation of wheat is based on characteristics like yield, specific weight, protein content and protein quality. Until now. the starch properties are rarely considered as a quality criterion. In this study, we showed the influence of wheat cultivars (Triticum aestivum L.) and culture year on the intrinsic properties of starch, extracted from European wheat grown in the same conditions. For example, starch damage varied from 13.2 to 19.9 CDU in function of the cultivars and contribution of the B-type starch granules (<10 mu m) to the total volume ranged from 11.6% to 29.9%. Starch viscosity at 95 degrees C, characterized with alpha-amylase inactivation by 2 mM AgNO3 addition. varied from 276.5 to 351.5 BU with the wheat cultivars. It is apparent from this study that starch properties were principally influenced by the wheat cultivar and slightly by the culture year. A good relationship between the pasting properties of whole flour and starch were finally established, showing the important role of starch in the whole flour viscosity. A thorough working knowledge of starch properties could lead to an appropriate selection of wheat cultivar, well-adapted to industrial end uses, without encountering processing or end-products quality problems and with most cost-competitive production. [less ▲]

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See detailCleanability assessment of model solid surfaces with a radial-flow cell
Detry, Jean G; Rouxhet, Paul G; Boulange-Petermann, Laurence et al

in Colloids and Surfaces A : Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects (2007), 302(1-3), 540-548

The cleanability of several model solid substrates (glass, stainless steel, polystyrene and polytetrafluoroethylene-PTFE) was studied with a radial-flow cell. Two soiling methods were used to mimic ... [more ▼]

The cleanability of several model solid substrates (glass, stainless steel, polystyrene and polytetrafluoroethylene-PTFE) was studied with a radial-flow cell. Two soiling methods were used to mimic splashing with oil; a thin layer chromatography sprayer giving a narrower and more reproducible oil droplet size distribution was preferred. Glass was the most cleanable substrate, a result which may be consistent with the presence of a swelling gel-like layer at the surface. For the other substrates, the mechanical action exerted by the fluid played a major role in oil removal; however the detergent seemed to intervene after about 5-10 min, facilitating cleaning of PTFE. Oil droplet removal took place only at high wall shear stress, in zones where flow conditions where not well controlled making it impossible to evaluate the wall shear stresses needed for oil droplet removal. Evaluation of cleanability by using the radial-flow cell is restricted to variations of wall shear stresses in a range below 3 N m(-2). (C) 2007 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailEffect of proteose-peptone addition on some physico-chemical characteristics of recombined dairy creams
Vanderghem, Caroline ULg; Danthine, Sabine ULg; Blecker, Christophe ULg et al

in International Dairy Journal (2007), 17(8), 889-895

The effect of the addition of the total proteose-peptone (TPP) fraction on some physico-chemical properties of recombined cream was studied. Oil-in-water emulsions, 30% or 20% (w/w) fat, were prepared ... [more ▼]

The effect of the addition of the total proteose-peptone (TPP) fraction on some physico-chemical properties of recombined cream was studied. Oil-in-water emulsions, 30% or 20% (w/w) fat, were prepared using only the dairy components buttermilk, milkfat and TPP. The effect of different concentrations of TPP on droplet size, creaming stability, flow behaviour, viscosity and whippability of recombined creams was tested. Of the different creams, those containing 2% (w/w) or more TPP were more viscous, showed different flow behaviour, and had improved stability and whippability compared with the other creams. The modifications in physico-chemical properties appeared to be driven by changes in particle size distribution caused by droplet aggregation. The percentage of fat also influenced the properties of the final product. It may therefore be possible to obtain desirable modifications in recombined cream using only dairy ingredients. (C) 2006 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailPhysicochemical and functional properties of typical tunisian drink: date palm sap (Phoenix dactylifera L.)
Ben Thabet, Imène; Attia, Hamadi; Besbes, Souhail et al

in Food Biophysics (2007), 2(2), 76-82

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See detailChemical composition and lipid fraction characteristics of aleppo pine (Pinus halepensis Mill.) seeds cultivated in Tunisia
Cheikh-Rouhou, S.; Hentati, B.; Besbes, S. et al

in Food Science & Technology International (2006), 12(5), 407-415

The proximate composition of Aleppo pine (Pinus halepensis Mill.) seeds cultivated in Bizerta (Tunisia) were investigated for their fatty acid composition, and their thermal and physical properties of ... [more ▼]

The proximate composition of Aleppo pine (Pinus halepensis Mill.) seeds cultivated in Bizerta (Tunisia) were investigated for their fatty acid composition, and their thermal and physical properties of lipid fraction. The proximate analysis of pine seeds showed the following composition (on a dry-weight basis): protein 22.7%, oil 43.3%, ash 8.3% and total carbohydrate 25.7%. Potassium, magnesium and calcium were the predominant mineral elements present in the seeds and reached, together, about 1%. Oleic and linoleic acids were the major unsaturated fatty acids (27.3 and 48.8%, respectively), while the main saturated one was palmitic acid (8.75%). Myristic, myristoleic, palmitoleic, margaric, margaroleic, stearic, linolenic, arachidic, eicosenoic, eicosadienoic eicosatrienoic behenic and lignoceric acids were also detected. Thermal profile of Pinus halepensis Mill. seed oil, determined by its DSC melting curve, showed that the entire liquefaction of the Aleppo pine seed oil occurs at -8 degrees C. GeLab colour parameters (L*, a*, b*), oxidative stability by Rancimat test and viscosity were also determined. Physicochemical properties of the oil include: saponification number 190, peroxide value 3.18, iodine index 117, and a low acidity of 0.61%. Results suggested that the production of oil from Pinus halepensis seeds could provide a potential use in food, pharmaceutical, cosmetics and other non-food industries. [less ▲]

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See detailDetermination of solid fat content (SFC) of binary fat blends and use of these data to predict SFC of selected ternary fat blends containing low-erucic rapeseed oil
Danthine, Sabine ULg; Deroanne, Claude ULg

in Journal of the American Oil Chemists' Society [=JAOCS] (2006), 83(7), 571-581

Several oils and fats often used for the industrial preparation of European shortenings were blended in binary systems. The equilibrium (after 48 h at 15 degrees C) solid fat contents (SFC; determined by ... [more ▼]

Several oils and fats often used for the industrial preparation of European shortenings were blended in binary systems. The equilibrium (after 48 h at 15 degrees C) solid fat contents (SFC; determined by pulsed NMR spectroscopy) were measured and plotted against blend composition. SFC of the blends resulted from the SFC of each fat for the considered temperature as well as the type of interaction existing between those fats (namely, ideal behavior, monotectic interaction, eutectic interaction, and so on). The type of relationship fitted was dependent on the kind of interaction: Linear relationships were found for total compatibility between fats, and polynomial-type (order 2) relationships were found for fats exhibiting incompatibility. Some corresponding ternary oils and fats blends were also prepared and analyzed. Selected relationships (regression equations of the fitted curves) obtained for binary blends were combined in order to calculate the SFC of the corresponding ternary blends. Experimental values were generally close to predicted ones. The representation of SFC as a function of composition is interesting as it allows one to determine rapidly and easily the type of molecular interaction between two fats and also to determine equations that can be. combined to calculate easily the SFC of corresponding ternary blends crystallized in the same way with a good accuracy. The texture (hardness) of several binary and ternary blends was also measured. The combination of the results obtained for SFC with the results obtained for the hardness of binary blends allows the prediction of the hardness of a corresponding ternary blend under the same conditions. [less ▲]

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See detailHeating effects on some quality characteristics of date seed oil
Besbes, S.; Blecker, Christophe ULg; Deroanne, Claude ULg et al

in Food Chemistry (2005), 91(3), 469-476

Effects of heating on some quality characteristics of date seed oil from two cultivars (Deglet Nour and Allig) has been investigated using an accelerated test in a Rancimat system. Fatty acid, viscosity ... [more ▼]

Effects of heating on some quality characteristics of date seed oil from two cultivars (Deglet Nour and Allig) has been investigated using an accelerated test in a Rancimat system. Fatty acid, viscosity, absorptivity at 232 and 270 nm, colour and total melting enthalpy of Deglet Nour seed oil were less changed compared to that of Allig seed oil, because the former contained a higher amount of total phenolic compounds (526 mug/g against 215 mug/g) and a lower content of unsaturated fatty acids. Viscosity and absorptivity at 232 nm and at 270 nm increased rapidly after reaching the oxidation induction time. Differential scanning calorimetry melting profiles of date seed oils were also changed after heating in the Rancimat. Melting enthalpies seemed to be constant during the initial stages of Rancimat treatment and then reduced after the induction time was reached. The obtained data shows that date seed oils were resistant to thermal treatment during a long period (similar to30-40 h). This may indicate that they could bear thermal treatments that could be applied in refining procedures or in culinary treatments such as frying and cooking conditions. We could also expect that they may have a good shelf life. (C) 2004 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailPhysicochemical characteristics of ternary fat blends involving low-erucic rapeseed oil
Danthine, Sabine ULg; Gibon, Véronique; Deroanne, Claude ULg

in European Journal of Lipid Science and Technology [=EJLST] (2005), 107(9), 627-633

Some fat systems made of low-erucic (LERO) and hydrogenated low-erucic rapeseed oil (HLERO) blended with a third component are studied for their physical properties, especially for solid fat content by ... [more ▼]

Some fat systems made of low-erucic (LERO) and hydrogenated low-erucic rapeseed oil (HLERO) blended with a third component are studied for their physical properties, especially for solid fat content by pulsed nuclear magnetic resonance (pNMR) and melting profile by differential scanning calorimetry; a comparison is made with a commercial bakery shortening. The third component is made of hydrogenated palm oil (HPO), palm oil (PO), palm stearin (Pst), palm olein (Pol) or anhydrous milk fat (AMF). The goal is to increase the chain length diversity of the systems. Polymorphic stability is evaluated by powder X-ray diffraction. HPO is the best beta-prime-stabilizing agent, followed by PO and its fractions, then by AMF. However, only a small part of the ternary diagram made with HPO, the best beta-prime-stabilizing agent, displays a melting profile similar to the commercial bakery shortening. In contrast, the diagrams made of PO and of its fractions show greater composition zones suitable for use as bakery shortenings. In this series, Pol seems to be the best candidate. A restricted AMFHLERO-LERO beta-prime composition zone has also a solid fat content profile (by pNMR) similar to the commercial bakery shortening. [less ▲]

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See detailComparison of steam and nitrogen in the physical deacidification of soybean oil
Decap, Philippe; Danthine, Sabine ULg; Vanbrabant, Béatrice et al

in Journal of the American Oil Chemists' Society [=JAOCS] (2004), 81(6), 611-617

Deacidification in physical refining is one of the most sensitive steps in refining edible vegetable oils because of its large impact on the quality of the oil. The removal of volatile compounds such as ... [more ▼]

Deacidification in physical refining is one of the most sensitive steps in refining edible vegetable oils because of its large impact on the quality of the oil. The removal of volatile compounds such as FFA is accomplished at elevated temperatures and a high vacuum with a stripping gas, usually steam. The aim of this work was to verify, at the laboratory level, the advantages of using an alternative stripping gas, nitrogen, instead of steam. An ideal vapor-liquid equilibrium model (lVLE) was used to compare the stripping capacities of steam and nitrogen and to analyze the effects of various operational parameters (temperature, pressure, amount of stripping gas) on the residual acidity of the oil. There was no clear evidence that nitrogen showed a higher capacity to strip FFA than steam. The IVLE model seemed suitable to describe FFA laboratory distillation by using steam or nitrogen, provided the final residual content of FFA was not too low. [less ▲]

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